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Development of Bioelectric Signal Sensor System using Band Type ECG (밴드형 심전도 생체신호 전극시스템의 구현)

  • Kang Sung-Chul;Kim Gi-Ryon;Kim Kwang-Nyeon;Jung Dong-Keun;Kim Min-Sung;Jeong Do-Wun;Jeon Gye-Rok
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Sciences Conference
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    • pp.1023-1026
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    • 2006
  • There are some cases in trouble with monitoring emergency patient by existing electrode sensor in measuring instrument in home and hospital etc. And there are problem to measure because of coming down electrode in emergency car or vessel of shaking and fat, humidity of patient. In this study, it has designed band-type for patient to put on the breast easily and go around anywhere freely putting band electrode on his body. Gold has used as electrode material in this electrocardiogram because of its excellent electronic resistance peculiarity and no trouble with skin. And it is able to monitor multi-body-signal by additional design of periphery temperature. There are good results of body signal transmission in the breast or the rib, and get a little body signal in abdomen. We get a result it is better case of gold than usual electrode on signal detection, and know usual electrode was disposable, but we have more correct result from gold electrode sensor, being semi-permanent ana. great contact ability even if movement.

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Electric Power Generation from Piezoelectric Ceramics (압전 세라믹을 이용한 전기 발전)

  • Paik, Jong-Hoo;Shin, Bum-Seung;Lim, Eun-Kyeong;Kim, Chang-Il;Im, Jong-In;Lee, Young-Jin;Choi, Byung-Hyun;Kim, Dong-Kuk
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers Conference
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    • pp.304-304
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    • 2006
  • One method of Electric Power Generation is to use piezoelectric materials, which form transducers that are able to interchange electrical energy and mechanical force or strain. This study describes the fabrication and properties of piezoelectric transducers for Power Generation application. The structure of the transducers was ceramic-metal-ceramic 3-layered parallel type The center metal layer of phosphorous bronze was bonded by two piezoelectric layers of which have sputtered Ag/Cu(or Ni/Cu) electrode layers on both sides.. The Energy generated by the vibration of piezoelectric transducers Can be achieved by adjusting a suitable piezoelectric constant and mechanical structures. The piezoelectric material used in this application showed the electrical properties of r=4400, $d_{33}\;=\;750\;(10^{-12}\;m/V)$, $d_{31}\;=\;-300\;(10^{-12}\;m/V)$, $k_{33}\;=\;71%$, $Qm\;=\;85$, $T_c\;=\;210^{\circ}C$.

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Development of portable digital radiography system with device for sensing X-ray source-detector angle and its application in chest imaging (엑스선촬영 각도를 측정할 수 있는 장치 개발과 흉부 X선 영상촬영에서의 적용)

  • Kim, Tae-Hoon;Heo, Dong-Woon;Ryu, Jong-Hyun;Jeong, Chang-Won;Jun, Hong Young;Kim, Kyu Gyeom;Hong, Jee Min;Jang, Mi Yeon;Kim, Dae Won;Yoon, Kwon-Ha
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Computer Information Conference
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    • pp.235-238
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    • 2017
  • This study was to develop a portable digital radiography (PDR) system with a function measuring the X-ray source-with-detector angle (SDA) and to evaluate the imaging performance for the diagnosis of chest imaging. The SDA device consisted of an Arduino, an accelerometer and gyro sensor, and a Bluetooth module. According to different angle degrees, five anatomical landmarks on chest images were assessed using a 5-point scale. Mean signal-to-noise ratio and contrast-to-noise ratio were 182.47 and 141.43. Spatial resolution (10% MTF) and entrance surface dose were 3.17 lp/mm ($157{\mu}m$) and 0.266mGy. The angle values of SDA device were not significant difference as compared to those of the digital angle meter. In chest imaging, SNR and CNR values were not significantly different according to different angle degrees (repeated-measures ANOVA, p>0.05). The visibility scores of the border of heart, 5th rib and scapula showed significant differences according to different angles (rmANOVA, p<0.05), whereas the scores of the clavicle and 1st rib were not significant. It is noticeable that the increase in SDA degree was consistent with the increase of visibility score. Our PDR with SDA device would be useful to be applicable to clinical radiography setting according to the standard radiography guideline at various fields.

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Technologies trend for Wireless LAN (무선 LAN 통신망의 기술 동향)

  • Gang, Yeong-Jin;Kim, Sung-Nam;Kang, Sin-Ill;Lee, Yeong-Sil;Lee, Hoon-Jae
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Sciences Conference
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    • pp.255-258
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    • 2011
  • Wi-Fi is a rapidly spreading communications network with Smart phone's publication, the technology has become Ubiquitous-based core network which is connected to personal computers, laptops, and tablet PC. Wi-Fi can send currently a variety of data standard due to developed wireless LAN communications network. One of Wi-Fi standard protocols, which is IEEE 802.11n, use 2.4GHz and 5GHz band. 2.4GHz band is used for 802.11b/g protocol because wavelength is long, diffraction and receiving distance is enough to connect other device. 5GHz band has more available channels to use than 2.4GHz band, so there is no frequency interference of other wireless device such as Bluetooth, RFID. Moreover, there is low interference between channels due to small users in each bandwidth level. In the thesis, we are going to analyze 802.11a/b/g protocol which has used since the beginning of Wi-Fi protocol and 802.11n protocol which is used lately. Furthermore, we look into development and direction for standardization of the next generation wireless LANs which are 802.11ac and 802.11ad. In addition, we will consider for the security, vulnerabilities and its countermeasure in Wireless LAN.

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Beacon-based Internet of Things(IoT) analysis of the Case Study (비콘 기반의 사물인터넷(IoT) 활용 사례 분석)

  • Hwang, Hyun-seo;Park, Jin-tae;Yun, Jun-soo;Phyo, Gyung-soo;Moon, Il-young;Lee, Jong-sung
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Sciences Conference
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    • pp.977-980
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    • 2015
  • Beacons have been noted in the core of the recent things Internet. It is also the technology is spreading most rapidly among the things Internet-related communication technologies. Beacon is a data communications technology that provides information that is customized to know the user's location. Using the BLE technology, to grasp the position of such people and goods. In addition to the non-contact method, since it is possible to communicate within the maximum 70m, it has attracted the interest than the NFC. Beacon, guidance for the current coupon, you can use as an advertising platform, such as the provision of product information, it has also been used in the indoor positioning service. Therefore, in this paper, we introduce about whether Case Study beacon is utilized how in the Internet of Things, were analyzed. Beacon exit the smart phone, the date to be used in conjunction with a wearable device, such as Google glasses and smart watch was not far away. Future it is expected or beacons are used everywhere to be expanded.

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Wearable antenna for Body area Network

  • Lim, Eng Gee;Wang, Zhao;Lee, Sanghyuk
    • Journal of Convergence Society for SMB
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.27-32
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    • 2013
  • Wireless Body Area Networks (WBAN) have been made possible by the emergence of small and lightweight wireless systems such as Bluetooth, enabled devices and PDAs. Antennas are an essential part of any WBAN system and due to various technical requirements and physical constraints, careful consideration of their design and deployment is needed. This paper is proposing on the design of wearable antenna as parts of clothing to serve communications functions, such as tracking and navigation in health care applications. The substrates of the wearable antennas will be made from textile materials and since it is wearable, it should have a small size, be light weight, low maintenance, and unobtrusive. This proposed paper will also investigate the influence of different parameters for wearable antenna including types of textile/substrate to ensure that the antenna design satisfies WBAN requirements. The characteristics and behavior of the antenna need to adhere to specifications set by wireless standards and system technology requirements. This means that the transmitting and receiving frequency bands of the various units need to be chosen accordingly. Since there are restrictions on the level of power to which the human body can be exposed to, the antenna as well as other RF system components must be designed to meet these restrictions. Antenna gain, which directly affects power transmitted, is a critical parameter in ensuring power levels fall within the safety guidelines and so will be of primary importance in the design. The electromagnetic interaction between WBAN antennas and devices and the human body will also be explored.

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Lifetime test of batteries for BLE modules for site identification of vessel's crews and passengers (SIVCP) (SIVCP용 BLE 모듈의 배터리 수명시험)

  • Kwon, Hyuk-joo;Kim, Min-Gwon;Kim, Yoon-Sik;Lee, Sung-Geun
    • Journal of Advanced Marine Engineering and Technology
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    • v.39 no.7
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    • pp.754-759
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    • 2015
  • Nowadays, short distance communication systems with low power energy (LPE) are developed for identification and monitoring of site identification of vessel crews and passengers (SIVCP). LPE communication modules, such as Bluetooth low energy (BLE) and Zigbee, are used for short distance communications with LPE. These modules enable 1:N communications and their popularity is growing since the modules can be mounted on movable objects, such as mobile devices and human body. When these modules are used, the important factor that affects their operation time and design are the capacity and size of battery. Therefore, they must be made as small as possible, and the battery should be selected to be slightly smaller than the module. In this study, we calculate the theoretical life of batteries used in SIVCP BLE modules using data sheet and discharge characteristic graph under the condition of a 1/250 transmission-ratio (TR). We thus calculate experimental life by measuring transmission current for the same TR, and low speed mode current for a 1/5000 TR and measure long-term experimental life using 1/25 TR for days. Through these experiments, we verify experimental methods for the prediction and extension of battery life that would enable us to select appropriate sizes of batteries based on vessel usage and passenger types. The selections of the module TR and battery size are important factors affecting the cost reduction of module design, the battery maintenance, and passenger convenience.

Development of Wireless Ambulatory System Measuring 3-D Motion as Podiatric Diagnosis (족부 진단용 3차원 움직임 측정을 위한 무선 이동형 시스템 개발)

  • Kim, Jin-Ho;Kim, Hwa-In;Kim, Dong-Wook;Won, Yong-Gwan;Kim, Jung-Ja
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.36 no.5B
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    • pp.502-510
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    • 2011
  • In this research, a wireless movable systems is introduced that is applicable for real-world clinical examination in order to resolve the inconvenience of wired motion analysis system which uses markers by measuring more accurately the angle of the 3D motion. The system is composed of bluetooth data transmission and 6 DOF inertial measurement system that is composed of 3-axis acceleration and 3-axis gyroscope. The samples were collected from 10 feet of 5 young children who were confirmed as patients having flat feet and achilles tendonitis by podiatric expert in pediatrics, and the validity of the system was evaluated by comparison with the opinion by the expert using the EMG data and the data measured by the developed system. ROM of ankle was measured by the difference between the maximum and the minimum peaks of 3-axis values (pitch, roll and yaw) measured at lateral malleolus bone, and based on this measured value, the eversion rate became relatively higher as flat feet state become worse, which is equivalent to the opinion from the podiatric experts. It was shown that there is a relation between the certain muscle activities and the abnormal motion of foot caused by disease.

A Design and Implementation of NFC Bridge Chip (NFC 브릿지 칩 설계 및 구현)

  • Lee, Pyeong-Han;Ryu, Chang-Ho;Chun, Sung-Hun;Kim, Sung-Wan
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics and Information Engineers
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    • v.52 no.3
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    • pp.96-101
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    • 2015
  • This paper describes a design and implementation of the NFC bridge chip which performs interface between kinds of devices and mobile phones including NFC controller through NFC communication. The NFC bridge chip consists of the digital part and the analog part which are based on NFC Forum standard. Therefore the chip treats RF signals and then transforms the signal to digital data, so it can interface kinds of devices with the digital data. Especially the chip is able to detect RF signals and then wake up the host processor of a device. The wakeup function dramatically decreases the power consumption of the device. The carrier frequency is 13.56MHz, and the data rate is up to 424kbps. The chip has been fabricated with SMIC 180nm mixed-mode technology. Additionally an NFC bridge chip application to the blood glucose measurement system is described for an application example.

Low-Cost Remote Power-Quality-Failure Monitoring System using Android APP and MCU (안드로이드 앱과 MCU를 이용한 저가형 원격 전원품질이상 감시 시스템)

  • Lim, Ho-Kyoun;Kim, Seo-Hwi;Lee, Seung-Hyeon;Choe, Sangho
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics and Information Engineers
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    • v.50 no.9
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    • pp.144-155
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    • 2013
  • This paper presents a low-cost remote power-quality-failure monitoring system (RPMS) using Android App and TI MCU (micro-controller unit), which is appliable to a micro-grid. The designed RPMS testbed consists of smart nodes, a server, and Android APPs. Especially, the C2000-series MCU-based RPMS smart node that is low-cost compared to existing monitoring systems has both a signal processing function for power signal processing and a data transmission function for power-quality monitoring data transmission. The signal processing function implements both a wavelet-based power failure detection algorithm including sag, swell, and interruption, and a FFT-based power failure detection algorithm including harmonics such that reliable and real-time power quality monitoring is guaranteed. The data transmission function implements a low-complexity RPMS transmission protocol and defines a simple data format (msg_Diag) for power monitoring message transmission. We may watch the monitoring data in real time both at a server and Android phone Apps connected to the WiFi network (or WAN). We use RS-232 (or Bluetooth) as the wired (or wireless) communication media between a server and nodes. We program the RPMS power-quality-failure monitoring algorithm using C language in the CCS (Code Composer Studio) 3.3 environment.