• Title, Summary, Keyword: Biolog GN2 plate

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Metabolic Fingerprinting of Food Wastewater Treatment System (식품폐수 처리 단계별 미생물 대사지문)

  • Yoo, Ki-Hwan;Lee, Sang-Hyeon;Lee, Dong-Geun
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.327-332
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    • 2008
  • To determine structure and activities of microbial communities in a food wastewater treatment system, biofilm of RABC (rotating activated Bacillus contactor) and samples of aeration tanks were analyzed. Heterotrophic bacterial concentrations were similar between biofilm and stage 1 aeration tank and decreased 2-log at stage 3 aeration tank as dissolved oxygen decreased, however portions of Bacillus groups were increased at stage 3 aeration tank. It was revealed by quantitative and qualitative analysis of metabolic fingerprinting patterns of Biolog GN2 plate that RABC represented much higher activities and a different microbial community structure compared to aeration tanks. Metabolic fingerprinting showed the carbon sources that isolated Bacillus groups could or could not use, were used similarly meaning that not only Bacillus groups but also other microbial groups would contribute to the treatment of wastewater.

A Data Base for Identification of Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae, the Pathogen of Kiwifruit Bacterial Canker, Using Biolog Program (Biolog Program을 이용한 참다래 궤양병균 동정용 Data Base)

  • 고영진
    • Korean Journal Plant Pathology
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.125-128
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    • 1997
  • Reactions of Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae to 95 carbon sources in a 96-well microplate (BiOLOG GN MicroPlateTM) were investigated. The bacterium used 9 carbon sources such as D-mannitol, sucrose, etc., but did not use 62 carbon sources such as $\alpha$-cyclodextrin, dextrin, etc. Based on the reactions, a user data base for identification of P. syringae pv. actinidiae was constructed in Biolog program (BiOLOG MicroLogTM 2 system). P. syringae pv. actinidiae isolates collected from kiwifruits could be identified automatically with high similarity using the user data base, which could diagnose rapidly and easily whether the tree was infected with bacterial canker or not.

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CLPP of Biofilm on Different Pipe Materials in Drinking Water Distribution System (수돗물속에서 관재질에 따른 생물막의 CLPP)

  • Lee Dong-Geun;Lee Jae-Hwa;Lee Sang-Hyeon;Ha Bae-Jin;Ha Jong-Myung
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.891-894
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    • 2004
  • The effect of pipe materials on biofilm communities were investigated by CLPP (community level physiology profile) using Biolog GN plates. Heterotrophic bacterial concentrations were $10^4\;-\;10^6\;CFU/cm^2$ and there was no differences between galvanized iron and carbon steel. Average optical density of Biolog plate was similar between two pipe materials. However, CLPP was different according to the type of pipe materials and exposed times to tap water, and CLPP was independent of bacterial concentration. This represents the differences of bacterial communities with pipes and water contact times.

Comparison of Metabolic Fingerprintings between Biofilm and Aeration Tanks of RABC System for Food Wastewater Treatment (식품폐수처리 RABC system의 생물막과 포기조 대사지문 비교)

  • Lee, Dong-Geun;Yoo, Ki-Hwan;Sung, Gi-Moon;Park, Seong-Joo;Lee, Jae-Hwa;Ha, Bae-Jin;Ha, Jong-Myung;Lee, Sang-Hyeon
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.349-355
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    • 2009
  • Metabolic fingerprinting of microbial communities was investigated with Biolog GN2 plates using samples of biofilm and aeration tanks from an RABC (rotating activated Bacillus contactor) system - an advanced wastewater treatment system for the food wastewater of pig slaughterhouses. Aerobic and anaerobic results revealed the following four aspects. First, simple matching and pairs t-test of daily variation showed more defined qualitative and quantitative relatedness of active microbial communities than that of mere optical densities. Second, metabolic potentials were higher in biofilm than in aeration tanks (p<0.01), meaning higher activity of biofilm. Third, two aeration tanks showed the highest similarity (78%) and similar metabolic power (p=0.287). However, actively used carbon sources were different among samples, signifying change of active communities at each wastewater treatment step. Finally, aerobic and anaerobic metabolic fingerprinting patterns were different for the same samples representing activities of microaerophilic and/or anaerobic communities. These results suggest that daily variation and anaerobic incubation would help in the comparison of metabolic fingerprintings.

Effect of Water Activity and Temperature on Growth, Germination, Sporulation, and Utilization of Carbon Source of Penicillium oxalicum (PENOX) as a Biocontrol Agent(BCA) for control of Clover(Trifolium repens L.) (토끼풀(Trifolium repens L.) 방제용 생물제제 Penicillium oxalicum (PENOX)의 발아, 생장, 포자생성 및 탄소원이용에 미치는 수분활성 및 온도의 영향)

  • Lee, Hyang-Burm;Kim, Chang-Jin
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.68-74
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    • 2000
  • Penicillium oxalicum (PENOX) has shown the potential as a biocontrol agent(5CA) for control of a weed, clover(Trifolium repens L.) in grass plots. The bioherbicidal activity may be due to germinative and growth capacities and substrate availability of the agent over a range of environmental factors. The influences of different water activities($0.94{\sim}0.995\;a_w$) and temperatures($18{\sim}30^{\circ}C$) on mycelial growth, conidial germination, sporulation oil 2% MEA(malt extract agar) adjusted to different water activities with glycerol, and carbon source utilization using BIOLOG GN MicroPlate were determined in vitro. Decreases in $a_w$ on MEA caused a reduction in mycelial growth and conidial germination depending on temperature. The mycelial growth of PENOX was greatest at $30^{\circ}C/0.995\;a_w$. At some lowered water activity($0.97\;a_w$), the growth was similar between 25 and $30^{\circ}C$, and considerably decreased at lowered temperature($20^{\circ}C$). The germination rate was also greatest at $30^{\circ}C/0.995\;a_w$. Lag phase times for PENOX at $18^{\circ}C$ on MEA were >6hrs at tile whole $a_w$ level tested, and at 18 and $25^{\circ}C$ they were >18hrs and >12hrs at $0.94\;a_w$, respectively. However, its sporulation was some better at $0.97\;a_w$ than $0.995\;a_w$ or $0.94\;a_w$, and better at $20^{\circ}C$ than $30^{\circ}C$. In contrast, the number of carbon sources(niche size) utilized by PENOX varied with $a_w$ and temperature. Under some water stress condition($0.95\;a_w$), the agent utilized smaller number of carbon sources than $0.995\;a_w$ depending on temperature. The niche size at 0.995 and $0.95\;a_w$ were highest at $25^{\circ}C$, and showed 86 and 65, respectively. At $30^{\circ}C$, the niche size at 0.995 and $0.95\;a_w$ showed 84 and 50, respectively. There was no carbon source utilized by PENOX at $0.90\;a_w$ regardless of temperature. These information of tile fungal ecophysiology will be useful for the effective development of BCA.

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