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Comparative Analysis of Korean, Chinese and Japanese Articles about Oncheongeum Used for Curing Atopic Dermatitis (아토피성 피부염에 활용되는 온청음(溫淸飮)에 대한 한중일의 논문 비교)

  • Kang, Hwi-Jung;Lee, Hyang-Im;Cho, Young-Joo;Joo, Myung-Soo;Kwon, Young-Kyu
    • Korean Journal of Oriental Medicine
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.63-74
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    • 2009
  • Background and Purpose : Oncheongeum(溫淸飮) composed of Samultang(四物湯) and Hwangryunhaedoktang(黃連解毒湯) was mainly used for healing metrorrhagia in the Qing dynasty of China. At present, Oncheongeum is used for treating a broad spectrum of diseases such as skin disease, stomatitis, behcets disease, diabetes mellitus and, especially in Japan, atopic dermatitis. To our knowledge, however, neither the precise constituents and their effects of Oncheongeum nor the criteria for the prescription of Oncheongeum were defined. To address this issue, we searched and performed analysis of Korean, Chinese and Japanese articles reporting the clinical and experimental studies of Oncheongeum. Methods : We searched articles in the national assembly library of Korea by using keyword 'Oncheongeum' korean. Similarly, we did chinese articles in the CNKI and japanese ones in the CiNii, respectively. Results : We found 13 korean articles about Oncheongeum in the national assembly library, 34 chinese articles in the CNKI, and 23 japanese in the CiNii. The papers were divided into clinical and experimental articles. The clinical articles were mainly published from China and Japan, and their subjects were predominantly on skin diseases. Conclusions : There were a lot of case reports about Oncheongeum used in the clinical studies. In order to better understand the effects of Oncheongeum, systematic review of the studies seems essential. The efficacy of Oncheongeum reported in the clinical studies should be supported by experimental data. Not much were clinical reports in Korea, although we are expecting more to come. It is possible to not only analyse but compare Oncheongeum with other prescriptions used for atopic dermatitis. More comprehensive and comparative analysis of three countries' prescriptions might provide a way of how to standardize prescriptions, which leads oriental medicine to an evidence based medicine.

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Research Trends on the Thread Embedding Therapy of Low back pain in Traditional Chinese Medicine - Focusing on published articles in China (요통에 대한 매선 임상연구의 중국 현황 분석 - 중국 내(內) 출판 저널을 중심으로)

  • Jun, Purumea;Liu, Yan;Park, Ji-Eun;Jung, So-Young;Han, Chang-Hyun
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.25-35
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    • 2017
  • About 60% to 90% of a total population experience low back pain at least once of life, and about 35% to 79% among them experience a recurrent and chronic low back pain. thread-embedding therapy is mainly used to improve appearance or treat obesity in early stage, but recently it is also used to treat musculoskeletal pain. This study aimed to search Chinese study using thread-embedding therapy on low back pain and to analyse their methodology. Three Chinese database(CNKI(www.cnki.net), WANFANG(www.wanfangdata.com), WEIPU(www.cqvip.com)) were searched for clinical study of thread-embedding therapy up to March 2016. The characteristics of included studies and regimen of thread-embedding in those studies were analyzed. The total 21 studies (4 case studies, 16 non-randomized controlled trials, 1 randomized controlled trial) were included. All studies on thread embedding treatment of low back pain reported that its effectiveness was very good. The most frequently used acupoints was Ashi acupoints and acupoints on bladder meridian(BL) or governor vessel(GV). Thread-embedding therapy is considered very useful for low back pain in Traditional Chinese medicine. Further studies are needed to investigate the effect of thread-embedding therapy and to expand its application. This study is limited in that the literature search in the Chinese database were restricted.

The State of Clinical Trials on Acupotomy for Lumbar Disc Herniation in China (요추 추간판 탈출증에 대한 중국 내 도침 임상 연구의 현황 분석)

  • Jun, Purumea;Liu, Yan;Park, Ji-Eun;Jung, So-Young;Han, Chang-Hyun
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.39-54
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    • 2017
  • Objectives This study aimed to search the Chinese literature on acupotomy for lumbar disc herniation and to analyze their methodologies. Methods Using 4 Chinese databases (CBM [www.sinomed.ac.cn], CNKI [www.cnki.net], WANFANG [www.wanfangdata.com], and WEIPU [www.cqvip.com]), we searched for clinical trials conducted in China over the past 10 years on acupotomy for lumbar disc herniation. The search terms used were "(腰椎椎間板脫出症 or 椎間板脫出症 or 椎間板脫出) and (针刀or 针刀松解术)" and we selected only meta-analyses that were published before December 2016. From among these meta-analyses, we excluded duplicates and selected the remaining 36 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) for our final analysis. Results The largest numbers of acupotomy papers were published in 2008 and 2013 (8 papers each). The average number of subjects was 120; the most common treatment method used for the control group was standard acupuncture (in 11 papers), and the most common concurrent treatment in the treatment group was massage (in 10 papers). The most common site of needle insertion was between the spinous processes, or at less than 0.5 cm on either side of the spinous processes (in 24 papers). The most common site of adhesion lysis was at the transverse process (in 24 papers). Two studies were blinded, and the mean Jadad score was 1.17. Conclusions A large number of RCTs on the use of acupotomy for lumbar disc herniation are conducted every year in China, and the procedure has been shown to be very effective, with few adverse effects. However, the average quality of the studies was not very high. Based on our study, we expect several high-quality clinical trials on acupotomy to be conducted in Korea in the future.

A Review of the Research on E-commerce Ecosystem in China (중국 전자상거래 생태계 동향에 관한 연구)

  • Gao, Lan;Han, Jeong-Soo;Kim, Hyung-Ho
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.17 no.8
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    • pp.141-148
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    • 2019
  • Based on the theory of information ecology, this paper conducts a quantitative analysis on the research literature of e-commerce ecosystem in China, and clarifies the research hotspots and development trends, so as to provide reference for subsequent studies. With the key words related literatures collected by CNKI as the data source, and the software CiteSpaceIV is used to draw a visual knowledge map, the distribution of e-commerce ecosystem research papers in China is statistically analyzed by econometric analysis method, and literature research is summarized and evaluated. The research results show that previous studies mainly focus on the concept of e-commerce ecosystem, and there are relatively few research results on the construction and evolution mechanism of e-commerce ecosystem, so the depth and breadth of research should be expanded. Applying the concept of e-commerce ecosystem to solve the problems in cross-border e-commerce will be the future research trend.

Review of Clinical Studies of Traditional Chinese Medicine on Genito-Pelvic Pain/Penetration Disorder in Women (음부-골반통/삽입질환에 대한 중의학 임상연구 동향)

  • Nam, Eun-Young
    • The Journal of Korean Obstetrics and Gynecology
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.214-226
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    • 2019
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study is to review clinical studies of Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) on Genito-Pelvic Pain/Penetration Disorder (GPPPD) in women. Methods: Key words "Dyspareunia", "Vaginismus" were searched on Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure Database (CNKI) on April 21th 2019. Results: 2 case reports and 7 clinical trials were collected in accordance with the selection and exclusion criteria. Among the 7 trials, 4 were controlled trials, and 3 were single-arm trials. The types of intervention were herb medication in 8 studies, and compound TCM treatment including acupuncture, moxibustion, and cupping therapy in 1 study. All 4 controlled trials were about dyspareunia and conducted by herbal medicine of TCM. The study results and methods of intervention were analyzed. Conclusions: 2 case reports described the effectiveness of compound TCM treatments (acupuncture, moxibustion, cupping therapy) and herb medicine in dyspareunia. In 4 controlled trials, 2 trials described the effectiveness of herb medicine (oral or vaginal agent) compared to western treatment in dyspareunia, and other 2 trials described no effectiveness of herbal enema compared to danazol. In 3 single-arm trials, 1 trial of dyspareunia and 2 trials of vaginismus described the effectiveness of herb medicine. All the 9 selected studies reported improved or disappeared symptoms of GPPPD, or high effective rate after TCM treatment. There was limitation that the selected studies were retrieved from only one site of CNKI, and generalized results could not be derived, further studies should be carried out. Additional well-designed clinical studies on GPPPD in women are needed in Korea.

Clinical Effectiveness of Traditional Herbal Medicine in the Treatment of Central Post-Stroke Pain and Thalamic Syndrome: a Systemic Review and Meta-analysis of Randomized Clinical Trials Based on Traditional Chinese Medicine Journals (뇌졸중 후 중추성 통증 및 시상증후군에 대한 한약치료의 효과 : 체계적 고찰 및 메타분석 - 중의학 저널을 중심으로)

  • Jung, Yu-jin;Kang, Eun-jin;Hong, Sang-hoon
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.40 no.3
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    • pp.295-311
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    • 2019
  • Objectives: This research aimed to investigate Chinese clinical studies on the treatment of central post-stroke pain (CPSP) and thalamic syndrome after stroke with traditional herbal medicine (THM). Methods: Randomized controlled trials verifying the effects of herbal medicine on treating CPSP and thalamic syndrome after stroke were included in the study. Electrical and hand search were conducted in the China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), National Discovery for Science Leaders (NDSL), Research Information Sharing Service (RISS), Oriental Medicine Advanced Searching Integrated System (Oasis) for CPSP and thalamic syndrome after stroke. A literature search was performed in the Chinese and Korean databases for papers published from January 1, 2010 to October 1, 2018. The selected literature was assessed by Cochrane's risk of bias. Results: Twelve reports on randomized controlled trials met the inclusion criteria from the 227 identified reports. Effective rate, comparison of visual analogy scale, present pain intensity, pain grading index, recurrence rate, follow-up, and a 36-item short form survey instrument were used to evaluate the treatments. The effective rate of the treatment group was significantly higher than that of the control group in all papers. Side effects occurred less frequently in the treatment group than in the western medicine control group. Conclusions: The treatment of CPSP and thalamic syndrome after stroke with THM was shown to be highly effective. Additional well-designed clinical trials are needed. This study can be used as a basis for further research on the treatment of CPSP and thalamic syndrome after stroke.

Review of Clinical Research about the Treatment of Hiccup After Stroke with Herbal Medicine - Based on Traditional Chinese Medicine Journals (중풍 후 딸꾹질의 한약치료에 대한 임상 연구 동향 - 중의학 저널을 중심으로)

  • Kang, Eun-jin;Ryu, Hae-rang;Kim, Young-kyun;Kim, Kyoung-min
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.39 no.3
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    • pp.323-337
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    • 2018
  • Objective: The purpose of this research is to investigate Chinese clinical studies of the treatment of hiccup after stroke with herbal medicine. Methods: We used the China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) database to search for clinical studies about using herbal medicine to treat hiccup after stroke. Results: Nineteen clinical articles Until August 31, 2017 were analyzed. The most commonly used herbal prescription was Xuanfudaizhe-tang (旋覆代?湯). According to analysis, the most commonly used medical herbs were Haematitum (代?石), Inulae Flos (旋覆花), and Pinelliae Tuber (半夏). Clinical symptoms, total incidence rate of adverse reaction, recurrence rate, symptom improvement time, patient satisfaction comparison, and dietary status improvement were used to evaluate the treatments. The effective rate of the treatment group was 86.0-97.8%, significantly higher than control group in all papers. Side effects occurred much less frequently in the treatment group than in the western medicine control group. Conclusion: The treatment of hiccup after stroke with herbal medicine was shown to be highly effective in 19 studies. Additional well-designed clinical trials are needed; this study can be used as a basis for further research regarding the treatment of hiccup after stroke.

The Analysis of Clinical Trial Research Trend on Mild and Sub-clinical Depression in Traditional Chinese Medicine - using China National Knowledge Infrastructure Database - (경증 및 아임상 우울증의 중의학 임상연구 동향 분석 - China National Knowledge Infrastructure를 중심으로 -)

  • Ko, Youme;Lee, Siwoo;Kim, Sang-Hyuk
    • Journal of Society of Preventive Korean Medicine
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.47-59
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    • 2015
  • Objective : The purpose of this study was to analyze the trend of clinical research on 'mild and sub-clinical depressions' in China. Method : The journal search was performed using China National Knowledge Infrastructure(CNKI). Our inclusion criteria were as follows: TCM clinical trials for mild, sub-clinical, early stage of depression. Exclusion criteria were the following: non-TCM clinical trials, disease-associated depression related clinical trials. Results : We included 16 papers in this study. 1. In this study, we realized there have been several mild and sub-clinical depressions related clinical trials conducted in the field of TCM. 2. The result of 10 Journals used the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale for diagnosis and assessment criteria of mild and sub-clinical depressions. 3. The selected journals categorized by various interventions, such as, herbal medicine(7), acupuncture(4), miscellaneous(5). 4. Also, 7 Journals showed the significant improvements in patients with mild and sub-clinical depressions by TCM interventions, and 5 studies of TCM patent prescription reported that herbal medicine therapy has less side effect than the western medicine. Conclusion : Through this study, we found out that several researchers in China performed clinical trials on mild and sub-clinical depressions constantly. From the result of this study, we need to concern about the necessity of research on the mild and sub-clinical depression in Korea. Therefore, this result could be used as a meaningful reference for the design of future clinical trials.

The Trend of Clinical Research on Treatment for Pediatric Inguinal Hernia and Pediatric Rectal Prolapse - Focusing on Recent Studies in the China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) - (소아 서혜부 탈장(脫腸)·탈항(脫肛) 치료에 대한 중의학 연구동향 - 2000년 이후 발표된 RCT 논문을 중심으로 -)

  • Park, So Hyun;Kim, Ye Ji;Lee, Sun Haeng;Lee, Jin Yong
    • The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.40-56
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    • 2020
  • Objectives The purpose of this study is to analyze recent clinical studies on traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) treatment for pediatric inguinal hernia and pediatric rectal prolapse in China, and to seek better methods to treat and to study for Inguinal hernia and Rectal prolapse in Korea. Methods We searched the clinical studies from the China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) that were published between January 2000 to February 2020 by key words '疝气', '直腸脫出', '直腸脫垂', '脫肛', '小腸疝', '腹股溝疝', '儿童', '小儿', '少儿', '幼年', '治療', '中医治療', '中藥', '中医藥', '顆粒', '膠囊', '自擬', '湯', '丸', '散', '方'. We analyzed the literatures in regards to the treatment methods and results. Results Among the 193 searched studies, 10 randomized controlled trials were selected and analyzed. In most of the studies, the effectiveness of the traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) treatment on inguinal hernia and rectal prolapse was significantly high. Conclusions Based on the results of the clinical studies from China, use of the TCM for the treatment of inguinal hernia and rectal prolapse has been shown to be effective in relieving symptoms. Also, based on the result of this study, it will be possible to widen the scope of the TCM treatment on inguinal hernia and rectal prolapse. Additional clinical studies and experimental studies are needed to be performed to solidify these findings. The TCM has been shown as an effective treatment for pediatrics as well. These research results can be utilized in other clinical studies and in treatment.

A Review of Randomized Controlled Trial Studies during 5 Years for Treatment of Chondromalacia Patella Using China National Knowledge Infrastructure Database (슬개골 연골연화증의 무작위대조군 연구 최근 5년간의 경향 분석: 중국지식기초설시공정(中國智識基礎設施工程)(CNKI) 검색을 중심으로)

  • Choi, Yun-Young;Yang, Su-Hyeon;Jang, Yeong-Suk;Kim, Hyeon-Jin;Ahn, Jae-Young;Lee, Soo-Jin;Oh, Da-Yoon;Hong, Noo-Ri;Kim, Doo-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.77-93
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    • 2020
  • Objectives This study was conducted to investigate randomized controlled trial studies about clinical treatment of traditional Chinese medicine for chondromalacia patellae. Methods We searched randomized controlled trial studies about traditional Chinese medicine treatment for chondromalacia patella through China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI). 27 articles published from 2015-2019 were finally chosen and analyzed by published year, number of samples, evaluation criteria, treatment duration, treatment method. Results Various treatments such as acupuncture therapy, herbal medicine, moxibustion therapy, manipulation, external treatment were practiced in China. Most of them were combined with western medicine or injection, rehabilitation therapy. Conclusions There were diverse studies about traditional Chinese medical treatment for chondromalacia patellae in China. In Korea, more clinical research about chondromalacia patellae is still needed. This study will be helpful for future research on Korean medicine for chondromalacia patellae.