• Title, Summary, Keyword: Burning mouth syndrome

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A Psychological Analysis of the Orofacial Pain Patients Through SCL-90-R (간이정신진단검사를 이용한 구강안면동통환자의 심리학적 분석)

  • Noh, Chang-Se;Ko, Myung-Yun;Park, June-Sang
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.467-477
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    • 1999
  • Personality characteristics of orofacial pain patients was analyzed psychologically by means of the SCL-90-R. 36 TMD patients, 20 burning mouth syndrome(BMS) patients, 31 trigeminal neuralgia(TN) patients, 20 control I and 28 control II were subjected at Orofacial pain clinic, Department of Oral Medicine and Health Promotion Center, Pusan National University Hospital during the period from 1998 to 1999. The obtained results were as follows: 1. Mean values of T-scores on 9 basic scales in all the groups were within normal range. 2. The T-scores of SOM, O-C, ANX and HOS in TMD patient group were significantly higher than those in control I group, but there was no significant difference in all scales between TMD patient group and control II group. 3. The T-scores of SOM in BMS patient group was significantly higher than those in control I group, but there was no significant difference in all scales between BMS patient group and control II group. 4. The T-scores of SOM in TN patient group was significantly higher than those in control II group. 5. As compared with present and absent of the history of systemic diseases, there was no significant difference of the scales in TMD, BMS and TN patient groups but the T-scores of the patient groups with the history of systemic diseases tended to higher than those of the patient group without the history of systemic diseases. 6. As compared with acute and chronic groups, the T-scores of O-C, I-S, PAR, PSY in chronic BMS patient group were significantly higher than those in acute BMS patient.

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Dental materials in patients with oral mucosal disease based on the results of patch test study (구강점막질환환자에서 치과재료를 이용한 첩포시험 결과에 대한 고찰)

  • Jeong, Sung-Hee;Kim, Ji-Su;Kim, Kyung-Hee;Ok, Soo-Min;Heo, Jun-Young;Ahn, Yong-Woo
    • The journal of the Korean dental association
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    • v.52 no.2
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    • pp.96-104
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    • 2014
  • The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency of positive patch test reaction to dental materials in patients with oral mucosal diseases. Epicutaneous patch test was performed in 110 patients with oral mucosal diseases; 41 patients with oral lichen planus(OLP), 44 patients with burning mouth syndrome(BMS), 25 patients with other oral mucosal diseases including recurrent aphthous ulcer and mucous membrane pemphigoid. The obtained results were as follows: Oral gold restorations were most common in patents with oral mucosal diseases and porcelain fused metal crown, implant appeared in the order. 33 of 110 patients did not appear skin reactions (negative, 30%) and 77 patients (positive, 70%) had skin reactions including redness, rash, blisters. Dental materials causing positive reaction to patch test were mainly as gold-sodium-thiosulfate (26.7%), nickel sulfate(Ni) (22.7%), cobalt chloride(Co) (14.7%), palladium chloride(Pd) (11.9%), potassium dichromate (10.7%) in order, respectively. In conclusion, old metal restorations could be the cause of oral mucosal diseases and epicutaneous patch test could be used as a tool to improve the oral conditions.

Personality Type Test(MBTI) of Korean College Students with Symptoms of Oral Mucosa Disease (구강점막질환증상자의 성격유형검사(MBTI))

  • Park, Hye-Sook
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.38 no.1
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    • pp.7-17
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between personality type and symptoms of oral mucosa disease. 393 college students completed the MBTI(Myers-Briggs Type Indicator) and a questionnaire and collected data were analyzed by SAS 9.2 program. The obtained results were as follows : 1. Dysgeusia(p<0.05) and xerostomia(p<0.01) occurred significantly more frequently in I type than E type. 2. Herpetic stomatitis, recurrent aphthous ulcer, glossitis, dysgeusia, burning mouth syndrome and xerostomia seemed to occur more frequently in S type than in N type. 3. Most symptoms of oral mucosa disease seemed to occur the most frequently in the type including NF among 16 types of personality of MBTI. 4. Most subjects had negative attitude in curing their symptoms of oral mucosa disease(p<.0001). Significantly more subjects with I type than E type had negative attitude in curing herpetic stomatitis(p<0.01) and dysgeusia(p<0.05). 5. Most symptoms of oral mucosa disease appeared to occur the most frequently in nervous or sensitive subjects. Therefore a guideline for the individual cure of oral mucosa diseases meeting personality type is necessary.

Observational Study of Glossodynia (설통에 대한 관찰연구)

  • Shim, So-Ra;Kim, Min-Kyung;Lee, Ji-Hyun;Lu, Hsu-Yuan;Cho, Seung-Yeon;Park, Seong-Uk;Park, Jung-Mi;Bae, Hyung-Sup;Ko, Chang-Nam
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.476-484
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    • 2012
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study was to report the clinical characteristics of glossodynia patients and effects of traditional Korean treatment on glossodynia and to gather data in order to carry out future study. Methods : We surveyed 40 glossodynia patients visiting the Department of Korean Internal Medicine of Stroke and Neurological Disorders Center, Kyung Hee University Hospital at Gangdong and analyzed their glossodynia questionnaires, examination results, and progression of symptoms. Results : In Glossodynia patients the average age was 62.4 years old. Glossodynia was more prevalent in females than males (5.67:1). Red tongue color, white fur, and fissured tongue were observed most often. The average glossodynia duration was 36.1 months and the average glossodynia degree was VAS 5.6. The most commonly appearing symptom was burning sense, and dryness of tongue. In Korean medicine diagnosis, Yin, deficiency, Tae-eum was most commonly diagnosed. In herbal medicine, Gamichungsim-tang was the most frequently prescribed. In laboratory tests, zinc deficiency was the most common result. In heart rate variability (HRV), average SDNN was 34.03 and average LF/HF ratio was 2.11. Of 40 patients, 23 completed treatment and their pain was relieved from average VAS 5.52 to VAS 3.63. Pre-and post-treatment results showed a significant difference. The average duration of treatment was 34.91 days. Conclusions : The results of this study suggest that Korean medical approach and treatment for glossodynia could be effective. Further study should be conducted for more valuable information.

Clinical Epidemiology for Elderly Patients of Oral Medicine Clinic (구강내과에 내원하는 노인 환자들의 임상 역학 연구)

  • Oh, Hyun-Sun;Kim, Hye-Kyoung;Park, Jo-Eun;Kim, Ki-Suk;Kim, Mee-Eun
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.38 no.1
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    • pp.19-28
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    • 2013
  • With Korea's rapid entry to aged society, elderly population has become a major age group both in the whole society and medical field and its importance will be constantly stressed out. Elderly population is also important in the field of oral medicine which deals with chronic and recurrent diseases in the orofacial region of non-dental origin but there exist few studies indicating epidemiology of elderly patients in this regards. This study aimed to investigate change of age distribution of new patients in a university-based dental hospital and oral medicine clinic for last decade and to investigate clinical epidemiology of elderly patients (${\geq}$ 65 years) of oral medicine clinic. This study was performed retrospectively using medical records of the new patients in Dankook University Dental Hospital in 2001 and 2011. According to the study, percentage of elderly new patients increased in both dental hospital and oral medicine clinic and degree of the increase was greater in oral medicine clinic than in the whole hospital (p=0.000). 13.5% of adult patients ${\geq}$ 18 years of oral medicine clinic were elderly patients ${\geq}$ 65 years. 83% of elderly patients were suffering from one or more systemic diseases. Although TMD was the most common reason for elderly patients who visited oral medicine clinic, oral soft tissue diseases, dry mouth, burning mouth syndrome and oromandibular dystonia was more frequently diagnosed in elderly patients compared to adult patients aged 18 to 64 years. Pain severity and interference of Brief Pain Inventory and depression and anxiety scores of Hospital Anxiety Depression Scales were higher in elderly patients than in the adult patients (p<0.05). Increase of elderly patients with chronic oral diseases and pain needs more attention of dentists and specialists of oral medicine to improvement of assessment and development of tailored management because large portion of the elderly patients have systemic diseases, polypharmacy and impaired communication, possibly restricting treatment options.

Clinical Manifestations in Orofacial Movement Disorders (구강안면 운동장애의 임상적 증상 발현)

  • Ryu, Ji-Won;Yoon, Chang-Lyuk;Cho, Young-Gon;Ahn, Jong-Mo
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.375-382
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    • 2008
  • This study was a preliminary study to establish diagnostic criterias and treatment for Orofacial Movement Disorders. The 33 Orofacial Movement Disorder patients who were visited in the department of Oral Medicine from September, 2007 to December, 2007 were selected for this study. We analyzed the age, sex, systemic diseases, the diagnosis and the cause of the patients' chief complaints, the self-consciousness and the types of orofacial movements. The obtained results were as follows : 1. Female were predominant in orofacial movement disorders(81.82% vs 18.18%) and mean age was 78.78(56 to 87) years. 2. They almost had systemic diseases(81.82%). Hypertenstion was the most common disease(22.41%) and diabetes mellitus(17.24%), depression(8.62%), gastritis(8.62%) in turns. 3. In clinical manifestation, temporomandibular disorder was the most frequently complained symptom(33.33%), and soft tissue disease(21.57%), burning mouth syndrome(17.65%), orofacial movement itself(15.69%), diffuse orofacial pain(6명, 11.76%) in turns. 4. Most orofacial movement disorders are idiopathic(72.73%), and related to prosthetic treatment(24.24%), related to antidepressant medication(3.03%) in turns. 5. The jaw-closing type was the most common type of orofacial movement disorders, and lateral type(33.33%), jaw-opening types(16.67%) in turns. 6. There were more patients who did not conscious of their orofacial movements than those who did.(54.55% vs 45.45%). In conclusion, dentists must be consider the orofacial movement disorders in patients who have orofacial pain. Also, dentists should obtain a proper history and perform a clinical examination to avoid misdiagnosis and inappropriate, irreversible treatment.

Evaluation of Taste in the Patients with Recurrent Aphthous Ulceration by Electrogustometer (전기미각측정기를 이용한 재발성 아프타성 궤양 환자의 미각평가)

  • Jun, Jin-Yong;Ahn, Yong-Woo;Ko, Myung-Yun
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate whether there were any changes in taste sensitivity with recurrent aphthous ulceration. Nintyseven subjects(25 males and 72 females) were included for the study and they were categorized into 2 groups(recurrent aphthous ulceration 27 persons, control 70 persons), recurrent aphthous ulceration group was investigated in the department of Oral Medicine, College of Dentistry, Pusan National University from April, 2005 to August, 2006 and control group was investigated in the clinic at Incheon city from June, 2006 to August, 2006. The electrical taste thresholds were measured using an electrogustometer of the 4 different sites(tongue tip, tongue lateral, circumvallate papilla and soft palate) in oral cavity. The results were as follows ; 1. The electrical taste threshold showed significant lower in the RAU group. 2. The electrical taste threshold showed significant lower in female group, and showed significant lower except soft palate in male group of the RAU group. 3. The electrical taste threshold showed a tendency to increase in all site of the multiple RAU group, but there were no significant differences. 4. The electrical taste threshold showed a tendency to increase in tongue lateral of the acute RAU group, and showed a tendency to increase in tongue tip, circumvallate papilla, soft palate of the chronic RAU group. 5. After treatment, electrical taste threshold was significant increase than initial visit in the RAU group. 6. After treatment, NAS showed a tendency to decrease in the RAU group.

The Analysis and Study of First Visit Outpatients in Oral Medicine (구강내과에 내원한 신환에 관한 분석 연구)

  • Ko, Myung-Yun;Heo, Jun-Young;Ok, Su-Min;Kim, Kyung-Hee;Jeong, Sung-Hee;Ahn, Yong-Woo
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.137-142
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    • 2013
  • Oral Medicine includes temporomandibular disorder, orofacial pains such as neuropathic pain, soft tissue diseases, halitosis, laser treatment, snoring, sleep apnea and identification through forensic dentistry etc. Such diseases are relatively common and cause great inconvenience and pain to the patients, as well as incur fatal health scare at times. In terms of oral medicine, the number of orofacial patients is growing due to a change in the life style and an increased stress as time goes in contemporary society and the demand of areas requiring oral medical professionalism, such as soft tissue lesions, snoring and sleep apnea, forensic dentistry evaluation and others are rapidly ascending. Consequently, among the areas in dental science, the calls for the expertism in oral medicine and its role are mounting. Analyzing the distribution according to disease entity, symptoms, duration of disease, and the prehistory courses of new patients visiting the department of oral medicine in a year provides information of the role and the relative importance of oral medicine in prospect and enables effective diagnosis and treatments for the patients. Therefore, in the present study, by analyzing new patients visiting the oral medicine clinic in our dental hospital for a year and by evaluating the role and the professionalism in future oral medicine, the authors concluded the followings: 1. It was founded that new patients to oral medicine mainly had temporomandibular disorders, soft tissue diseases, and neuropathic pains. 2. The number of patients with temporomandibular disorder appeared to be the highest percentage and the order within this was the patients with combined disorders, muscle disorder, and internal derangement of joint disc. 3. The number of patients with xerostomia appeared to be the highest percentage within soft tissue disease, followed by lichen planus and recurrent apthous ulcers. 4. The number of patients with burning mouth syndrome appeared to be the highest percentage within neuropathic pain.