• Title, Summary, Keyword: Body mass index(BMI)

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Correlation of the Rate of Obesity and Blood Lipids According to Obesity Index in Rural Post-menopausal Women (농촌 폐경 후 여성의 비만 지표에 따른 비만율 비교 및 혈중 지질과의 상호관련성)

  • Choe, Joeng-Sook;Kim, Eun-Kyung;Park, Young-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.26 no.6
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    • pp.727-733
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    • 2011
  • This study was performed to examine the relationship between the body mass index (BMI), the body fat, and the serum lipids of post-menopausal women in rural areas. The subjects were 510 women aged 50 and over. As a result of this study, we found a trend of decreasing BMI as age increased, but body fat increased. In addition, there was a significant decreasing of the lean body mass than an increasing of the body mass index according to increasing age. Therefore, this study confirmed that a main cause of rural women being classified as obese is a decrease in lean body mass, rather than an increase in of body fat. Of all subjects, 36.3% ($18.5{\leq}BMI$ < 23) of all subjects were classified as having normal BMI, whereas only 21.4% were classified as having normal body fat. Out of 190 subjects who were body fat 30% and over, 38 subjects were classified as obese ($BMI{\geq}25$) and 113 subjects were classified as overweight ($23{\leq}BMI$ < 25). The percentile of those with a BMI of $25kg/m^2$ was 70, and they had 30.82% body fat. HDL cholesterol showed a negative correlation with anthropometric factors (height, weight, body mass index, waist circumference, waist hip ratio, body fat), and total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, and triglycerides showed a positive correlation. Especially, total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, and hip circumference showed significant correlations. Because of differences in the body fat and lean body mass by age group, it seems difficult to assess obesity via BMI only. The elderly especially should have a higher significance placed on body fat or abdominal fat than only BMI.

Developmental Changes in the Effect of Sociocultural Factors Towards Appearance, Body Mass Index and Self-esteem on Body Image (외모에 대한 사회문화적 요인, 신체질량지수 및 자아존중감이 신체상에 미치는 영향 - 발달단계별 차이를 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Jung-Min;Yi, Se-Jin
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.27 no.6
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of the study is to investigate developmental changes in the effect of sociocultural factors towards appearance, body mass index and self-esteem on body image. Participants were 315elementary school, 305middle school students, 310hight school students and 346college students from Seoul and Gyeonggi Province. Collected data were analyzed through Cronbach's $\alpha$, Two-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation, and stepwise multiple regression. The findings of the study were as follows: 1) Sociocultural factors towards appearance, body mass index, self-esteem and body image differed by grade and gender. 2) Peers, self-esteem, BMI and mass media were significant predictors of elementary school students' body image. Mass media, BMI and self-esteem were significant predictors of middle school students' body image. Self-esteem, peers, BMI, gender and mass media were significant predictors of high school students' body image. Self-esteem, mass media and BMI were significant predictors of college students' body image.

The Study on the Correlation Between Spleen Deficiency Syndrome, Body Mass Index (BMI) and Eating Habit in Children and Adolescents (소아청소년의 비허증(脾虛證)과 체질량 지수 및 식습관과의 관계에 대한 조사 연구)

  • Kim, Bit Na Rae;Ryu, Su Hyang;Lee, Da Eun;Chae, Jung Won
    • The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.72-81
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    • 2016
  • Objectives The purpose of this study is to understand the correlation between spleen deficiency syndrome, body mass index (BMI) and eating habit in children and adolescents and to provide foundation of preventive care and treatment. Methods A survey was conducted with 115 children and adolescents, who were 4th, 5th and 6th grade of elementary school in Gwangju from March 2nd, 2016 to April 8th, 2016. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated using the measured height and weight. Spleen deficiency syndrome and eating habit in children and adolescents were investigated by using the Deficiency of the Spleen Questionnaire and Korean Children's Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (K-CEBQ). A data analysis was performed by using SPSS 23.0 program. Results 1. There was no statistically significant correlation between spleen deficiency syndrome and body mass index (BMI). 2. Children and adolescents with spleen deficiency syndrome were interested in food rather than avoided it. 3. There was a positive correlation between body mass index (BMI) and FR (Food responsiveness), "Food approach". The correlation between the healthy weight group and FR is statistically significant negative correlation. Conclusions Due to various limitations, it is difficult to generalize the correlation between spleen deficiency syndrome, body mass index (BMI) and eating habit in children and adolescents. Therefore additional research is necessary to confirm this study's findings.

Assessment of Anthropometric Obesity Indexes by Correlation with Body Composition (비만치료에 유용한 단순비만지표의 선별)

  • Ryu, Su-Min;Shin, Seung-Uoo;Kim, Kil-Soo;Shim, Woo-Jin
    • Journal of Korean Medicine for Obesity Research
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.69-80
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    • 2006
  • Object : Waist circumference(WC), waist-hip ratio(WHR), waist-stature ratio(WSR), and body mass index(BMI) are commonly used for evaluating obesity. This Research were done to determine what is more sensitive obesity indexes(WC, WHR, WSR, BMI) Correlated with body composition such as body fat mass, body fat(%), visceral fat area, and fat free mass. And what is more sensitively correlated obesity indexes with % changes of body composition during weight reduction treatment. Methods : This clinical retrospective research were carried out 127 cases of female obese outpatients with weight reduction treatment during 1 month. Bioelectrical impedence analysis(for body composition) and body size(for anthropometric obesity indexes) were estimated in pre-treatment and post-treatment to evaluate the obesity indexes. Pearson correlation coefficients were used to select useful obesity index. Result & Conclusion : BMI is useful index for diagnosis and evaluation of obesity. WSR is sensitively correlated with visceral fat area and body fat(%). So, WSR is useful index for evaluating abdominal obesity and risk factors of metabolic syndrome. WC is correlated with both body fat mass and fat free mass. WHR is not optimal for diagnosis and evaluation of obesity.

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Relationship between body mass index(BMI) and periodontal disease in Korean adult: The fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey(KNHANES V-1) (한국 성인의 체질량지수와 치주질환의 관련성: 제5기 1차년도 국민건강영양조사)

  • Lee, Min-Kyung;Jin, Hye-Jung
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.991-997
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    • 2015
  • Objectives: The purpose of the study is to investigate the relationship between body mass index(BMI) and periodontal disease in Korean adult from the data of the fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey(KNHANES). Methods: The subjects were 3,309 adults from 25 ro 45 years old in the fifth KNHANES. The subjects were divided into three BMI categories: normal weight 1,549(BMI ${\leq}22.9kg/m^2$), overweight 792(BMI $23.0-25.0kg/m^2$) and obesity 968(BMI ${\geq}25.0kg/m^2$). Periodontal disease was assessed by community periodontal index(CPI) and periodontitis was defined as ${\geq}$ code 3. Results: Increased BMI adults had no significantly higher prevalence of periodontitis than those having normal body weight after adjusting for variables; the odds ratio(OR) was 1.06 in overweight and 1.23 in obesity. BMI and periodontitis had no significant relation to increased age, but the age increase tended to have high odds ratio. Women had a higher OR than men. Conclusions: Through this study, it is necessary to analyze the relationship between the obesity index and periodontitis in the further study.

Evaluation on Usefulness of BMI Application to Urological CT Examination (비뇨기계 CT 검사 시 체질량 지수 적용의 유용성 평가)

  • Kim, Hyeon-jin;Im, In-chul
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Radiology
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.185-191
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of BMI application to Urography CT by applying different tube voltages in accordance with body mass index. Group A (n = 38) with body mass index of lower than 25 was examined with tube voltage of 100 kVp while Group B (n = 45) with a BMI of 25 and higher was examined with tube voltage of 120 kVp. C group (n = 37) with body mass index (BMI) of lower than 25 was examined with tube voltage of 120kVp. Although the difference in average dose between group A (100 kVp) and group C (120 kVp) with low body mass index (BMI) of lower than 25 was $214.8mGy{\cdot}cm$, there was no significant difference in qualitative evaluation and, compared with patient group with body mass index of 25 and higher, results obtained were rather good. Therefore, this study verified that the tube voltage of lower than 100 kVp does not have adverse effect on the quality of image for patients with body mass index (BMI) of lower than 25.

Body Mass Index and Body Fat Percent of Koreans in Seoul and Pusan Compared to those of Caucasians

  • Moon, Hyun-Kyung;Deurenberg, Paul
    • Nutritional Sciences
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.50-55
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    • 2005
  • This study was conducted to determine the relationship between the body fat percent (BF%) and body mass index (BMI) of Koreans and the differences with Caucasians. Complete data were collected from 3297 subjects (2441females and 856 males) between the ages of 18 and 79. Data were collected between September 2001 and November 2001 in Seoul and Pusan. For the statistical analysis, only the data on subjects between the ages of 18 and 65(3200) were used Body weight and height were measured BMI (kg/$m^2$) was computed From BMI, BF (%) was calculated using age- and sex-specific prediction formulas. BF% was assessed using an INBODY 2.0 body fat analyser. Data analysis showed that the females were significantly younger than the males, were smaller, lighter and had a lower body mass index. Body fat percent of the females was higher than that of the males. 1he differences between actual measured BF% and BF% as predicted from prediction equations from the literature, based on BMI, age and sex, were correlated with level of body fat and age. There is a significant age-related decrease in body fat in Koreans for any given BMI and sex, which is remarkably different compared to age-related increases in body fat in the European reference group. For the same age and BF%, Korean females have a slightly lower BMI than their European counterparts. Korean males have, for the same age and BF%, a higher BMI than their European counterparts. The differences between females and males were not significant. It was concluded that, assuming that the data on body fat percent was correct, that the relationship between BF% and BMI is quite different in Koreans than in European Caucasians. Thus, for younger Koreans cut-off values for obesity should be slightly lower than those for Caucasians whereas for older Koreans the cut-off points for obesity should be higher than those for Caucasians.

A 8-Week, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Human Trial to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Punica granatum L.·Actinidia chinensis Planch. Mixed Extract on Body Fat (석류·참다래 혼합추출물의 체지방 감소에 대한 유효성 및 안전성을 평가하기 위한 8주, 무작위 배정, 이중눈가림, 위약-대조 인체적용시험)

  • Choi, Jin-Bong;Lee, Ji-Eun;Do, Yun-Kyoung
    • Journal of Korean Medicine for Obesity Research
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.87-95
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    • 2017
  • Objectives: This study was conducted to evaluate efficacy and safety of Punica granatum L. Actinidia chinensis Planch. mixed extract on body fat. Methods: Thirty women were recruited ($25kg/m^2{\leq}body$ mass index [BMI]${\leq}29.9kg/m^2$) ($19yr{\leq}age{\leq}38yr$) and randomized to receive Punica granatum L. Actinidia chinensis Planch. mixed extract or placebo for 8 weeks. During the test, they visited four times including screening. Body fat mass, body fat rate, anthropometric dimensions at waist and hip, waist-hip ratio, total cholesterol, triglyceride, low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C), and high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) were measured at screening and 8 weeks after screening. Adverse reaction were also checked each visit. Results: There were no significant differences in all index. But when divide experimental group by BMI index, age, and compliance, less than BMI $27kg/m^2$ group decreased body weight, body fat mass and more than BMI $27kg/m^2$ group also decreased body weight, body fat mass and waist circumference. Less than age 30 years group showed decline of waist circumference, fat free rate and T-cholesterol and more than age 30 years group showed decline of fat free mass. Group with compliance more than 95% was decreased BMI, fat free mass, and hip circumference. Conclusions: There was no significant efficacy as compared with placebo group, but as divide experimental group according to BMI index, age, compliance, mixed extract might be effective to reduce obesity index.

Consumer characteristics of Body Mass Index groups, and the effect of body satisfaction and self-esteem on the involvement in dieting among females aged 25-49 years (25-49세 여성의 Body Mass Index 수준에 따른 소비자 특성과 신체만족도 및 자아존중감이 다이어트 관여도에 미치는 영향)

  • Jeong, Su-mok;Yoh, Eunah
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.591-606
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    • 2020
  • The aim of this study is to explore diverse characteristics of females aged 25 to 49 years grouped according to Body Mass Index(BMI), and to investigate the effect of body satisfaction and self-esteem on involvement in dieting within each BMI group. In total, 549 females who participated in an online survey were divided into groups based on BMI(underweight, normal, and overweight). Results demonstrated three key factors, as follows. First, differences were identified among BMI groups according to demographic characteristics(age, household income, and marital status), although no difference according to education level was found. Second, differences according to BMI groups were found in body satisfaction and involvement in dieting, whereas were not found in self-esteem. Third, model testing for each BMI group showed, a positive correlation between body satisfaction and self-esteem in all three groups. However, there was a difference in causal relationships among variable across BMI groups. Body satisfaction negatively affected and self-esteem positively affected involvement in dieting for the underweight and normal groups, whereas there was no causal relationship between variables in the overweight group. Based on these results, basic information of groups segmented by the level of BMI was obtained, which could be used for both academic and practical implications.

Relationship Between Body Mass Index and Early Menarche of Adolescent Girls in Seoul

  • Oh, Chang-Mo;Oh, In-Hwan;Choi, Kyung-Sik;Choe, Bong-Keun;Yoon, Tai-Young;Choi, Joong-Myung
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.45 no.4
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    • pp.227-234
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    • 2012
  • Objectives: The object of this study was to determine the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and early menarche in adolescent girls in Seoul. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted with 144 middle school students in Seoul who provided informed consent. We measured their body composition, and used the questionnaire survey method for data collection from November to December 2008. Past elemental body composition data were collected from elementary school health records of first year of middle school. Results: The early menarcheal group was taller and heavier than the late menarcheal group (p<0.05 from 8-12 years old). The body fat percentage (%), BMI were higher in the early menarcheal girls than the late-menarcheal girls (p<0.05, age at 13). In the result of multiple logistic regression, the BMI at the age of 8 and 9 was associated with early menarche after adjusting for birth weight, breast feeding and age at menarche of the mother (BMI at the age of 8: p for trend=0.01, BMI at the age of 9: p for trend=0.04). An increase in BMI from 7 to 8 year was associated with early menarche after adjusting for birth weight, breast feeding, age at menarche of the mother (p for trend=0.048). Conclusions: The BMI at the age of 8 and 9 was associated with the early menarche of girls and increase in BMI from 7 to 8 year was associated with the early menarche of girls. These results suggest that BMI and increase in BMI before menarche cause early menarche. Although this study does not represent all Korean adolescent girls, it is one of the few studies that have investigated the temporal relationship between BMI and early menarche.