• Title, Summary, Keyword: Biocontrol agent(BCA)

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Screening of Antagonistic Actinomycetes for Potato Scab Control and Isolation of Antibiotic Compound (감자 더뎅이병원균에 대해 길항활성을 갖는 방선균 탐색 및 항균 활성물질의 분리)

  • Lee, Hyang-Burm;Cho, Jong-Wun;Lim, Chi-Hwan;Kim, Chang-Jin
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.47 no.2
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    • pp.164-169
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    • 2004
  • In the course of our screening for biocontrol agent (BCA) against Streptomyces scabiei and S. turgidiscabies causing potato scab using 5,000 actinomtcete isolates, 9 antagonistic strains were selected as BCA candidates through in vitro and in vivo assay. An antagonistic strain, A020645 was highly resistant to some pesticides and antibiotics such as dazomet and mancozeb and showed high control value in vivo. Two bioactive compounds (compound A, B) were purified by anion exchange chromatography, solid phase (ODS) extraction, TLC and reverse phase HPLC. Their chemical structures are now thought to be nucleoside derivative as determined by $^1H-NMR$ data analysis. Their full chemical structures would be elucidated through $^{13}C-NMR$, HMQC and HMBC analyses. Further studies will be focused on fitness in soil and formulation of the BCA candidates.

Weed Management Technology with Host Specific of Biological Control Agents (기주특이성 잡초 활성 미생물을 이용한 잡초방제 기술)

  • Hong, Yeon-Kyu;Lee, Bong-Choon;Song, Seok-Bo;Park, Sung-Tae;Kim, Jeong-Nam;Geon, Min-Goo;Kim, In-Seob
    • Asian Journal of Turfgrass Science
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.175-190
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    • 2006
  • The term mycoherbicide started in 1970, but its interest heightened due to increase costs of chemical herbicides. A classical biocontrol agent is expected to become a permanent part of its new environment and do no harm to it. Contemporary biological control agent(BCA) must be produced by artificial culture and could be applied like chemical herbicides over weeds. BCA is different from the classical approach in that it released through natural spread. To date 26 species of fungi are used as classical BCA against 26 species of weeds in seven countries. There are a number of examples of pathogens attacking non-target plants. But through risk assessments which include understanding the taxonomy, biology and ecology, the target and non-target species, it will be safe to introduce of exotic pathogens to control weeds. But pathogens have not been successfully used in practice. Many mycoherbicides show potential in laboratories, but are ineffective in the field and not consistent from year to year or field to field. There is also a lack of understanding humidity, dew formation and temperature and their effects on suppression of weeds by plant pathogens. Potential pathogen must be selected as a BCA. Previous studies suggest that these pathogens must (1) produce abundant and durable inoculum in artifical culture, (2) be genetically stable and weed specific and (3) kill weeds in control. A granular preparation of mycoherbicide into sodium alginate is lighter than liquids and less bulky than organic matter. Gel forms have also been used.

Effect of Water Activity and Temperature on Growth, Germination, Sporulation, and Utilization of Carbon Source of Penicillium oxalicum (PENOX) as a Biocontrol Agent(BCA) for control of Clover(Trifolium repens L.) (토끼풀(Trifolium repens L.) 방제용 생물제제 Penicillium oxalicum (PENOX)의 발아, 생장, 포자생성 및 탄소원이용에 미치는 수분활성 및 온도의 영향)

  • Lee, Hyang-Burm;Kim, Chang-Jin
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.68-74
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    • 2000
  • Penicillium oxalicum (PENOX) has shown the potential as a biocontrol agent(5CA) for control of a weed, clover(Trifolium repens L.) in grass plots. The bioherbicidal activity may be due to germinative and growth capacities and substrate availability of the agent over a range of environmental factors. The influences of different water activities($0.94{\sim}0.995\;a_w$) and temperatures($18{\sim}30^{\circ}C$) on mycelial growth, conidial germination, sporulation oil 2% MEA(malt extract agar) adjusted to different water activities with glycerol, and carbon source utilization using BIOLOG GN MicroPlate were determined in vitro. Decreases in $a_w$ on MEA caused a reduction in mycelial growth and conidial germination depending on temperature. The mycelial growth of PENOX was greatest at $30^{\circ}C/0.995\;a_w$. At some lowered water activity($0.97\;a_w$), the growth was similar between 25 and $30^{\circ}C$, and considerably decreased at lowered temperature($20^{\circ}C$). The germination rate was also greatest at $30^{\circ}C/0.995\;a_w$. Lag phase times for PENOX at $18^{\circ}C$ on MEA were >6hrs at tile whole $a_w$ level tested, and at 18 and $25^{\circ}C$ they were >18hrs and >12hrs at $0.94\;a_w$, respectively. However, its sporulation was some better at $0.97\;a_w$ than $0.995\;a_w$ or $0.94\;a_w$, and better at $20^{\circ}C$ than $30^{\circ}C$. In contrast, the number of carbon sources(niche size) utilized by PENOX varied with $a_w$ and temperature. Under some water stress condition($0.95\;a_w$), the agent utilized smaller number of carbon sources than $0.995\;a_w$ depending on temperature. The niche size at 0.995 and $0.95\;a_w$ were highest at $25^{\circ}C$, and showed 86 and 65, respectively. At $30^{\circ}C$, the niche size at 0.995 and $0.95\;a_w$ showed 84 and 50, respectively. There was no carbon source utilized by PENOX at $0.90\;a_w$ regardless of temperature. These information of tile fungal ecophysiology will be useful for the effective development of BCA.

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Study on Medium Ingredient Composition for Enhancing Biomass Productionand Anti-potato Common Scab Activity of Streptomyces sp. A020645 as a BCA Candidate (생물제제(BCA) 후보균주인 Streptomyces sp. A020645 의 대량 균체생산 및 항더뎅이병 활성증진을 위한 고체배지 조성에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Hyang-Burm;Roh, Hyo-Young;Park, Dong-Jin;Lee, So-Keum;Ko, Young-wan;Koh, Jeong-Sam;Kim, Chang-Jin
    • Research in Plant Disease
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.66-71
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    • 2005
  • The effect of medium components such as wheat bran, rice bran, oat meal, and soybean meal as basic ingredients and KH2PO4, glucose, and molasses as additives on mass production and anti-potato common scab activ ity of a streptomycete A020645 strain as a biocontrol agent (BCA) candidate was investigated. Of basicingredients, oat meal was the best one for mass poduction and enhancement of anti-potato common scabactivity. The biomass production of the active strain was more enhanced when 0.1-0.01.% glucose or molassesas additive were added into the basic medium. These information may have important implications in applying for effective formulation of BCA.