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Review of Clinical Research about the Treatment of Hiccup After Stroke with Herbal Medicine - Based on Traditional Chinese Medicine Journals (중풍 후 딸꾹질의 한약치료에 대한 임상 연구 동향 - 중의학 저널을 중심으로)

  • Kang, Eun-jin;Ryu, Hae-rang;Kim, Young-kyun;Kim, Kyoung-min
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.39 no.3
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    • pp.323-337
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    • 2018
  • Objective: The purpose of this research is to investigate Chinese clinical studies of the treatment of hiccup after stroke with herbal medicine. Methods: We used the China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) database to search for clinical studies about using herbal medicine to treat hiccup after stroke. Results: Nineteen clinical articles Until August 31, 2017 were analyzed. The most commonly used herbal prescription was Xuanfudaizhe-tang (旋覆代?湯). According to analysis, the most commonly used medical herbs were Haematitum (代?石), Inulae Flos (旋覆花), and Pinelliae Tuber (半夏). Clinical symptoms, total incidence rate of adverse reaction, recurrence rate, symptom improvement time, patient satisfaction comparison, and dietary status improvement were used to evaluate the treatments. The effective rate of the treatment group was 86.0-97.8%, significantly higher than control group in all papers. Side effects occurred much less frequently in the treatment group than in the western medicine control group. Conclusion: The treatment of hiccup after stroke with herbal medicine was shown to be highly effective in 19 studies. Additional well-designed clinical trials are needed; this study can be used as a basis for further research regarding the treatment of hiccup after stroke.

Clinical Effectiveness of Traditional Herbal Medicine in the Treatment of Central Post-Stroke Pain and Thalamic Syndrome: a Systemic Review and Meta-analysis of Randomized Clinical Trials Based on Traditional Chinese Medicine Journals (뇌졸중 후 중추성 통증 및 시상증후군에 대한 한약치료의 효과 : 체계적 고찰 및 메타분석 - 중의학 저널을 중심으로)

  • Jung, Yu-jin;Kang, Eun-jin;Hong, Sang-hoon
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.40 no.3
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    • pp.295-311
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    • 2019
  • Objectives: This research aimed to investigate Chinese clinical studies on the treatment of central post-stroke pain (CPSP) and thalamic syndrome after stroke with traditional herbal medicine (THM). Methods: Randomized controlled trials verifying the effects of herbal medicine on treating CPSP and thalamic syndrome after stroke were included in the study. Electrical and hand search were conducted in the China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), National Discovery for Science Leaders (NDSL), Research Information Sharing Service (RISS), Oriental Medicine Advanced Searching Integrated System (Oasis) for CPSP and thalamic syndrome after stroke. A literature search was performed in the Chinese and Korean databases for papers published from January 1, 2010 to October 1, 2018. The selected literature was assessed by Cochrane's risk of bias. Results: Twelve reports on randomized controlled trials met the inclusion criteria from the 227 identified reports. Effective rate, comparison of visual analogy scale, present pain intensity, pain grading index, recurrence rate, follow-up, and a 36-item short form survey instrument were used to evaluate the treatments. The effective rate of the treatment group was significantly higher than that of the control group in all papers. Side effects occurred less frequently in the treatment group than in the western medicine control group. Conclusions: The treatment of CPSP and thalamic syndrome after stroke with THM was shown to be highly effective. Additional well-designed clinical trials are needed. This study can be used as a basis for further research on the treatment of CPSP and thalamic syndrome after stroke.

A Review of the Research on E-commerce Ecosystem in China (중국 전자상거래 생태계 동향에 관한 연구)

  • Gao, Lan;Han, Jeong-Soo;Kim, Hyung-Ho
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.17 no.8
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    • pp.141-148
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    • 2019
  • Based on the theory of information ecology, this paper conducts a quantitative analysis on the research literature of e-commerce ecosystem in China, and clarifies the research hotspots and development trends, so as to provide reference for subsequent studies. With the key words related literatures collected by CNKI as the data source, and the software CiteSpaceIV is used to draw a visual knowledge map, the distribution of e-commerce ecosystem research papers in China is statistically analyzed by econometric analysis method, and literature research is summarized and evaluated. The research results show that previous studies mainly focus on the concept of e-commerce ecosystem, and there are relatively few research results on the construction and evolution mechanism of e-commerce ecosystem, so the depth and breadth of research should be expanded. Applying the concept of e-commerce ecosystem to solve the problems in cross-border e-commerce will be the future research trend.

Review of Clinical Studies of Traditional Chinese Medicine on Genito-Pelvic Pain/Penetration Disorder in Women (음부-골반통/삽입질환에 대한 중의학 임상연구 동향)

  • Nam, Eun-Young
    • The Journal of Korean Obstetrics and Gynecology
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.214-226
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    • 2019
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study is to review clinical studies of Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) on Genito-Pelvic Pain/Penetration Disorder (GPPPD) in women. Methods: Key words "Dyspareunia", "Vaginismus" were searched on Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure Database (CNKI) on April 21th 2019. Results: 2 case reports and 7 clinical trials were collected in accordance with the selection and exclusion criteria. Among the 7 trials, 4 were controlled trials, and 3 were single-arm trials. The types of intervention were herb medication in 8 studies, and compound TCM treatment including acupuncture, moxibustion, and cupping therapy in 1 study. All 4 controlled trials were about dyspareunia and conducted by herbal medicine of TCM. The study results and methods of intervention were analyzed. Conclusions: 2 case reports described the effectiveness of compound TCM treatments (acupuncture, moxibustion, cupping therapy) and herb medicine in dyspareunia. In 4 controlled trials, 2 trials described the effectiveness of herb medicine (oral or vaginal agent) compared to western treatment in dyspareunia, and other 2 trials described no effectiveness of herbal enema compared to danazol. In 3 single-arm trials, 1 trial of dyspareunia and 2 trials of vaginismus described the effectiveness of herb medicine. All the 9 selected studies reported improved or disappeared symptoms of GPPPD, or high effective rate after TCM treatment. There was limitation that the selected studies were retrieved from only one site of CNKI, and generalized results could not be derived, further studies should be carried out. Additional well-designed clinical studies on GPPPD in women are needed in Korea.

The State of Clinical Trials on Acupotomy for Lumbar Disc Herniation in China (요추 추간판 탈출증에 대한 중국 내 도침 임상 연구의 현황 분석)

  • Jun, Purumea;Liu, Yan;Park, Ji-Eun;Jung, So-Young;Han, Chang-Hyun
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.39-54
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    • 2017
  • Objectives This study aimed to search the Chinese literature on acupotomy for lumbar disc herniation and to analyze their methodologies. Methods Using 4 Chinese databases (CBM [www.sinomed.ac.cn], CNKI [www.cnki.net], WANFANG [www.wanfangdata.com], and WEIPU [www.cqvip.com]), we searched for clinical trials conducted in China over the past 10 years on acupotomy for lumbar disc herniation. The search terms used were "(腰椎椎間板脫出症 or 椎間板脫出症 or 椎間板脫出) and (针刀or 针刀松解术)" and we selected only meta-analyses that were published before December 2016. From among these meta-analyses, we excluded duplicates and selected the remaining 36 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) for our final analysis. Results The largest numbers of acupotomy papers were published in 2008 and 2013 (8 papers each). The average number of subjects was 120; the most common treatment method used for the control group was standard acupuncture (in 11 papers), and the most common concurrent treatment in the treatment group was massage (in 10 papers). The most common site of needle insertion was between the spinous processes, or at less than 0.5 cm on either side of the spinous processes (in 24 papers). The most common site of adhesion lysis was at the transverse process (in 24 papers). Two studies were blinded, and the mean Jadad score was 1.17. Conclusions A large number of RCTs on the use of acupotomy for lumbar disc herniation are conducted every year in China, and the procedure has been shown to be very effective, with few adverse effects. However, the average quality of the studies was not very high. Based on our study, we expect several high-quality clinical trials on acupotomy to be conducted in Korea in the future.

Research Trends on the Thread Embedding Therapy of Low back pain in Traditional Chinese Medicine - Focusing on published articles in China (요통에 대한 매선 임상연구의 중국 현황 분석 - 중국 내(內) 출판 저널을 중심으로)

  • Jun, Purumea;Liu, Yan;Park, Ji-Eun;Jung, So-Young;Han, Chang-Hyun
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.25-35
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    • 2017
  • About 60% to 90% of a total population experience low back pain at least once of life, and about 35% to 79% among them experience a recurrent and chronic low back pain. thread-embedding therapy is mainly used to improve appearance or treat obesity in early stage, but recently it is also used to treat musculoskeletal pain. This study aimed to search Chinese study using thread-embedding therapy on low back pain and to analyse their methodology. Three Chinese database(CNKI(www.cnki.net), WANFANG(www.wanfangdata.com), WEIPU(www.cqvip.com)) were searched for clinical study of thread-embedding therapy up to March 2016. The characteristics of included studies and regimen of thread-embedding in those studies were analyzed. The total 21 studies (4 case studies, 16 non-randomized controlled trials, 1 randomized controlled trial) were included. All studies on thread embedding treatment of low back pain reported that its effectiveness was very good. The most frequently used acupoints was Ashi acupoints and acupoints on bladder meridian(BL) or governor vessel(GV). Thread-embedding therapy is considered very useful for low back pain in Traditional Chinese medicine. Further studies are needed to investigate the effect of thread-embedding therapy and to expand its application. This study is limited in that the literature search in the Chinese database were restricted.

The Study on the Treatment of Leiomyoma - Focusing on the Papers Published in 2010 within China - (자궁근종의 치료에 대한 고찰 -2010년 중국내 발표 논문 중심으로-)

  • Baek, Young-Ju;Kim, Myoung-Dong
    • The Journal of Korean Obstetrics and Gynecology
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.109-131
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    • 2011
  • Objectives: This study aims to search the clinical cases that treated leiomyoma through the traditional Chinese medicine, to understand the study trend on leiomyoma in China, and to clairfy the cause of leiomyoma and its treatment by the oriental medicine herbs. Methods: We searched the key word "leiomyoma" in the China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI)[http://www.cnki.net], and narrowed its searching area to the papers published in the year 2010. Of 720 study papers, we chose 21 clinical papers on the leiomyoma, and studied the patient case, treating method, result of treatment, and checked the category, cause, treatment method of leiomyoma. Results: The results are shown in the Table 1-3. Conclusions: Leiomyoma is categorized in the traditional Chinese medicine as both lump occuring inside the body and stony abdominal lump. The main cause of leiomyoma is qi-stagnation and blood stasis, essence deficiency and pathogen affluence. The treatment method is used by activating blood and resolving stasis but harmonizing the spleen and stomach to prevent damaging healthy qi. The development herbal medicine of treating leiomyoma is Gyehongbyeolgaphwan, Gyejibongnyeonggyonang, Gungryusogyonang, Angonpyoen etc. In treating leiomyoma, the herbs were much used to regulate qi as Baekbokryung, Danggwi, Baekchul, Doin, Moryeo, Achul, Mokdanpi etc. Traditional Chinese Medicine(TCM) treatment of leiomyoma has efficiency of improve symptom but low ratio of complete recovery.

The Recent Trends of Clinical Research on General Anxiety Disorder in Chinese Herbal Medicine (범불안장애의 중의학 약물 임상시험 최신 동향)

  • No, Dong-Jin;Lee, Sang-Ryong;Jung, In-Chul
    • Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.79-89
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    • 2009
  • Objectives : To address suitable method for designing clinical trial intervening Traditional Korean Herbal Medicine on General anxiety disorder through the recent clinical research in Chinese Herbal Medicine. Methods : Randomized, controlled trials(RCTs) of treatment of general anxiety disorder intervening herbal medicine were searched through CNKI databases. We examined several item of studies and evaluated using Jadad scale. We searched articles in CNKI with the key word "General anxiety disorder or 廣範性焦慮症", among them we selected the clinical trial studies related with herbal medicine except for case reports, studies of acupuncture therapy or west medicines. Results : 11 RCT studies of herbal medicine met inclusion criteria. The Studies used CCMD-3, HAMA as inclusion tool and mainly HAMA as a evaluation tool. Studies were progressed for 2-8 weeks, mostly used various positive control. Experiment medicine were mainly 理氣劑, 安神劑. In most studies, experiment group made similar or higher efficacy in comparison with control group. Mean Jadad score of studies was $1.3{\pm}0.67$, and only one study was double-blinded among 11 studies. Conclusions : RCT studies on general anxiety disorder of chinese herbal medicine tend to focus on investigating effect of herbal medicine through setting positive control group with CCMD-3 and HAMA. But, most studies had low quality of trial, for lack of pattern identification, evaluation and inclusion tool of chinese medicine. Clinical trials of general anxiety disorder should provide good quality by randomization, double-blinding, and multi-site trial.

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Comparative Analysis of Korean, Chinese and Japanese Articles about Oncheongeum Used for Curing Atopic Dermatitis (아토피성 피부염에 활용되는 온청음(溫淸飮)에 대한 한중일의 논문 비교)

  • Kang, Hwi-Jung;Lee, Hyang-Im;Cho, Young-Joo;Joo, Myung-Soo;Kwon, Young-Kyu
    • Korean Journal of Oriental Medicine
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.63-74
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    • 2009
  • Background and Purpose : Oncheongeum(溫淸飮) composed of Samultang(四物湯) and Hwangryunhaedoktang(黃連解毒湯) was mainly used for healing metrorrhagia in the Qing dynasty of China. At present, Oncheongeum is used for treating a broad spectrum of diseases such as skin disease, stomatitis, behcets disease, diabetes mellitus and, especially in Japan, atopic dermatitis. To our knowledge, however, neither the precise constituents and their effects of Oncheongeum nor the criteria for the prescription of Oncheongeum were defined. To address this issue, we searched and performed analysis of Korean, Chinese and Japanese articles reporting the clinical and experimental studies of Oncheongeum. Methods : We searched articles in the national assembly library of Korea by using keyword 'Oncheongeum' korean. Similarly, we did chinese articles in the CNKI and japanese ones in the CiNii, respectively. Results : We found 13 korean articles about Oncheongeum in the national assembly library, 34 chinese articles in the CNKI, and 23 japanese in the CiNii. The papers were divided into clinical and experimental articles. The clinical articles were mainly published from China and Japan, and their subjects were predominantly on skin diseases. Conclusions : There were a lot of case reports about Oncheongeum used in the clinical studies. In order to better understand the effects of Oncheongeum, systematic review of the studies seems essential. The efficacy of Oncheongeum reported in the clinical studies should be supported by experimental data. Not much were clinical reports in Korea, although we are expecting more to come. It is possible to not only analyse but compare Oncheongeum with other prescriptions used for atopic dermatitis. More comprehensive and comparative analysis of three countries' prescriptions might provide a way of how to standardize prescriptions, which leads oriental medicine to an evidence based medicine.

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Traditional Chinese Medicine in the Treatment of Mental Retardation;A Review Study (정신지체에 대한 한의학 치료와 연구 동향;2003-2007년 중국 임상 논문에서)

  • Im, Jeong-Gyun;Kim, Lak-Hyung
    • The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.13-24
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    • 2008
  • Objectives This study was designed to analyze the clinical studies on Mental retardation(MR) in traditional Chinese medicine(TCM). Methods For this study, we searched the clinical studies on MR, which had been published from 2003 to 2007, through web site CNKI(中國知識基礎設施工 http://www.cnki.net). There were 17 clinical studies and we focused on those studies. Results 1. In those Chinese studies, they used following words to describe Mental retardation; 小人弱智($xi\check{a}o\acute{e}rru\grave{o}zh\grave{i}$), 智能發育不全($zh\grave{i}n\acute{e}ngf\bar{a}y\grave{u}buqu\acute{a}n$), 智力低下($zh\grave{i}l\grave{i}d\bar{i}xi\grave{a}$), 精神發育遲滯($j\bar{i}ngsh\acute{e}f\bar{a}y\grave{u}ch\acute{i}zh\grave{i}$), 智能落后($zh\grave{i}n\acute{e}nglu\grave{o}h\grave{o}u$), 智能落后($zh\grave{i}n\acute{e}ngch\acute{i}hu\check{a}n$), 失天愚型患人($xi\bar{a}nti\bar{a}ny\acute{u}x\acute{i}nghu\grave{a}n'\acute{e}r$). 2. There were many kinds of TCM treatment methods for MR, such as herbal medicine, acupuncture, electroacupunture, acupoint injection, Chuna therapy, and special education. And those TCM treatments methods showed higher efficacies in the treatment of MR compared with Western medicine. 3. Mental retardation was related with the deficiency of heart, kidney, liver, spleen(心虛, 腎虛, 肝虛, 脾虛) and the pathological mechanism of Phlegm(絹) and Blood stasis(慫沂)in the studies about the Bian Zheng-the types of differential diagnosis- of MR. 4. Most of studies used Intelligence Quotient(IQ) to assess the efficacy of TCM treatment of MR. And the duration of treatment, the degree of illness, the age of patient, and the cause of illness affected the prognosis of MR. Conclusions These results suggest that traditional medicine could be one of the useful treatments on MR. And these results could be used in the clinical practices and studies on MR in Korea.

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