• Title, Summary, Keyword: Brushing Behavior

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Health Beliefs Related to Health Behavior and Brushing Behavior of Some College Foreign Students (일부대학 외국인 유학생의 건강행태 및 칫솔질 행태에 따른 건강신념)

  • Yoon, Sung-Uk;Kwon, Youn-Suk
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.303-314
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this research is to analyze the actual behavior of foreign students health behavior and toothbrush behavior, analyze the relationship with health beliefs, and prepare basic materials for maintaining and promoting foreign students health. Analyzed with the SPSS WIN 12.0 program and gained meaningful results(p<.05). The gross average of health beliefs was 3.71.Perceived sensitivity mean was 2.99, perceived seriousness mean was 3.47 and perceived profitability mean was the highest at 4.35.In the case of Health beliefs according to health behavior and oral health behavior, perceived sensitivity and health beliefs was high in non-drinking. Perceived profitability and health beliefs was high in non-smoking. Health beliefs, perceived importance and profitability were high at the replacement time of brushing where the crust was sensitive in the range of brushing. In the brushing range, perceived sensitivity was high. In the brushing exchange cycle, health beliefs, perceived seriousness and perceived profitability were high. As a result of regression analysis, non-smoking(p=.009), brushing exchange time was 1-3 months (p=.000), health belief was high. A comprehensive systematic education of appropriate health and brushing behavior will be carried out for international student health promotion.

A Study on the Intake of Snack and Brushing Behavior according to the Oral Health Education Experience in Some Schools in Busan: Focusing on the 4th Grade of Elementary School (부산지역 일부 학교 내 구강보건교육 경험에 따른 간식섭취 및 칫솔질 행태에 연구: 초등학교 4학년을 중심으로)

  • Do, Yun-Jeong;Park, Gyu-Jung;Kwak, Eun-Bi;Park, Hye-Young;Kim, Hye-Jin
    • The Journal of Korean Society for School & Community Health Education
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.113-122
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    • 2019
  • Objectives: This study was conducted to investigate the snack intake and brushing behavior according to the oral health education experience in some schools in Busan, and to investigate whether the oral health education experience affects the snack intake and brushing behavior. Methods: This study surveyed the entire fourth grade of elementary school in two districts by participating in university-linked oral health education activities run under the jurisdiction of the education office business to examine changes in the behavior of elementary school students in their snack intake and toothbrush. The survey was conducted on oral health education in elementary schools, prior oral health education experience before and after the activity, whether or not the brushing classroom was operated, and contents related to eating snacks and brushing behaviors. Result: Among the general characteristics of some schools in Busan, 69.9% of students have experience in oral health education and 30.1% of people have no experience in oral health education. 20.0%, 16.3% were 'normal' and 63.7% were 'helpful'. The brushing behavior according to the oral health education was 44.9% in the number of brushings, 44.9% in the number of brushings, 45.7% in 2-3 minutes in the time of brushing, 41.2% in the brushing method by sweeping the brush up and down. In the daily brushing period, 'after breakfast' was the highest at 72.3%, and the parent's brushing instruction was 'to lead' at 65.1%. The amount of sugar in subjective snacks was the highest with 60.6% of sugar content, and the parents had the highest level of 52.2% for parents' snack intake. This result was more significant than the students without oral health education experience. Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, the number and time of brushing, the method and timing of brushing according to the experience of oral health education. Students who had oral health education experience higher than those who did not have oral health education, but had a lower tendency to brush after lunch at school and before going to bed. For better oral health, the effect of oral health education will be better if the school has more systematic toothbrushing at lunch time and parental guidance at home.

The effect of dental health education on dental health knowledge, dental health behavior of adult group (구강보건교육 프로그램이 성인집단의 구강보건지식 및 구강건강행위에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Hyang-Nim
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.93-103
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    • 2004
  • This study was conducted to evaluated the effects of improvement on dental health behavior and dental health knowledge of adult group through dental health education program, the study subjects were 75, education group being 37(male 19, female 18) and non-education group being 38(male 19, female 19). who being in 2 office. The results of this study were as follow: 1. In the primary survey, the education group and non-education group showed no differences in sex, age, job year, income, smoking, self-rated dental health statues, DMFT index, a number of cervical abrasion tooth, dental health behavior, dental health knowledge. 2. before education program the use of tooth brushing method of horizontal+vertical was 40.6%, after education program the use of tooth brushing method of rolling was 89.2% in education group. 3. after education program the tooth brushing times was increased after-meal brushing, especially increased from 40.5% to 93.8% at after midday meal brushing. 4. the difference of mean change of dental health knowledge score after oral health education program had been studied. dental health knowledge score increased in 9.8 in the education group and non-education group in 1.6(pE0.001). 5. the difference of mean change of oral health promotion behavior after oral health education program had been studied, the frequence of tooth brushing(pE0.05), flossing(pE0.001), tongue brushing(pE0.001) was significantly increased in education group compare to non-education group. Above findings suggest that dental health education program was effective in improving the dental health behavior, dental health knowledge of the adult group.

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A Study on mothers' oral health knowledge and oral health management behavior of children (유아 어머니의 구강보건지식과 자녀의 구강관리행태)

  • Lee, Yeun-Kyoung
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.93-106
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    • 2010
  • Objectives : The study examined mothers' oral health knowledge and oral health management behavior to their children that affect directly children's oral health to prepare basic aiming at children. Methods : Therefore, a survey of 235 mothers in 10 kindergartens located in Seoul was conducted by self-administered questionnaires. Results : As to mothers' oral health knowledge, the correct-answer rate for questions about tooth-decay was highest, and the level of 'middle (5-7 points)' was the most common with 50.0%. Regarding oral health knowledge according to mothers' general characteristics, the higher academic background and family's monthly earnings were, the higher oral health knowledge was. It showed a statistically significant difference(p<.01). In terms of mothers' oral health management behavior to their children, 79.1% of mothers who had the visiting experience in the dentist's for caries prevention was highest. As to the number of brushing, the twice was highest with 51.2%, and regarding brushing time 2min was highest52.6%. Also, the rate of using the fluoride toothpaste was 68.4%, and the rate of mothers who helped their children's brushing was 83.3%. As to the oral health management behavior to their children by mothers' oral health knowledge, mothers with higher oral health knowledge used the fluoride toothpaste showing that there was a significant difference(p<.01). Also, mothers with higher oral health knowledge helped more children's brushing, so that there was a significant difference(p<.05). Regarding the oral health management behavior to their children according to mothers' visiting experience in the dentist's, mothers who visited the dentist's during the recent one year had higher visiting experience of dentist's for children's caries prevention(p<.01) and longer time of brushing by 3min(p<.05), and helped their children's brushing a lot. The findings showed a significant difference(p<.001). Conclusions : As the results above, as mothers' oral health knowledge and oral health management behaviors to their children affect closely children's oral health, more systematic, specific and active oral health programs should be provided to mothers.

Oral hygiene form and the subjective health analysis of the elderly (노인의 구강위생행태와 주관적 구강건강 형태에 대한 분석)

  • Kim, Wook-Tae
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Dental Technology
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.179-199
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to prepare the fundamental data on oral hygiene of the elderly and to assess the behavior of oral hygiene, subjective oral health, oral health problem among the elderly, and to contribute to successful enhancement of life in their declining years. Methods: The author surveyed the behavior of oral hygiene, subjective oral health, oral health problem to 192 elderly at a health center of Busan using structured self- administered questionnaire from Nov. 2nd 2009 to Feb. 10th 2010. Collected data were analysed by SPSS WIN 18.0 statistical program for frequency, percentage production, ${\chi}^2$ (Chi-square) verification, t-test, One-way ANOVA, Logistic Regression. Results: The distribution of total subjects by oral health behaviors were 56.8% for "have ever trained how to tooth brushing", 76.6% for "correctly performed tooth brushing by himself ", 71.8% for "tooth brushing a day is two times and less", 87.5% for "it doesn't tooth brushing in meals and after" and 53.6% for "it doesn't use the facility for oral health", respectively. The distribution of total subjects by the state of perceived oral health were 51.0% for "feel the oral discomfort", 51.6% for "feel the comfortable chewing on starchy food", respectively. The mean point of perceived oral health by general characteristics of total subjects were statistically significant difference in sex, type of medical insurance, smoke, exercise, and chronic disease. The mean point of perceived oral health by oral health behaviors of total subjects were statistically significant difference in educational experience on tooth brushing, recognition for tooth brushing by himself, tooth brushing a day, and tongue cleaning. The risk factors of perceived oral health were type of medical insurance and chronic disease in general characteristics, tooth brushing in meals and after and tooth brushing a day, and tongue cleaning in oral health behaviors. Conclusion: The author recommend to the prevention of chronic disease, carry out the tooth brushing in meals and after, three times and over tooth brushing a day and tongue cleaning for oral health. and the author consider that it need to prepare the active countermeasure to oral health such as reeducation for oral health and supply to the tongue cleaner.

Effect of a Tooth-brushing Education Program on Oral Health of Preschool Children (잇솔질 교육 프로그램이 학령전기 아동의 구강건강에 미치는 효과)

  • Kang, Bok-Hee;Park, Sun-Nam;Sohng, Kyeong-Yae;Moon, Jung-Soon
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.38 no.6
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    • pp.914-922
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: To examine the effect of tooth-brushing education on the oral health of preschoolers. Methods: A quasi-experimental design with a non-equivalent control group was used. Two kindergartens were selected and 39 preschoolers from one kindergarten were assigned to the experimental group with tooth-brushing education and 39 from the other kindergarten to the control group. The tooth-brushing education program included 1 session on oral health education, individual tooth-brushing instruction for 1 week and supervised tooth-brushing after lunch for 4 weeks. Oral health behavior including use of tooth paste, tooth-brushing time and method of tooth-brushing, plague, streptococcus mutans, lactobacillus and dental caries were measured before and after the education. Fisher's exact test, t-test and paired t-test with the Window SAS 9.1 program were used to analyze the data. Results: A significant increase in the use of tooth paste, tooth-brushing time and the practice of correct tooth-brushing and a decrease in plague and development of dental caries were observed in the experimental group. Conclusion: This tooth-brushing education was partially effective in improving oral health of preschoolers.

Some Hospitals and ICU Nurses Awareness of Oral Health Behavior (일부 병원 중환자실 간호사의 구강보건의식 및 행태)

  • Choi, Seung-Hui;Jang, Ji-Eon;Lee, Cheon-Hee
    • The Korean Journal of Health Service Management
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.205-219
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    • 2013
  • Nurses' oral health awareness and oral health status and learn about better oral health care and further explore ways to improve awareness of oral care supplies to patients to oral care can help to establish a basis for is for the sole purpose. Seoul, Gyeonggi, Gyeongsang, Jeolla, Chungcheong located in 228 people in the ICU nurses using a questionnaire on oral health awareness and management behavior were investigated. Using oral hygiene aids to living in a residential home, according to the respondents from the two was significant association (p<0.05), oral hygiene, tooth brushing behavior and the use of aids in the relevance of the educational experience, depending on how brushing brushing, depending on how experienced oral there was significant association with the use products, dental products, depending on the path of tooth brushing training methods used were relevant and significant, depending on the state of your oral health, dental supplies used was associated with a significant (p<0.05).

A Study on the Effects of Social Reinforcement in Peer groups on Children's Dental Health Behavior (또래집단의 사회적 강화가 아동의 구강보건행태에 미치는 효과)

  • Lee, Nan-Hee;Park, In-Hyae
    • Journal of the Korean Society of School Health
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.117-129
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    • 2000
  • The relationships between children's health behavior and variables that effect children's health behavior has been investigated in a number of previous studies. This study was conducted to examine the effects of a peer's social reinforcement on children's dental health behavior in an elementary school. The research design was a nonequivalent pre and post-test quasi-experimental design and the study subjects with one hundred and thirteen eight to nine years old children, and their mothers (57 experimental group, 56 control group) were selected as a study group. Subjects were selected by the convenience sampling method. The study was carried out in an elementary school in Namwon city, Korea, from the 26th of April to the 12th of June in 1999. Data were collected in both the pre and post-test portions. Using the "Health Belief Model", each item of the questionnaire for measurement of dental health behavior was modified and administered for the children and their mothers. The questionnaire for the measurement of dental health behavior was developed by Oh, Y.B.(1994). The Cronbach's ${\alpha}$ of the questionnaire for children were .81, and for the mother were .79. In this study, the health belief model consists of "perceived susceptibility", "perceived seriousness", "perceived barrier", "perceived salience", and "perceived benefit". The questionnaire for the children was composed of 37 items, and the questionnaire for the mother was composed of 40 items. Data were analyzed by frequency, ${\chi}^2-test$, ANOVA, Pearson's Correlation, and multiple regression analysis by a SAS program. The results of this study were summarized as follows ; 1. The first hypothesis that the experimental group would have more change in the frequency of brushing per week than that of control group was accepted(t=3.817, p=0.000). Mean tooth brushing scores in the experimental group improved significantly from pre-test to post-test, but in the control group there was no significant improvement in tooth brushing scores. 2. The second hypothesis that the experimental group would have more change in score of dental health behavior than that of control group was accepted(benefit : t=2.804, p=0.006, salience: t=2.608, p=0,010). An evaluation between the experimental group and the control group showed significant change from pre-test to post-test in health behavior scores. 3. The third hypothesis that higher scores of social reinforcement would create more change in the scores of tooth brushing frequency in the experimental group was accepted(${\beta}$=0.169, p=0.000. Multiple regression was used to examine the peer's social reinforcement scores and the relative influence of significant variables in previous ANOVA and Pearson's correlation test on children's frequency of brushing during the post-test. The results of the study indicated that the combination of social reinforcement of peers with variables pertaining to mother and householder were significantly related and effectively improved a child's tooth brushing.

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Effect of Repeated Oral Health Education on the Oral Health of Preschool Children

  • Lee, Jee-Won;Choi, Ha-Na
    • Journal of dental hygiene science
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.423-432
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    • 2017
  • This study aimed to investigate the effect of repeated oral health education on the oral health of preschool children. This study classified the control group of children of 5~6 years of age where the oral health education was conducted one time, and the experiment group where the oral health education was conducted 4 times. The oral health conditions of each group and their risk of developing dental caries were also assessed. No significant difference was observed in the participants in terms of general characteristics, oral health conditions, risk of developing dental caries, and oral health behavior after oral health education. The two groups did not show a significant difference (p<0.001) in dental plaque index before and after oral health education, and showed a significant difference (p<0.001) according to the number of education sessions. Before oral health education, the participants in both groups were brushing their teeth incorrectly. However, after the third session, 56.7% of the participants in the experimental group and 9.4% in the control group used the correct method of tooth brushing. A significant difference was observed between the two groups (p<0.05). In addition, when the tooth-brushing time was compared, the two groups showed a significant difference (p<0.001), and a significant difference was observed in terms of the number of education sessions (p<0.05). In summary, repeated oral health education had significant influences on the dental plaque index, tooth-brushing method, brushing occlusal surfaces, and tooth-brushing time. Therefore, when oral health education is carried out, repeated oral health education in children is more effective than one-time oral health education as reflected in the changes in dental plaque index and oral health behavior. Moreover, oral health education is considered effective in changing the oral health behavior of children when conducted at least 3 times.

PHP index according to toothbrushing behavior and smoke status of some local residents (일부 지역주민의 잇솔질 행태와 흡연여부에 따른 PHP 지수)

  • Yoon, Sung-Uk;Yang, Won-Ho
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.261-269
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    • 2013
  • Objectives : This research examined the Patient Hygiene Performance(PHP) index according to smoking and tooth brushing behavior, in order to analyze how they influence the oral hygiene. Methods : This research used PHP index and the structured questionnaire. The subjects were 203 men in their 20's who visited K university's dental hygiene department for oral prophylaxis from March to July of 2012. For data analysis SPSS WIN 12.0 was used. Results : 1. The average PHP index of all experimented subjects was 2.66, a very poor level. The PHP index according to general characteristics, smoking, drinking, and exercise showed statistical significance(p<0.05). 2. PHP index decreased with more frequencies and longer durations of toothbrushing(p<0.05). 3. The PHP index of smokers is higher than that of non-smokers. In the case of non-smokers, the frequency, method, and duration of tooth brushing had a statistical significance(p<0.05). 4. The PHP index of smokers who smoke less than or equal to ten cigarettes is 2.53 and smokers who smoked more than 10 cigarettes is 3.10. 5. The results of multiple regression analysis showed that smoking increased the PHP index, while the increase in tooth brushing frequency and the up and down tooth brushing method decreased the PHP index. All the coefficients were statistically significant (p<0.05). Conclusions : In order to increase Patient Hygiene Performance(PHP) index. there must be a decrease in smoking rate while people increase their tooth brushing frequency and use a proper tooth brushing method.