Purpose: This study examines the effects of several brand variables on customer satisfaction and brand loyalty. Research design, data, and methodology: The survey was conducted on a community with 302 city residents in Greater Jakarta as consumers of lighting products. The constructs were arranged based on several independent variables such as brand experience, brand relationships, and brand trust on customer satisfaction and brand loyalty. Customer satisfaction was positioned as an intervening variable to examine the effects on brand loyalty. Results: The consumer's experience determines the attitude and satisfaction at the next action. Brand experience significantly influences customer satisfaction and brand loyalty. Meanwhile, a brand association related to the benefits of the product concerned so that the relationship also affects customer satisfaction and brand loyalty. However, the brand relationship does not affect brand trust. Consumers do not readily believe without experience. Conclusion: The consumer's experience significantly influences satisfaction and brand loyalty, both direct and indirect. Brand relationships affected customer satisfaction and had a direct effect on brand loyalty. Likewise, brand trust has a direct effect on brand loyalty. The findings' implications emphasize the importance of brand owners to provide positive, memorable experiences to the consumers.
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
The purpose of this study was 1) to explain integrated clothing brand loyalty by investigating the dimensions, 2) to investigate relationships between brand loyalty and clothing importance, aesthetic aspects of clothing, modesty, status symbol of clothing and authoritarian personality, 3) to identify the effects of demographic variables on clothing brand loyalty. The subjects were 104 female living in Kyong-Ju, Korea. The data were collected using self -administered questionnaires and analyzed by factor analysis, frequency, correlation, step- wise multiple regression and ANOVA. The results showed that 1) four dimensions of clothing brand loyalty were identified through the factor analysis: continued brand loyalty, habitual brand loyalty, symbolic brand loyalty and committed brand loyalty, 2) the status symbol of clothing, aesthetic aspects of clothing, and authoritarian personality were positively related to brand loyalty. Among these, the status symbol of clothing was the most significant variable, 3) brand loyalty was not varied by demographic variables.
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
Consumers' store loyalty and brand loyalty are closely related in apparel product purchase decision making process. The purpose of this study was to identify consumers' composite loyalty orientation considering both store loyalty and brand loyalty. As for the method of the research, in-depth face-to-face interviews were carried out. 20 interviewees were asked to describe apparel product purchase decision making process related to store choice and brand choice. Store loyalty and brand loyalty were combined to identify composite loyalty orientation. In this process, 6 types of loyalty orientation were identified; single-store type loyal/convenient brand loyal, single-store type loyal/low brand involved, multi-store type loyal/affected brand loyal, multi-store type loyal/economic multi-brand loyal, multi-store type loyal/value-seeking multi-brand loyal, multi-store type loyal/brand non loyal. The characteristics of each loyalty orientation were compared.
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
This research is ultimately to understand the general behavior of luxury goods consumers and to diversify the consumer groups according to the relationships between their benefit seeking and brand loyalty. The subjects used for the research were 223 female consumers who purchased fashion luxury goods. The data were analyzed by factor analysis and multiple regression. The results showed that there were four factors in benefit seeking of luxury goods; self-improvement, aesthetics, uniqueness and quality. Each of the factors was analyzed in relation to brand loyalty and brand variety seeking motivations. Brand loyalty's factors were continuous brand loyalty, trademark brand loyalty and devoting brand loyalty. Brand variety seeking motivation factors were change/novelty seeking motivation, quality/recommendation, discounted price and unique types of product line. The consumers who were seeking self- improvement were showing trademark brand loyalty rather than continuous or devoting brand loyalty. Meanwhile, the quality benefit seeking customers showed continuous or devoting brand loyalty. The most important motivations in brand variety seeking was change/ novelty seeking. The implications and marketing strategies of the research were discussed.
This study analyzed how the brand image elements influenced upon forming the brand trust and the brand loyalty of the 'Sky Green' the joint agricultural product brand Cheonan, Chungnam. The brand image was classified into functional image, symbolical image and origin - associated image. And what element of the brand image element influences upon forming the brand image loyalty by the consumers who are using 'Sky Green'. In the analysis results, the functional image, symbolical image and the image associated with the origin have influenced on forming the brand trust and the brand loyalty. All variables composing the brand image have positive influences on both brand trust and brand loyalty. It means that brand image influences on brand loyalty directly but the greater influence can be exerted through the effects of the parameter of brand trust.
This study is to check up weather a brand of accreditation program for healthcare organizations recognized by the consumers as users of the healthcare organizations has effects for healthcare organizations' brand trust, attitude, and loyalty. This study suggests the hypothesis that a brand value of accreditation program for healthcare organizations gives the positive effect for the brand trust, attitude and loyalty, and that the brand trust and attitude of healthcare organizations which gain a brand of accreditation program for healthcare organizations cause the brand loyalty. To verify the hypothesis, this study made a questionnaire by using a measuring instrument for the brand value, trust, attitude and loyalty which come from the former study. This study carried out an analyzing method such as frequency analysis, reliability analysis, confirmed factor analysis and structural equation model to verify the hypothesis. From hypothesis verification, emotional and social brand values of accreditation program for healthcare organizations gave a positive effect to the brand trust and attitude on healthcare organizations. Its functional value did not give an effect to a brand attitude but gave a positive effect to healthcare organizations' brand loyalty. Emotional and social brand values of accreditation program for healthcare organizations did not give an effect to the brand loyalty. The brand trust and attitude of the healthcare organizations which gained accreditation program for healthcare organizations gave a positive effect to the brand loyalty on healthcare organizations.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between sports commitment, sportswear brand satisfaction, and brand loyalty of female university students in their 20s. Two hundred surveys were distributed to female university students, and 185 responses were used for the final analysis. The SPSS program was used with a reliability test and factor, frequency, path analysis. Based on the literature review, the following five hypotheses were suggested. H1: Cognitive commitment will have a positive effect on the behavioral commitment of sports commitment factors. H2: The behavioral commitment of female university students will have a positive effect on brand satisfaction. H3: Sportswear brand satisfaction will have a positive effect on continuous brand loyalty. H4: Cognitive commitment will have a positive effect on habitual brand loyalty. H5: Continuous brand loyalty will have a positive effect on habitual brand loyalty. The results of this study showed that first, after the factor analysis, there were two factors of sports commitment (behavioral commitment and cognitive commitment). Second, the path analysis results revealed that there were significant relationships between sports commitment factors (cognitive commitment and behavioral commitment), sportswear brand satisfaction, and brand loyalty factors (continuous brand loyalty and habitual brand loyalty). The results revealed that cognitive commitment had a positive relationship with behavioral commitment, which had a positive relationship with sportswear brand satisfaction. Sportswear brand satisfaction had a positive relationship with continuous brand loyalty, which had a positive relationship with habitual brand loyalty. Cognitive commitment also had a positive relationship with habitual brand loyalty.
Journal of Information Technology Applications and Management
Customers who show high level of brand loyalty are one of the most important corporate assets. Accordingly, customers' brand loyalty has been addressed as a critical issue for the business success. In today's business environment where business channels to customers have expanded and diversified continuously, especially the use of social network services (SNSs) have drawn a lot of attention as an effective channel to promote customers' brand loyalty. This study, thus, analyzes the impact of the virtual brand community identity on customers' brand loyalty, focusing on the role of the sense of communities as mediators. The analysis was conducted by using the data collected from 239 users of Chinese virtual brand communities. The results show that both virtual brand community identity and the sense of communities significantly influence on customers' brand loyalty. Furthermore, the results reveal that both of the community belongingness and community trust composing the sense of community partially mediate virtual brand community and brand loyalty as hypothesized. Based on the results, the strategic implications are suggested and discussed, focusing on improving the customers' brand loyalty in the context of SNSs. Our findings and discussions can help companies develop their customer strategies for utilizing the virtual communities to strengthen customers' brand loyalty.
Introduction: In these days, a loyalty program is one of the most common marketing mechanisms (Lacey & Sneath, 2006; Nues & Dreze, 2006; Uncles et al., 20003). In recent years, Coalition Loyalty Program is more noticeable as one of progressed forms. In the past, loyalty program was operating independently by single product brand or single retail channel brand. Now, companies using Coalition Loyalty Program share their programs as one single service and companies to participate to this program continue to have benefits from their existing program as well as positive spillover effect from the other participating network companies. Instead of consumers to earn or spend points from single retail channel or brand, consumers will have more opportunities to utilize their points and be able to purchase other participating companies products. Issues that are related to form of loyalty programs are essentially connected with consumers' perceived view on convenience of using its program. This can be a problem for distribution companies' strategic marketing plan. Although Coalition Loyalty Program is popular corporate marketing strategy to most companies, only few researches have been published. However, compared to independent loyalty program, coalition loyalty program operated by third parties of partnership has following conditions: Companies cannot autonomously modify structures of program for individual companies' benefits, and there is no guarantee to operate and to participate its program continuously by signing a contract. Thus, it is important to conduct the study on how coalition loyalty program affects companies' success and its process as much as conducting the study on effects of independent program. This study will complement the lack of coalition loyalty program study. The purpose of this study is to find out how consumer loyalty affects affiliated brands, its cause and mechanism. The past study about loyalty program only provided the variation of performance analysis, but this study will specifically focus on causes of results. In order to do these, this study is designed and to verify three primary objects as following; First, based on opinions of Switching Barriers (Fornell, 1992; Ping, 1993; Jones, et at., 2000) about causes of loyalty of coalition brand, 'brand attractiveness' and 'brand switching cost' are antecedents and causes of change in 'brand loyalty' will be investigated. Second, influence of consumers' perception and attitude prior to joining coalition loyalty program, influence of program in retail brands, brand attractiveness and spillover effect of switching cost after joining coalition program will be verified. Finally, the study will apply 'prior brand preference' as a variable and will provide a relationship between effects of coalition loyalty program and prior preference level. Hypothesis Hypothesis 1. After joining coalition loyalty program, more preferred brand (compared to less preferred brand) will increase influence on brand attractiveness to brand loyalty. Hypothesis 2. After joining coalition loyalty program, less preferred brand (compared to more preferred brand) will increase influence on brand switching cost to brand loyalty. Hypothesis 3. (1)Brand attractiveness and (2)brand switching cost of more preferred brand (before joining the coalition loyalty program) will influence more positive effects from (1)program attractiveness and (2)program switching cost of coalition loyalty program (after joining) than less preferred brand. Hypothesis 4. After joining coalition loyalty program, (1)brand attractiveness and (2)brand switching cost of more preferred brand will receive more positive impacts from (1)program attractiveness and (2)program switching cost of coalition loyalty program than less preferred brand. Hypothesis 5. After joining coalition loyalty program, (1)brand attractiveness and (2)brand switching cost of more preferred brand will receive less impacts from (1)brand attractiveness and (2)brand switching cost of different brands (having different preference level), which joined simultaneously, than less preferred brand. Method : In order to validate hypotheses, this study will apply experimental method throughout virtual scenario of coalition loyalty program if consumers have used or available for the actual brands. The experiment is conducted twice to participants. In a first experiment, the study will provide six coalition brands which are already selected based on prior research. The survey asked each brand attractiveness, switching cost, and loyalty after they choose high preference brand and low preference brand. One hour break was provided prior to the second experiment. In a second experiment, virtual coalition loyalty program "SaveBag" was introduced to participants. Participants were informed that "SaveBag" will be new alliance with six coalition brands from the first experiment. Brand attractiveness and switching cost about coalition program were measured and brand attractiveness and switching cost of high preference brand and low preference brand were measured as same method of first experiment. Limitation and future research This study shows limitations of effects of coalition loyalty program by using virtual scenario instead of actual research. Thus, future study should compare and analyze CLP panel data to provide more in-depth information. In addition, this study only proved the effectiveness of coalition loyalty program. However, there are two types of loyalty program, which are Single and Coalition, and success of coalition loyalty program will be dependent on market brand power and prior customer attitude. Therefore, it will be interesting to compare effects of two programs in the future.
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of masstige clothing benefit seeking and brand loyalty. The data were collected from university students, 248 males and 262 females, living in Gyeong-ju, via a self-administered questionnaire. The data were analyzed by reliability analysis, factor analysis, Pearson's correlation, regression analysis, and t-test. The results of this study were as follows: 1) Four factors of the masstige clothing benefit seeking were identified; the rise of the social position and self-improvement, the popularity and durability, the desire for individuality and favorable impression, and the rare and precious value. Three factors of the brand loyalty were identified; the committed brand loyalty, the continued brand loyalty, and the symbolic brand loyalty. 2) The committed brand loyalty had a positive relation with two factors of masstige clothing benefit seeking, that is, the popularity and durability, the desire for individuality and favorable impression. The symbolic brand loyalty had a positive relation with the rise of the social position and self-improvement of masstige clothing benefit seeking. 3) There was sex difference on the desire for individuality and favorable impression, the popularity and durability of the masstige clothing benefit seeking. Also, there was sex difference on the committed brand loyalty.
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