• Title, Summary, Keyword: Bone defect

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Effect of rhBMP-2 on the healing of bone defect in the low calcium diet rat (rhBMP-2가 저칼슘식이 투여 백서의 골결손부 치유에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi Yong-Suk;Hwang Eui-Hwan;Lee Sang-Rae
    • Imaging Science in Dentistry
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.35-48
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    • 2004
  • Purpose: To investigate the effect of rhBMP-2 on the healing of bone defect in the low calcium diet rat. Materials and Methods: To prepare the experimental model, control group was fed a normal diet and experimental group was fed a low calcium diet for 3 weeks. And then, 4 mm bicortical perforated bone defect was made on mandibular body of each rats. Experimental group was subdivided into two groups; experimental group 1 (rats given a low calcium diet before and after bone defect) and experimental group 2 (rats given a low calcium diet before and after bone defect with rhBMP-2 application). At 1, 3, 5 and 7 weeks after bone defect formation, the rats were terminated. The healing of bone defect was assessed by three-dimensional computerized tomography, soft x-ray radiography, and histopathological examination. Results : The wound healing of the bone defect for control group, experimental group 1, and experimental group 2 showed a increase from 3 weeks after bone defect formation. The experimental group 2 showed a more increase in healing amount than control group and experimental group 1 from 5 weeks after bone defect formation and the experimental group 2 showed a complete recovery of bone defect at 7 weeks after bone defect formation. Conclusion: The healing process of bone defect is accelerated by rhBMP-2 application in the low calcium diet rats.

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Radiographic evaluation of infra-bony defects treated by bone graft procedures (골 이식술에 의해 치료된 골연하 결손부의 방사선학적 변화 양상의 관찰)

  • Ryu, Sang-Ho;Park, Jin-Woo;Suh, Jo-Young;Lee, Jae-Mok
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.38 no.3
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    • pp.437-444
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: A number of techniques and materials have been used for periodontal regeneration and bone graft procedures with guided tissue regeneration(GTR) have been suggested as alternatives to osseous surgery in the management of local infra-bony defects. However, the long-term stability and treatment outcome following bone graft procedure of infra-bony defects is poorly documented. The purpose of this study was to assess radiographic change in infra-bony defects over 2 years after bone graft procedures with various graft materials. Material and Methods: Patients attending the department of periodontics of Kyungpook National University Hospital were studied. Patients showed clinical and radiographic evidence of infra-bony defect(s). 44 sites of 34 patients aged 31 to 69 (mean age 48.3) were treated by bone graft procedure with a bone graft material. Baseline and 2-year follow-up radiographs were collected and evaluated for this study. Radiographic assessment includes a bone fill, bone crest change, defect resolution, and % of defect resolution. Pre- and post-treatment differences between variables (maxilla and mandible, defect depth, defect angle, bone graft materials) using the paired t-test were examined. Result: We observed $1.15{\pm}1.95\;mm$ of bone fill, $0.40{\pm}1.19\;mm$ of crestal resorption, $1.55{\pm}1.77\;mm$ of defect resolution, and $40{\pm}44%$ of percentage of defect resolution. Deeper initial defect depth, narrower initial defect angle showed significantly greater bone fill, defect resolution, and % of defect resolution. But no significant difference was observed in graft sites and graft materials. Conclusion: If good oral hygiene maintenance and periodic recall check of patients is assured, bone graft procedure using various graft materials is one of the appropriate treatment modality for regenerative therapy of infra-bony defects.

AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON THE BONE REGENERATION OF TIBIAL BONE DEFECT (경골 이식의 골결손부 골재생에 대한 실험적 연구)

  • Kim, Su-Gwan;Yeo, Hwan-Ho;Kim, Soo-Min
    • Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.275-278
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    • 1998
  • Recently, the clinical applications of the autogenous cancellous bone from the proximal tibial metaphysis show satisfactory results in the repair of maxillofacial bony defect or deformity. The proximal tibia has the potential to yield viable cancellous bone with a minimum of morbidity. The purpose of this study was to investigate the regeneration of a full thickness proximal tibial bone defect with covering or uncovering of cortical bone. The follow-up periods were 4, 8, and 12 weeks. Bone defect of right side was uncovered and left side was covered with cortical bone. In the experimental group (uncovered cortical bone) at 12 weeks, the inside of defect was filled to normal marrow tissue. The cortical bone defect was united of inner, outer callus at 4, 8 weeks in both study group. At 12 weeks, the cortical bone defect was remodeled and invaded by osteoclast (giant cell) in experimental group. In the experimental specimen at 12 weeks, the regenerating tissue of bone defect was not differ from the control group.

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Utility of the BoneSource® in the Treatment of Craniofacial Bone Defect (두개안면골 결손 환자의 치료에서 Bonesource®의 유용성)

  • Byeon, Jun Hee;Song, Jin Kyung;Yoo, Gyeol
    • Archives of Plastic Surgery
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.24-28
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    • 2005
  • Skull or facial bone defect causes cosmetic and functional problems. On going efforts were taken to reconstruct the craniofacial bone defect with autogenous bone or alloplastic materials. Between 2001 and 2003, we reconstructed 15 cases with small to large craniofacial bone defect using Hydroxyapatite paste($BoneSource^{(R)}$, Leibinger Corp., Dallas, TX, U.S.A) and calvarial bone graft. All patients were followed up by clinical examination and periodic radiographic studies for an average of 1.6 years (range, 6 months to 2 years and 6 months). One complication case was noted with $BoneSource^{(R)}$ exposure. Otherwise, there was no evidence of adverse healing, wound infection, foreign body reaction and seroma collection in other patients. Adequate 3-dimensional aesthetic restoration of calvarial contour was noted in each case. In conclusion, $Bonesource^{(R)}$ is relatively safe and rigid material for craniofacial bone defect and reasonable method for the reconstruction of craniofacial bone defects.

Long-term radiographic evaluation of infrabony defect treated by flap operation (치주판막술에 의해 치료된 골연하 결손부의 장기적 방사선학적 변화 양사의 관찰)

  • Bae, Sang-Ryul;Park, Jin-Woo;Suh, Jo-Young;Lee, Jae-Mok
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.38 no.3
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    • pp.429-436
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: The goal of periodontal regenerative therapy is to replace bone, cementum, and periodontal ligament on a previously diseased root surface, which has suffered the loss of these supporting structures. To accomplish the regeneration, a number of surgical procedures have been advocated throughout the years. There seems to be a potential for some spontaneous periodontal tissue regeneration in the bottom of periodontal defect following open flap debridement alone. The aim of this study was to analyse the radiographic bone changes over 2-year after flap operation. Material and Methods: Patients attending the department of periodontics of Kyungpook National University Hospital were studied. Patients had clinical and radiographic evidence of infrabony defect(s). forty two sites of 33 patients aged 26 to 65 (mean age 45.5) were treated by flap operation with or without osseous surgery. Baseline and over 2-year follow-up radiographs were collected and evaluated for this study. Radiographic assessment includes a bone fill, bone crest change, defect resolution, and % of defect resolution. Pre- and post-treatment differences between variables (maxilla and mandible, gender, defect depth, defect angle) using the paired t-test were examined. Result: We observed 0.74 mm of bone fill, 0.66 mm of crestal resorption, 1.40 mm of defect resolution, and 27% of percentage of defect resolution. Mandible, women, deeper initial defect depth, narrower initial defect angle showed greater bone fill, defect resolution, and % of defect resolution. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that the use of flap operation did enhance the outcome in terms of radiographically detectable bone fill. Both treatment resulted in some loss of crestal bone height.

Investigation of a pre-clinical mandibular bone notch defect model in miniature pigs: clinical computed tomography, micro-computed tomography, and histological evaluation

  • Carlisle, Patricia L.;Guda, Teja;Silliman, David T.;Lien, Wen;Hale, Robert G.;Baer, Pamela R. Brown
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
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    • v.42 no.1
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    • pp.20-30
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    • 2016
  • Objectives: To validate a critical-size mandibular bone defect model in miniature pigs. Materials and Methods: Bilateral notch defects were produced in the mandible of dentally mature miniature pigs. The right mandibular defect remained untreated while the left defect received an autograft. Bone healing was evaluated by computed tomography (CT) at 4 and 16 weeks, and by micro-CT and non-decalcified histology at 16 weeks. Results: In both the untreated and autograft treated groups, mineralized tissue volume was reduced significantly at 4 weeks post-surgery, but was comparable to the pre-surgery levels after 16 weeks. After 16 weeks, CT analysis indicated that significantly greater bone was regenerated in the autograft treated defect than in the untreated defect (P=0.013). Regardless of the treatment, the cortical bone was superior to the defect remodeled over 16 weeks to compensate for the notch defect. Conclusion: The presence of considerable bone healing in both treated and untreated groups suggests that this model is inadequate as a critical-size defect. Despite healing and adaptation, the original bone geometry and quality of the pre-injured mandible was not obtained. On the other hand, this model is justified for evaluating accelerated healing and mitigating the bone remodeling response, which are both important considerations for dental implant restorations.

A STUDY OF EFFECT OF PULSED ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS ON OSTEOGENESIS IN RABBIT CRANIAL BONE DEFECT (가토 두개부 골결손에서 맥동전자기장이 골형성에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Hwang, Kyung-Gyun;Lee, Jong-Hwan;Kim, Myung-Jin;Shim, Kwang-Sup;Kim, Jong-Won
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.264-273
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    • 2002
  • Pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) was used first to induce osteogenesis in 1974. The appliance which was consisted of the Helmholtz coil configuration have used to osteogensis. The objective of this study was to determine whether PEMF, a frequency of 100 Hz and magnetic field strength of 38 gauss applied to the calvarial defect in rabbit, could affect the induction of osteogenesis and the healing of the graft bone. This field should not produce excitation of nerve or muscle and heating the tissue. To evaluate the effect of PEMF on osteogenesis, 16 rabbit under the same condition was divided into 8 experimental groups and 8 control groups. 10 mm calvarial bone defects were formed around sagittal suture. The defect of left side was left without graft while the defect of right side was grafted by bone harvested from left side. A pulsed electromagnetic field was applied for 8 hours per day. Each group was sacrificed after 1 week, 2 weeks, 4 weeks, 8 weeks. Microscopic specimens were obtained from the calvarial bone defects and surrounding tissue using Hematoxylin-Eosin staining method. The results were as follows. 1. In the group which pulsed electromagnetic field was applied, new bone formation filled up the defect was observed after 4 and 8 weeks effectively. 2. There are no difference in the healing period for the fusion between the bone and graft bone. According to the result, the PEMF with 38 Gauss, 100 Hz was very effective in the healing of bone defect and new bone formation. So The PEMF will be useful in clinical aspect for oseteogenesis.

Ankle Salvage Procedure without Internal Fixation for Large Bone Defect after Failed Total Ankle Arthroplasty: A Case Report (실패한 족관절 인공관절 치환술 후 큰 골결손에서 내고정 없이 시행한 족관절 구제술: 증례 보고)

  • Park, Man-Jun;Eun, Il-Soo;Jung, Chul-Young;Ko, Young-Chul;Yoo, Chong-Il;Kim, Min-Woo;Hwang, Keum-Min
    • Journal of Korean Foot and Ankle Society
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.76-79
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    • 2014
  • In treatment of failure in ankle joint replacement therapy, talar avascular necrosis with massive bone defect, talus fracture with severe comminution and bone defect and ankle dislocation, treatment of large bone defects is considerably important for ankle joint stability and union, therefore, the choice of treatment for large bone defects is use of femoral head or iliac crest bone graft and rigid internal fixation. Because first generation total ankle arthroplasty performed for the first time using a cemented fixation technique requires a large amount of bone resection during re-surgery and there is some possibility of a larger bone defect after removal of implants, in cases where prosthesis for the defect is needed, performance of palliative femoral head or iliac crest bone graft and rigid internal fixation can be difficult. We report on a case of a 48-year-old woman who had experienced ankle pain for 25 years since undergoing total ankle arthroplasty. Because the patient had little ankle motion and rigid soft tissue despite a large bone defect caused by aseptic loosening, a good outcome was obtained only for the femoral cancellous bone graft using allo femoral head without internal fixation.

Bone Healing Capacity of Demineralized Dentin Matrix Materials in a Mini-pig Cranium Defect

  • Kim, Jong-Yub;Kim, Kyung-Wook;Um, In-Woong;Kim, Young-Kyun;Lee, Jeong-Keun
    • Journal of Korean Dental Science
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.21-28
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: In this study the bone healing ability of autogenous tooth bone graft material as a substitute material was evaluated in a mini-pig cranial defect model through histologic examinations and osteonectin reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) quantitative analysis. Materials and Methods: A defect was generated in the cranium of mini-pigs and those without a defect were used as controls. In the experimental group, teeth extracted from the mini-pig were manufactured into autogenous tooth bone graft material and grafted to the defect. The mini-pigs were sacrificed at 4, 8, and 12 weeks to histologically evaluate bone healing ability and observe the osteonectin gene expression pattern with RT-PCR. Result: At 4 weeks, the inside of the bur hole showed fibrosis and there was no sign of bone formation in the control group. On the other hand, bone formation surrounding the tooth powder granule was observed at 4 weeks in the experimental group where the bur hole was filled with tooth powder. Osteonectin gene expression; there was nearly no osteonectin expression in the control group while active osteonectin expression was observed from 4 to 12 weeks in the experimental group. Conclusion: We believe this material will show better results when applied in a clinical setting.

DIRECT CURRENT EFFECT ON THE BONE FORMATION AND OSSEOINTEGRATION AROUND TPS-IMZ IMPLANT (미소 전류 자극이 TPS-IMZ 임프란트 주위의 골유착과 골형성에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Sang-Won;Yang, Hong-So
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.722-745
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    • 1996
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of constant direct current electrical stimulation in healing the bone defects and surrounding tissues of the endo-oseous(TPS-IMZ) implants. Implants were inserted in the femur of adult dogs. Then a constrant direct current of approximately $10{\mu}A$ was applied. Artificial bone defects were prepared on one side of the implant site. Experimental groups were divided into 4 : control group : bone defect without treatment group I : bone defect filled with hydroxyapatite powders group II : bone defect, in which a negative and positive electrodes were inserted 5mm apart from both sides of the implant group III : bone defect, in which negative current was directly connected to the IMZ implant and a positive electrode was placed 10mm apart from the implant The animals were sacrificed in the 1st, 2nd, 4th and 8th week after implantation for the light microscopic examination. The results obtained were as follows : 1. In electrically stimulated experimental groups, new bone formation and osseointegration around implants were accelerated. 2. Group III showed the greatest activity in new bone formation. Osteoconductivity around HA particles was observed in group 1. 3. The defect area of the control group was healed by forming new bone, which grew from the underlying cancellous bone. The defect areas of the electrically stimulated experimental groups were healed by newly formed bone, which grew upward from the cancellous bone and downward from the periosteum. 4. 8 weeks after implantation, all the groups showed good osseointegration between the surrounding bone and implants.

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