• Title, Summary, Keyword: Bending Resistance

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Elastic flexural and torsional buckling behavior of pre-twisted bar under axial load

  • Chen, Chang Hong;Yao, Yao;Huang, Ying
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.49 no.2
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    • pp.273-283
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    • 2014
  • According to deformation features of pre-twisted bar, its elastic bending and torsion buckling equation is developed in the paper. The equation indicates that the bending buckling deformations in two main bending directions are coupled with each other, bending and twist buckling deformations are coupled with each other as well. However, for pre-twisted bar with dual-axis symmetry cross-section, bending buckling deformations are independent to the twist buckling deformation. The research indicates that the elastic torsion buckling load is not related to the pre-twisted angle, and equals to the torsion buckling load of the straight bar. Finite element analysis to pre-twisted bar with different pre-twisted angle is performed, the prediction shows that the assumption of a plane elastic bending buckling deformation curve proposed in previous literature (Shadnam and Abbasnia 2002) may not be accurate, and the curve deviates more from a plane with increasing of the pre-twisting angle. Finally, the parameters analysis is carried out to obtain the relationships between elastic bending buckling critical capacity, the effect of different pre-twisted angles and bending rigidity ratios are studied. The numerical results show that the existence of the pre-twisted angle leads to "resistance" effect of the stronger axis on buckling deformation, and enhances the elastic bending buckling critical capacity. It is noted that the "resistance" is getting stronger and the elastic buckling capacity is higher as the cross section bending rigidity ratio increases.

Comparison of mechanical properties of nickel-titanium rotary files: Aurum Blue vs. Aurum Pro (니켈티타늄 전동 파일의 기계적 특성 비교: Aurum Blue vs. Aurum Pro)

  • Kwak, Sang Won;Ha, Jung-Hong;Ahn, Sang Mi;Kim, Hyeon-Cheol
    • The journal of the Korean dental association
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    • v.57 no.11
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    • pp.672-678
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    • 2019
  • AIM: The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the torsional fracture resistances, cyclic fatigue resistance, and bending stiffness of two nickel-titanium (NiTi) rotary instruments made of different heat-treated alloy: Aurum Blue (heat-treated) and Aurum Pro (conventional). Methods: Forty-five Aurum Blue and Aurum Pro NiTi files were selected for the three mechanical tests (n=15). For the torsional resistance test, 3 mm file tip was fixed and the shaft was driven clockwise at 2 rpm until fracture occurred by using a customized device. Cyclic fatigue resistance was evaluated by rotating instruments in artificial canal with dynamic mode. Bending stiffness was tested by observation of the bending moment on attaining a 45° bend. The results were analyzed by student-t tests at a significance level of 95%. The fractured surface of each groups were examined under a scanning electron microscope (SEM). Results: Aurum Blue showed significantly higher toughness, ultimate strength, distortion angle, and number of cycles to failure than those of Aurum Pro (p < 0.05). However, Aurum Blue and Aurum Pro did not differ significantly in terms of bending stiffness. SEM showed typical topographic appearances of the cyclic fatigue and torsional fracture. Conclusions: Under the limitations of this study, heat-treated instruments showed higher flexibility and fracture resistances than conventional NiTi instruments.

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A Study on The Bending Characteristic of Sandwich Sheet Metal with Dimple Type-Inner-Structure (딤플형 내부구조재를 갖는 접합판재의 굽힘 특성연구)

  • Kim, H.G.;Oh, S.K.;Yoo, J.S.;Seong, D.Y.;Chung, W.J.;Kim, J.H.
    • 한국금형공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.31-34
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    • 2008
  • The L-bending of inner-structure bonded sandwich sheet metal is examined to reduce springback and defects of bent parts. The specimen is composed of top and bottom layers and a middle layer with dimple type-inner-structure and each layer is bonded by resistance welding. This specimen with hollow type-inner-structure shows different bending characteristics from the conventional sandwich sheet metals with solid type-inner-structure. The experiments were conducted for two kinds of working conditions, that is, clearance and movement of first bent specimen for second bending. The deformed profile, bend angle and springback were investigated and compared and then the proper working conditions for L-bending of sandwich sheet metal were prosed.

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Mechanical Properties of CVD Diamond

  • Yoshikawa, Masanori;Hirata, Atsushi
    • The Korean Journal of Ceramics
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    • v.2 no.4
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    • pp.212-215
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    • 1996
  • This paper focuses the strength and wear resistance of CVD diamond films. The strength of free-standing CVD diamond films synthesized by microwave plasm CVD, DC plasma CVD, RF plasma CVD and arc discharge plasma jet CVD has been measured by three-point bending test. The wear resistance of CVD diamod films has been evaluated by the pin-on-disk type testing. diamond films coated on the base of sintered tungsten carbide pin by hot filament CVD have been rubbed with a sintered diamond disk in muddy water. Volume removed wear of CVD diamond has been compared with stellite, WC alloy and bearing steel.

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Evaluation of HIC/SSCC Resistance for API-X70 Pipe Manufactured by JCO Bending Process and SA Welding (JCO 밴딩과 SA용접으로 제조된 API-X70급 강관의 HIC/SSCC 저항성 평가)

  • Ryoo, Hoi-Soo;Kim, Hee Jin;Lee, Dong-Eon
    • Journal of Welding and Joining
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    • v.32 no.5
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 2014
  • This study aims at manufacturing SA welded API-X70 line-pipe with sour gas resistance. A pipe was manufactured by JCO bending process and SA welding using the API-X70 plate guaranteed HIC resistance. SA welded pipe was expanded in order to reduce the residual stress. The evaluation of a pipe for resistance to HIC and SSCC were performed by the RS D 0004 and RS D 0005 standards. For verification that a pipe has acceptable resistance to HIC, fullscale test was carried out. Results showed no cracking for the HIC and SSCC.

Change of Stiffness and Impact-Resistance of Flush Door Depending on Core Composition (플러쉬문의 심재구성에 따른 강성도 및 내충격성의 변화)

  • 장상식
    • Journal of the Korea Furniture Society
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.39-45
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    • 2001
  • This study was carried out to evaluate the feasibility of using HDF as surface panels as well as core materials for flush door manufacturing. Several core compositions were developed and applied to manufacture door specimens. Core materials were tested under bending load, door manufacturing process was analysed to find better way of using HDF for door manufacturing, and door specimens were tested under bending, twisting and impact loads. From this study, it was concluded that HDF can be used to manufacture quality flush doors. And it was desirable to use light color HDF as surface panels because dark color HDF caused a problem in manufacturing process by shadow shown through finishing veneer. HDF doors were light, and showed good quality and higher resistance against bending twisting and impact loads.

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Thermal Shock Resistance of $80Al_2O_3-20Al$ Composites: Experiments and Finite Element Analysis ($80Al_2O_3-20Al$ 복합재료의 내열충격성: 실험과 유한요소 해석)

  • 김일수;신병철
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.201-204
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    • 2000
  • Thermal shock resistance of 80Al2O3-20Al composite and monolithic alumina ceramics was compared. Fracture strength was measured by using a 4-pont bending test after quenching. Thermal stresses of the ceramics and ceramic-metal composites were calculated using a finite element analysis. The bending strength of the Al2O3 ceramics decreased catastropically after quenching from 20$0^{\circ}C$ to $0^{\circ}C$. The bending strength of the composite also decreased after quenching from 200~2$25^{\circ}C$, but the strength reduction was much smaller than for Al2O3. The maximum thermal stress occured in the monolithic alumina ceramics when exposed to a temperature difference of 20$0^{\circ}C$ was 0.758 GPa. The same amount of stress occured in the Al2O3-Al composite when the temperature difference of 205$^{\circ}C$ used.

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Experimental Study on the Flexural Capacity of AU Composite Beam After the Heating Test (가열 시험을 거친 AU 합성보의 휨 성능에 관한 실험 연구)

  • Kim, Young Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.77-83
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    • 2019
  • AU(A plus U-shaped) composite beam was developed for reducing the story height in the residential buildings, and saving the cosrtuction cost of floor structures. Structural performance and economic feasibility of the composite beam have been sufficiently approved through the structural experiments and the analytical studies. Fire safety for the practical application of the composite beam has also been verified through the fire resistance tests and the heat transfer analyses. In this study 2-points bending tests were performed on the four specimens already tested for fire resistance to evaluate the residual bending strength of AU composite beam after fire accident. The same bending test was performed on the one fresh specimen having the same section and span of the specimens for practically comparative study.

Bending Stress에 따른 Ag 및 Al 금속전극의 저항 변화에 관한 연구

  • Go, Seon-Uk;Kim, Hyeon-Gi;Choe, Byeong-Deok
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
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    • pp.332.2-332.2
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    • 2014
  • OLED 소자가 소형화됨에 따라 Flexible display를 넘어 Foldable display를 연구 중이며 동시에 신뢰성 및 수명이 중요시 되고 있다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 신뢰성 및 수명 평가에 대한 한 가지 방법으로 Bending test를 이용하여 소자의 Resistivity 변화를 측정하여 소자의 신뢰성을 확인 하여 보았다. Flexible substrate위에 Ag와 Al을 Cross bridge structure로 각각 증착한 후 bending 시간에 따른 Sheet resistance (Rsh)와 Resistivity (비저항)을 분석 하였다. 100시간 동안의 bending test결과 Ag전극의 Rsh는 $0.104{\Omega}$에서 $0.098{\Omega}$으로 5.67% 감소하였고 비저항은 5.70% 감소하였다. Al전극의 Rsh는 $0.091{\Omega}$에서 $0.063{\Omega}$으로 30.4% 감소하였고 비저항은 30.3% 감소하였다. Foldable에서는 저항 변화가 크게 되면 접히는 부분의 흐르는 전류가 많아지게 되어 소자의 저하를 발생시킨다. 저항변화가 거의 없다는 것은 물질의 안정성이 좋다고 할 수 있다. 실험 결과 Ag의 저항 변화가 Al보다 작으므로 Ag가 Flexible 관련 물질로 더 유용하다는 것을 확인 할 수 있다.

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Estimation of the quantitative trait loci associated with breaking and bending types lodging resistance in rice using chromosome segment substitution lines derived from a cross between Takanari and Koshihikari

  • Mulsanti, Indria Wahyu;Yamamoto, Toshio;Ueda, Tadamasa;Samadi, Ahmad Fahim;Adachi, Shunsuke;Hirasawa, Tadashi;Ookawa, Taiichiro
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Crop Science Conference
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    • pp.133-133
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    • 2017
  • Lodging is one of the important constraints in rice production. The lodging destroys the canopy structure, and sharply reduces the capacity of photosynthetic rate and dry matter production. In cereal crops, stem lodging can be classified into two types: stem breaking type and stem bending type. To improve stem lodging resistance, it is important to reveal strong culm traits of superior lodging resistant varieties. There are large varietal differences in parameters associated with the bending moment at breaking (M) and flexural rigidity (FR). The indica variety Takanari possesses large M due to its large section modulus (SM) despite of its small bending stress (BS), while Takanari also has large FR due to its large secondary moment of inertia (SMI) and Young's modulus (YM). To identify quantitative trait loci (QTLs) and the corresponding genes associated with the parameters for M ($=SM{\times}BS$) and FR ($=SM{\times}YM$) should enable to develop lodging resistant varieties, efficiently. In order to identify QTLs for cell wall materials such as cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin associated with BS and YM, a set of Chromosome Segment of Substitution Lines (CSSLs) consisted of 37 lines with chromosome segments of Koshihikari in the genetic background of Takanari were used. Takanari had large M and small BS as compared with Koshihikari. The QTLs for BS were estimated on chromosomes 3, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12. Koshihikari alleles increased BS in these QTLs. Takanari had a large FR due to its large SMI and YM as compared with Koshihikari. The YM was increased by substitution of the Koshihikari chromosomal segments on chromosomes 2, 10 and 11. Other QTLs estimated on chromosomes 7 and 12 that Koshihikari alleles contributed to the decrease of YM. For lignin, only one major QTL for lignin density was detected on chromosome 11. Hollocellulose densities were increased by the substitution of Koshihikari segments on chromosomes 5 and 11. On the other hand, these were decreased on chromosomes 1 and 3 by substitution of Koshihikari segments. QTLs for cellulose density were estimated on chromosomes 1, 3 and 5 by substitution of Koshihikari segments. For hemicellulose, QTL on chromosome 3 showed that hemicellulose density decreased by the substitution of Koshihikari segment. However, hemicellulose densities on chromosomes 5, 8 and 11 showed the opposite effects. The QTLs for hemicellulose, cellulose, and hollocelulose densities identified on chromosome 5 overlapped with that for bending stress, indicating the positive effect of Koshihikari segment on increasing bending stress. These results suggest that some QTLs for the densities of cell wall materials contribute to increasing bending stress and Young's modulus, and could be utilized to improve the lodging resistance for both types of breaking and bending in rice varieties.

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