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Analysis of Clinical Research Trends on Traditional Chinese Medicine Treatment for Depression Syndrome Similar to Hwabyung: Focusing on CNKI (화병(火病) 유사 병증의 한의학적 치료에 대한 임상연구 동향분석 - CNKI를 중심으로)

  • Choi, Eun-ji;Suh, Hyo-weon;Kim, Jong Woo;Chung, Sun Yong
    • Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.349-358
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    • 2017
  • Objectives: To analyze whether a concept similar to Korean 'Hwabyung' exists in China. We investigated the status of clinical studies conducted in China for relevant diseases and trends of the traditional Chinese medicinal (TCM) treatment adopted in clinical studies. Methods: To explore the concept of a condition similar to Korean Hwabyung in China, we searched for the existence of concept and pattern that were parallel or similar to those of Hwabyung in TCM text-books and diagnostic guidelines. We searched and analyzed clinical studies of TCM treatment for depression syndrome similar to Hwabyung from CNKI using terms 'depression' and 'qi stagnation transforming into fire'. Using extracted data, characteristics of clinical research, herbal medicine, and acupuncture treatment used in the clinical research and their effects were systematically reviewed. Results: Symptoms of 'qi stagnation transforming into fire' were most similar to those of Hwabyung. Nine articles were selected from a total 258 articles. Most of them used DSM-IV or CCMD-3 for depression diagnosis. They applied 'diagnostic and efficacy guidelines for TCM diseases and syndromes' for pattern diagnosis of 'qi stagnation transforming into fire'. Danzhixiaoyao-san and Jiaweixiaoyao-san were found to be effective when they were used alone or in combination with antidepressants. Acupuncture treatment also showed remarkable effect on LR3, HT7, LI4, PC6, GV20 when it was used alone or in combination with antidepressants. However, careful interpretation is required because a small number of studies are included.Conclusions: 'Qi stagnation transforming into fire' seemed to have symptoms similar to Hwabyung. However, further research is needed to determine its diseases and pattern types compared to Hwabyung. According to included studies of 'depression with Qi stagnation transforming into fire', herbal medicine and acupuncture treatment tended to be effective in relieving depressive symptoms. However, more discussion is required for future application of herbal medicine and acupuncture for treating Hwabyung.

A Study on Homogeneity Analysis of the Guipi Decoction for Treatment of Insomnia Disorder -Focusing on Randomized Controlled Clinical Trials in CNKI (불면장애에 사용된 귀비탕의 동질성 연구 -CNKI에서 검색한 무작위배정 임상연구를 중심으로-)

  • Kim, Dong-Hee;Sakong, Jong-Won;Kang, Chang-Wan;Lee, Sang-Hyup;Ha, Ji-Won;Kim, Bo-Kyung
    • Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.145-163
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    • 2018
  • Objectives: The study was designed to provide clinical evidence of homogeneity in analysis of the herbal medicine, Guipi decoction in treating insomnia, using a t-test of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Methods: This study included RCTs that verified homogeneity of Guipi decoction in treating insomnia. Literature studies of CNKI (Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure Database) were performed. The basic components group was made to the Guipi decoction of the Yixuerumen?s text. The excluded group was created with the number of herbs excluded from the basic components group. T-test performed that the effective rate in the basic components group and excluded groups. Results: The basic components of Guipi decoction contain Atractylodis Rhizoma Alba, Poria Sclerotium (Poria Sclerotium Cum Pini Radix), Polygalae Radix, Astragali Radix, Zizyphi Semen, Angelicae Gigantis Radix, Aucklandiae Radix, Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fischer, Ginseng Radix (Codonopsis Pilosulae Radix), Longanae Arillus. Herbs excluded from the basic components group were Longanae Arillus, Ginseng Radix (Codonopsis Pilosulae Radix), Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fischer and herbs added to the basic components group were Polygonum multiflorum Thunberg, Schisandrae Fructus, Salviae Militiorrhizae Radix, Paeoniae Radix Alba (in order from the most used to the least). T-test revealed the effective rate in the basic components group was not statistically significant compared to the excluded groups (p=0.161/p=0.162/p=0.103). Conclusions: Effectiveness in treatment of basic components of Guipi decoction and excluded groups were revealed to be homogeneous in treating insomnia. As the number of herbs in the basic components group decreased, mean value in effectiveness of treatment also decreased consequentially. However, there were no statistical significances.

The Development of Deep Learning in China (중국의 심층학습개발)

  • Zhao, Yulan;Lee, Hyo Jong
    • Proceedings of the Korea Information Processing Society Conference
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    • pp.533-534
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    • 2019
  • This paper is to summarize the academic status of deep learning in Chinese scientific institutions and universities based on the literatures from CNKI. We analyzed the various development of deep learning in China based on the application of computer vision, voice recognition and natural language processing.

Traditional Chinese Medicine in the Treatment of Mental Retardation;A Review Study (정신지체에 대한 한의학 치료와 연구 동향;2003-2007년 중국 임상 논문에서)

  • Im, Jeong-Gyun;Kim, Lak-Hyung
    • The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.13-24
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    • 2008
  • Objectives This study was designed to analyze the clinical studies on Mental retardation(MR) in traditional Chinese medicine(TCM). Methods For this study, we searched the clinical studies on MR, which had been published from 2003 to 2007, through web site CNKI(中國知識基礎設施工 http://www.cnki.net). There were 17 clinical studies and we focused on those studies. Results 1. In those Chinese studies, they used following words to describe Mental retardation; 小人弱智($xi\check{a}o\acute{e}rru\grave{o}zh\grave{i}$), 智能發育不全($zh\grave{i}n\acute{e}ngf\bar{a}y\grave{u}buqu\acute{a}n$), 智力低下($zh\grave{i}l\grave{i}d\bar{i}xi\grave{a}$), 精神發育遲滯($j\bar{i}ngsh\acute{e}f\bar{a}y\grave{u}ch\acute{i}zh\grave{i}$), 智能落后($zh\grave{i}n\acute{e}nglu\grave{o}h\grave{o}u$), 智能落后($zh\grave{i}n\acute{e}ngch\acute{i}hu\check{a}n$), 失天愚型患人($xi\bar{a}nti\bar{a}ny\acute{u}x\acute{i}nghu\grave{a}n'\acute{e}r$). 2. There were many kinds of TCM treatment methods for MR, such as herbal medicine, acupuncture, electroacupunture, acupoint injection, Chuna therapy, and special education. And those TCM treatments methods showed higher efficacies in the treatment of MR compared with Western medicine. 3. Mental retardation was related with the deficiency of heart, kidney, liver, spleen(心虛, 腎虛, 肝虛, 脾虛) and the pathological mechanism of Phlegm(絹) and Blood stasis(慫沂)in the studies about the Bian Zheng-the types of differential diagnosis- of MR. 4. Most of studies used Intelligence Quotient(IQ) to assess the efficacy of TCM treatment of MR. And the duration of treatment, the degree of illness, the age of patient, and the cause of illness affected the prognosis of MR. Conclusions These results suggest that traditional medicine could be one of the useful treatments on MR. And these results could be used in the clinical practices and studies on MR in Korea.

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The Study on the Treatment of Leiomyoma - Focusing on the Papers Published in 2010 within China - (자궁근종의 치료에 대한 고찰 -2010년 중국내 발표 논문 중심으로-)

  • Baek, Young-Ju;Kim, Myoung-Dong
    • The Journal of Korean Obstetrics and Gynecology
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.109-131
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    • 2011
  • Objectives: This study aims to search the clinical cases that treated leiomyoma through the traditional Chinese medicine, to understand the study trend on leiomyoma in China, and to clairfy the cause of leiomyoma and its treatment by the oriental medicine herbs. Methods: We searched the key word "leiomyoma" in the China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI)[http://www.cnki.net], and narrowed its searching area to the papers published in the year 2010. Of 720 study papers, we chose 21 clinical papers on the leiomyoma, and studied the patient case, treating method, result of treatment, and checked the category, cause, treatment method of leiomyoma. Results: The results are shown in the Table 1-3. Conclusions: Leiomyoma is categorized in the traditional Chinese medicine as both lump occuring inside the body and stony abdominal lump. The main cause of leiomyoma is qi-stagnation and blood stasis, essence deficiency and pathogen affluence. The treatment method is used by activating blood and resolving stasis but harmonizing the spleen and stomach to prevent damaging healthy qi. The development herbal medicine of treating leiomyoma is Gyehongbyeolgaphwan, Gyejibongnyeonggyonang, Gungryusogyonang, Angonpyoen etc. In treating leiomyoma, the herbs were much used to regulate qi as Baekbokryung, Danggwi, Baekchul, Doin, Moryeo, Achul, Mokdanpi etc. Traditional Chinese Medicine(TCM) treatment of leiomyoma has efficiency of improve symptom but low ratio of complete recovery.

The Recent Trends of Clinical Research on General Anxiety Disorder in Chinese Herbal Medicine (범불안장애의 중의학 약물 임상시험 최신 동향)

  • No, Dong-Jin;Lee, Sang-Ryong;Jung, In-Chul
    • Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.79-89
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    • 2009
  • Objectives : To address suitable method for designing clinical trial intervening Traditional Korean Herbal Medicine on General anxiety disorder through the recent clinical research in Chinese Herbal Medicine. Methods : Randomized, controlled trials(RCTs) of treatment of general anxiety disorder intervening herbal medicine were searched through CNKI databases. We examined several item of studies and evaluated using Jadad scale. We searched articles in CNKI with the key word "General anxiety disorder or 廣範性焦慮症", among them we selected the clinical trial studies related with herbal medicine except for case reports, studies of acupuncture therapy or west medicines. Results : 11 RCT studies of herbal medicine met inclusion criteria. The Studies used CCMD-3, HAMA as inclusion tool and mainly HAMA as a evaluation tool. Studies were progressed for 2-8 weeks, mostly used various positive control. Experiment medicine were mainly 理氣劑, 安神劑. In most studies, experiment group made similar or higher efficacy in comparison with control group. Mean Jadad score of studies was $1.3{\pm}0.67$, and only one study was double-blinded among 11 studies. Conclusions : RCT studies on general anxiety disorder of chinese herbal medicine tend to focus on investigating effect of herbal medicine through setting positive control group with CCMD-3 and HAMA. But, most studies had low quality of trial, for lack of pattern identification, evaluation and inclusion tool of chinese medicine. Clinical trials of general anxiety disorder should provide good quality by randomization, double-blinding, and multi-site trial.

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Analytical Study on Medical Leech in the Last 10 Years: A Suggestion of Practical Use on Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome (최근 10년간의 수질(水蛭) 연구 동향: 비만 및 대사증후군에의 응용 가능성 제고)

  • Lee, Jin-Won;Park, Won-Hyung;Cha, Yun-Yeop;Song, Yun-Kyung
    • Journal of Korean Medicine for Obesity Research
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 2014
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study is to analyse research trends about medical leech in the last 10 years. Methods: We searched the papers with key words of 'medical leech', '水蛭' in China Knowledge Resource Integrated Database (CNKI), Korean traditional knowledge portal, DBPIA, KISS. We classified the papers by year and content. Results: 1. Result of the classification on the basis of the research methods, 50 studies are clinical case reports, 301 studies are experimental paper, 599 studies are clinical trial study, 219 studies are literature review. 2. Result of the classification on the basis of the research topics, 454 studies are the effect of anticoagulant research, 84 studies are diabetes and renal disease research, 194 studies are pharmacological properties research, and 43 studies are effect of allergic and anti-inflammatory research. 3. The proportion of the coagulation effect study tends to decrease every year since 2006. 4. Leech research tends to decrease in last 3 years. 5. Recently, there are many research in psychiatry, orthopedic diseases and beauty. 6. There are 10 studies related to leech in Korean. Conclusions: The researches of medical leech are actively done. The diversity of subjects is getting wider and richer.

Research Trend of Traditional Chinese Medicine in the Treatment of Restless Legs Syndrome (하지불안증후군의 중의치료 연구 동향)

  • Kim, Tae-Heon;Jung, Jin-Hyung;Choi, Yun-Hee;Kim, Bo-Kyung
    • Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.165-178
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    • 2014
  • Objectives: This study was conducted to assess how Traditional Chinese Medicine treats the medical condition of Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS). Methods: The authors searched for relevant articles through the CNKI (China National Knowledge Infrastructure-www.global.cnki.net) with the following keywords: The main search was for the term 'RLS,' with supportive words added such as 'Acupunture', 'Acupoint', 'Meridian', 'Moxibustion', 'Massage', 'Acupoint injection'. Our search yielded a total of 233 articles; there were a total of 71 articles related to clinical fields. We then analyzed the chosen articles using a number of criteria including the study type used, the treatment method utilized, and the main effect of the treatment. Results: The 71 analyzed articles utilized the following type of study design: 4 were classified as Quasi-randomised trial, 22 as Randomized Controlled Trial, and 45 as a case report. Regarding the treatment used for RLS, 25 studies examined a single treatment modality, while 46 studies examined a complex treatment modality. There were a total of 10 types of acupuncture treatment used in treating RLS; several massage and acupoint injection method were also found. Finally, there were a few studies that used Moxibustion, as well as several supportive treatments like Cupping, Moxibustion, Steam-Washing, TDP (Teding Dancibo Pu) were found. Conclusions: Traditional Chinese Medicine has used a variety of different study designs and treatments vis-a-vis RLS. These treatments are also used to treat the condition in South Korea.

The Current State of Clinical Studies for Herbal Medicine of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) -Focusing on Chinese Journals- (ADHD의 한약물 치료에 대한 최신 임상연구 동향 -2007년부터 2012년까지 중국 논문을 중심으로-)

  • Ryu, Chun-Gil;Cho, A-Ram;Seo, Joo-Hee;Jeong, Seong-Sik;Lee, Ji-Su;Sung, Woo-Yong
    • Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 2013
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study was to take around herbal medicine for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in China. Methods : A journal search was performed using China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) from 2007 to 2012. Key words searched were 'ADHD'. Results : 25 studies were selected. Case control studies showed that herbal medicine treatment reported better results than the western medicine treatment group. 12 case reports reported a significant improvement in herbal medicine treatment for patients with ADHD. Frequently used herbal materials were Rhizome of Polygalae Radix and Rhizome of Acori Gramineri Rhizoma (16 times), Root of Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch (14 times), Root of Rehmanniae Radix et Rhizoma Preparata and Sclerotium of Poria cocos Wolf (12 times). Conclusions : There have been many studies regarding herbal medicine for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in China, and these studies can be applied to the clinical practices in Korea.

Recent Reports in Treatment for REM Sleep Behavior Disorder in Traditional Chinese Medicine and Kampo in Japan (REM 수면 행동 장애의 치료에 대한 중의학 및 Kampo의 연구 경향)

  • Choi, Yoon-Hee;Jung, Jin-Hyeong;Kim, Bo-Kyung
    • Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.343-352
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    • 2013
  • Objectives: This study was performed to review the research trends in treatment for REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) and Kampo in Japan. Methods: We searched articles in CNKI (China National Knowledge Infrastructure) under the key words, "RBD", and Chinese words related with it in Traditional Chinese Medicine, Traditional Chinese Medicinal Herbs and Combination of Traditional Chinese Medicine With Western Medicine' field, and also in CiNii (Citation Information by NII); we also searched articles in Kampo Square in Japan under the key words, "RBD" and Japanese words related with it. We found 10 papers, and then selected 6 of them except the non-clinical and unrelated studies. We then analyzed their way of diagnosis, treatments, study type and etc.. Results: 6 studies were divided into 4 case reports, one control study, and one literature review study. All of the studies reported that Herbal medicine for RBD was effective as much as Western medicine like clonazepam and paroxetine. However, the quality and the quantity of these clinical studies were not enough. Conclusions: It seems that the researches for RBD have gradually been performed in TCM and Kampo. We hope that our study can activate/push forward clinical research for this disorder in Korean traditional medicine.