• Title, Summary, Keyword: Benefit Assessment

Search Result 345, Processing Time 0.041 seconds

Health Insurance Benefit Criteria and Quality Assurance Policies of Diagnostic Ultrasound Services in Other Countries (주요국의 초음파검사 시행현황과 질 확보방안)

  • Chung, Seol Hee;Lee, Hye Jin;Kim, Han Sang;Oh, Ju-Yeon
    • Health Policy and Management
    • /
    • v.24 no.2
    • /
    • pp.109-119
    • /
    • 2014
  • In accordance with the government's plan to expand the national health insurance (NHI) coverage for severe diseases such as cancer, heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, and rare and incurable disease, the diagnostic ultrasound services have been covered by NHI from October 1, 2013. The quality is very important factor in providing diagnostic services because they influence on the diagnosis, treatment, and outcome of diseases. In particular, equipments and health care providers plays an important role in providing qualitative services. The purpose of this paper is to examine the major feature of ultrasound services covered by health security system and to review quality assurance policies in other countries such as Australia, Japan, the USA, and Canada. In addition, we assessed the implication of those policies. We especially put emphasis on the types and qualifications of healthcare professionals and measures to manage equipments. All countries have reviewed on policies to promote the quality such as educational requirements of professionals or restrictions on the duration of equipment usage. Various measures should be implemented to assure the qualitative ultrasound service.

Comparison of the Personal Care Benefit System under Workers' Compensation in Japan, Germany, and the United States (일본·독일·미국의 산재보험 간병급여체계의 비고)

  • June, Kyung Ja;Kim, Jae Young;Choi, Yun-Young;Choi., Eun
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
    • /
    • v.16 no.1
    • /
    • pp.58-66
    • /
    • 2007
  • Purpose: A national long-term care system for elderly and the disabled has its unique evolution in each country. Japan, Germany and the United States may be the typical examples of respective social insurance system. This paper reviews the counterpart examples of Japan, Germany and the United States and looks at their accumulated long-term care system experiences and personal care system under workers' compensation. Methods: Literature review and website searching were conducted. Key words as 'workers' compensation insurance', 'personal care benefit' and 'long term care' were used in searching the related literatures. Results: Though the personal care benefit under current Workers'Compensation in Korea is very similar to Japan's, the long-term care system of Korea is not as well established. Germany and the United States have the provision of personal care benefit for injured workers within long term care system. Conclusions: We recommend some key issues to take into account for improving personal care benefit system in workers' compensation in Korea as follows: providing a comprehensive coverage through the linkage of long term care, introducing an assessment & evaluation system for the appropriate benefits, establishing insurer's role for quality management of personal care service, and developing a policy for family caregivers.

  • PDF

Economic Effects of the Management Model far Environment Pollution in Gwangyang Bay (광양만 환경오염 관리모델 연구의 경제적 파급효과 분석)

  • Nam Kwanghyun;Kwon Sukjae;Oh Weeyeong
    • Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society
    • /
    • v.7 no.3
    • /
    • pp.657-679
    • /
    • 2004
  • The purpose of this paper is to measure economic impact of marine environment conservation research development project. Benefit-Cost(B/C) analysis and Contingent Valuation Methods(CVM) are used to valuate the benefits from the research development projects. A period of three years for research development fund is considered as a part of the costs and adjusted to the net present value (NPV) of the 2002 ending period. The environmental charges for marine environment improvement are considered for the benefit measurement. The benefits are estimated by using monthly average willingness to pay, which is 2,289 Korean won. The contribution of the developing a management model for environmental pollution in the Gwangyang Bay is evaluated utilizing survey data and information. Based on the assessment by expert groups, the contribution of the model was 37.5%. The research results showed that B/C ratio is 20.61, NPV is 89,200 million Korean won, and social rate of return is 185.7%. When the level of contribution is over 1.83% at the assessment of potential influence, it is recognized to be economically feasible. This research presents a quantitative framework for Research and Development projects for marine environment conservation, and it can be applied to decision making for the investment size of R&D projects.

  • PDF

Environmental Improvement Effect and Social Benefit of Environmental Impact Assessment: Focusing on Thermal Power Plant (환경영향평가를 통한 화력발전소의 환경개선 효과와 사회적 편익)

  • Kang, Eugene;Kim, Yumi;Moon, Nankyoung
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
    • /
    • v.27 no.3
    • /
    • pp.322-333
    • /
    • 2018
  • This study was carried out to measure atmospheric environmental improvement effect and estimate its social benefit of thermal power plants through Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) for quantitative analysis about operational performances of EIA. In this study, 'EIA outcome' is defined as whether or not the system is implemented, therefore, environmental standard to be followed by each project and consultation contents were compared. In total 60 cases of thermal power plant construction projects that have been consulted over the past 10 years since 2010, major air pollutants have been significantly reduced after the implementation of EIA. The $PM_{10}$ reduced annual 3,745 tons, $NO_2$ by 74,569 tons, and $SO_2$ by 37,647 tons, which were estimated at approximately 240 billion won~5 trillion 967 billion won per year for social benefit. This means the total cost of power plant operations will be cut to 7 trillion 192 billion won~178 trillion 994 billion won over a 30-year period. The reduced amount of air pollutants emitted by energy generation facilities across the country is worth 50%, and its economic value is larger than the annual Current Health Expenditure in Korea. This is meant by the fact that all projects are subject to uniform criteria under the existing relevant regulation, but that each project plans are optimized according to the characteristics of target areas and projects through the process of EIA.

Decision-making of alternative pylon shapes of a benchmark cable-stayed bridge using seismic risk assessment

  • Akhoondzade-Noghabi, Vahid;Bargi, Khosrow
    • Earthquakes and Structures
    • /
    • v.11 no.4
    • /
    • pp.583-607
    • /
    • 2016
  • One of the main applications of seismic risk assessment is that an specific design could be selected for a bridge from different alternatives by considering damage losses alongside primary construction costs. Therefore, in this paper, the focus is on selecting the shape of pylon, which is a changeable component in the design of a cable-stayed bridge, as a double criterion decision-making problem. Different shapes of pylons include H, A, Y, and diamond shape, and the two criterion are construction costs and probable earthquake losses. In this research, decision-making is performed by using developed seismic risk assessment process as a powerful method. Considering the existing uncertainties in seismic risk assessment process, the combined incremental dynamic analysis (IDA) and uniform design (UD) based fragility assessment method is proposed, in which the UD method is utilized to provide the logical capacity models of the structure, and the IDA method is employed to give the probabilistic seismic demand model of structure. Using the aforementioned models and by defining damage states, the fragility curves of the bridge system are obtained for the different pylon shapes usage. Finally, by combining the fragility curves with damage losses and implementing the proposed cost-loss-benefit (CLB) method, the seismic risk assessment process is developed with financial-comparative approach. Thus, the optimal shape of the pylon can be determined using double criterion decision-making. The final results of decision-making study indicate that the optimal pylon shapes for the studied span of cable-stayed bridge are, respectively, H shape, diamond shape, Y shape, and A shape.

The Stream Restoration Program Evaluation Issue (하천복원사업 평가기준의 과제)

  • Choi, Mihee
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
    • /
    • v.15 no.1
    • /
    • pp.13-22
    • /
    • 2006
  • The Korean government adopted the integrated stream water management policy recently with growing perception that natural disasters and pollution in Korea have been due not only to such human factors as urbanization and industrialization, but also to the policy of functionally separated management of irrigation, flood control and ecological management. Contrary to its good intention, research result shows that it is not realistic to expect that this new integrated policy in Korea will work well. In order to be an effective policy and program evaluation, this paper suggests that evaluation indicator on related programs and projects should be made through bottom-up process. For example, environmental benefit should be taken into account rather than just economic benefit, and cultural and social characteristics in the project region should be also considered seriously.

Development Strategy on the Risk Rating Method for Nationwide Emerging IT Infrastructure (국가단위 신규 IT인프라의 위험도 등급화 기법 개발 방향 연구)

  • Kim, Sangkyun
    • Journal of Industrial Technology
    • /
    • v.30 no.B
    • /
    • pp.11-16
    • /
    • 2010
  • To provide a development strategy on the method which assesses a potential risk of nationwide emerging IT infrastructure in planning and design phase, and to classify the assessment result into 5 levels is the goal of this research. The development strategy provided in this paper could improve a benefit-cost-ratio of investments on emerging IT infrastructure. With a premature assessment of the potential risks of a nationwide emerging IT infrastructure which needs astronomical amount of public funds, it could show a way of systematic investments on security systems and improve a benefit-cost-ratio of investments on emerging IT infrastructure. Also, this approach might improve the safety of nationwide IT infrastructure. It could identify and provide an optimized solution for the potential risks of nationwide IT infrastructure.

  • PDF

Development of Selection Criteria for Composite Method Using Half-PC Slab (하프슬래브를 이용한 PC 복합공법의 선정기준 개발)

  • Park, Byeong-Hun;Kim, Jae-Yeob
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Building Construction Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.103-104
    • /
    • 2016
  • Most of studies on PC method aim at the structural analysis and development of PC members, and studies on the construction management aspect are insufficient. This study is a basic research in the construction management aspect regarding 'composite method using hollow-PC column' (HPC method), and is intended to develop assessment standards for the benefit·cost analysis of HPC method. Assessment standards for the benefit·cost analysis were composed of main-factors and sub-factors through interview with 4 experts. It was possible to classify main-factors into 4 major categories, i.e,. structural performance, construction performance, construction duration and construction cost. Sub-factors were composed of factors which were of high importance in assessing the two methods. And factors judged to be repeated or of little importance were excluded.

  • PDF