• Title, Summary, Keyword: Buoyancy

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Analysis of the Middle School Students' Conceptions about Buoyancy (중학생들의 부력에 대한 개념 분석)

  • Kim, Yi-Young;Kim, Jina
    • Journal of Science Education
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.369-380
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate middle students' conceptions of buoyancy. The questionnaires composed of 9 items which asked the reasons for situations with buoyancy; recognized of buoyancy, the facts affecting buoyancy(bottom of the Area of the object, the shape of the object, the depth of the object in the water, amount of water, the degree of the object submerged in the water, volume of the object, weigh of the object), the relationship between the amount of replaced fluid and buoyancy. The subjects were 140 students from the Busan Area who answered questionnaires composed of 9 items which asked the reasons for situations with buoyancy. Among the 140, 132 students were selected who answered all of question in the test. The students' answer types were follow: 1. Related to the shape of the submerged object, students answered that buoynacy depended on the bottom dimensions or the surface area of the object. 2. Students confused press, water press and buoyancy, who answered buoyancy was great when the water press was great. 3. Students answered that the weight and the size of the buoyancy of the object was same in the water. 4. Students answered, gravity was smaller in the water. Students recognized the existence of buoyancy but the reason of the answer depend on their experience. Also students answered using the words that water pressure, pressure, force instead of buoyancy. Students didn't understand the factors affecting the buoyancy. Many students responded that buoyancy was changed depend on weight of object, sinking depth, shape and others. It was considered that these responses didn't understand the cause of buoyancy.

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Numerical Study on Double-Diffusive Convection in a Stratified Trapezoidal Enclosure (성층화된 사다리꼴 용기내에서의 이중확산유동에 관한 수치해석)

  • 현명택
    • Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.143-150
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    • 1992
  • Numerical simulation is made of a stably stratified salt-water solution due to lateral heating in an equilateral trapezoidal enclosure using boundary-fitted coordinate in grid generation. Results show four types of the global fluid pattern depending on the buoyancy ratio in the enclosure, i.e., unicell flow pattern for the low buoyancy ratio, layered flow pattern for the increasing buoyancy ratio, layered flow pattern with stagnant zone for the relatively high buoyancy ratio and stagnant flow pattern for the much higher buoyancy ratio.

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A Study on the Estimation of the Minimum Buoyancy for the Respiration of a Drowning Person (익수자의 호흡이 가능한 최소 부력 추정에 관한 연구)

  • Yim, Jeong-Bin;Park, Deuk-Jin;Kang, Yu Mi
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.23 no.7
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    • pp.820-828
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    • 2017
  • Tools and equipment that can provide buoyancy for a drowning person are important for saving lives. The purpose of this study was to estimate the minimum amount of gas needed and the buoyancy value in newton units required to generate the minimum buoyancy determined to be sufficient for keeping the head of a drowning person above the water's surface to allow for respiration for at least 1 minute. A buoyancy experiment was carried out with a long rubber balloon injected with carbon dioxide gas, and a buoyancy measurement experiment was performed on six college students. The degree of buoyancy was measured using a 5-point scale, and the statistical value of the measured data was analyzed to estimate minimum buoyancy. As a result, 8 grams of carbon dioxide were determined to satisfy minimum buoyancy conditions with a confidence level of 72%, and buoyancy was calculated to be 44.66 newtons. 12 grams of carbon dioxide met the minimum buoyancy conditions with a confidence level of 100%, and buoyancy was calculated to be 66.99 newtons. This study is expected to contribute to the development of low cost, easy-to-carry minimum buoyancy aids.

Analytical Study on Buoyancy Preflexion Effects on Structural Performance of Concrete Floating Structure (부력 프리플랙션 효과가 콘크리트 부유구조체의 구조성능에 미치는 영향에 대한 해석적 연구)

  • Lee, Du-Ho;Jeong, Youn-Ju
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.32 no.2A
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    • pp.75-83
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    • 2012
  • In this study, an analytical studies were carried out for the buoyancy preflexion method to improve structural performance of concrete floating structures. The buoyancy preflexion means that the preflexion effects were induced to the floating structure due to the difference in buoyancy between the pontoon modules composing the floating structures. In order to verify the buoyancy preflexion effects, an analytical studies were carried out for the floating structures. The size and dimensions of FE model were determined through the structural design process. The parameter of this analytical study was length ratios of central module part, which induces buoyancy preflexion effects, to the total length. The analysis results were pre-compression on the bottom concrete slab and displacement of freeboard due to buoyancy preflexion effects. These results were processed according to the loading step, buoyancy preflexion loads on the bottom and live loads on the topside. Then, the buoyancy preflexion effects on structural performance was analyzed. As the results of this study, it was found that the buoyancy preflexion significantly influence on structural performance of floating structures. According to the length ratio, the buoyancy preflexion effects have a tendency of parabolic form and maximized at the length ratio of 40~60%. The buoyancy preflexion method is simple in principle and easy in application. Also, it can effectively induce pre-compression on the bottom concrete slab. Therefore, it can be concluded that the buoyancy preflexion method contribute to the improvement of structural performance and decreasing of the cross-sectional depth of floating structures.

An Investigation of Elementary School Teachers학 Conceptions on Buoyancy (부력 개념에 관한 초등학교 교사들의 이해도 조사)

  • 이형철;이순자
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.145-156
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    • 2000
  • Elementary school teachers' understandings about buoyancy were investigated through the questionnaire method. The questionnaire was composed of 4 questions on hydraulic pressure and 8 questions on buoyancy. The questions on buoyancy asked about the correlation of buoyancy with following basic concepts, density of liquid, volume of submerged object and so forth. 295 teachers on the 22 elementary schools in Busan, Yangsan and Gimhae were selected through random sampling method. The results of this study were summarized as follows: On the correlation of the magnitude and direction of hydraulic pressure with the depth of water, a large portion of the respondents had a scientific conception. But on the correlation of hydraulic pressure with density, the relatively small portion of them appeared to have a scientific conception. The respondents, on the whole, had a scientific conception about the correlation of buoyancy with density of liquid. But they seemed to have naive conceptions about the correlation of buoyancy with the volume of a submerged object and with the depth of water, the amount of water in container and the reduced amount of water by the object from container. We found that the respondents were context dependent and tended to search for solutions for the questions of buoyancy using the concept of pressure in the water. From above results, we suggested that in the would-be revised elementary science text book, the contents of pressure in the water should be introduced after the concept of weight in the water was gained.

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Posture control of buoyancy sculptures using drone technology (드론 기술을 이용한 부력 조형물의 자세 제어)

  • Kang, Jingu
    • Journal of Korea Society of Digital Industry and Information Management
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2018
  • The floating sculptures in the form of ad-ballon commonly used ropes in order to hold on. Relatively air flow is much less indoor than outdoor. Users of buoyancy sculptures hope to be able to maintain their desired posture without being fixed. This study applied drone technology to buoyancy sculptures. The drones can be moved vertically and horizontally, and the posture can be maintained, so buoyancy sculptures are easy to apply. Therefore, we have studied the control system of buoyancy sculpture using drone technology. Also, a control system that can maintain the desired posture at a constant height was studied. The overall shape was a light fiber material and helium gas for zero buoyancy to support the sculpture. The system configuration was STM32F103CB from ARM. In addition, the gyro and acceleration, geomagnetic sensors and motors are composed of small and medium size BLDC motors. The scheduling of the control system in the configuration of the control device was carefully considered. Because the role of the whole component becomes very important. The communication between the components is divided into the sensor fusion and the interface communication with the whole controller. Each communication technology is designed to expand. This study was implemented to actively respond from the viewpoint of posture control using the drone technology.

Buoyancy Effect on Stable and Oscillating Lifted Flames in Coflow Jets for Highly Diluted Propane (질소희석된 프로판 동축류 버너에서 부상화염에 대한 부력효과)

  • Kim, Jun-Hong;Shin, Moo-Kyung;Chung, Suk-Ho
    • 한국연소학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.9-16
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    • 2001
  • When large size nozzle with low jet velocity is used, the buoyancy effect arises from the density difference among propane, air, and burnt gas. Flame characteristics in such buoyant jets have been investigated numerically to elucidate the effect of buoyancy on lifted flames. It has been demonstrated that the cold jet has circular cone shape since upwardly injected propane jet decelerates and forms stagnation region. In contrast to the cold flow, the reacting flow with a lifted flame has no stagnation region by the buoyancy force induced from the burnt gas. To further illustrate the buoyancy effect on lifted flames, the reacting flow with buoyancy is compared with non-buoyant reacting flow. Non-buoyant flame is stabilized at much lower height than the buoyant flame. At a certain range of fuel jet velocities and fuel dilutions. an oscillating flame is demonstrated numerically showing that the height of flame base and tip vary during one cycle of oscillation. Under the same condition. non-buoyant flame exhibits only steady lifted flames. This confirms the buoyancy effect on the mechanism of lifted flame oscillation.

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Sprite Animation Based Fire Effects Using Spark Textures and Artificial Buoyancy Field

  • Kim, Jong-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.23 no.10
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    • pp.95-101
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    • 2018
  • In this paper, we propose an image-based synthesis method that can effectively represent the spark effect in fire simulation. We use the real flame image or animated image as inputs and perform the following steps : 1) extract feature vectors from the image, 2) calculate artificial buoyancy, and 3) generate and advect spark textures. We detect the edge from images and then calculate the feature vectors to calculate the buoyancy. In the next step, we compute the high-quality buoyancy vector field by integrating the two-dimensional feature vector and the fluid equation. Finally, the spark texture is advect by buoyancy field. As a result, our method is performed much faster than the previous approach and high-quality results can be obtained easily and stably.

Study on Floating to Surface for the Exercise Vehicle with Negative Buoyancy (음성부력을 갖는 연습탄의 수면부양 방안 연구)

  • Jung, Chan-Hee;Choi, Jang-Seob;Kim, Ki-Un;Kang, Myung-Koo;Lee, Jeong-Jun
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.121-129
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    • 2012
  • In this study, in terms of the exercise vehicles of the weapon systems having negative buoyancy, the analysis on the operation concepts was performed and the new methods of floating to surface were proposed. In case of having negative buoyancy, the additional methods for recovering the exercise vehicle have to be considered. As parts of recovering the exercise vehicle, for floating to surface the new methods of weight discharge, weight separation and sea water discharge were proposed. The conceptual design about sea water discharge method was performed. It was confirmed that those methods could be applied to the design of the exercise vehicle having negative buoyancy.

A Comparative Study Between Diffusive-thermal and Buoyancy-driven Self-excitations in Laminar Free Jet Flames with Applied DC Electric Fields (직류전기장이 인가된 층류제트화염에서 물질 -열 확산과 부력에 의한 진동비교에 관한 연구)

  • Han, Jong-Kyu;Yoon, Sung-Hwan;Park, Jeong;Kwon, Oh-Boong;Kim, Tae-Hyung;Park, Jong-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Combustion
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.37-47
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    • 2012
  • Experimental study on comparison of diffusive-thermal self-excitation with buoyancy-driven one due to accumulation of partially premixed, preheated mixture in front of edge flame was conducted in horizontally and vertically injected laminar free-jet flames with an applied DC electric field of -10 kV. The application of horizontal injection method with the DC electric field to jet flames was experimentally designed to suppress heat-loss-induced self-excitation and thereby to highlight the definite difference between both diffusive-thermal and buoyancy-driven self-excitations with the same order of O(1.0 Hz), in that diffusive-thermal self-excitation has not been so far found experimentally in laminar jet flames. Flame stability maps in vertically and horizontally injected jet flames are presented. The distinct modes of individual self-excitation are shown to be well described by their own phase diagrams. The results show that buoyancy-driven self-excitation due to the accumulation of partially premixed, preheated mixtures in front of edge flame is branched from the buoyancy-induced self-excitation with O(10 Hz) due to a flame flicker. Once the buoyancy-driven self-excitation appears, it suppresses buoyancy-induced as well as diffusive-thermal self-excitation. The key characteristics for individual self-excitation are discussed and their functional dependencies of Strouhal number upon related physical parameters are also presented.