• Title, Summary, Keyword: Bifidobacterium spp

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Purification of Alginate Lyase from Streptomyces violaceoruber and the Growth Activity of Intestinal Bacteria by Degree of Polymerization of Alginate Hydrolysates (Streptomyces violaceoruber 유래 Alginate Lyase의 정제 및 Sodium Alginate 가수분해 올리고당의 중합도별 Bifidobacterium spp.과 Lactobacillus spp.에 대한 생육활성)

  • Yoon, Min;Park, Young-Seo;Park, Gwi-Gun
    • Food Engineering Progress
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.103-109
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    • 2017
  • Alginate lyase from Streptomyces violaceoruber was purified by DEAE sephacel chromatography and SP sepharose chromatography. The specific activity of the purified enzyme was 14.6 units/mg protein, representing a 40.6-fold purification of the crude extract. The final preparation thus obtained showed a single band on Tricine-SDS polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis whose molecular weight was determined to be 23.3 kDa. The polyMG block of sodium alginate was hydrolyzed by the purified alginate lyase and then separated by activated carbon column chromatography and bio gel P-2 gel filtration. The main hydrolysates were composed of hetero type M/G-oligosaccharides with the degrees of polymerization (D.P.) being 6 and 8. To investigate the effects of hetero type M/G-oligosaccharides from the sodium alginate on the growth of some intestinal bacteria, cells were cultivated individually on the modified-MRS medium containing D.P. 6 and 8 M/G-oligosaccharides. B. longumgrew 4.25-fold and 6.44-fold more effectively by the treatment of D.P. 6 and 8 M/G-oligosaccharides compared with those of standard MRS medium. In addition, B. bifidumgrew 3.3-fold and 5.4-fold more effectively by the treatment of D.P. 6 and 8 M/G-oligosaccharides. In conclusion, D.P. 8 was more effective than D.P. 6 hetero M/G-oligosaccharides as regards the growth of Bifidobacteriumspp. and Lactobacillus spp.

Inhibitory effects of Kimchi lactic acid bacteria on harmful enzymes of human intestinal bacteria

  • Han, Seung-Bae;Kim, Dong-Hyun
    • Proceedings of the PSK Conference
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    • pp.226.3-227
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    • 2003
  • Lactic acid bacteria have been considered as the most beneficial probiotic organisms contributing to inhibition of harmful and putrefactive intestinal bacteria. Among them, Bifidobacterium spp. has been considered as one of the most beneficial probiotic organism that can improve the health of humans, since it is one of the major bacteria flora in human intestine. However, the harmful enzyme-inhibitory activity of lactic acid bacteria of Kimchi, which is a representative Korean fermented food has not been evaluated. (omitted)

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Effects of Schizandra chinensis Extract on the Growth of Intestinal Bacteria Related with Obesity (오미자 추출물이 비만과 관련된 장내 세균의 생육에 미치는 영향)

  • Jeong, Eun-Ji;Lee, Woon-Jong;Kim, Kwang-Yup
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.41 no.6
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    • pp.673-680
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    • 2009
  • This study was conducted to screen for plant food materials that improve human intestinal microflora, especially microorganisms associated with obesity. Among 30 tested plant food materials, the extract of Schizandra chinensis inactivated Eubacterium limosum, Bacteroides fragilis and Clostridium spp. Additionally, S. chinensis extract was also found to have a growth-promoting effect on Bifidobacterium spp.. The antimicrobial activity and antioxidant activity of the water extract did not decrease in respond to heating. Additionally, the water extract of S. chinensis did not show a toxic effect on the growth of Caco-2 cells. In vivo feeding tests were performed to investigate the influence of extract on the intestinal microflora in rats. Although the extract did not reduce obesity induced by a high fat diet, it led to significant increase in the population of Bifidobacterium spp. and a decrease in the population of Clostridium spp. in rats. Taken together, these results indicate that S. chinensis could be useful as a functional food component to control intestinal microbial flora.

Development and Verification of an Optimum Composition Model for a Synbiotic Fermented Milk Using Sequential Quadratic Programming Techniques

  • Chen, Ming-Ju;Chen, Kun-Nan;Lin, Chin-Wen
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.19 no.10
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    • pp.1490-1495
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this research was to develop an optimum composition model for a new synbiotic fermented dairy product with high probiotic cell counts, and to experimentally verify this model. The optimum composition model indicated the growth promoter ratio that could provide the highest growth rate for probiotics in this fermented product. Different levels of growth promoters were first blended with milk to improve the growth rates of probiotics, and the optimum composition model was determined. The probiotic viabilities and chemical properties were analyzed for the samples made using the optimal formula. The optimal combination of the growth promoters for the synbiotic fermented milk product was 1.12% peptides, 3% fructooligosaccharides (FOS), and 1.87% isomaltooligosaccharides (IMO). A product manufactured according to the formula of the optimum model was analyzed, showing that the model was effective in improving the viability of both Lactobacillus spp. and Bifidobacterium spp.

Preparation and Quality Characteristics of the Fermentation product of Ginseng by Lactic Acid Bacteria (FGL) (유산균을 이용한 발효인삼 제조 및 품질 특성)

  • Park, Soo-Jin;Kim, Dong-Hyun;Paek, Nam-Soo;Kim, Sung-Soo
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.88-94
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    • 2006
  • Ginseng as a raw material for production of probiotic ginseng product by lactic acid bacteria (LAB) was evaluated in this study. Either white ginseng (WG) or red ginseng (RG) (1% or 5%, w/v) were directly inoculated with a 24 hold seed culture of twenty seven substrains of four different LAB ($1.0{\times}10^6CFU/ml$); Lactobacillus spp., Streptococcus/Enterococcus spp., Leuconostoc/Lactococcus spp. and Bifidobacterium spp., and incubated at $37^{\circ}C$ for 24 or 48 h. Among 27 kinds of LAB, seven substrains of Lactobacillus (MG208, MG311, MG315, MG501, MG501C, MG505, MG590) and one Bifidobacterium (MG723) were selected based on their dose dependent stimulation of the growth of LAB in the presence of ginseng and changes in pH, acidity and viable cell counts during fermentation were examined. Lactobacillus MG208 specifically was found to show the best growth on 5% RG and reached nearly $14.0{\times}10^8CFU/ml$ after 48 h of fermentation and produced the titratable acidity as $0.84{\pm}0.02%$, whereas the pH was significantly lowered from $6.80{\pm}0.01\;to\;3.42{\pm}0.02$. These results indicated that ginseng can be an appropriate material to prepare the fermentation product by several strains of LAB. Therefore we should further check whether probiotic ginseng product may have synergistic health benefits of both probiotics and ginseng to serve for vegetarians and lactose-allergic consumers.

Studies on Isolation and Characterization of Anaerobic Bacteria from Gut of Holstein Cows and Korean Male Spotted Deer (꽃사슴과 Holstein 젖소의 장내 혐기성 박테리아의 분리 및 특성)

  • 박소현;이기영;안종호;장문백;김창현
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.48 no.1
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    • pp.77-90
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study was to isolate cellulolytic and hemicellulolytic anaerobic bacteria inhabiting from gut of ruminants and investigate their hydrolytic enzyme activities. Extracellular CMCase activities of H-strains isolated from the rumen of a Holstein dairy cow were higher than those of D- and DC- strains from the rumen and large intestine of Korean spotted deer. Most isolated bacteria utilized more efficiently Dehority's artificial medium containing starch, glucose and cellobiose (DAS) than those in Dehority's artificial medium containing cellulose only (DAC). The results of biochemical reactions and sugar fermentation indicated that the isolated bacteria belong to one of bacterial strains of Peptostreptococcus spp., Bifidobacterium spp., Prevotela ruminicola/buccae, Clostridium beijer/butyricum and Streptococcus intermedis which are not highly cellulolytic. Activities of Avicelase, xylanase, β-D-glucosidase, α-L-arabinofuranosidase and β-xylosidase of the isolated anaerobic bacteria in DAS were higher than those in DAC. In conclusion, the results indicated the higher enzyme activities of the isolated strains cultured in DAS medium were mainly caused by their specific carbohydrate utilization for enzyme production and growth rate. The highly cellulolytic bacteria were not isolated in the present experiment. Thus further research is required to investigate characteristics of gut bacteria from Korean spotted deer.

Enhanced Production of Galactooligosaccharides Enriched Skim Milk and Applied to Potentially Synbiotic Fermented Milk with Lactobacillus rhamnosus 4B15

  • Oh, Nam Su;Kim, Kyeongmu;Oh, Sangnam;Kim, Younghoon
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.39 no.5
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    • pp.725-741
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    • 2019
  • In the current study, we first investigated a method for directly transforming lactose into galacto-oligosaccharides (GOS) for manufacturing low-lactose and GOS-enriched skim milk (GSM) and then evaluated its prebiotic potential by inoculating five strains of Bifidobacterium spp. In addition, fermented GSM (FGSM) was prepared using a potentially probiotic Lactobacillus strain and its fermentation characteristics and antioxidant capacities were determined. We found that GOS in GSM were metabolized by all five Bifidobacterium strains after incubation and promoted their growth. The levels of antioxidant activities including radical scavenging activities and 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase inhibition rate in GSM were significantly increased by fermentation with the probiotic Lactobacillus strain. Moreover, thirty-nine featured peptides in FGSM was detected. In particular, six peptides derived from ${\beta}$-casein, two peptides originated from ${\alpha}s_1$-casein and ${\kappa}$-casein were newly identified, respectively. Our findings indicate that GSM can potentially be used as a prebiotic substrate and FGSM can potentially prevent oxidative stress during the production of synbiotic fermented milk in the food industry.

In Situ Detection and Differential Counts of Bifidobacterium spp. Using Bromocresol Green, a pH-dependent Indicator

  • Kim, Ki-Hwan;Shin, Won-Cheol;Park, Young-Seo;Yoon, Sung-Sik
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.99-103
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to develop a simple detection method, possibly at the species-level, that allows for large-scale screening of bifidobacteria. Human fecal samples were plated on MRS-raffinose agar containing cysteine and neomycin sulfate, serving as selective pressure for bifidobacteria, and 0.003%(w/v) bromocresol green. All of the test strains grew well on this medium at $37{\pm}1^{\circ}C$, forming white colonies surrounded by yellow halos, which presented a sharp contrast against the green background. In this disc assay, the required incubation time to develop a yellowish zone varied with the species of Bifidobacterium that was tested, allowing for differential counts and easy identification at the species-level: 10-14 hr for B. bifidum, 20-22 hr for B. catenulatum and B. infantis. and 24-25 hr for B. longum and B. breve. No apparent color was observed for B. angulatum and B. adolescentis 28 hr after inoculation. To evaluate the results of pH indicator-based identification, individual isolates were subjected to a colony-PCR experiment with genus-specific primers. The amplified products from the isolates were in good accordance with those from the reference strains at a level of 95% agreement. These results suggest that the present method could be conveniently applied to cell counts, as well as to the preliminary identification of bifidobacteria from a variety of sample types including human feces, dairy products, and commercial probiotic supplements.

Enhancement of Antigen Presentation Capability of Dendritic Cells and Activation of Macrophages by the Components of Bifidobacterium pseudocatenulatum SPM 1204

  • HAN Shinha;CHO Kyunghae;LEE Chong-Kil;SONG Youngcheon;PARK So Hee;HA Nam-Joo;KIM Kyungjae
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.174-180
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    • 2005
  • Antigen presenting cells (APCs), dendritic cells (DCs) and macrophages, playa critical role not only in the initiation of immune responses, but also in the induction of immune tolerance. In an effort to regulate immune responses through the modulation of APC function, we searched for and characterized APC function modulators from natural products. Bifidobacterium pseudocatenulatum SPM1204 (SPM1204) isolated from feces of healthy Korean in the age of 20s was used in this experiment. DCs and macrophages were cultured in the presence of supernatants of SPM 1204 and then examined for their activities for the presentation exogenous antigen in association with major histocompatibility complexes (MHC) and macrophage activation. SPM1204 increased class I MHC-restricted presentation of exogenous antigen (cross-presentation) in a DC cell line, DC2.4 cells. The RAW 264.7 cell line was used to test the nonspecific effect of immune reinforcement of SPM1204 as a source of biological regulating modulator for the macrophage activation, include nitric oxide (NO) production and cytokine production. Results showed that the production of NO, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-$\alpha$, interleukin 1 (IL-1)-$\beta$ and morphological changes in macrophages were largely affected by SPM1204 in a dose-dependent manner. Our results demonstrated that SPM1204 promote cross-presentation of dendritic cells as well as the induction of NO, TNF-$\alpha$ production, and activation of macrophage.

Changes of Oxidative Enzymes and Fatty Acid Composition of Bifidobacterium adolescentis and B. longum under Anaerobic and Aerated Conditions. (산소의 Stress에 따른 Bifidobacterium adolescentis와 Bifidobacterium longum의 산화효소의 활성과 세포 지방산 조성의 변화)

  • 신순영;박종현
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.7-14
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    • 1998
  • To study the oxygen tolerance mechanism of bifidobacteria, we have studied the growth of cells, the activities of the enzymes which were related with oxygen, such as catalase, superoxide dismutase(SOD), NADH oxidase, and NADH peroxidase, and cellular fatty acid compositions of Bifidobacterium adolescentis and B. longum under anaerobic and aerated (microaerobic and aerobic) conditions. B. longum grew relatively well under the microaerobic conditions, whereas the growth of B. adolescentis was inhibited under the same aerated conditions. B. adolescentis had extremely low level of NADH oxidative enzymes while B. longum had the relatively high level of NADH oxidative enzymes, whose activities were dramatically increased from 3.7 to 11.4 times by microaerobic condition but not in B. adolescentis. The activity of SOD was unexpectedly high in B. adolescentis compared with in B. longum under anaerobic and aerated conditions. The activities of catalase were not detected in all samples tested in this study. We also found that normal $C_{l6:0}$ and $C_{18:1}$ were the major fatty acids in B. adolescentis and B. longum under anaerobic and aerated conditions. 2.2-14.1% $C_{l9:0}$ cyclo fatty acid was detected only in B. longum and the fatty acid was increased by the addition of the aeration. The $C_{l9:0}$ cyclic fatty acid was identified as a cis 9, 10-methylene octadecanoic acid, which was different from lactobacillic acid in the cyclized site. 6.6%-24.6% of dimethyl acetals (DMA) which came from plasmalogen were observed in the B. adolescentis and B. longum grown under anaerobic condition, and the components were notably decreased in the cells grown under the aerated conditions. It is believed that NADH oxidative enzymes play an important role to detoxify oxygen metabolites of Bifidobacteriurn spp. under anaerobic and microaerobic conditions. Independently from oxidative enzymes, it seems that oxygen stress may induce the change of the level of cellular fatty acids showing an increase of $C_{l9:0}$ cyclo in B. longum and a decrease of $C_{l8:1}$ of plasmalogen in B. longum and B. adolescentis to adapt in environment.

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