• Title, Summary, Keyword: CFD

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Development of Integrated Computational Fluid Dynamics(CFD) Environment using Opensource Code (오픈소스 코드를 이용한 통합 전산유체역학 환경 구축)

  • Kang, Seunghoon;Son, Sungman;Oh, Se-Hong;Park, Wonman;Choi, Choengryul
    • Convergence Security Journal
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.33-42
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    • 2018
  • CFD analysis is an analytical technique that applies a computer to the design and development of products across the entire industry for heat or fluid flow. This technology is used to shorten the development period and reduce costs through computerized simulation. However, the software used for CFD analysis is now required to use expensive foreign software. The Opensource CFD analysis software used in the proposed system has reliability of commercial CFD analysis software and has various user groups. However, for users who have expert knowledge, Opensource CFD software which supports only text interface environment, We have developed an environment that enables the construction of a CFD analysis environment for beginners as well as professionals. In addition, the proposed system supports the pre-processing (design and meshing) environment for CFD analysis and the environment for post-processing (result analysis & visualization), enabling the integrated CFD analysis process in one platform.

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Utilizing EDISON_CFD for Airfoil selection of Human Powered Aircraft (인력비행기 Airfoil 선정을 위한 EDISON_CFD 활용)

  • Kim, Gyeong-Nam;Ryu, Gi-Myeong;Song, Yun-Jeong
    • Proceeding of EDISON Challenge
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    • pp.101-104
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    • 2012
  • 본 논문에서는 충남대학교에서 설계하고 있는 인력비행기인 Volante의 주익 에어포일을 선정하기 위하여 교육 및 연구를 위한 CFD 해석 프로그램인 EDISON_CFD를 이용하여 후보군으로 있는 에어포일들의 경향성을 확인하고 성능이 좋은 에어포일을 선정하였다. 또한 CFD 프로그램으로 상용화된 Fluent와 비교하여 EDISON_CFD의 신뢰성을 확인하였다.

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A Study on the Far-Field Boundary Condition of Tightly Coupled CFD/FreeWake Method in Hover (로터 제자리비행에 적용된 CFD/FreeWake 연계방법의 원거리 경계조건에 대한 연구)

  • Wie, Seong-Yong;Lee, Jae-Hun;Kwon, Jang-Hyuk;Lee, Duck-Joo;Chung, Ki-Hoon;Kim, Seung-Bum
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aeronautical & Space Sciences
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    • v.35 no.11
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    • pp.957-963
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    • 2007
  • this study, helicopter rotor flow is simulated by using a tightly coupled CFD/FreeWake method to describe wake characteristics and to calculate the flow field and rotor aerodynamics. In this tightly coupled CFD/FreeWake method, freewake model provides the boundary condition required in the CFD calculation and CFD provides the pressure distribution on blade surface used in feewake generation. To show the advantage of this method, the pressure distributions on blade surface of a hovering 2-bladed rotor are compared with other numerical methods. This tightly coupled CFD/FreeWake method shows good accuracy in the predicted results and efficient computation time.

설계 최적화를 위한 CFD와 CAD의 접합(Integration)

  • 백영렬
    • Journal of the KSME
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    • v.44 no.2
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    • pp.23-25
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    • 2004
  • 이 글에서는 CFD의 효율적인 적용 및 사용을 통하여 제품의 설계와 생산 공정의 최적화가 어떻게 구현될 수 있으며 CFD를 이용한 최적화 과정 에서 걸림돌이 되는 것들로는 어떤 요소들이 있는 지 관하여 다루고자 한다. CFD와 같은 CAE tool 을 이용한 설계 과정의 최적화는 최신의 기술을 장착하고 있는 상업용 CFD 소프트웨어들에 의하여 가능하며 이들 코드들에 관한 특성들도 이 글 에셔 취급하고자 한다. 잘 알려진 바와 같이 제품 의 초기 개념 설계 단계에서부터 계획 및 상세설계에 이르기까지 각 단계에서 최적의 조건을 구하 기 위해서는 주어진 구속조건에서 변수들에 관한 반복적인 시뮬레이션이 수행되어야 한다. 이러한 과정에서 각각의 조건에 관한 시뮬레이션 과정이 시간이 비교적 많이 소요되는 수동적인 방법으로 이루어질 경우 최적화는 불가능하다. 즉 각 설계 변수의 최적화 조건을 구하기 위하여 CAE과정에 서 자동화(automation)은 필수적일 것이다. 전산 유체 역학(computational fluid dynamics)은 지난 30여 년 동안 다양한 유체유통 및 열전달 분야에서 사용되어져 오고 있는 시뮬레이션 기술이 다. 산업분야에서 CFD에 대한 요구가 증대됨에 따라 20여 년 전부터 상업용 CFD 코드가 등장하기 시작하였으며 근래 들어서는 약 80여 종류의 상업용 CFD 코드가 자동차, 전자, 화공, 건설, 조 선, 제강과 같은 여러가지 종류의 산업분야에서 이용되어 오고 있다 하지만 상업용 CFD 코드가 고가인 이유 때문에 비교적 풍부한 예산이 확보된 대기업 및 국책 연구소 중심으로 이에 관한 사용 자 층은 매우 제한적이었다. 아울러 사용상의 난 점 때문에 CFD를 전공한 전문가 집단 위주로 사 용되어 오고 있다. 이런 측면에서 볼 때 설계 분야 에 종사하는 엔지니어들이 CFD를 이용하여 설계를 하는 데는 상당한 괴리감이 존재하게 된다. 전 통적으로 CFD와 같은 해석은 설계에 대한 타당서 검증의 목적으로 설계 사이클에서 맨 마지막에 수행되어져 왔기 때문에 CFD가 설계에 직접적인 도움을 주지 못하고 보조의 역할밖에 하지 못하는 수몽척인 도구로 여겨져 왔다. 이려한 설계 경향 은 CFD가 설계 과정에서 요구하는 시간 내에 시뮬레이션이 불가능하기 때문에 나타난 현상이다 상기에서 언급된 문제점인 시abf레이션의 시간 단 축은 설계 부서 에서 사용되는 CAD 도구와 CFD와 같은 CAE tool을 적절하게 접목함으로써 (integration) 가능할 것이다. 이후에서는 CFD의 시뮬레이션 과정을 자동화하기 위하여 고려되어 야 할 요소들에는 어떤 것들이 있는지에 관하여 알아보고자 한다.

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Prediction and Evaluation of the Wind Environment in Site Planning of Apartment Housing by CFD (아파트 주거의 배치계획에 있어 CFD에 의한 풍환경의 예측과 평가)

  • Sohn, Saehyung
    • KIEAE Journal
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.63-69
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    • 2010
  • Diverse problems in wind environment has occurred through rapid urbanization and growth of high-rise building numbers, This study aims to propose the CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) simulation method and evaluation standard of wind environment in site planning of high rise apartment housing. The CFD simulation method proposed in this study is not existing detail simulation, but it is the method that a designer can correct and develop the design through immediate evaluation of design options in concept design phase. Therefore, the proposed CFD simulation method of wind environment in this study uses the BIM based CFD tool in which the 3D model in concept design phase can be used as for the CFD simulation. In this paper, the study examines existing evaluation standards of comfortableness level in wind environment for pedestrian near buildings, and selects new evaluation method which is possible to apply to the proposed CFD simulation method. In addition, it is to examine calculation time-spending and appropriate mesh division method for finding CFD result which is useful to find the best design options in aspect of wind environment in concept design phase. Furthermore, it proposes the wind environment evaluation method through BIM based CFD simulation.

The Comparison of the In-Situ Thermal Response Tests and CFD Analysis of Vertical-type Geothermal Heat Exchanger (수직형 지중 열교환기의 현장 열응답 시험과 CFD 해석 비교)

  • Sim, Yong-Sub;Lee, Hee-Sang
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.14 no.7
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    • pp.3164-3169
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    • 2013
  • In this study, a series of CFD analysis was performed in order to predict the leaving water temperature and the slope of in-situ thermal response tests of the vertical-type geothermal heat exchangers. The geothermal heat exchanger and surrounding ground formation were modeled using GAMBIT and simulation was used by utilizing FLUENT which is commercial CFD code. Comparing with the results of CFD and in-situ thermal response tests, the results of CFD was presented good agreement with $0.5^{\circ}C$ difference of Leaving Water Temperature and with 1.6% difference of the Slope.

The Application of CFD for Ship Design (선박설계를 위한 계산유체역학의 활용)

  • Kim Wu-Joan;Van Suak-Ho
    • Journal of computational fluids engineering
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.42-48
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    • 2003
  • The issues associated with the application of CFD for ship design are addressed. Doubtlessly at the moment, CFD tools are very useful in evaluating hull forms prior to traditional towing tank tests. However, time-consuming pre-processing is an obstacle in the daily application of CFD tools to improve hull forms. The accuracy of computational modeling without sacrificing the usability of CFD system is also to be assessed. The wave generation is still predicted by using potential panel methods, while velocity profiles entering into propeller plane is solved using turbulent flow solvers. The choice of turbulence model is a key to predict nominal wake distribution within acceptable accuracy. The experimental data for CFD validation are invaluable to improve physical and numerical modeling. Other applications of CFD for ship design than hull form improvement are also given. It is certain that CFD can be a cost-effective tool for the design of new and better ships.

A Study on the Speed Performance of a Medium Patrol Boat using CFD (CFD를 이용한 중형 경비정의 속도성능 평가)

  • Park, Dong-Woo
    • Journal of Navigation and Port Research
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    • v.38 no.6
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    • pp.585-591
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    • 2014
  • The primary objective of the current work is to predict speed performance of the medium patrol boat over $F_N=0.5$ employing experimental materials based on the CFD before model tests. In other words, the predicted brake powers according to ship speeds are assessed satisfying the main engine capacity. The subject ships are selected the two different stern hull forms. The flow computation are conducted considering free surface and dynamic trim using a commercial CFD code(STAR-CCM+). The resistances of the bare-hull are obtained from CFD. Wave patterns, pressures and limiting streamlines on the hull and velocity distribution in the propeller plane for the two hull forms are compared using CFD. The effective powers of the object ships are assessed based on CFD. Resistance increase according to the attached appendages and quasi-propulsive efficiency are employed the experimental datas. Speed performance prediction method concerning high speed vessels like a medium patrol boat is developed employing CFD and experimental data.

Simulations of Axisymmetric Transition Flow Regimes Using a CFD/DSMC Hybrid Method (CFD/DSMC 혼합해석기법을 이용한 축대칭 천이영역 유동 해석)

  • Choi, Young-Jae;Kwon, Oh-Joon
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aeronautical & Space Sciences
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    • v.47 no.3
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    • pp.169-176
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    • 2019
  • In the present study, a CFD/DSMC hybrid method performed by a coupled analysis between the CFD method and the DSMC method was developed to obtain the flow information on the rarefied gas flows effectively. Flow simulations around the high speed vehicles on the transition flow regimes were conducted by using the developed method. The FRESH-FX vehicle made of cone and cylinder shapes was considered for the simulations. The results of the hybrid method were compared with the results of the pure CFD and the pure DSMC method to confirm the reliability and efficiency of the hybrid method. It was found that the gradient and the intensity of the shock waves were weakened due to the relatively low density on the transition flow regime. It was confirmed that the results of the hybrid analysis were different to those of the pure CFD analysis and almost identical to those of the pure DSMC analysis. In addition, the computational time of the hybrid method was reduced than that of the pure DSMC method. As a result, it was obtained that the validity and the efficiency of the CFD/DSMC hybrid method.

CFD Analysis of EFD-CFD Workshop Case 3 using Commercial and Open Source CFD codes (상용 및 오픈소스 CFD 코드를 이용한 EFD-CFD 워크샵 Case 3 해석)

  • Kim, Jong Rok
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aeronautical & Space Sciences
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    • v.45 no.3
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    • pp.241-251
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    • 2017
  • Computational fluid dynamics analysis was performed for the case 3 of the EFD-CFD workshop. Solvers were used for three commercial CFD codes(Star-CCM+, Fluent and CFX) and an open source CFD code(SU2). The grid were generated four types depending on the total cells using commercial grid generation code(Pointwise). Mach number of 0.4 and 0.8, 2 degree angle of attack and Mach number of 0.9, 1 degree angle of attack were calculated. Similar pressure coefficient curve and normal force coefficient were showed from the coarse grid to fine grid of four codes. But there is a difference in the drag coefficient. The position of the shock wave was predicted forward as the discretization order increased in calculations using Star-CCM+ and Fluent. The computation time to converge, Fluent, Star-CCM +, CFX are in order, and SU2 takes much time to converge.