• Title, Summary, Keyword: Buckling

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A parametric study on buckling loads and tension field stress patterns of steel plate shear walls concerning buckling modes

  • Memarzadeh, P.;Azhari, M.;Saadatpour, M.M.
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.87-108
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    • 2010
  • A Steel Plate Shear Wall (SPSW) is a lateral load resisting system consisting of an infill plate located within a frame. When buckling occurs in the infill plate of a SPSW, a diagonal tension field is formed through the plate. The study of the tension field behavior regarding the distribution and orientation patterns of principal stresses can be useful, for instance to modify the basic strip model to predict the behavior of SPSW more accurately. This paper investigates the influence of torsional and out-of-plane flexural rigidities of boundary members (i.e. beams and columns) on the buckling coefficient as well as on the distribution and orientation patterns of principal stresses associated with the buckling modes. The linear buckling equations in the sense of von-Karman have been solved in conjunction with various boundary conditions, by using the Ritz method. Also, in this research the effects of symmetric and anti-symmetric buckling modes and complete anchoring of the tension field due to lacking of in-plane bending of the beams as well as the aspect ratio of plate on the behavior of tension field and buckling coefficient have been studied.

Buckling behaviours of functionally graded polymeric thin-walled hemispherical shells

  • Uysal, Mine U.
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.849-862
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    • 2016
  • This paper investigates the static buckling behaviours of Functionally Gradient Polymeric Material (FGPM) shells in the form of hemispherical segment. A new FGPM model based on experimental was considered to investigate the buckling problem of thin-walled spherical shells loaded by the external pressure. The spherical shells were formed by FGPM which was produced adding the two types of graphite powders into epoxy resin. The graphite powders were added to the epoxy resin as volume of 3, 6, 9, and 12%. Halpin-Tsai and Paul models were used to determine the elastic moduli of the parts of FGPM. The detailed static buckling analyses were performed by using finite element method. The influences of the types and volume of graphite powders on the buckling behaviour of the FGPM structures were investigated. The buckling loads of hemispherical FGPM shells based on Halpin-Tsai and Paul models were compared with those determined from the analytical solution of non-graphite condition existing for homogeneous material model. The comparisons between these material models showed that Paul model was overestimated. Besides, the critical buckling loads were predicted. The higher critical buckling loads were estimated for the PV60/65 graphite powder due to the compatible of the PV60/65 graphite powder with resin.

Finite element simulation for steel tubular members strengthened with FRP under compression

  • El-Kholy, Ahmed M.;Mourad, Sherif A.;Shaheen, Ayman A.;Mohamed, Yomna A.
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.72 no.5
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    • pp.569-583
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    • 2019
  • Tubular steel sections are widespread all over the world because of their strength and aesthetic appearance. Tubular steel members may exhibit local buckling such as elephant foot or overall buckling under extreme compression load. Recently, external bonding of fiber reinforced polymers (FRP) sheets for strengthening these members has been explored through experimental research. This paper presents three-dimensional nonlinear finite element analysis (FEA) to investigate the structural behavior of strengthening tubular steel members with FRP against local and overall buckling phenomena. Out-of-roundness and out-of-straightness imperfections were introduced to the numerical models to simulate the elephant foot and overall buckling, respectively. The nonlinear analysis preferences such as the integration scheme of the shell elements, the algorithm for solution of nonlinear equations, the loading procedure, the bisection limits for the load increments, and the convergence criteria were set, appropriately enough, to successfully track the sophisticated buckling deformations. The agreement between the results of both the presented FEA and the experimental research was evident. The FEA results demonstrated the power of the presented rigorous FEA in monitoring the plastic strain distribution and the buckling phenomena (initiation and propagation). Consequently, the buckling process was interpreted for each mode (elephant foot and overall) into three sequential stages. Furthermore, the influence of FRP layers on the nonlinear analysis preferences and the results was presented.

Study on critical buckling load calculation method of piles considering passive and active earth pressure

  • Chen, Yong-Hui;Chen, Long;Xu, Kai;Liu, Lin;Ng, Charles W.W.
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.48 no.3
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    • pp.367-382
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    • 2013
  • Different types of long slender pile shall buckle with weak soil and liquefied stratum surrounded. Different from considering single side earth pressure, it was suggested that the lateral earth pressure can be divided into two categories while buckling: the earth pressure that prevent and promotes the lateral movement. Active and passive earth pressure calculation model was proposed supposing earth pressure changed linearly with displacement considering overlying load, shaft resistance, earth pressure at both sides of the pile. Critical buckling load calculation method was proposed based on the principle of minimum potential energy quoting the earth pressure calculation model. The calculation result was contrasted with the field test result of small diameter TC pile (Plastic Tube Cast-in-place pile). The fix form could be fixed-hinged in the actual calculation assuring the accuracy and certain safety factor. The contributions of pile fix form depend on the pile length for the same geological conditions. There exists critical friction value in specific geological conditions that the side friction has larger impact on the critical buckling load while it is less than the value and has less impact with larger value. The buckling load was not simply changed linearly with friction. The buckling load decreases with increased limit active displacement and the load tend to be constant with larger active displacement value; the critical buckling load will be the same for different fix form for the small values.

Effect of material transverse distribution profile on buckling of thick functionally graded material plates according to TSDT

  • Abdelrahman, Wael G.
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.74 no.1
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    • pp.83-90
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    • 2020
  • Several classical and higher order plate theories were used to study the buckling of functionally graded material (FGM) plates. In the great majority of research, a power function is used to represent metal and ceramic material transverse distribution (P-FGM). Therefore, the effect of having other transverse variation of material properties on the buckling behavior of thick rectangular FGM plates was not properly addressed. In the present work, this effect is investigated using the Third order Shear Deformable Theory (TSDT) for the case of simply supported FGM plate. Both a sigmoid function and an exponential functions are used to represent the transverse gradual property variation. The plate governing equations are combined with a Navier type expanded solution of the unknown displacements to derive the buckling equation in terms of the pre-buckling in-plane loads. Finally, the critical in-plane load is calculated for the different buckling modes. The model is verified by a comparison of the calculated buckling loads with available published results of Al-SiC P-FGM plates. The conducted parametric study shows that manufacturing FGM plates with sigmoid variation of properties in the thickness direction increases the buckling load considerably. This improvement is found to be more significant for the case of thick plates than that of thin plates. Results also show that this stiffening-like effect of the sigmoid function profile is more evident for cases where the in-plane loads are applied along the shorter edge of the plate.

Analysis of a functionally graded nanocomposite sandwich beam considering porosity distribution on variable elastic foundation using DQM: Buckling and vibration behaviors

  • Nejadi, Mohammad Mehdi;Mohammadimehr, Mehdi
    • Computers and Concrete
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.215-224
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    • 2020
  • In the present study, according to the important of porosity in low specific weight in comparison of high stiffness of carbon nanotubes reinforced composite, buckling and free vibration analysis of sandwich composite beam in two configurations, of laminates using differential quadrature method (DQM) is studied. Also, the effects of porosity coefficient and three types of porosity distribution on critical buckling load and natural frequency are discussed. It is shown the buckling loads and natural frequencies of laminate 1 are significantly larger than the results of laminate 2. When configuration 2 (the core is made of FRC) and laminate 1 ([0/90/0/45/90]s) are used, the first natural frequency rises noticeably. It is also demonstrated that the influence of the core height in the case of lower carbon volume fractions is negligible. Even though, when volume fraction of fiber increases, the critical buckling load enhances smoothly. It should be noticed the amount of decline has inverse relationship with the beam aspect ratio. Investigating three porosity patterns, beam with the distribution of porosity Type 2 has the maximum critical buckling load and first natural frequency. Among three elastic foundations (constant, linear and parabolic), buckling load and natural frequency in linear variation has the least amount. For all kind of elastic foundations, when the porosity coefficient increases, critical buckling load and natural frequency decline significantly.

Contact buckling behaviour of corrugated plates subjected to linearly varying in-plane loads

  • Dong, Jianghui;Ma, Xing;Zhuge, Yan;Mills, Julie E.
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.333-348
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    • 2018
  • An analytical method is developed for analysing the contact buckling response of infinitely long, thin corrugated plates and flat plates restrained by a Winkler tensionless foundation and subjected to linearly varying in-plane loadings, where the corrugated plates are modelled as orthotropic plates and the flat plates are modelled as isotropic plates. The critical step in the presented method is the explicit expression for the lateral buckling mode function, which is derived through using the energy method. Simply supported and clamped edges conditions on the unloaded edges are considered in this study. The acquired lateral deflection function is applied to the governing buckling equations to eliminate the lateral variable. Considering the boundary conditions and continuity conditions at the border line between the contact and non-contact zones, the buckling coefficients and the corresponding buckling modes are found. The analytical solution to the buckling coefficients is also expressed through a fitted approximate formula in terms of foundation stiffness, which is verified through previous studies and finite element (FE) method.

Buckling Strength of Cylindrical Shell Subjected to Axial Loads (축하중을 받는 원통형 쉘의 좌굴강도)

  • Kim, Seung Eock;Choi, Dong Ho;Lee, Dong Won;Kim, Chang Sung
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.191-200
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    • 2001
  • This paper presents buckling analysis of the cylindrical shell subjected to axial loads using numerical method. The modeling method, appropriate element type, and number of element are recommended by comparing with analytical solution. Based on the parametric study, buckling stress decreases significantly as the diameter-thickness ratio increases. These results are different from those obtained from buckling analysis of columns. The number of buckling half-wave in circumferential direction decreases as the diameter-height ratio increases. Buckling stress increases 1~2% as the thickness of base plate increases. Therefore the effect of base plate on buckling strength for cylindrical shell can be disregarded. Buckling stress significantly decreases as the amplitude of initial geometric imperfection used for calculating buckling stress is developed and it shows a good agreement with numerical results.

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Evaluation and Test of Slenderness Ratio Effect on Buckling Characteristics of Thin Cylindrical Structures Subjecting the Shear Loads (전단하중을 받는 얇은 원통구조물의 세장비에 따른 좌굴특성 평가 및 시험)

  • 구경회;김종범;이재한
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.535-543
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this paper is to investigate the slenderness ratio effect on buckling characteristics of thin cylindrical structures subjecting the shear loads in detail. To do this, the buckling strength evaluations were carried out with using the evaluation formulae proposed by J. Okada. From the results of the buckling strength evaluations, the three types of staled cylindrical test specimen, which have L/R=3.1, 1.6, and 1.0, are determined for the numerical analyses and tests. From results, target slenderness ratio over L/R=3 results in dominant bending buckling mode, smaller slenderness ratio under L/R=1 results in dominant shear buckling mode, and near L/R=1.6 region shows the mixed buckling mode which has the bending and shear buckling mode simultaneously. Most results of buckling characteristics obtained by the numerical analyses and the evaluation formulae we in good agreement with those of tests.

Buckling analysis of elastically-restrained steel plates under eccentric compression

  • Qin, Ying;Shu, Gan-Ping;Du, Er-Feng;Lu, Rui-Hua
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.379-389
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    • 2018
  • In this research, the explicit closed-form local buckling solution of steel plates in contact with concrete, with both loaded and unloaded edges elastically restrained against rotation and subjected to eccentric compression is presented. The Rayleigh-Rize approach is applied to establish the eigenvalue problem for the local buckling performance. Buckling shape which combines trigonometric and biquadratic functions is introduced according to that used by Qin et al. (2017) on steel plate buckling under uniform compression. Explicit solutions for predicting the local buckling stress of steel plate are obtained in terms of the rotational stiffness. Based on different boundary conditions, simply yet explicit local buckling solutions are discussed in details. The proposed formulas are validated against previous research and finite element results. The influences of the loading stress gradient parameter, the aspect ratio, and the rotational stiffness on the local buckling stress resultants of steel plates with different boundary conditions were evaluated. This work can be considered as an alternative to apply a different buckling shape function to study the buckling problem of steel plate under eccentric compression comparing to the work by Qin et al. (2018), and the results are found to be in consistent with those in Qin et al. (2018).