• Title, Summary, Keyword: Bending Resistance

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Bending Performance Evaluation of Aluminum-Composite Hybrid Square Tube Beams (알루미늄-복합재료 혼성 사각관 보의 굽힘 성능평가)

  • Lee, Sung-Hyuk;Choi, Nak-Sam
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society For Composite Materials Conference
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    • pp.76-79
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    • 2005
  • Bending deformation and energy absorption characteristics of aluminum-composite hybrid tube beams have been analyzed for improvement in the bending performance of aluminum space frame by using experimental tests combined with theoretical and finite element analyses. Hybrid tube beams composed of glass fabric/epoxy layer wrapped around on aluminum tube were made in autoclave with the recommended curing cycle. Basic properties of aluminum material used for initial input data of the finite element simulation and theoretical analysis were obtained from the true stress-true strain curve of specimen which had bean extracted from the Al tube beam. A modified theoretical model was developed to predict the resistance to the collapse of hybrid tube beams subjected to a bending load. Theoretical moment-rotation angle curves of hybrid tube beams were in good agreement with experimental ones, which was comparable to the results obtained from finite element simulation. Hybrid tube beams strengthened by composite layer on the whole web and flange showed an excellent bending strength and energy absorption capability.

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Manufacture of Bending die System for the Manufacturing of Metal Panel Coner (금속패널코너가공을 위한 벤딩 다이시스템 제작)

  • Kim, Woo-Ki;Kim, Seung-Kyeum;Choi, Kye-Kwang
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.9 no.6
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    • pp.1518-1522
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    • 2008
  • The design technology to be developed in this study is technology related to the metal panel corner processing method of very high value-added, interior and exterior cladding material, in the architecture. This study is aimed at designing a Bending Die System that enables metal panel corner processing for the first time in Korea, by improving corrosion resistance (durability), weather resistance and elegances (design) for the connecting part of right angle cornering, where most serious problems occur in using metal steel plates of 2.5mm or thicker. This is used as a kind of metal ball and as architectural interior and exterior cladding material.

Bending Die System Design for Metal Panel Processing (금속패널가공을 위한 벤딩 다이시스템 설계)

  • Kim, Woo-Ki;Kim, Seung-Kyeum;Choi, Kye-Kwang
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.276-280
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    • 2008
  • The design technology to be developed in this study is technology related to the metal panel comer processing method of very high value-added, interior and exterior cladding material, in the architecture. This study is aimed at designing a Bending Die System that enables metal panel comer processing for the first time in Korea, by improving corrosion resistance (durability), weather resistance and elegances (design) for the connecting part of right angle cornering, where most serious problems occur in using metal steel plates of 2.5mm or thicker. This is used as a kind of metal ball and as architectural interior and exterior cladding material.

A Study on Reinforcing Effect of Multi-Bar Spring Nailing (다철근 스프링 네일링 공법의 보강효과 검토에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Choong-Ho;Jung, Young-Jin;Kim, Dong-Sik;Chae, Young-Su
    • Journal of the Society of Disaster Information
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.147-169
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    • 2007
  • This study investigates the reinforcing effects of the Multi-bar Spring nails with respect to the conventional Soil-nails in artificial slopes. Based on wide experience related to design and construction, soil nails have been widely applied to reinforce slope in the world. Multi-bar spring nails are one of the improved soil nailing methods. These method maximizes bending, shearing, pull-out resistance for those multi-nails, not unit nail, that are inserted in the borehole using special spacer at regular intervals. In addition, because cutting plane is confined effect resulting from a pressured plate at the end of the nails with compression spring equipment, slope stability is secured using MS-nailing method. Analyzing bending, pull-out, shearing condition of MS-nail, it was examined throughly elastic region, load transfer capacity, reinforcing effect on cutting plate of MS-nails. In addition, Pilot and laboratory tests, numerical analysis were carried out to verify the superiority of MS-nailing method. In case, MS nailing method is applied to reinforce artificial slope, it was analyzed that bending, pull-out, shearing resistance was increased more than existing nailing method was applied. In this study, it was shown that surface failure was more or less prevented using MS-nailing method, confining effect on cutting plane using spring stuck to flexible equipment.

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Cyclic fatigue, bending resistance, and surface roughness of ProTaper Gold and EdgeEvolve files in canals with single- and double-curvature

  • Khalil, Wafaa A.;Natto, Zuhair S.
    • Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics
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    • v.44 no.2
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    • pp.19.1-19.9
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    • 2019
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the cyclic fatigue, bending resistance, and surface roughness of EdgeEvolve (EdgeEndo) and ProTaper Gold (Dentsply Tulsa Dental Specialties) nickel-titanium (NiTi) rotary files. Materials and Methods: The instruments (n = 15/each) were tested for cyclic fatigue in single- ($60^{\circ}$ curvature, 5-mm radius) and double-curved (coronal curvature $60^{\circ}$, 5-mm radius, and apical curvature of $30^{\circ}$ and 2-mm radius) artificial canals. The number of cycles to fracture was calculated. The bending resistance of both files were tested using a universal testing machine where the files were bent until reach $45^{\circ}$. Scanning electron microscopy and x-ray energy-dispersive spectrometric analysis were used for imaging the fractured segments, while the atomic force microscope was used to quantify the surface roughness average (Ra). Results: EdgeEvolve files exhibited higher cyclic fatigue resistance than ProTaper Gold files in single- and double-curved canals (p < 0.05) and both files were more resistant to cyclic fatigue in single-curved canals than double-curved canals (p < 0.05). EdgeEvolve files exhibited significantly more flexibility than did ProTaper Gold files (p < 0.05). Both files had approximately similar Ni and Ti contents (p > 0.05). EdgeEvolve files showed significantly lower Ra values than ProTaper Gold files (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Within the limitation of this study, EdgeEvolve files exhibited significantly higher cyclic fatigue resistance than ProTaper Gold files in both single- and double-curved canals.

A Study on the Evaluation of the Pipe Fracture Characteristic (I) (실배관 파괴특성 평가에 관한 연구 (I))

  • Park, Jae-Sil;Seok, Chang-Sung
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.345-350
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    • 2001
  • In order to perform elastic-plastic fracture mechanical analyses, fracture resistance curves for concerned materials are required. 1T-CT specimen was used to obtain fracture resistance curves. But the fracture resistance curve by the 1T-CT specimen was very conservative to evaluate the integrity of the structure. And fracture resistance curve was affected by the specimen geometry and crack plane orientation. The objective of this paper is to be certain the conservativeness of the fracture resistance curve by the 1T-CT specimen and to provide the additional safety margin. For these, the fracture tests using the real pipe specimen and standard 1T-CT specimen test were performed. 4-point bending jig was manufactured for pipe test and direct current potential drop method was used to measure the crack extension and length for pipe test. From the pipe and the 1T-CT specimen test results, it was observed that the J-integral of the 1T-CT specimen test at the crack initiation point was very small compare to that of the pipe specimen test.

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A Study on the Evaluation of the Pipe Fracture Characteristic (실배관 파괴특성 평가에 관한 연구)

  • Park Jae-Sil;Kim Young-Jin;Seok Chang-Sung
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.107-114
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    • 2005
  • In order to analyze the elastic-plastic fracture behavior of a structure, the fracture resistance curve of the material should be known first. The standard CT specimen was used to obtain the fracture resistance curves of a piping system. However, it is known that the fracture resistance curve by the standard CT specimen is very conservative to evaluate the integrity of a structure. Also the fracture resistance curve is effected by the specimen geometry and the dimensions because of the constraint effect. The objective of this paper is to be certain the conservativeness of the fracture resistance curve by the standard CT specimen and to provide an additional safety margin. For these, the fracture tests using a real pipe specimen and the standard CT specimen test were performed. A 4-point bending jig was manufactured for the pipe test and the direct current potential drop method was used to measure the crack extension and the length for the pipe test. Also finite element analyses were performed with a CT specimen and a pipe in order to prove the additional safety margin. From the result of tests and analyses of the pipe and the standard CT specimen, it was observed that the fracture analysis with the standard CT specimen is conservative and the additional safety margin was proved.

Evaluation of Fatigue Resistance of Selected Warm-mix Asphalt Concrete (준고온 아스팔트 콘크리트 피로저항성 평가)

  • Kim, Sungun;Lee, Sung-Jin;Kim, Kwang W.
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.62 no.3
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    • pp.29-38
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    • 2020
  • Since some warm-mix asphalt (WMA) concretes were known to show poorer rut resistance than the hot-mix asphalt (HMA) concretes, many studies were performed in efforts of improving its performance at high temperature. The reason is assumed to be due to the moisture remaining in aggregates dried at lower temperature. Therefore, not only the rut resistance, the crack resistance of WMA concrete was also in question. In this study, fatigue life of WMA concrete was evaluated in comparison with HMA using 3-point bending (3PB) beam test. The asphalt mixtures were prepared based on Korean mix-design guide using a 13 mm dense-graded aggregate and 6 binders; two HMA binders and four WMA binders. By 3PB fatigue test, normal (unmodified) and polymer-modified WMA concretes were evaluated in comparison with normal and polymer-modified HMA concretes at a low temperature (-5℃). The results showed that most of WMA concretes showed longer fatigue lives than HMA concretes, even though the same PG binders were used for HMA and WMA. This result indicates that the WMA concretes have stronger resistance against fatigue cracking than HMA at the low temperature, and this result is in contrast to the high-temperature performance test.

Analytical Studies on The Useful Characters Affecting The Lodging Resistance of Wheat and Barley Varieties (맥류의 도복에 관여하는 유용형질의 분석에 관한 연구)

  • Chang-Hwan Cho
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.11
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    • pp.105-117
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    • 1972
  • This experiment has been made to study the relationship between several characters affecting the field lodging and to establish some useful standards for selection of lodging resistant varieties and to classify the degree of lodging resistance in wheat and barley varieties of different sources. The experiment was carried at the Crop Experiment Station, Suwon in 1968. The results obtained are summarized as followings. a. The lodging index modified with bending moment of culm at breaking seemed to be the most useful character in checking the lodging resistance. Highly significant positive correlation (Barley; r=0.40-0.67, Wheat; r=0.46-0.68) was obtained between the lodging index and actual field lodging. b. Between two essential components expressing bending stiffness of the culm, the bending moment at breaking and secondary moment of inertia, a highly significant positive correlation (Barley; r=0.59, wheat; r=0.46-0.53) was observed. c. The bending stiffness of culm got stronger as the dry weight per unit culm, which express the quantity of accumulated dry matters in culm, increased. The correlation coefficient between those two factors was 0.35 to 0.40 in barley and 0.33 to 0.76 in wheat respectively. d. In both wheat and barley, highly significant negative correlation between lodging index and the other factors such as dry weight per unit culm (Barley; r=-0. 51 to -0.70, Wheat; r=-0.65 to -0.83) and bending moment of culm at breaking (Barley; r=-0.29 to -0.69, Wheat: r=-0.54 to -0.89) were observed. Particulary, weight of culm at breaking, secondary moment of inertia and section modulus showed significant negative correlation with lodging index in wheat. e. Outside diameter of culm expressed more intimate relationship with physical characteristics of culm than inside diameter and also showed highly significant correlation with weight of culm at breaking (Barley; r=0.42-0.56, Wheat; r=0.39-0.44) and with bending moment of culm at breaking (Barley; r=0.40-0.41, Wheat; r=0.38-0.49) and with secondary moment of inertia (Barley; r=0.56-0.57, Wheat; r=0.28-0.98) and with section modulus (Wheat; r=0.22-0.96). Between the thickness of culm and physical characteristics of culm also showed the positive correlation. f. There was positive correlation between the culm length and actual field lodging in several groups of variety among the varieties tested. But the culm length seemed to undesirable as a selection measure for the selection of the lodging resistant variety considering the stiffness of culm. g. In classification of lodging resistance for the varieties tested, many Korean barley varieties expressed excellent lodging resistant than wheat, but most of the wheat and barley varieties from Japan considered quite resistant to lodging. h. In selection of lodging resistant varieties, lodging index lower than 1.67 in barley and 1. 76 in wheat considered highly resistant to actual field lodging.

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Behaviour Characteristics of Single Batter Pile under Dynamic Lateral Loads (동적 수평하중에 의한 단일 경사말뚝의 거동특성)

  • Kim, Jiseong;Noh, Jeongseob;Kang, Gi-Chun
    • Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
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    • v.33 no.9
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    • pp.49-60
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the behavior of a single batter pile with repeated lateral loading through model tests. Repeated loads were applied in one direction and two directions, and lateral resistance and bending moment were analyzed by varying the relative density of the ground. As a result, lateral resistance and maximum bending moment were increased in the order of Out batter, Plumb, and In batter when one-way and two-way dynamic lateral loads were applied. The depth at the maximum bending moment was more deeper with the loading. The moments at bottom layer were decreased in the order of Out batter, Plumb, and In batter but upper moments were increased with the same order. Also, various bottom and upper moments were small when the two-way dynamic lateral load was applied compared to one-way lateral load.