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An Analysis of the Trends of Aromatherapy Researches in Chinese Literatures

  • Sun, Jiao-Jing;Kim, Kyeong-Ran
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.239-251
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    • 2021
  • Traditional Chinese medicine has treated diseases and improved health in nature-based experience. Advanced nations began to be interested in naturopathic therapy in the late 19th century and it led China to research aromatherapy. This study searched previous researches related with aromatherapy and generally analyzed aroma oil, applied body parts, methods of use, and period of use. For research contents, scientific and society journals from 2000 to 2019 related with aromatherapy were searched in CNKI(www.cnki.com) and WANFANG DATE(www.wanfang.com). Finally, 30 papers were selected through 5-step qualitative evaluation and expert review and analyzed. Frequency and percentage(%) were calculated by means of the Excel 2013 Program and represented by a chart. The results of analyzing aromatherapy trends are as follows. All 30 papers were researched in the medical society. The most common symptom was irritation and anxiety that appeared in 13 papers. Lavender oil and bergamot oil were commonly used aroma oil. Commonly applied part and method were nose and nasal inhalation. For aroma oil associated with symptoms, lavender oil was the best in irritative, anxious, and negative emotion, depression, labor pain, sleep disorder, migraine, tension, and vomiting, pain, and fatigue after operation. Lemon, ginger, and peppermint oil was good for nausea. Based on the findings, this study derived applied body parts, methods of use, and period of use in aromatherapy. However, most aromatherapy was used for patients in the nursing and medical fields in the simple form of inhalation and local massage. This study will suggest a standard ground that aromatherapy is good for pain, colic pain, and tension in a short period but needs a long period for the efficacy of psychological and neurological symptoms.

Research Trends of Randomized Controlled Trials on Herbal Medicine Treatment for Atopic Dermatitis-Focusing on CNKI (아토피 피부염의 한약 치료에 대한 무작위대조군연구 중심의 연구 동향 - CNKI를 중심으로)

  • Yang, Geum-Jin;Jo, Eun-hee;Kang, Su-Jin;Hong, Jieun;Shim, Yu-Hwa;Lee, Ju-Hyun;Park, Min-cheol
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.102-116
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the research trends of randomized controlled trials on herbal medicine treatment for atopic dermatitis in China for the last 5 years. We searched for randomized controlled trials with the intervention of herbal medicine for the treatment of atopic dermatitis in the CNKI (China National Knowledge Infrastructure) from January 2014 to December 2018. For the screening of the paper, we used '特应性皮炎' and '异位性皮炎' which mean atopic dermatitis and search was limited to three areas within Medicine & Public Health: Traditional Chinese Medicine, Traditional Chinese Medicinal Herbs, Combination of Traditional Chinese Medicine with Western Medicine. Among the 136 searched studies, we selected a total of 34 studies and analyzed a year of publication, subject characteristics, study design and intervention, prescribed herbal medicine and herbs, pattern identification, evaluation criteria, and outcomes. Longmu decoction (龍牡湯) and Polia Sclerotium (茯笭) was the most frequently prescribed medicine and herb. The most commonly used pattern identification was Blood deficiency and Wind-dryness (血虛風燥), and among them, the most frequently prescribed herb is Rehmanniae Radix (生地黃). In most studies using the total effectiveness and SCORAD index as an outcome measure, the herbal medicine treatment group showed statistically better results than the control group. As a result of the safety assessment, the herbal medicine treatment group was reported having significantly fewer side effects compared to the control group. Hence, it was confirmed that the intervention including herbal medicine had a significant effect on atopic dermatitis. This study would be able to provide the basis of clinical research on atopic dermatitis and applied to the treatment of atopic dermatitis.

Acupuncture Treatment of Tic Disorders In Traditional Chinese Medicine (틱장애에 대한 침치료의 최근 동향;2005-2007년 중국 임상논문 중심으로)

  • Kang, Mun-Su;Kim, Lak-Hyung
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.179-187
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    • 2008
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study is to review the acupuncture treatment studies of tic disorder in traditional chinese medicine. Methods : We reviewed the 16 studies about acupuncture treatment of tic disorder which were published from 2005 through 2007. We selected those studies from CNKI(中國知識基礎設施工程 http://www.cnki.net). Results : Selected 16 studies were divided into 8 case reports and 8 control studies. CCMD(6 studies) and DSM(4 studies) were frequently used in the diagnosis of tic disorder. Acupuncture points frequently used were 百會(Baekhoe, $GV_{20}$), 太衝(Taechung, $LR_3$), 風池(Pungji, $GB_{20}$), 合谷(Hapgok, $LI_4$), 神門(Sinmun, $HT_7$), 三陰交(Sameumgyo, $SP_6$), 內關(Naegwan, $PC_6$) and so on. According to specific parts of symptom, some acupuncture points were added. Most of studies reported that acupuncture treatments of tic disorder were very effective. Conclusions : There have been reported many acupuncture treatment studies of tic disorder in traditional chinese medicine. We believe that these studies could be applied to the clinical practices in Korea.

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A Review of the Scale Measurement Studies in Traditional Chinese Medicine (중의(中醫) 양표학(量表學) 연구 동향)

  • Ryu, Jae-Min;Park, Young-Bae;Park, Young-Jae
    • The Journal of the Society of Korean Medicine Diagnostics
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.93-102
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: To review the Scale Measurement studies on Traditional Chinese Medicine and it's prospection. Method: The papers reviewed in this study were searched through internet search engines such as China National Knowledge Infrastructure(www.cnki.net). we searched papers on Scale studies by the keyword "量表"(Scale) and "中醫"(TCM). Results: 263 papers which is truly related on "Scale" were collected. All the papers were reviewed briefly under the subtitle of diagnosis, evaluation of curative value, development of scale, reverse of overseas questionnaire to chinese literature and etc. Conclusions: Scale measurement studies on TCM proceeded so much but their medical application was on small and narrow field. Also Scale study had TCM's characteristics were only 18% of them. Neverthless, productions from China were precious and valuable to Korean Oriental Medicine and we have to learn their success on scale measurement studies.

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Problems and Countermeasures of Control Group Design in Randomized Controlled Trials of Herbal Medicine (한약제제 무작위 대조군 연구에서 대조군 설계의 문제점과 대안)

  • Yun, Young-Hee;Choi, In-Hwa
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology and Dermatology
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.94-101
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    • 2008
  • Objectives : To discuss the types of control groups in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of herbal medicine, and to provide suggestions for improving the design of control group in future clinical trials. Methods : We reviewed the 8 articles about clinical trial design of Chinese herbal preparation which were published from 2005 through 2008. We selected those articles from CNKI(中國知識基礎施設工程(http://www.cnki.net)). Results : It is necessary to have control group in randomized controlled trials(RCTs) of Korean herbal preparation. But there are problems in the selection of appropriate control group drug. This paper lists several problems about the choice of control drug and puts forward some proposals and countermeasures. There are problems such as ethics and manufacturing matching placebo and positive control herbal drug. Conclusion : To improve the quality of control group design, we introduce standard drug plus placebo drug method and add-on research for placebo control group design, double dummy technique, using negative control drug or composite control drug for active control group design.

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Herbal Medicine Treatment of Tic Disorder in Traditional Chinese Medicine : A Review Study (틱장애에 대한 한약 대조군 연구의 최근 동향;2007년 중국 임상 논문에서)

  • Kang, Mun-Su;Cho, Yi-Hyun;Kim, Lak-Hyung
    • Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.141-149
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    • 2008
  • Objective : This study was designed to analyze the herbal medicine case-control studies of tic disorder in traditional chinese medicine. Method : For this study, we searched the studies on tic disorder, which had been published 2007, through web-site CNKI(中國知識基魔設施工程) http://www.cnki.net). There were 15 herbal medicine case-control studies and we focused on those studies. Results: 1. DSM-IV(7 studies), CCMD(5 studies) and ICD-10(3 studies) were frequently used in the diagnosis of tic disorder. 2. Paeonia radix alba, Uncariae ramulus et uncus and Glycyrrhizae radix were frequently used in treatment. Moreover Scorpio, Gastrodiae rhizoma, Pinelliae rhizoma and so on were used. 3. Treatment results were assessed by improvement of symptom, YGTSS and so on. 4. Herbal medicine treatment was more effective than western medicine treatment in most studies, and side effects of herbal medicine were far less than those of western medicine. Conclusion : There have been reported many herbal medicine treatment studies of tic disorder in traditional chinese medicine. We believe that these studies can be applied to the clinical practices in Korean medicine.

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Review of Flexible brace(SpineCor Brace) in Pubmed, CNKI and Journal of Korean Oriental Medicine ; RCTs(Randomized controlled trials) Review (스파인코 보조기의 척추 측만증에 대한 효과 고찰)

  • Kim, Seong-Tae;Na, Eun-Ji;Gwon, Min-Goo;Hwang, Chun-Ho;Kim, Min-Seong;Park, Jin-Woo;Sung, In-Hyung k.;Jo, Hee-Geun;Sul, Jae-Uk
    • The Journal of Korea CHUNA Manual Medicine for Spine and Nerves
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.35-45
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    • 2015
  • Objectives : To evaluate the clinical effectiveness of Flexible brace(SpineCor Brace). Methods : CNKI, PubMed databases and Korean Journal of Oriental Medicine in 1999-2014 were searched for studies on SpineCor. This study researched 4 randomized controlled trial studies. Results : The results suggested that the SpineCor brace reduced the probability of the progression of early idiopathic scoliosis comparing with its natural history or rigid brace. But some studies showed that there is no significant difference between SpineCor and rigid brace. Conclusions : These results indicate that SpineCor have obvious effects on treatment of scoliosis and no adverse reactions, therefore we need to study more researches on SpineCor.

Recent Clinical Research on Effect of Acupuncture for Autism Spectrum Disorder (자폐스펙트럼장애의 침치료에 대한 최근 임상 연구 동향 - RCT 중심으로 -)

  • Lee, Ji Na;Lee, Sun Haeng;Lee, Jin Yong
    • The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.119-126
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    • 2015
  • Objectives The purpose of this study is to investigate recent clinical studies on effect of acupuncture for Autism Spectrum Disorder in other countries. We have analyzed the studies on effect of acupuncture for Autism Spectrum Disorder within randomized controlled trail (RCT) for 6years (from 2010 to 2015). Methods The search database includes Medline, Embase, Cochrane library and CNKI (China National Knowledge Infrastructure). To narrow the search, the following key search terms were used: 'autism or ASD or Asperger's Syndrome or pervasive developmental disorder, acupuncture'. The search was limited to the publication date from 2010 to 2015. 7 control studies in Medlin, Embase, Cochrane library and 5 control studies in CNKI were selected for analysis. Results and Conclusions 1. The acupuncture and rehabiliation treatment is more effective than only acupuncture treatment. Especially, Retention of needling is helpful. 2. It is necessary to set up standard scale in assessment of ASD patients and serum arginine-vasopressin (AVP) can be substitution. 3. Head acupuncture and tongue acupuncture is effective for ASD.

A Review of Studies for Acupuncture Therapy of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Traditional Chinese Medicine (주의력결핍·과잉행동장애의 침치료에 대한 최신 연구동향 - 2011-2013년 중국 논문 중심으로 -)

  • Kang, Mun Su;Kim, Woo Kyoung;Kim, Lak Hyung
    • The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.10-16
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    • 2013
  • Objectives The purpose of this study was to investigate the acupuncture therapy about Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in China. Methods We searched for the studies on ADHD at China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI, http://www.cnki.net) from 2011.1 to 2013.8. Results Selected 12 studies were divided into 7 case reports and 5 control studies. 7 case reports reported significant improvements with acupuncture therapy in ADHD. 5 control studies reported results that the acupuncture therapy groups were similar or better than western medicine treatment groups. Frequently used acupuncture points were EX-HN23 (7 times), GV20 ${\bullet}$ P6 ${\bullet}$ SP6 (6 times), G13 ${\bullet}$ EX-HN1 (5 times). Conclusions There have been reported many ADHD clinical studies in China and these studies can be applied to the clinical practices in Korea.

A Review Study on the Treatment of Panic Disorder in Traditional Chinese Medicine (공황장애 치료에 대한 중의학의 임상연구 동향)

  • Lee, Seung-Hwan;Seong, Woo-Yong;Lim, Jung-Hwa
    • Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.161-170
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    • 2015
  • Objectives: This study was performed to review the research trends in the treatment of panic disorder in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Methods: We searched articles in the China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) from 2004 to 2014. Search key words were '惊恐' and 'panic disorder', and we selected eight studies except for non-clinical, unrelated studies, tests on animals. Results: We finally selected eight articles, and the results were as follows. CCMD-3 was most frequently used as a diagnostic criterion and HAMA was mostly used for outcome measurement. In TCM there are various ways, such as herbal medicine, acupuncture and psychotherapy, to treat panic disorder. Most of the studies showed effective results. Most of the treatment group reported that they had less side effects than the control group. However, the quality of these clinical studies was low. Conclusions: In TCM, research on panic disorder was being conducted more actively than in Korean medicine. According to this study, it seems that in TCM, the treatment of panic disorder might be more effective and have some advantages. Therefore, with this study, we hope to activate more clinical research on the treatment of panic disorder in Korean medicine.