• Title, Summary, Keyword: Branchiostegus japonicus

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Development and validation of a PCR method to discriminate between Branchiostegus japonicus and Branchiostegus albus (옥돔과 옥두어 판별을 위한 PCR 검사법 개발과 검증)

  • Kim, Na-Ye-Seul;Yang, Ji-Young;Kim, Jung-Beom
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.51 no.3
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    • pp.295-299
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    • 2019
  • We developed and validated species-specific primers for Branchiostegus japonicus and Branchiostegus albus to prevent the sale of B. albus as B. japonicus. Primers for B. japonicus and B. albus were designed against the cytochrome b gene. Multiplex PCR showed a 288 bp amplicon for B. japonicus, a 159 bp amplicon for B. albus, and a 502 bp amplicon for the internal control. The PCR product bands for B. japonicus, B. albus, and the internal control were present at 1 ng each. The specificity and sensitivity of the primers developed in this study were validated by testing 38 B. japonicus strains and 13 B. albus strains. Using this monitoring method, fake fish did not appear due to the agreement between the experimental results and the species. Therefore, the developed multiplex PCR method was suitable for differentiating B. japonicus and B. albus.

Comparison of the Genetic Relationships and Osteological Aspects in Six Branchiostegid Fish Species (Perciformes)

  • Ryu, Jung-Hwa;Kim, Jin-Koo;Park, Jung-Youn
    • Animal cells and systems
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.323-329
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    • 2009
  • We analyzed partial sequences of cytochrome b (cyt-b), a mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) gene, to determine the genetic relationships between six horsehead fish species: Branchiostegus japonicus, Branchiostegus albus, Branchiostegus auratus, Branchiostegus argentatus, Branchiostegus wardi, and an unidentified Branchiostegus species. The specimens were collected in Korea, China, Japan, and Vietnam. We compared their molecular phylogenetic relationships inferred from mtDNA cyt-b sequences with an osteological analysis. The unidentified species, B. sp., was similar to B. albus in terms of the lack of triangular silver-white dot at the posterior region of eyes (vs. large one present in B. japonicus), but was also similar to B. japonicus in terms of the presence of a straight-shaped first hemal spine (vs. a curve-shaped hemal spine in B. albus). Analysis of the mtDNA cyt-b sequences indicated that the smallest estimated sequence divergence was between the B. japonicus and B. sp. (0.70-0.94%), whereas the largest difference was between B. auratus and B. argentatus (23.06-23.36%). Both the maximum parsimony and maximum likelihood trees showed that the B. sp. was closely clustered with B. japonicus, and that B. auratus was most distant from the other species. When comparing the osteological characters, UPGMA tree showed that the B. japonicus and B. sp. were the most closely clustered species, and B. auratus was the most distantly clustered fish relative to the other species. The shape of the nasal, otolith and first hemal spine was informative for distinguishing B. auratus from the other species. These osteological differences were consistent with the differences in mtDNA.

Phrixocephalus umbellatus (Copepoda : Lernaeidae) from Marine Fish, Branchiostegus japonicus of the Korea Southern Sea

  • Choi, Sang-Duk;Lee, Chang-Hoon;Chang, Dae-Soo;Ha, Dong-Soo
    • Journal of Aquaculture
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.9-12
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    • 2000
  • A species of the parasitic copepods Phrixcephalus unbellatus (Lernaeide ; Cyclopoidea) from Branchiostegus japonicus is described and reported for the first time in Korea. The parasite was recovered from the eye of host. P. umbellatus was easily identified by the body shape extensive ramification of the antennal processes and numerous branches on the thoracic horns, The parasite inserted its head and the anterior portion of thorax up to the 4th segment in the eye ball of the host through a narrow hole which it usually burrowed near the upper margin of the cornea above the crystalline lens. Prevaklence of the parasite increased from 3.3% January to 11.9% in June.

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Taxonomic Revision of the Genus Branchiostegus(Perciformes, Pisces) from the Adjacent Waters of Korea (한국근해 수역의 옥돔속(屬) (Genus Branchiostegus) 어류의 분류학적 재검토)

  • Kim, Yong-Uk;Ryu, Jung-Wha
    • Korean Journal of Ichthyology
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.40-48
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    • 1998
  • Comparative morphology of the genus Branchiostegus has been investigated based on the specimens collected from the adjacent waters of Korea. Branchiostegus japonicus has a distinctive silvery white triangular marking behind eye, while B. albus has nothing. B. albus has about 4 yellow strips along the posterior margin, however, remainder have 5 to 6 longitudinal yellow stripes. In B. auratus, its head length is more than 26% of standard length, but, less than 26% in B. argentatus. This study reveals that B. argentatus is the first record from Korea, and we propose "T$\check{u}$ng-h$\acute{u}$k-ch$\check{o}$m-ok-tu-$\check{o}$" for B. argentatus as a new Korean name.

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Processing and Biological Activity of Gelatin Hydrolysate from Branchiostegus japonicus Scales (옥돔(Branchiostegus japonicus) 비늘 유래 젤라틴의 가수분해 및 가수분해물의 기능성)

  • Ahn, Yong-Seok;Lee, Won-Woo;Lee, Seung-Hong;Ahn, Gin-Nae;Ko, Chang-Ik;Oh, Chang-Kyung;Oh, Myung-Cheol;Kim, Dong-Woo;Jeon, You-Jin;Kim, Soo-Hyun
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.42 no.5
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    • pp.417-425
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    • 2009
  • The potential utility of fish scales to the functional food industry has been investigated due to its antioxidant and antihypertensive characteristics. In this study, we report on the reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenging and angiotensin I converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory activities of gelatin hydrolysates processed from Branchiostegus japonicus scales, which are also high in protein content (about 46.1%). We prepared the enzymatic gelatin hydrolysates with four proteases (${\alpha}$-chymotrypsin, Alcalase, Neutrase and trypsin) from B. japonicus scale gelatin, which was prepared according to different reaction times, substrate/enzyme ratios and substrate concentrations. The enzymatic hydrolytic degrees of the gelatin increased time-dependently up to 6 hrs, while the Alcalase gelatin hydrolysates showed the highest hydrolysis degrees compared to the others. Furthermore, gelatin hydrolysates of Neutrase and ${\alpha}$-chymotrypsin showed the highest DPPH radical and $H_2O_2$ scavenging activities ($IC_{50}$ value; 9.18 mg/mL and 9.74 mg/mL), respectively. However, the activities were not significant (P<0.05). We also observed that the four gelatin hydrolysates significantly increased ACE inhibitory activities from approximately 20% to 60% (P<0.05), Among them, the Alcalase gelatin hydrolysates showed the higher ACE inhibitory activity ($IC_{50}$ value; 0.73 mg/mL) compared to the others. These results suggest that the enzymatic gelatin hydrolysates prepared from B. japonicus scales may possess a potentially useful function as an ACE inhibitory agent. As such, the utility of B. japonicus scales should be given due consideration for application in the functional food industry.

Research on the Diversity of Intestinal Microbial Communities of Red tilefish (Branchiostegus japonicus) by 16S rDNA Sequence Analysis (16S rDNA 염기서열 분석에 의한 옥돔(Branchiostegus japonicus)의 장내미생물 군집의 다양성 조사)

  • Kim, Min-Seon;Lee, Seung-Jong;Heo, Moon-Soo
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.361-368
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    • 2018
  • This study investigated the diversity of communities of intestinal microorganisms, separated from the intestinal organs of Red tilefish (Branchiostegus japonicas), collected on the Jeju Coast. First, in the isolation of 1.5% BHIA, MA, TSA and R2A Agar on the medium, there were most colonies in 1.5% BHIA. The results of aerobic culture and anaerobic culture were $1.7{\times}10^6CFU/g^{-1}$ and $1.1{\times}10^5cfu/g^{-1}$, respectively, on average, and 147 pure colonies were separated in total. In 16S rDNA sequencing, there were 58 genera and 74 species, showing 95-100% similarity with the basic strain. They were divided broadly into 5 phyla, and as the main phyletic group, Proteobacteria phylum comprised 50% with 9 families, 35 genera and 35 species of Moraxellaceae, Rhodobacteraceae, Shewanellae, Halomondaceae, Enterobacteriaceae, Vibrionaceae, Hahellaceae, Pseudomonadaceae, and Erythrobacteraceae, with the highest index of dominance. Actinobacteria phylum comprised 24% with 8 families, 11 genera and 17 species of Microbacteriaceae, Intrasporangiaceae, Dietziaceae, Dermabacteraceae, Dermacoccaceae, Nocardiodaceae, Brevibacteriaceae and Propionobacteriacea; Firmicutes phylum, 16% with 6 families, 8 genera and 17 species of Bacillaceae, Staphylcoccaceae, Planococcaceae, Streptococcaceae, Paenibacillaceae and Clostridiaceae; Bacteroidetes phylum, 6% with 2 families, 3 genera and 4 species of Cyclobacteriaceae and Flavobacteriaceae; and Deinococcus-Thermus phylum, 4% with 1 family, 1 genus and 1 species of Deinococcaceae.

STUDIES ON THE MUSCLES OF MARINE ANIMALS ( I ) CONTENTS OF INORGANIC SUBSTANCES IN THE MUSCLES OF FISH AND SHELLFISH FROM CHEJU ISLAND (수산동물육에 관한 연구 (I) -제주도산 어패류의 무기성분에 대하여-)

  • HA Bong-Seuk
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.229-233
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    • 1974
  • The author studied On the inorganic substances in the muscles of Branchiostegus joponicus japonicus, Chromis notatus, Haliotis gigantea mataka, obtaining the following results ; 1) The results of quantitative analysis are shown in Table 3. 2) It is noticeable that the concentration of Cu, P, Fe, Ca, and Na in the muscles of Branchiostegus joponicus japonicus (demersal fish), Chromis notatus (pelagic fish) and Haliotis gigantea mataka (shell fish) are quite different in the three species.

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Development and Validation of Real-time PCR to Determine Branchiostegus japonicus and B. albus Species Based on Mitochondrial DNA (Real-time PCR 분석법을 이용한 옥돔과 옥두어의 종 판별법 개발)

  • Chung, In Young;Seo, Yong Bae;Yang, Ji-Young;Kim, Gun-Do
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.27 no.11
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    • pp.1331-1339
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    • 2017
  • DNA barcoding is the identification of a species based on the DNA sequence of a fragment of the cytochrome C oxidase subunit I (COI) gene in the mitochondrial genome. It is widely applied to assist with the sustainable development of fishery-product resources and the protection of fish biodiversity. This study attempted to verify horse-head fish (Branchiostegus japonicus) and fake horse-head fish (Branchiostegus albus) species, which are commonly consumed in Korea. For the validation of the two species, a real-time PCR method was developed based on the species' mitochondrial DNA genome. Inter-species variations in mitochondrial DNA were observed in a bioinformatics analysis of the mitochondrial genomic DNA sequences of the two species. Some highly conserved regions and a few other regions were identified in the mitochondrial COI of the species. In order to test whether variations in the sequences were definitive, primers that targeted the varied regions of COI were designed and applied to amplify the DNA using the real-time PCR system. Threshold-cycle (Ct) range results confirmed that the Ct ranges of the real-time PCR were identical to the expected species of origin. Efficiency, specificity and cross-reactivity assays showed statistically significant differences between the average Ct of B. japonicus DNA ($21.85{\pm}3.599$) and the average Ct of B. albus DNA ($33.49{\pm}1.183$) for confirming B. japonicus. The assays also showed statistically significant differences between the average Ct of B. albus DNA ($22.49{\pm}0.908$) and the average Ct of B. japonicus DNA ($33.93{\pm}0.479$) for confirming B. albus. The methodology was validated by using ten commercial samples. The genomic DNA-based molecular technique that used the real-time PCR was a reliable method for the taxonomic classification of animal tissues.

Peptides-derived from Scales of Branchiostegus japonicus Inhibit Ultraviolet B-induced Oxidative Damage and Photo-aging in Skin Cells (피부세포에서 옥돔 비늘로부터 추출한 펩타이드의 UVB에 대한 산화적 손상 및 광 노화 억제)

  • Oh, Min Chang;Kim, Ki Cheon;Ko, Chang-ik;Ahn, Yong Seok;Hyun, Jin Won
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.269-275
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    • 2015
  • Collagen peptides, which are found at high concentrations in the human body, are present in animal bones and the skin of marine organisms, namely, fish scales. Collagen is the most abundant structural protein of various connective tissues in animals. Furthermore, it is widely used in biomedical material, pharmaceutical, cosmetic, food, and leather industries. Peptides extracted from scales of various fish protect against ultraviolet B (UVB)-induced skin damage and photo-aging. However, the protective effects of collagen peptides derived from the scales of Branchiostegus japonicus against UVB exposure are unclear. This study investigated the effects of peptides larger than 1 kDa (high-molecular weight peptides [HMP]) and smaller than 1 kDa (low-molecular weight peptides [LMP]), derived from extracts of B. japonicus scales, against UVB-induced skin damage and photo-aging. These peptides scavenged 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radicals in a dose-dependent manner. In UVB-exposed HaCaT human keratinocytes, LMP inhibited 8-isoprostane generation, a marker of cellular lipid peroxidation. The peptides also suppressed the UVB-induced increase in tyrosinase activity and melanin content in B16F10 mouse melanoma cells. In addition, the LMP and HMP treatment suppressed UVB-induced elastase and matrix metalloproteinase-1 activities in the HaCaT cells. These results indicate that peptides derived from B. japonicus scales have antioxidant, antiphoto-aging, and skin-whitening effects.

CHANGES IN FREE AMINO SCIDS OF YELLOW SEA BREAM BRANCHIOSTEGUS JAPONICUS JAPONICUS DURING DEHYDRATION (옥돔건조중의 유리아미노산의 변화)

  • HA Jin-Hwan;LEE Eung-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.27-31
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    • 1980
  • Yellow sea bream, Branchiostegus japonicus, has been one of the widely consumed food fish in Jeju-Do, Korea. This study was attempted to establish the basic data for evaluating changes of taste compounds of the yellow sea bream during dehydration. The free amino acids were analysed by amino acid autoanalyser. The free amino acid composition of the raw yellow sea bream, abundant amino acids were lysine, alanine, threonine and arginine and then taurine, serine, proline, glycine, glutamic acid, leucine in order. Such amino acids as valine, methionine, tyrosine, isoleucine, phenylalanine were poor in content. The changes of free anino acid composition in the extract of the yellow sea bream during dehydration was not found. In the extract of dried product, lysine, alanine, glutamic acid and arginine were dominant holding $18.4\%,\;14.7\%\;8.0\%\;and\;7.3\%$ and $7.3\%$ of total amino acids respectively. The amount of total free amino acids of the yellow sea bream increased to more than 1.4 times during dehydration process, that of raw sample especially aspartic and glutamic acids increased to more than 2.9 times and 2. 1 times whereas taurine and histidine decreased ranging $40-50\%$ of the original content. It is presumed that the characteristic flavor of dried yellow sea bream was attributed to such amino acids like lysine and alanine known as sweet compounds, glutamic acid as meaty taste and TMAO known as plain sweet taste.

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