• Title, Summary, Keyword: Bis-demethoxycurcumin

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Effects of Curcumin Analogues and Metabolite on Oxidative Stress-induced Cytotoxicity in HepG2 Cells (Curcumin 유도체 및 대사체가 산화스트레스에 의한 HepG2 세포 독성에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Ki-Byoung;Lee, Su-Kyung;Kwon, Young-Dal;Yeom, Seung-Ryong;Song, Yung-Sun
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.51-61
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    • 2010
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study was to investigate antioxidant effects of curcumin from Curcumae Longae Radix. Methods : Using HepG2 Iiver-like cells, the antioxidant effects of curcumin, one of main components from Curcumae Longae Radix, and its analogues have been evaluated by measuring their effects on cytotoxicity induced by $H_2O_2$. Results : The pre-incubation for 6 hours with curcumin, bis-demethoxycurcumin, or dimethoxycurcumin protected HepG2 cells from $H_2O_2$-induced toxicity in a dose-dependent manner. However, tetrahydrocurcumin, one of curcumin metabolites, did not protect HepG2 cells from $H_2O_2$-induced toxicity. Interestingly, curcumin, bis-demethoxycurcumin, and dimethoxycurcumin were increased in the protein levels of heme oxygenase-1(HO-1) at concentrations that were also effective in cellular protection. In contrast, tetrahydrocurcumin did not induce HO-1 expression. Tin protoporphyrin-IX, an inhibitor of HO-1 activity, significantly abolished cytoprotection afforded by curcumin, bis-demethoxycurcumin and dimethoxycurcumin. Conclusions : These results demonstrate that curcumin, bis-demethoxycurcumin, and dimethoxycurcumin with two conjugated doble bonds on their structures may reduce $H_2O_2$-induced oxidative stress through HO-1 expression. HO-1 induction may be one of antioxidant pathways by which curcumin protects from oxidative stress-induced cytotoxicity.

Antiproliferative Effects of Curcumin Analogues;Comparative antiproliferative activities of curcumin, tetrahydrocurcumin, dimethoxycurcumin and bis-demethoxycurcumin in human leukemia HL-60 cells

  • Jeong, Seon-Choong;Chong, Myong-Soo;Koo, Bon-Soon;Pae, Hyun-Ock;Chung, Hun-Taeg;Lee, Ki-Nam
    • Journal of Society of Preventive Korean Medicine
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 2007
  • Curcumin and its analogues(Tetrahydrocurcumin THC, demethoxycurcumin ; BDMC and dimethoxycurcumin DiMC) were compared for their ability to inhibit the growth of human leukemia HL-60 cells. The growth of HL-60 cells was inhibited by curcumin, DeMC and DiMC, but not by THC lacking ${\alpha},{\beta}-unsaturated$ carbonyl groups thus suggesting that ${\alpha},{\beta}-unsaturated$ carbonyl groups are crucial for antiproliferative activity. The order of antiproliferative activity was DiMC, curcumin and BDMC indicating that the number of methoxy groups on the aromatic rings of the active compounds plays an important role in enhancing anti-proliferating activity. In comparison with cellular uptake of the active compounds, uptake capacity was found to be highest with DiMC, followed by curcumin and BDMC. Therefore, it is most likely that the differential antiproliferative activities of DiMC, curcumin and BDMC are associated with their capacities of cellular uptake resulting in building up of enough concentration inside the cells.

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Bioactivity Analysis of Curcuminoids from Turmeric using On-line Screening HPLC-ABTS (On-line Screening HPLC-ABTS를 이용한 강황으로부터 Curcuminoids의 생물활성 분석)

  • Choi, Sun Do
    • Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.56 no.3
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    • pp.137-139
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    • 2013
  • Free radical scavengers in the bisdemethoxycurcumin (BDMC), demethoxycurcumin (DMC) and curcumin of turmeric (Curcuma longa) were screened, identified, quantified and isolation using coupled off-line-2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) (ABTS) and on-line screening high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)-ABTS assay. There was a very small margin of error between the off-line-ABTS method and the on-line screening HPLC-ABTS method.

Quantitative Determination and Stability of Curcuminoid Pigments from Turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) Root (강황 (Curcuma longa L.) 색소의 정량 및 안정성)

  • Kim Kwan-Su;Choung Myoung-Gun;Park Si-Hyung
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.50 no.spc1
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    • pp.211-215
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    • 2005
  • Three curcuminoids [curcumin (CUR), demethoxycurcumin(DEM), bisdemethoxycurcu in (BIS)] are major yellow pigments in turmleric (Curcuma longa L.) root. Contents of curcuminoids in turmeric roots collected from 6 locations were analyzed using, high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) equipped with reversed-phase column, an UV-Vis detector at 420nm, and eluted with a mixture of acetonitrile: $0.1\%$ acetic acid in water (50 : 50, v/v) as mobile phase. The stability of curcuminoid pigments in $80\%$ methanol extract solution were investigated during storage in a freezer at $-20^{\circ}C$, room temperature in the dark, and light condition. Calibration curves for the determination of curcuminoids were made with significant linearity $(r^2=0.999**)$. Average content of total curcuminoids was 171.5 mg/g, with 91.6 mg/g of CUR, 56.9 mg/g of DEM, and 23.0 mg/g of BIS. Amount of curcuminoids during storage in a freezer was almost not changed while those in room temperature wert reduced and rapid degradation appeared after 60 days. Within 90 days, about $50\%$ curcuminoid decreased in the dark and about $70\%$ in the light condition, indicating the decomposition of curcuminoid pigments followed under light and heat.

Effects of Dimethoxycurcumin, a Synthetic Curcumin Analogue, on Nitric Oxide Production in RAW264.7 Macrophage (Dimethoxycurcumin 및 curcumin 합성유도체가 RAW264.7 대식세포의 nitric oxide 생성에 미치는 효과)

  • Park, Seong-Heak;Shin, Byung-Cheul;Kwon, Young-Dal;Song, Yung-Sun
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.95-110
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    • 2008
  • 목 적 : 급성 및 만성 염증 질환은 iNOS에 의해서 생성된 과량의 NO와 관련이 있다. 따라서 이러한 질병 치료를 목적으로 NO 생성 억제물질 또는 iNOS 발현 차단물질을 개발할 가치가 있다. 본 연구는 대사 안정성을 개선시킨 dimethoxycurcumin (DiMC)이 활성화된 대식세포에서 NO 생성 및 iNOS 발현을 제어할 수 있는지 조사하였다. 방 법 : RAW264.7 세포를 DiMC (양쪽 방향성 고리에 각각 2개의 methoxy group을 가짐), curcumin (양쪽 방향성 고리에 각각 1개의 methoxy group을 가짐), bis-demethoxycurcumin (양쪽 방향성 고리에 methoxy group이 없음; BDMC) 및 tetrahydrocurcumin (양쪽 방향성 고리에 각각 1개의 methoxy group을 가지고 있지만 중앙 7개 탄소 사슬에 이중결합이 없음; THC)로 각각 전처리한 후에 LPS로 자극하였다. 이들 전처리 물질의 효과를 비교하기 위하여, NO 생성, iNOS 발현, NF-kB p65 인산화 및 p65 DNA-binding 활성을 조사하였다. 결 과 : DiMC, curcumin 및 BDMC는 NO 생성, iNOS 발현 및 NF-kB 활성을 억제하였으며, 그 세기에 있어서 DiMC가 가장 크게 관찰되었고 그 다음 curcumin 그리고 BDMC 순으로 관찰되었다. THC는 어떠한 활성도 보이지 못했다. 결 론 :DiMC는 NO 생성 억제, iNOS 발현 차단 및 NF-kB 비활성을 유도할 수 있음을 알 수 있었다. 이러한 효과는 연속된 이중결합 및 methoxy group의 증가와 관련이 있는 것으로 판단된다.

Effect of Curcumin Derivatives on Heme Oxygenase-1 Expression in HT22 Cells (HT22 세포에서 Curcumin 유도체가 Heme Oxygenase-1 발현에 미치는 효과)

  • Cheong, Yong-Kwan;Lee, Yun-Jung;Chun, Hyun-Ja;Ryu, Il-Hwan;Jee, Yeon-Ju;Chae, Gwon-U;Kim, Young-Sook;Shon, Ji-Ue;Kang, Hyun-Gyu;Lee, Sung-Hee;An, Ren-Bo;Chung, Hun-Taeg;Pae, Hyun-Ock
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.55 no.4
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    • pp.319-323
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    • 2011
  • Curcumin, of which a critical characteristic is the capacity of crossing the blood-brain barrier, has been reported to induce the expression of neuroprotective heme oxygenase (HO)-1. The aim of this study is to compare HO-1-inducing capacity and neuroprotective activity of curcumin, its demethoxy (demethoxycurcumin, DMC; bis-demethoxycurcumin, BDMC) and hydrogenated derivatives (tetrahydrocurcumin, THC) in mouse hippocampal HT22 cells. Curcumin attenuated glutamate-induced cell death through HO-1 expression. DMC lacking a methoxy group on one of the aromatic rings possessed slightly lower activity in HO-1 expression and neuroprotection than curcumin. Similarly, BDMC, which lacks two methoxy groups on both of the aromatic rings, showed less activity than curcumin. These findings suggest that the presence of methoxy groups on the aromatic ring is required to enhance neuroprotective HO-1 expression. The reduction of the diarylheptadienone chain of curcumin by hydrogen, as in THC, was accompanied by a complete loss of ability to induce HO-1 expression and neuroprotection, suggesting that the conjugated double bonds of the central seven-carbon chain of curcumin may be essential for its ability to induce neuroprotective HO-1 expression. Our findings may provide useful information for further development of neuroprotective HO-1 inducers.