• Title, Summary, Keyword: Bridge deck end deformation

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The Parameter Study of Serviceability Review of End Track on Railway Bridge installed Concrete Slab Track (콘크리트궤도 부설 교량의 단부 사용성 검토를 위한 매개변수 연구)

  • Sung, Deok-Yong;Kim, Young-Ha;Park, Yong-Gul;Kim, Sung-Il
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.117-124
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    • 2008
  • Construction of concrete slab track is trending to increase gradually in national and international for reduction in track maintenance cost and secure of ride comfort. However, in case of railway bridge installed concrete slab track, the serviceability review of end deck should be performed for reducing the maintenance cost of track. The serviceability review of track contains that the compression force which is occurred on fastener of end bridge should be smaller than the compression force causing the deformation limit of elastic pad and the uplift force which is occurred on fastener of end abutment should be smaller than initial fastening force. Therefore, this study calculated the deflection and end rotation of the railway bridge according to the span length and stiffness of railway bridge and estimated the compression force and uplift force which are occurred on the track of end bridge using the finite element method. This study indicated the several diagrams that are contained the correlation between the behaviour of the track and the behaviour of the railway bridge. As a result, to reduce the end rotation of the railway bridge is very efficient to increase the height of railway deck.

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Experimental Study on Characteristics of Deformation for Concrete Track on Railway Bridge Deck End induced by Bridge End Rotation (철도교량 단부 회전에 따른 콘크리트 궤도의 변형특성에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • Lim, Jongil;Song, Sunok;Choi, Jungyoul;Park, Yonggul
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.217-225
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    • 2013
  • In this study, by considering the rail fastening support distance and the distance between the bridge and the abutment, the behavior of concrete track installed on a railway bridge end deck and the bridge end rotation were analyzed. In order to analyze the track-bridge interaction, bridge and abutment specimens with concrete track structures were designed and used in laboratory testing. At a constant fastening support distance, an increase in the bridge end rotation caused an increase in the displacement of the rail. Therefore, the displacement of the rail directly affects the rail and clip stress. Further, it is inferred that the results of multiple regression analysis obtained using measured data such as angle of bridge end rotation and fastening support distance can be used to predict the track-bridge interaction forces acting on concrete track installed on railway bridge deck ends.

Evaluation of Uplift Forces Acting on Fastening Systems at the Bridge Deck End Considering Nonlinear Behaviors of the Fastening Systems (체결장치 비선형 거동을 고려한 교량 단부에서의 체결장치 압상력 평가)

  • Yang, Sin Chu;Kim, Hak Hyung;Kong, Jung Sik
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.521-528
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    • 2017
  • In this study, vertical loading tests were conducted to investigate the nonlinear behaviors of the fastening systems that have generally been used in the concrete track of domestic railway lines. Nonlinear load-displacement curve models were derived based on the test results. The uplift forces generated in the fastening systems were evaluated by applying the derived nonlinear models as well as the existing linear models. The influence of the factors on the maximum uplift force of the fastening system was analyzed through a parameter study on the distance between neighboring sleepers, the horizontal distance between the center of the bearing and the nearest fastening system from the deck end, and the height of the bridge girder. From the evaluation results it is known that, for economical track and bridge design, due to deck end deformation, it is necessary to consider the nonlinear behavior of the fastening system in the calculation of the uplift force of the fastening systems.

Parameteric Analysis for Up-lifting force on Slab track of Bridge (교량상 slab궤도의 상향력 민감도분석)

  • Choi, Sung-Ki;Park, Dae-Geun;Han, Sang-Yoon;Kang, Young-Jong
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.1188-1195
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    • 2007
  • The vertical forces in rail fasteners at areas of bridge transitions near the embankment and on the pier will occur due to different deformations of adjoining bridges caused by the trainloads, the settlement of supports, and the temperature gradients. The up-lifting forces is not large problem in the blast track because the elasticity of blast and rail pad buffs up-lifting effect. But, it is likely to be difficult to ensure the serviceability of the railway and the safety of the fastener in the end in that concrete slab track consist of rail, fastener, and track in a single body, delivering directly the up-lifting force to the fastener if the deck is bended because of various load cases, such as the end rotation of the overhang due to the vertical load, the bending of pier due to acceleration/braking force and temperature deviation, the settlement of embankment and pier, the temperature deviation of up-down deck and front-back pier, and the rail deformation due to wheel loads. The analysis of the rail fastener is made to verify the superposed tension forces in the rail fastener due to various load cases, temperature gradients and settlement of supports. The potential critical fasteners with the highest uplift forces are the fastener adjacent to the civil joint. The main influence factors are the geometry of the bridge such as, the beneath length of overhang, relative position of bridge bearing and fastener, deflection of bridge and the vertical spring stiffness of the fastener.

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Parametric Study on Steel composite Girder bridges for HONAM High-Speed Railway Considering Criteria Requirement of Dynamic Response (호남고속철도 동적 안정성 요구 조건을 고려한 강합성 거더교의 변수 연구)

  • Cho, Sun-Kyu;Jung, Han-Ouk;Kim, Sung-Il
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.1370-1378
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    • 2007
  • High speed railway bridge is affected on safety of bridge by dynamic amplification effect, when dynamic response of bridge is equal to effect cycle load for rolling stock axle according to high speed operation train. And excessive deformation of structure has negative effect on operation safety of train and comfort of passenger due to fluctuation of wheel load by torsion of track etc. and decrease of contact force on vehicle wheel-rail. To ensure the safety of track and train operation safety, it is have to perform the study on resonance and deformation of structure. That criteria and requirement of railway bridge is limitation of vertical acceleration on deck for dynamic behavior of structure, contact of vehicle wheel and rail, limitation of face distortion and rotation angle of end deck, and limitation of vertical displacement by train. Unlike KYEONGBU High Speed Railway, New constructed HONAM High Speed Railway have to applied the new requirement for dynamic behavior safety according to change of condition which is type of ballast (slab ballast), interval of track, and actual rolling stock load. Therefore, in this paper, it was conformed the dynamic characteristic due to parameter, which related with above mentioned criteria, for steel composite bridges.

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