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Correlative Effects of Yookmijihwangtang(六味地黃湯) on the T helper cell count, Blood cAMP, Testosterone and Cortisol (육미지황탕(六味地黃湯)이 생리활성지표(生理活性指標)와 임파구세포수(淋巴球細胞數)에 미치는 영향(影響))

  • Kim, Young-Kuen;Ryu, Bong-Ha;Park, Dong-Won;Ryu, Ki-Won
    • THE JOURNAL OF KOREAN ORIENTAL ONCOLOGY
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.89-110
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    • 1998
  • Yookmijihwangtang has been widely used oriental herb prescriptions, which is healing some discuss that come from insufficiency of innate essence and deficiency of kidney Ki. The meaning of healing discusses tonification of insufficient innate essence and insufficient kidney Ki can be regarded as reinforcement of wholely power of keeping homeostasis, that is correlated with immuno-responsibility which protects subject from outer antigen to keep normal vital condition. This study was aimed to investigate correlative effects of Yookmijihwangtang water abstract on the RBC, WBC, blood CD4+ T helper cell count, blood testosterone, blood cAMP and blood cortisol. 40 Sprague-Dawley male rats were divided into 5 groups(Normal, Control, Sample I, Sample II, Sample III), 6 animals in every group. Normal group was not treated anything, control group was administrated normal saline in the same dosage of Sample I. 3 Sample groups were received some of Yookmijihwangtang water abstract at one time per 24 hours during 5 days in different dosage. Sample I(1/310pack/ml), Sample II(1/62pack/ml), Sample III(1/2.4pack/ml). After finishing treatment, all experimental subjects were killed for blood sample on RBC, WBC, blood CD4+ T helper cell count, spleen CD4+ T helper cell count, axillary lymph node CD4+ T helper cell count. blood cAMP, blood testosterone and blood cortisol. The results were as follows; RBC and WBC were increased in all sample groups. Blood CD4+ T helper cell count(CD4+ T cell count in the blood/whole lymphocyte count in the blood ${\times}100%$) was Normal $46.17{\pm}5.88$, Control $44.50{\pm}4.37$, Sample I $53.00{\pm}2.28$, Sample II $53.83{\pm}3.87$, Sample III $52.17{\pm}2.93$. By the 95% Duncan ANOVA all experimental groups(sample I, Sample II, Sample III) showed slight significant difference from Normal and Control. Blood cAMP(nmol/l) were Normal $1.12{\pm}0.17$, Control $1.16{\pm}0.32$, Sample I $0.46{\pm}0.07$, Sample II $0.44{\pm}0.04$, Sample III $0.54{\pm}0.04$. All experimental groups were singificantly different from both Normal and Control groups(p<0.05). Blood cortisol(nl/ml) were Normal $100.00{\pm}2.00$ Control $90.00{\pm}4.00$, Sample I $440.00{\pm}5.00$, Sample II $520.00{\pm}40.00$, Sample III $470.00{\pm}7.00$. Blood cortisol of all experimental groups were significantly increased(p<0.05). The results suggest that Yookmijihwangtang water abstract could be administrated to patients who have some diseases insufficient essence.

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The Development of Functional Beverage from the Inner Skin of Chestnut Castanea crenata ( In ) Effects on the Regional Cerebral Blood Flow, Mean Arterial Blood Pressure, Proliferation of Thymocytes - (밤 속껍질로부터 기능성 음료의 개발(III) -뇌혈류역학, 평균혈압, 흉선세포 증식율에 미치는 효과-)

  • 정현우;박철훈;전병관
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.397-404
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate effects of inner skin of chestnut on the activation of a living body's function (regional cerebral blood flow and mean arterial blood pressure in Sprague-Dawley rats, proliferation of thymocytes in normal mice and L1210 cells transplanted mice) . We used inner skin of chestnut extract(Sample A : inner skin of chestnut-panbroiled after driedextract (100$\^{C}$ ), Sample B , inner skin of chestnut-panbroiled-extract(100$\^{C}$ ) , Sample C : inner skin of chestnut -panbroiled after dried-extract(80$\^{C}$ ), Sample D : inner skin of chestnut-panbroiled-extract(80$\^{C}$)} Regional cerebral blood flow(rCBF) and Mean arterial blood pressure(MABP) were tested using Leser -Doppler Flowmetry(LDF), and the proliferation of thymcytes was tested using a colorimetric tetrazoliun assay ( MTT assay) The experimental results as follows 1. rCBF was significantly increased by Sample C in a dose-dependent manner. 2. MABP was not changed by Sample C in a 0.1mg/kg∼10.0mg/kg treated group. 3. Proliferation of thymocytes was not changed by Sample C in normal mice. 4. Proliferation of thymocytes was significantly accelerated by Sample C in L1210 cells transplanted mice.

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Experimental Studies on the Effect of Qingbaozhuyutang(?胞逐瘀湯), Bee Veenom on the Blood Stasis Pattern (청포축어탕 및 봉독(蜂毒)이 어혈병태모형(瘀血病態模型)에 미치는 영향(影響))

  • Gang, Sun-Hee;Choi, Seung-Hoon;Ahn, Kyoo-Seok
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.351-369
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    • 1995
  • In order to investigate the effect of Qingbaozhuyutang(淸胞逐瘀湯), Bee Veenom on 'Blood Stasis Pattern', here We regard Thrombosis and Elevated Blood viscosity as Blood Stasis Pattern. rats were injected Endotoxin into the caudal vein to make experimental thrombosis model(control group), and at sample group, rats were orally administrated solid extract of Qingbaozhuyutang(淸胞逐瘀湯) 0.5g/200g or were injected Apitoxin 1mg/Kg into the abdominal region(sample group), and then we observed platelet, fibrinogen, prothrombin time and FDP level. Another group were injected HA into the muscular rump to make experimental elevated blood viscosity instead of Endotoxin. Thereafter we measured whole blood viscosity and plasma viscosity. The results were summarized as follows. 1. Platelets were increased significantly in sample I compared with the control group. 2. Fibrinogen levels were increased significantly in sample I compared with the control group. 3. Prothrombin times were shortened significantly in sample II and sample III compared with the control group. 4. FDP levels were decreased significantly in sample II and sample III compared with the control group. 5. Whole blood viscosity and plasma viscosity were decreased significantly in all shear rates compared with the control group. According to the above results, it is considered that Qingbaozhuyutang(淸胞逐瘀湯) has significant effects on platelets, fibrinogens, prothrombin times, FDP levels, whole blood viscosity and plasma viscosities, therefore it seems to be applicable to disease related to 'Blood Stasis Pattern' through the thrombosis and elevated blood viscosity. But, Veenom has a little effect. the mechanism concerned for the effects is to be investigated in future.

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Decreasing Effect of Wet-Cupping at Daechu (대추, Dazhui:GVl4)-point on the Increase of Blood Pressure in Patients with Stroke (중풍환자의 혈압 상승에 대한 대추혈 사혈의 혈압 강하 효과)

  • 신정애;이영구
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.85-95
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    • 2002
  • Objectives : Daechu (Dazhui:GV14 (Governor Vessel 14))-point is located between the spinous process of the 7th cervical vertebra and that of the 1st thoracic vertebra. GV14 has been used to treat hypertension, high fever, neck pain, common cold, headache and so on. Hypertension often negatively affects the improvement of stroke patients. We investigated whether wet-cupping at GV14 had any effect of decreasing blood pressure (BP). Methods : In this study, 81 stroke patients were studied, from Oct. 2000 to Sept. 2001. They were composed of a Sample group (n=36) and Control group (n=45). The Sample group (n=36) was divided into Sample-Normal (n=9), Sample-Mild (n=7), Sample-Moderate (n=l1), and Sample-Severe group (n=9). The Control group (n=45) was divided into Control-Moderate (n=34) and Control-Severe group (n=ll). We checked blood pressure 5 times (just before treatment, then after 30,60, 90, and 120min. (2hrs.)) in each sample group and 3 times (baseline, after 30, and after 120min. (2hrs)) in the control group. Results : In a comparison of before-treatment BP and after-treatment BP in the sample group, SBP significantly decreased as time passed, while DBP slightly decreased but not significantly. In comparison of BP differences in each sample subgroup, BP slightly increased in the Sample-Normal group, but significantly decreased in the Sample-Mild, Sample-Moderate, and Sample-Severe groups. In comparison of BP differences between the sample and control groups, SBP and DBP of the sample group definitely decreased more than those of the control group, but not significantly. Conclusions : This study suggests that wet-cupping at GV14 has significant decreasing effectson blood pressure in stroke patients. Accordingly, we hope that this measure will be used more widely as an emergent treatment for increased blood pressure.

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Lead Determinaiton in $25{\mu}l$ Whole Blood Sample by Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer with Furnace Atomizer (Furnace Atomizer를 이용(利用)한 미량혈액중(微量血液中) Pb검출(檢出)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究))

  • Kim, Hyung-Suk;Park, Yang-Won;Koo, Do-Seu
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.111-114
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    • 1982
  • To determine Pb level in blood, we usually .used to pull out about 5ml blood from venous vessel and this sample was digested with acids to decompose organic matter and then determined the Pb contents by Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer with flame. But recent trend in quan titating Pb in small amount of sample is very much recommended in clinical chemistry specially pediatrics, and industrial hygiene and occupational health area. Authors tried to determine Pb contents in small amount blood of $25{\mu}l$ by using capillary tube method and got the possibility of determination of ng amount of Pb in $25{\mu}l$ whole blood sample without any pretreatment of sample.

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A Study of Goiwhasan's Antigastric ulcer and Blood Hemostasis (괴화산(槐花散)이 항소화성궤양(抗消化性潰瘍) 및 혈액(血液) 응고작용(凝固作用)에 미치는 실험적(實驗的) 연구(硏究))

  • Kang, Jae-Chun;Park, Dong-Won;Ryu, Bong-Ha
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.179-204
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this research was to investigate the efficacy of Goiwhasan extract powder on the gastric injuries, antiulcer, gastrointestinal tract and blood hemostasis. Animals were used through this studies mice and rats. All animals were divided into 3 groups, contol group(no treatment), sample Ⅰ group(375mg/kg administration), sample Ⅱ group(750mg/kg administration). The gastric injuries and ulcer have been made by using pyloric ligation, indomethacin, HCI-ethanol, acetic acid and then The histological observation was followed. In the gastrointestinal tract, gastric juice secretion, gastric acidity, pepsin output, blood gastrin and secretin level, transport potentials in the small and large intestine were checked. And studies on blood hemostasis were performed on normal hemostatic activities and plasma prothrombin time, plasma recalcification time, plasma fibrinogen levels in the hypoprothrombinemic mice induced by warfarin. The results were as follows: 1. The antigastric ulcer effects on the pyloric ligation, indomethacin, HCl-ethanol, acetic acid induced gastric injuries were shown in Sample Ⅱ group(p<0.05). 2. Through the morphologic examination on the acetic acid induced ulcer, Sample Ⅰ group showed mild regeneration of epithelium and slight decrease of periulcer edema then that of Control group, while Sample Ⅱ group showed more retraction of round ulcer site, remarkable loss of swelling and edema then that of Control group, and revealing the regenerated epithelium in the surrounding ulcer site. Thus it was noted that both Sample groups have antigastriculcer effects on the experimentally induced gastric ulcer. 3. The inhibitory effects on gastric juice were noted in both Sample Ⅰ group(p<0.05) and Sample Ⅱ group(p<0.01). However, only Sample Ⅱ group showed the inhibitory effects on total acidity and pepsin output(p<0.05). 4. The significant inhibition of blood gastrin level showed at 30 min.(P<0.05) and 90 min.(P<0.05) after starting medication in only Sample Ⅱ group, but significance of blood secretin level in both groups was not recognized. 5. Any significant changes in barium sulfate transport in the small intestine of mice was not recognized in both groups, but the significantly inhibitory effect in large intestine was recognized in both Sample Ⅰ group(p<0.05) and Sample Ⅱ group(p<0.001). 6. In hemostatic effect on both normal mice and hypoprothrombinemic mice induced by warfarin, the significantly shortening effect on coagulation time was seen in only Sample Ⅱ group(p<0.01). 7. On plasma prothrombin time in hypoprothrombinemic rat induced by warfarin, Sample Ⅱ group have shortened the prothrombin time significantly(p<0.001). 8. On plasma reclcification time in hypoprothrombinemic rat induced by warfarin, the recalcification time have been shortened significantly in both Sample Ⅰ group(p<0.05) and Sample Ⅱ group(p<0.01). 9. On plasma fibrinogen levels in hypoprothrombinemic rat induced by warfarin, the fibrinogen contents in Sample Ⅱ have been decreased significantly(p<0.01). Overall the above results suggest that Goiwhasan has an therapeutic efficacy on antigastric ulcer and blood hemostasis. Further studies would be needed on the interaction of its herbal medicine and its mechanism in the future.

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Study on the effect of Boyanghwanotang on Thrombosis and Elevated Blood Viscosity (혈전증(血栓症) 및 고점도혈증(高粘度血症)에 관(關)한 보양환오탕(補陽還五湯)의 실험적(實驗的) 연구(硏究))

  • Song, Hyo-Jung
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.137-155
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    • 1989
  • In order investigate the effect of Boyanghwanotang (BT) on thrombosis, Sprague-Dawley rats injected endotoxin into the caudal vein were oral administrated solid extract of BT-182. 4mg/200g (Sample A) and 364.8mg/200g (Sample B), and then observed Platelet, fibrinogen, prothrombin time and FDP. Another group injected hydrocortisone acetate into the muscular rump were adopted to observe the effect of BT on elevated blood Viscosity, administrated Sample A and Sample B, thereafter measured body weight, body temperature, whole blood viscosity, plasma viscosity, hematocrit, RBC, WBC, hemoglobin, glucose, albumin, total protein, triglyceride, cholesterol and prothrombin time. 1. Platelet was increased significantly in Sample B compared with the control group. 2. Fibrinogen of the trial groups compared with the control group was increased, and revealed a significance in Sample B. 3. Prothrombin time was decreased significantly in the trial groups compared with the control group. 4. FDP was decreased in the trial groups compared with the control group. 5. Body weight was increased significantly in Sample B after 7 days, body temperature revealed a significance in the trial groups after 5 days. 6. Whole blood viscosity and plasma viscosity of lower shear rates, both were highly decreased in the trial groupn than the control group. 7. The increase of WBC and decrease of hematocrit, RBC and hemoglobin was showed in the trial groups, and Sample B revealed a significance on the increase of WBC and decrease of RBC. 8. The increase of prothrombin time and decrease of glucose, albumin, total protein, triglyceride and cholesterol was showed in the trial group, and Sample B revealed a Significance on the increase of prothrombin time and decrease of albumin, total protein and triglyceride. 9. As compare with Sample A and Sample B, generally Sample B was highly Significant. According to the above results, it was considered that Boyanghwanotang may be the curative effects for thrombosis and elevated blood viscosity.

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A novel Method for Blood Typing using Acoustic Streaming (음향적 흐름을 이용한 혈액형 분석을 위한 새로운 방법)

  • Choi, Hyunjoo;Jang, Woong Sik;Nam, Jeonghun;Lim, Chae Seung
    • Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research
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    • v.39 no.6
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    • pp.250-255
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    • 2018
  • Accurate blood typing is the crucial factor for safe and successful blood transfusion and plays a very important role in organ transplantation and genetic information of forensic medicine. Microfluidic devices have been developed to overcome the limitations of the conventional blood typing methods. In this study, we demonstrate a Lamb wave-based device for simple blood typing in a sample droplet and we propose new indices for quantitative and accurate blood typing. Using Lamb wave-induced acoustic streaming in the droplet, the blood sample and the reagent can be mixed rapidly and red blood cells start to form clumps, which is agglutination. Based on the recorded image and video, the intensity of transmitted light through the sample droplet is evaluated to determine the blood type. Effect of the concentration of suspended red blood cells was evaluated and we found that 10% concentration of suspended red blood cells was suitable to observe the difference between aggregated and non-aggregated samples. Finally, sample with blood type A could be determined using anti-A reagent in our Lamb wave-based device. Our device enables simple and accurate blood typing, which can be applied to resource-limited environments.

Optical Detection of Red Blood Cell Aggregation under vibration (진동장에서의 적혈구 응집성을 측정하는 광학적 방법)

  • Jang, Ju-Hee;Park, Myung-Su;Ku, Yun-Hee;Shin, Se-Hyun
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.1510-1515
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    • 2004
  • Aggregability of red blood cells (RBCs) was determined by a laser backscattering light analysis in a microfluidic channel. Available techniques for RBC aggregation often adopt a rotational Couette-flow using bob-and-cup system for disaggregating RBCs, which causes the system to be complex and expensive. A disposable microfluidic channel and vibration generating mechanism were used in the proposed new detection system for RBC aggregation. Prior to measurement, RBC aggregates in a blood sample were completely disaggregated by applying vibration-induced shear. With the present apparatus, the aggregation indexes of RBCs can be easily measured with small quantities of blood sample. The measurements with the present aggregometer were compared with those of LORCA and showed a strong correlation between them. The aggregability of the defibrinogenated blood RBCs is markedly lower than that of the normal RBCs. The noble feature of this design is the vibration-induced disaggregation mechanism, which enables to incorporate disposable element that holds the blood sample.

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Effect of Sipjundaebotang on the immune response of CD4+ and CD8+ T cell in rats (십전대보탕(十全大補湯)이 CD4+ 및 CD8+ T세포수(細胞數)에 미치는 영향(影響))

  • Ko, Young-Kwon;Ryu, Bong-Ha;Park, Dong-Won;Ryu, Ki-Won
    • THE JOURNAL OF KOREAN ORIENTAL ONCOLOGY
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.111-129
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    • 1998
  • In order to research the effect of Sipjundaebotang on the immune respons of CD4+ T cell and CD8+ T cell in rats, author have performed this experimental study. Experimental groups are divided into 5 groups(intact, control, sample I, sample II, sample III). Normal group was intact, control group was administrated normal saline 2cc for 5 days, sample I was administrated low concentration of Sipjundaebotang(100/3100pack/ml) 2cc for 5 days, sample II was administrated middle concentration of Sipjundaebotang(500/3100pack/ml) 2cc for 5 days, sample III was administrated high concentration of Sipjundaebotang(2500/3100pack/ml) 2cc for 5 days. WBC, Lymphocyte, CD4+ T cell in the blood, spleen, axillary node and CD8+ T cell in the blood, spleen and axillary node were determined. The results was as follows: 1. WBC count in blood was significantly decrcased in the control, sample I, II, III groups as compared with the normal group. 2. Lymhocyte count in the blood was significantly decreased in the control, sample I, II groups as compared with the normal group. 3. CD4+ T cell count in the blood was significantly increased dose-dependently in the sample I, II, III groups as compared with the normal group. 4. CD4+ T cell count in the spleen was significantly increased in the sample I, II, III groups as compared with the normal group. 5. CD4+ T cell count in the axillary node was significantly increased in the sample III group as compared with the normal group, however significantly decreased in the sample I, II groups as compared with the normal group. 6. CD8+ T cell count in the blood was significantly increased in the sample III groups as compared with the normal group. 7. CD8+ T cell count in the spleen was significantly increased in the sample I, II, III groups as compared with the normal group. but there was no differences in the sample groups. 8. CD8+ T cell count in the axillary node was decreased in the sample I, II groups as compared with the normal group.

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