• Title, Summary, Keyword: Biodegradation Kinetics

Search Result 42, Processing Time 0.038 seconds

Biodegradation Kinetics of Phenol and pcresol by Micrococcus sp. M1 (Micrococcus sp. M1에 의한 Phenol과 p-Creso의 생분해 Kinetics)

  • Son, Hong-Joo;Jang, Woong-Seok;Lee, Geon;Lee, Sang-Joon
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
    • /
    • v.6 no.2
    • /
    • pp.153-163
    • /
    • 1997
  • In order to fad the most fitted biodegradation model, biodegradation kinetics model to the initial phenol and p-cresot concentrations were investigated and had been fitted by the linear regression. Bacteria capable of degrading p-cresol were isolated from soil by enrichment culture technique. Among them, strain Ml capable of degradillg p.rcresol has also degraded phenal and was identified as the genus Micrococcus from the results from of taxonomical studies. The optimal tonditlons for the biodegradation of phenal and p-cresol by Micrococcus sp. Ml were $NH_4NO_3$ 0.05%, pH 7.0, 3$0^{\circ}C$, respectively, and medium volume 100m1/250m1 shaking flask. iwicrococcus sp. Ml was able to grow on phenal concentration up to 14mM and p-cresol concelltration up to 0.8mM. With increasing substrate concentraction, the lag period increased, but the maximum specific growth rates decreased. The yield coefficient decreased with increasing substrate concentation. The biodegradation kinetics of phenol and p-cresol were best described by Monod with growth model for every experimented concentration. In cultivation of mixed substrate, p-cresol was degraded first and phenol was second. This result implies that p-cresol and phenol was not degraded simultaneously.

  • PDF

Biodegradation Kinetics of 4-Chlorophenol by Pseudomonas sp. EL-091S (Pseudomonas sp. EL-091S에 의한 4-Chlorophenol의 분해 Kinetics)

  • Son, Jun-Seog;Lee, Geon;Lee, Sang-Joon
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
    • /
    • v.2 no.2
    • /
    • pp.95-102
    • /
    • 1993
  • In order to find the most fitted biodegradation model, biodegradation models to the initial 4-chlorophenol concentrations were investigated and had been fitted by the linear regression. The degrading bacterium, EL-091S, was selected among phenol-degraders. The strain was identified with Pseudomows sp. from the result of taxonomical studies. The optimal condition for the biodegradation was as fellows: secondary carbon source, concentration of ammonium nitrate, temperature and pH were 200mg/l fructose, 600 mg/l, $30^{\circ}C$ and 7.0 respectively. The highest degradation rate of the 4-chlorophenol was about 58% for 24 hours incubation on the optimal condition. Biodegradation kinetics model of 5 mg/l 4-Chlorophenol, 10 mg/l 4-chlorophenol and 50 mg/l 4-chlorophenol were fitted the zero order kinetics model, respectively. Key Words : 4-chlorophenol, Pseudomonas sp., zero order kinetics model.

  • PDF

Bioavailability of sorbed phenanthrene in soil slurries (토양 슬러리내에 수착된 phenanthrene의 생물학적 이용성)

  • 신원식;김영규;김영훈;송동익
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Soil and Groundwater Environment Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.92-95
    • /
    • 2002
  • Bioavailability study was conducted to elucidate the relationship between sorption/desorption and biodegradation of sorbed phenanthrene in seven different soils. Mineralization kinetics was determined for phenanthrene-sorbed soil slurries inoculated with Pseudomonas putida (ATCC strain 17484). Two biodegradation models were used to fit mineralization kinetics; (i) a first-order degradation model and (ii) a coupled degradation-desorption model. The biodegradation rates were in order of vermicompost >Bion peat > 50% organoclay > Pahokee > blank (no soil, medium only) > montmorillonite > Ohio shale. The mineralization rate constants increased as desorption-resistance of phenanthrene increased. Among the tested sorbents, active biodegradation of phenanthrene was observed in vermicompost and Bion peat. Biodegradation in these two sorbents exhibited little lag time and a high maximum mineralized capacity. The role of sorption/desorption in bioavailability of phenanthrene sorbed in soils was discussed.

  • PDF

Kinetics of nitrification and acrylamide biodegradation by Enterobacter aerogenes and mixed culture bacteria in sequencing batch reactor wastewater treatment systems

  • Madmanang, Romsan;Jangkorn, Siriprapha;Charoenpanich, Jittima;Sriwiriyarat, Tongchai
    • Environmental Engineering Research
    • /
    • v.24 no.2
    • /
    • pp.309-317
    • /
    • 2019
  • This study evaluated the kinetics of acrylamide (AM) biodegradation by mixed culture bacteria and Enterobacter aerogenes (E. aerogenes) in sequencing batch reactor (SBR) systems with AQUASIM and linear regression. The zero-order, first-order, and Monod kinetic models were used to evaluate the kinetic parameters of both autotrophic and heterotrophic nitrifications and both AM and chemical oxygen demand (COD) removals at different AM concentrations of 100, 200, 300, and 400 mg AM/L. The results revealed that both autotrophic and heterotrophic nitrifications and both AM and COD removals followed the Monod kinetics. High AM loadings resulted in the transformation of Monod kinetics to the first-order reaction for AM and COD removals as the results of the compositions of mixed substrates and the inhibition of the free ammonia nitrogen (FAN). The kinetic parameters indicated that E. aerogenes degraded AM and COD at higher rates than mixed culture bacteria. The FAN from the AM biodegradation increased both heterotrophic and autotrophic nitrification rates at the AM concentrations of 100-300 mg AM/L. At higher AM concentrations, the FAN accumulated in the SBR system inhibited the autotrophic nitrification of mixed culture bacteria. The accumulation of intracellular polyphosphate caused the heterotrophic nitrification of E. aerogenes to follow the first-order approximation.

Biodegradation Kinetics of Nonylphenol Ethoxylates by Pseudomonas sp. (Pseudomonas sp.에 의한 Nonylphenol Ethoxylates의 Kinetics)

  • 김수정;이종근;이상준
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
    • /
    • v.2 no.4
    • /
    • pp.271-278
    • /
    • 1993
  • Optimal biodegradation kinetics models to the initial nonylphenol ethoxylates-30 concentration were investigated and had been fitted by the linear regression. Microorganisms capable of degrading nonylphenol ethoxylates-30 were isolated from sewage near Ulsan plant area by enrichment culture technique. Among them, the strain designated as EL-10K had the highest biodegradability and was identified as Pseudomonas from results of taxonomical studies. The optimal conditions for the biodegradation were 1.0 g/ι of nonylphenol ethoxylates-30 and 0.02 g/ι of ammonium nitrate at pH 7.0 and 3$0^{\circ}C$. The highest degradation rate of nonylphenol ethoxylates-30 was about 89% for 30 hours incubation on the optimal condition. Biodegradation data were fit by linear regression to equations for 3 kinetic models. The kinetics of biodegradation of nonylphenol ethoxylates was best described by first order model for 0.1 $\mu\textrm{g}$/ι nonylphenol ethoxylates-30 ; by Monod no growth model and Monod with growth model for 0.5 $\mu\textrm{g}$/mι and 1.0, 5.0 $\mu\textrm{g}$/mι, respectively.

  • PDF

Biodegradation Kinetics of Benzene by Pseudomonas aeruginosa

  • 박춘하;김동주
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Soil and Groundwater Environment Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.235-238
    • /
    • 2001
  • Monod kinetics에 관련된 주요 생분해 파라미터를 도출하기 위하여 microcosm 규모의 배치실험에서 BTEX 화합물에 대해 분해능이 우수한 Pseudomonas aeruginosa을 이용해 다양한 농도의 벤젠에 대한 분해기작을 고찰하였다. 벤젠의 생분해율(D)과 Maximumspecific growth rate ($\mu$$_{max}$)는 기질의 농도가 증가할수록 높아지다가 최고점에 도달 후에 점차적으로 감소하였으며 이것은 어느 한계점 이상의 벤젠 농도가 미생물의 생분해에 방해 요소로 작용한다는 것을 나타낸다. 그러나 미생물에 의한 벤젠 분해의 상관관계를 나타내는 yield coefficient(Y)는 벤젠의 초기 농도가 낮을수록 높은 값을 나타내었다. Microbial decay constant( b)와 half-saturation constant(K$_{c}$)는 각각 0.21~0.48day$^{-1}$와 218mg/$\ell$로서 문헌값 보다 높은 수치를 나타내었다. 실험으로부터 결정된 생분해 파라미터들은 초기 벤젠 농도에 따라 큰 차이를 보이므로 생분해 모델링에 사용할 파라미터는 기질농도에 따라 적절하게 선택되어야 한다고 사료된다.

  • PDF

Biodegradation and Kinetics of Trichloroethylene by Micrococcus sp. MS-64K (Micrococcus sp. MS-64K에 의한 Trichloroethylene의 분해특성 및 Kinetics)

  • 김종수;박근태
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
    • /
    • v.6 no.5
    • /
    • pp.481-488
    • /
    • 1997
  • Microorganisms capable of degrading trlchloroethylene(TCEI using phenol as a induction substrate were isolated from industrial effluents and soil. The strain MS-64K which had the highest blodegradablllty was identified as the genus Micrococcus. The optimal conditions of medium for the growth and blodegadatlon of trlchloroethylene were observed as follows; the initial pH 7.0, trlchloroethylene 1, 000ppm as the carbon source, 0.2% ${(NH_4)}_2SO_4$, as the nitrogen source. respectively. Lag period and degradation time on optimal medium were shorter than those on Isolation medium. Growth on the optimal medium was Increased. Addition of 0.1% Triton X-100 Increased the growth rate of Micrococcus sp. MS-64K, but degradation was equal to optimal medium. Trlchloroethylene degradation by Micrococcus sp. MS-64K was shown to fit logarithmic model when the compound was added at initial concentration of 1, 000ppm.

  • PDF

Kinetics of di-n-Butyl Phthalate Degradation by a Bacterium Isolated from Mangrove Sediment

  • XU XIANG-RONG;GU JI-DONG;LI HUA-BIN;LI XIAO-YAN
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
    • /
    • v.15 no.5
    • /
    • pp.946-951
    • /
    • 2005
  • Biodegradation of the endocrine-disrupting chemical di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP) was investigated using a bacterium, Pseudomonas fluorescens B-1, isolated from mangrove sediment. The effects of temperature, pH, salinity, and oxygen availability on DBP degradation were studied. Degradation of DBP was monitored by solid-phase extraction using reversed-phase HPLC and UV detection. The major metabolites of DBP degradation were identified as mono-n-butyl phthalate and phthalic acid by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and a pathway of degradation was proposed. Degradation by P. fluorescens B-1 conformed to first-order kinetics. Degradation of DBP was also tested in seawater by inoculating P. fluorescens B-1, and complete degradation of an initial concentration of $100{\mu}g/l$ was achieved in 144 h. These results suggest that DBP is readily degraded by bacteria in natural environments.

경유오염토양에서 미생물에 의한 경유의 생물학적 분해 모델

  • No, Sang-Cheol;Jang, Deok-Jin
    • 한국생물공학회:학술대회논문집
    • /
    • /
    • pp.418-421
    • /
    • 2000
  • A model was developed to describe the microbial decontamination of diesel contaminated soil in a soil column. The biodegradation rate of diesel in nature depends on temperature and the pH of soil, availability of nutrients, oxygen and water. The soil moisture content is one of the essential factors because it characterizes the availability not only of water to microorganisms but also of oxygen and nutrient dissolved in soil. In this work, the rate of biodegradation was modeled by coupling Michaelis-Menten kinetics for the aqueous-phase solute with adsoption-desoption equation for diesel sorption and desorption from soil.

  • PDF

Measurement and Acceleration of Biodegradation in Soil. (토양매립에 의한 생분해도 측정 및 가속화)

  • 김은정;박태현;신평균
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
    • /
    • v.26 no.5
    • /
    • pp.465-469
    • /
    • 1998
  • The quantitative and rapid method for measuring the biodegradation of polymer materials in soil was developed. In this study, cellophane film was used as a model biodegradable polymer and the biodegradation was assayed by measuring the amount of glucose which was produced by a hydrolysis reaction using HCl after collecting the film from soil. Cellophane film was degraded 41.2% in 4 months during winter while it was degraded 76.5% in 2 months during summer. It means that biodegradation in soil is affected by environmental conditions. The biodegradation was also measured in an incubator (30$^{\circ}C$, humidity 50-55%) to exclude the environmental variations. Cellophane film was degraded 94% in that condition in 40 days. The biodegradation showed the first order kinetics and the rate constant was 0.067 (1/day). Acceleration of the biodegradation in soil was also studied. We added cultured soil microorganisms or nutrients such as N, P, and S into the soil. While the addition of microorganisms showed the temporary increase of rate constant, the addition of nutrients not only showed the increase of rate constant from 0.096 (1/day) to 0.21 (1/day) but also maintained the effect continuously.

  • PDF