• Title, Summary, Keyword: Bifidobacterium spp

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Anti-Helicobacter pylori Activity of Bifidobacterium spp.

  • Bae, Eun-Ah;Kim, Dong-Hyun;Han, Myung-Joo
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.532-534
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    • 2000
  • The inhibitory effects of different Bifidobacterium spp. on the growth of Helicobacter pylori (HP) were investigated. A significant suppression of HP growth occurred only when HP was inoculated onto a petri dish containing 0.1 mg/ml of Bifidobacterium spp. When HP was separately cultured with B. breve K-110, B. catenulatum K-309, B magnum K-311, B. magnum K-321, and B. cuniculi K-513, the urease activity was also inhibited by these Bifidobacterium spp. Therefore, it appears that these Bifidobacterium spp. excrete a heat-labile inhibitory component for HP growth into the culture medium. Although most organic acids produced by the Bifidobacterium spp. inhibited the growth of HP, the HP growth was not inhibited by the physiological concentrations of organic acids produced in bifidobacteria-cultured media. Accordingly, these results suggest that some Bifidobacterium spp. may produce antibiotic-like compounds (bacteriocins).

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Resistant Activity to Hydrogen Peroxide of Lactobacillus spp., Bifidobacterium spp., Bacillus coagulans and Hydrogen Peroxide Generation Capability of Lactobacillus spp. (Lactobacillus spp., Bifidobacterium spp. 및 Bacillus coagulans의 과산화수소 저항성과 과산화수소 생성 능력)

  • Lee, Jong-Hyeok;Yoon, Yeong-Ho
    • Journal of Dairy Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.107-112
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    • 2004
  • Studies on the resistance of Lactobacillus ssp., Bifidobacterium spp. and Bacillus coagulans to hydrogen peroxide were conducted by determination of the viable cells after the test cells in 2mM hydrogen peroxide solution for a predetermined time; L. acidophilus CU4111 and L. casei CU4114 were most resistant to the hydrogen peroxide among the fifteen test lactobacilli strains, whereas L. brevis Cu4206 was the strain which was the most susceptible to hydrogen peroxide. Bifidobacterium longum Cu4131 was one of the resistant strains. A prominant tendency found out that Bacillus coagulans possessed a strong resistance to hydrogen peroxide. The results of level of hydrogen peroxide determination in the cell extracts showed all the test strains contained hydrogen peroxide in the cytoplasm, the amount varied depending on the strain and species of lactic acid bacteria. Bifidobacterium bifidum CU 4134 and L. casei CU 4114 were potent hydrogen peroxide producer strain.

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Antimutagenic Characteristics of Lactobacillua spp. and Bifidobacterium spp. against 2-Nitrofluorene (Lactobacillus spp.와 Bifidobacterium spp.에 의한 돌연변이원물질 2-Nitrofluorene에 대한 돌연변이 억제특성)

  • Yoon, Yeong-Ho;Cho, Jung-Geun
    • Journal of Dairy Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.83-89
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    • 1998
  • Studies on the antimutagenicity of Lactobacillus spp. and Bifidobactrium spp. against 2-nitrofluorene have been conducted utilyzing Salmonella typhimurium TA 98 in order to characterize the activity by the starter and non-starter strains. The average antimutagenic activity of Lactobacillus spp. and Bifidobactrium spp. against 2-nitrofluorene was 20.29% and L. plantarum CU 722 revealed the greatest mutation inhibition activity of 50.34%. An intensive antimutagenicity was found in the cell wall and cytoplasm fraction of L. plantarum CU 722 in skim milk culture showing inhibition rate of 34.9% and 24.5% respectively and very low activity remained in cell free broth and in lactic acid. The optimum cultivation time for Lactobacillus spp. and Bifidobacterium spp. to inhibit mutation was 24 hours and the optimum preincubation time of the reaction mixture containing the mutagen, lactic culture and indicator strain was 60 minutes, and the optimum incubation time for the test plates was 48 hours.

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Analysis of Genetic Diversity of Bifidobacterium spp. Isolated from Korean Adults Fecal Samples (한국 성인 분변 시료에서 분리한 비피더스균의 유전자 다양성 분석)

  • 배학균;김선옥;박종선;강병용;최성숙;강진양;하남주
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.48 no.1
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    • pp.20-26
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    • 2004
  • Twelve strains of Bifidobacterium spp. were isolated from the feces of healthy Korean 20∼30 years. The identification of genera from isolates were performed by the microscopic observation and fructose-6-phosphate phosphoketolase (F6PPK) activity which is the key enzyme to distinguish the Bifidobacterium spp. from other anaerobic bacteria. To determine the antibacterial resistance patterns, minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of several antibiotics (including anti-tuberculosis agents) was determined. Five of the isolate!, showed the high degree of resistance to vancomycin. To investigate the genetic diversity between isolates and type strain of Bifidobacterium spp. from KCTC, we peformed the RAPD-fingerprinting. Using a total set of four primers, it is possible to distinguish the isolates and Bifidobacterium spp. from KCTC. Thus, Bifidobacterium strains isolated from our samples may be a new species or strains of Bifidobacteriurn genera, and have the potential as a probiotics.

False Positive SOD Activity of Bifidobacterium spp. Grown in MRS Medium

  • Chang, Woo-Suk;So, Jae-Seong
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.305-309
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    • 1998
  • The superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity of seven Bifidobacterium spp. strains was examined by an indirect SOD assay method. Some Bifidobacterium spp. showed significant levels of SOD activity. However, we could not observe any significant differences between anaerobic and aerobic cultures. Furthermore, although several Bifidobacterium spp. exhibited some degree of tolerance to paraquat which produces superoxide radicals, the apparent SOD activity of these strains was not correlated with their resistance to paraquat. In addition, when we added increasing amounts of manganese or iron to MRS medium which had been prepared without either of the metal ions, the apparent SOD activity of cell free extracts (CFEs) was increased with increasing concentration of both metal ions. To our surprise, the heat-denatured CFEs also showed nearly identical correlative patterns. Based on these results, the apparent SOD activity was likely due to a nonenzymatic dismutation. These results strongly suggest that high concentration of divalent metal ions ($Mn^{2+}$, $Fe^{2+}$) in MRS medium result in nonenzymatic dismutation which can lead to false positive SOD activities in Bifidobacerium spp.

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Quantitative Counting of Bifidobacterium spp. in a Sample Mixed with Lactobacillus acidophilus

  • Park, Young-Min;So, Jae-Seong
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.182-184
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    • 1998
  • PCR was used for quantitative counting of Bifidobacterium spp. in a sample mixed with Lactobacillus acidophilus using two primer sets; one set for universal priming and the other set for Bifidobacterium specific priming. DNA products from two independent PCRs with DNA extracted from the mixed sample were found to be easily distinguishable from each other by agarose gel electrophoresis. The concentrations of PCR products correlated with the total number of bacteria and with the number of Bifidobacterium spp. present in the sample.

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In Vitro Bifidogenic Effect of Nondigestible Oligosaccharides Isolated from Red Ginseng Marc

  • Lee, Jae-Chan;Keun Na;Yun, Jung-Mi;Hwang, Jae-Kwan
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.11 no.5
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    • pp.858-862
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this research was to investigate the effects of nondigestible oligosaccharides (NDO) from red ginseng marc on the growth of Bifidobacterium spp. Red ginseng marc, a fibrous byproduct of ginseng extract from processing, was destarched by ${\alpha}$-amylase and amyloglucosidase treatment, and then treated with a commercial pectinase to produce NDO. The bifidogenic effects of NDO on B. adolescentis, B. animalis, B. breve, and B. longum were investigated in vitro. NDO significantly promoted the growth of Bifidobacterium spp. The growth, decrease of pH, and organic acid formation (acetate, lactate, formate) were markedly different among the species. B. adolescentis showed the best growth and produced the greatest amount of organic acids. When NDO was used as a carbon source in the cocultivation of Bifidobacterium spp. and Clostridium perfringens, the growth of Bifidobacterium spp. was not influenced by the existence of Cl. perfringens. The result strongly suggested that NDO from red ginseng marc could be used as a potential bifidogenic source.

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Lectin Activity and Chemical Characteristics of Escherichia coli, Lactobacillus spp. and Bifidobacterium spp. from Gastrointestinal Mucosa of Growing Pigs

  • Gao, W.;Meng, Q.X.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.863-868
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    • 2004
  • Lectin activities and chemical characteristics of Escherichia coli, Lactobacillus spp. and Bifidobacterium spp. originating from the porcine cecal mucosal layer were studied based on hemagglutination assay (HA) and hemagglutination inhibition assay (HIA). Although all the bacterial strains were able to agglutinate erythrocytes of porcine or rabbit origin, much higher HA titers were consistently observed for Lactobacillus spp. than for E. coli or for Bifidobacterium spp. A remarkable reduction in HA titers occurred by the treatment of E. coli and Lactobacillus spp. with protease or trypsin and of Bifidobacterium spp. with protease, trypsin or periodate. There were no significant effects on the HA titers of the three groups of bacteria after the treatment with lipase. Hemagglutination of E. coli was strongly inhibited by D (+)-mannose and D (+)-galactose; Lactobacillus spp. by $\alpha$-L-rhamnose and methyl-$\beta$-galactopyranoside; Bifidobacterium spp. by D (+)-alactose, $\alpha$-L-rhamnose, $\alpha$-L-fucose, L (+)-arabinose, D (+)-mannose, D (-)-fructose at a relatively low concentration (1.43 to 3.75 mg/ml). These results, combined with the enhanced HA activities of the three bacterial strains by modification of rabbit erythrocytes with neuraminidase and abolished HA activity of E. coli after treatment with $\beta$-galactosidase, indicate that it might be the glycoproteinous substances surrounding the surface of the bacterial cells that are responsible for the adhesions of these microorganisms by recognizing the specific receptors on the red blood cell.

Screening of the Foodstuffs Influencing the Growth of Bifidobacterium spp. and Clostridium perfringens (Bifidobacterium spp.와 Clostridium perfringens의 생육에 영향을 주는 식품소재의 탐색)

  • Park, Jong-Hyun;Han, Nam-Soo;Yoo, Jin-Young;Kwon, Dong-Jin;Shin, Hyun-Kyung;Koo, Young-Jo
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.25 no.5
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    • pp.582-588
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    • 1993
  • In order to investigate the effects of food materials toward the growth of Bifidobacterium spp. and Clostridium perfringens which have great influences on the intestinal physiology of human, 162 kinds of foodstuffs and foods were collected. Among their extracts, 31 samples showed the inhibitory effects against the growth of B. bifidum and C. perfringens by agar diffusion method. Especially, the methanol extracts of Caltha palustris, Deonjang, onion, mustard and potato inhibited the growth of C. perfringens, while they did not remarkably inhibit other intestinal bacteria including Bifidobacterium spp. By the cultivation of faecal inoculum in the 1 %(v/v) extract broths of Caltha palustris, onion and mustard, population of Bifidobacterium spp. increased by 10 order and that of C. perfringens decreased. ${\beta}$-glucuronidase activities and indole amounts in the cultures of onion and mustard extracts were lower than those of the control culture and ${\beta}-glucosidase$ activities were not detected in the cultures of onion and Doenjang extracts.

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Molecular Identification of Predominant Bifidobacterium Strains Isolated from Korean Feces

  • So, Jae-Seong;Lee, Ki-Yong;Soo, Jea-Kal;Heo, Tae-Ryeon;Kim, Seung-Cheol
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.176-181
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    • 2002
  • In order to isolate and identify Bifidobacterium spp. that originated in Korea, feces were sampled from healthy Korean adults and children living in three villages, the first having a history of longevity and the other two where the diet did not include fermented milk or any pharmaceutical preparations. Through the use of Gram staining and microscopic examination for cell morphology, 23 bacterial strains presumed to be the Bifidobacterium genus were isolated from the feces of 13 out of a total of 59 Korean people. To identify the Bifidobacterium strains at the genus level, these bacteria were then analyzed by TLC and the fructose-6-phosphate phosphoketolase (F6PPK) test. The result showed that 22 of the isolated strains were confirmed to be members of the genus Bifidobacterium. All of these bifidobacteria were also identified as Bifidobacterium spp. by the fermentation test. Using a RFLP analysis, an attempt was made to identify the Bifidobacterium spp. that had been isolated from both Korean adults and children. In a genomic Southern blot analysis after digestion with two restriction enzymes (EcoRI, HindIII), all of the 14 randomly selected Korean isolates showed patterns identical to those of three different B. longum species. Another restriction enzyme, CfoI (4-bp recognition enzyme), was then used to identify the strain. Interestingly, all the Korean isolates were identified as B. longum ATCC 15708, indicating that a RFLP analysis was effective for identifying Bifidobacterium spp. at both the strain and species levels.