• Title, Summary, Keyword: CT contrast media

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Influence of Iodinated Magnetic Resonance Contrast Media and Isotope 99mTc on Changes of Computed Tomography Number

  • Kim, Sang-Beom;Lee, Jin-Hyeok;Ahn, Jae-Ouk;Cho, Jae-Hwan
    • Journal of Magnetics
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.302-307
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of the study was to identify how isotope and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast media impact on noise to computed tomography (CT) examination. For the study, divide the phantoms to two groups: 1) saline, saline + different kinds of contrast agent without $^{99m}Tc$ administration; 2) $^{99m}Tc$ administration: saline, saline + different kinds of contrast agent with $^{99m}Tc$ administration. CT contrast agent was used for Iopamidol$^{(R)}$ and Dotarem. And MRI contrast agent was used for Primovist$^{(R)}$ and Gadovist$^{(R)}$. To obtain an image, we used CT scanner. With an obtained image, we set the $1cm^2$ region of interest in the middle of bottle to measure the noise and CT number. As a result, there was no difference in CT number before and after inserting $^{99m}Tc$ into all contrast media including Normal Saline. However, when it comes to Noise, there was a difference before and after inserting $^{99m}Tc$ into every contrast media except MRI contrast media such as Primovist$^{(R)}$ and Gadovist$^{(R)}$.

Risk Factors for Adverse Reactions to Iodinated Contrast Media in Computed Tomography (컴퓨터 단층촬영을 위한 요오드화 조영제 사용으로 인한 부작용 발생의 위험인자 연구)

  • Kang, Hyung Rim;Lee, Yu Jeung
    • Korean Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.40-45
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    • 2016
  • Objective: The increasing use of imaging examinations such as computed tomography (CT) results in increased contrast media use, which increases contrast media-induced adverse reactions (AR). This study investigated the risk factors of ARs to nonionic iodinated contrast media. Methods: This study evaluated patients who were administered iodinated contrast media during CT scanning in Yeouido St. Mary's Hospital in Seoul, Korea in 2012. Among the subjects, those with contrast media-induced ARs were classified as the AR group. The control group included individuals without ARs who were selected through simple random sampling. The effects of sex, age, contrast media type and dose, CT region, previous contrast media administration, allergy history, and comorbidity were analyzed in the AR and control groups. Results: Multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to evaluate the identified AR risk factors in 103 subjects in the AR group and 412 subjects in the control group. The results confirmed that the risk of developing ARs was significantly higher in females [odds ratio (OR): 2.206; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.353-3.598], in individuals administered Iohexol (OR: 9.981; 95% CI: 2.361-42.193), in individuals with an allergy history (OR: 3.982; 95% CI: 1.742-9.101), and in individuals with comorbid asthma (OR: 6.619; 95% CI: 1.377-31.826). Most of the ARs were mild and immediate. Conclusion: In patients who were administered contrast media during CT scans, female gender, Iohexol use, allergy history, and asthma were risk factors for ARs. Therefore, special care is required for patients with such risk factors to prevent ARs.

The Evaluation of SUV Using with and without Correction for Effect of Contrast Media in Whole Body PET/CT Imaging (전신 PET/CT 영상에서 조영제 영향의 보정 유.무에 따른 SUV 평가)

  • Nam, So-Ra;Son, Hye-Kyung;Lim, Han-Sang;Park, Hoon-Hee;Cho, Hyo-Min;Lee, Chang-Lae;Kim, Hee-Joung
    • Progress in Medical Physics
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.246-251
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate SUV (standard uptake value) using different reconstruction methods in whole body PET/CT Imaging. PET/CT studies were peformed with and without correction for effect of contrast media. The patients data were acquired using GE DSTe commercial PET/CT system. The liver disease (hepatocellular carcinoma, HCC) and renal disease (renal ceil carcinoma, RCC) patients were selected for this study, The PET/CT data were reconstructed using post CT scan with and without correction for effect of contrast media. We selected ROIs (region of Interest) at the same location and same area for the same patient to compare SUVs in these two methods. For HCC and RCC, the average differences of SUVs were measured as $1.5{\pm}1.2%\;and\;1.0{\pm}0.9%$, respectively. For HCC and RCC, the maximum differences of SUVs were measured as 4.3% and 1.9%, respectively. We observed that SUVs without correction for effect of contrast media were higher than SUVs with correction for effect of contrast media. However the differences of SUVs were very minimal. These results may be limited to HCC and RCC and further studies will be Heeded for other organs or diseases to see any changes in SUV with and without correction for effect of contrast media.

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A Comparative Study of the Standard Uptake Values of the PET Reconstruction Methods; Using Contrast Enhanced CT and Non Contrast Enhanced CT (PET/CT 영상에서 조영제를 사용하지 않은 CT와 조영제를 사용한 CT를 이용한 감쇠보정에 따른 표준화섭취계수의 비교)

  • Lee, Seung-Jae;Park, Hoon-Hee;Ahn, Sha-Ron;Oh, Shin-Hyun;NamKoong, Heuk;Lim, Han-Sang;Kim, Jae-Sam;Lee, Chang-Ho
    • The Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.235-240
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: At the beginning of PET/CT, Computed Tomography was mainly used only for Attenuation Correction (AC), but as the performance of the CT have been increase, it could give improved diagnostic information with Contrast Media. But it was controversial that Contrast Media could affect AC on PET/CT scan. Some submitted thesis' show that Contrast Media could overestimate when it is for AC data processing. On the contrary, the opinion that Contrast Media could be possible to affect the alteration of SUV because of the overestimated AC. But it does not have a definite effect on the diagnosis. Thus, the affection of Contrast Media on AC was investigated in this study. Materials and Methods: Patient inclusion criteria required a history of a malignancy and performance of an integrated PET/CT scan and contrast- enhanced CT scan within a 1-day period. Thirty oncologic patients who had PET/CT scan from December 2007 to June 2008 underwent staging evaluation and met these criteria. All patients fasted for at least 6 hr before the IV injection of approximately 5.6 MBq/kg (0.15 mCi/kg) of $^{18}F$-FDG and were scanned about 60 min after injection. All patients had a whole body PET/CT performed without IV contrast media followed by a contrast-enhanced CT on the Discovery STe PET/CT scanner. CT data were used for AC and PET images came out after AC. The ROIs drew and measured SUV. A paired t-test of these results was performed to assess the significance of the difference between the SUV obtained from the two attenuation corrected PET images. Results: The mean and maximum Standardized Uptake Values (SUV) for different regions averaged over all Patients. Comparing before using Contrast Media and after using, Most of ROIs have the increased SUV when it did Contrast Enhanced CT compare to Non-Contrast enhanced CT. All regions have increased SUV and also their p value was under 0.05 except the mean SUV of the Heart region. Conclusion: In this regard, the effect on SUV measurements that occurs when a contrast-enhanced CT is used for attenuation correction could have significant clinical ramifications. But some submitted thesis insisted that the percentage change in SUV that can determine or modify clinical management of oncology patients is small. Because there was not much difference that could be discovered by interpreter. But obviously the numerical change was occurred and on the stage finding primary region, small change would be base line, such as the region of liver which has greater change than the other regions needs more attention.

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Influence of Iodinated Contrast Media and Paramagnetic Contrast Media on Changes in Uptake Counts of 99mTc

  • Cho, Jae-Hwan;Lee, Jin-Hyeok;Park, Cheol-Soo;Lee, Sun-Yeob;Lee, Jin;Moon, Deog-Hwan;Lee, Hae-Kag
    • Journal of Magnetics
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.248-254
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study is to figure out how uptake counts of technetium ($^{99m}Tc$) among radioisotopes in the human body are affected if computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and isotope examination are performed consecutively. $^{99m}Tc$ isotope material, iodinated contrast media for CT and paramagnetic contrast media for magnetic resonance (MR) were used as experimental materials. First, $^{99m}Tc$ was added to 4 cc normal saline in a test tube. Then, 2 cc of CT contrast media such as $Iopamidol^{(R)}$ and $Dotarem^{(R)}$ were diluted with 2 cc normal saline, and 2cc of MRI contrast media such as $Primovist^{(R)}$ and $Gadovist^{(R)}$ were diluted with 2 cc normal saline. Each distributed contrast media was a total of 4 cc and included 10m Ci of $^{99m}Tc$. A gamma camera, a LEHR (Low energy high resolution) collimator and a pin-hole collimator were used for image acquisition. Image acquisition was repeated a total of 6 times and 120 frames were obtained and uptake counts of $^{99m}Tc$ were measured (from this procedure). In this study, as a result of measuring the uptake counts of $^{99m}Tc$ using the LEHR collimator, the uptake counts were less measured in all contrast media than normal saline as a reference. In particular, the lowest uptake counts were measured when $Gadovist^{(R)}$, contrast media for MRI, was used. However, the result of measuring the uptake counts of $^{99m}Tc$ using the pin-hole collimator showed higher uptake counts in all contrast media, except for $Iopamidol^{(R)}$, than normal saline as a reference. The highest uptake counts were measured particularly when $Primovist^{(R)}$, contrast media for MRI, was used. In performing the gamma camera examination using contrast media and $^{99m}Tc$, it is considered significant to check the changes in the uptake counts to improve various diagnosis values.

A Comparison of Iopamidol with Iopromide and Iohexol Contrast Media in Hepatic CT Angiography in Beagle Dogs (비글견의 간 CT 혈관조영상에서의 Iopamidol과 Iopromide, Iohexol 조명제의 비교실험)

  • Jeong Yu-Cheol;Lim Chang-Yun;Kim Gyeong-Min;Lee Sung-Ok;Jung Joo-Hyun;Chang Jin-Hwa;Oh Sun-Kyoung;Song Kyoung-Jin;Yoon Jung-Hee;Choi Min-Cheol
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.129-132
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this paper was to compare the clinical efficacy of iopamidol and iopromide, iohexol nonionic contrast media in terms of their image quality in Beagle dogs with hepatic CT angiography and their application in veterinary clinics. With 9 Beagle dogs, contrast media of iopamidol (pamiray-$300^(R)$) and iopromide (ultravist-$300^(R)$, iohexol (omnipaque-$300^(R)$) were induced intravenously (600 mg I/kg, BW) and CT angiography was done under general anesthesia. CT scan included scout, pre-contrast and cine examinations. During CT angiography, peak HU (Hounsfield unit) and peak time were examined on each site (ROI; region of interest) of the aorta, caudal vena cava, potral vein and liver parenchyma. Any side effects were also examined. After experiments, it was found that there were no significant changes of HU and maximal enhancing time of each ROIs of aorta, caudal vena cava, portal vein and liver parenchyma between these contrast media. And any side effects were not noted. So it is concluded that iopamidol has similiar contrast enhancement like as iopromide and iohexol in hepatic angiography and and it is thought to be useful for evaluation of the abdominal organs by CT scan in veterinary clinics.

Detection for Contrast Media Extravasation using Bolus Tracking Systems of CT (CT Bolus Tracking System을 이용한 조영제의 혈관외유출 검출)

  • Kweon, Dae-Cheol;Lee, Yong-Gu
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics and Information Engineers
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    • v.53 no.9
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    • pp.137-142
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    • 2016
  • When injecting intravenously of CT inspection, the effusion of the contrast meium can induce the tissue damage with the blood vessel outside. We detect extravasation which is generated in the course where we inject the contrast medium into the blood vessel. And we use the bolus tracking system for the detection of that. By using MPR and VR images, moreover we detected the extravasation in order to prevent the tissue damage. In order to detect the effusion of the contrast medium, we used 16-MDCT and 64-MDCT. Three dimensional images about the outflow of the blood vessel can provide the treatment information which is important in the patient treatment. Moreover we applied the image processing technique in order to improve sharpness between contrast media and organization. And sharpness and contrast was improved.

The Effect of PET/CT Images on SUV with the Correction of CT Image by Using Contrast Media (PET/CT 영상에서 조영제를 이용한 CT 영상의 보정(Correction)에 따른 표준화섭취계수(SUV)의 영향)

  • Ahn, Sha-Ron;Park, Hoon-Hee;Park, Min-Soo;Lee, Seung-Jae;Oh, Shin-Hyun;Lim, Han-Sang;Kim, Jae-Sam;Lee, Chang-Ho
    • The Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.77-81
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: The PET of the PET/CT (Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography) quantitatively shows the biological and chemical information of the body, but has limitation of presenting the clear anatomic structure. Thus combining the PET with CT, it is not only possible to offer the higher resolution but also effectively shorten the scanning time and reduce the noises by using CT data in attenuation correction. And because, at the CT scanning, the contrast media makes it easy to determine a exact range of the lesion and distinguish the normal organs, there is a certain increase in the use of it. However, in the case of using the contrast media, it affects semi-quantitative measures of the PET/CT images. In this study, therefore, we will be to establish the reliability of the SUV (Standardized Uptake Value) with CT data correction so that it can help more accurate diagnosis. Materials and Methods: In this experiment, a total of 30 people are targeted - age range: from 27 to 72, average age : 49.6 - and DSTe (General Electric Healthcare, Milwaukee, MI, USA) is used for equipment. $^{18}F$- FDG 370~555 MBq is injected into the subjects depending on their weight and, after about 60 minutes of their stable position, a whole-body scan is taken. The CT scan is set to 140 kV and 210 mA, and the injected amount of the contrast media is 2 cc per 1 kg of the patients' weight. With the raw data from the scan, we obtain a image showing the effect of the contrast media through the attenuation correction by both of the corrected and uncorrected CT data. Then we mark out ROI (Region of Interest) in each area to measure SUV and analyze the difference. Results: According to the analysis, the SUV is decreased in the liver and heart which have more bloodstream than the others, because of the contrast media correction. On the other hand, there is no difference in the lungs. Conclusions: Whereas the CT scan images with the contrast media from the PET/CT increase the contrast of the targeted region for the test so that it can improve efficiency of diagnosis, there occurred an increase of SUV, a semi-quantitative analytical method. In this research, we measure the variation of SUV through the correction of the influence of contrast media and compare the differences. As we revise the SUV which is increasing in the image with attenuation correction by using contrast media, we can expect anatomical images of high-resolution. Furthermore, it is considered that through this trusted semi-quantitative method, it will definitely enhance the diagnostic value.

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Extravasation Injury of Contrast Media in the Neck and Thorax During MDCT Scanning with 3D Image Reformation Findings (CT검사에서 조영제의 혈관외유출에 의한 목 및 흉부 손상의 3차원 재구성 영상)

  • Kweon, Dae-Cheol;Jang, Keun-Jo;Yoo, Beong-Gyu;Lee, Jong-Seok
    • Journal of radiological science and technology
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.281-287
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    • 2007
  • Contrast media may cause tissue injury by extravasation during intravenous automated injection during CT examination. Here, we present a study in which contrast media extravasation was detected and localized in the neck and thorax by three-dimensional(3D) CT data reformation. The CT studies of the extavasation site were performed using a 3D software program with four different display techniques axial, multi planar reformation(MPR), maximum intensity projection(MIP), and volume rendering displays are currently available for reconstructing MDCT data. 3D image reconstructions provide accurate views of high-resolution imaging. This paper introduces extravasation with the MDCT and 3D reformation findings of contrast media extravasation in neck ant thorax. The followed injection of the external jugular vein into an existing intravenous catheter and a large volume of extravasation was demonstrated on by 3D MDCT.

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Oral contrast media for computed tomography of canine pancreas

  • Choi, Jihye;Chang, Jinhwa;Oh, Sunkyoung;Yoon, Junghee
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.51 no.2
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    • pp.165-169
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    • 2011
  • Barium suspension, oral iodine contrast medium and water were applied in eight dogs to evaluate (1) distension of gastrointestinal tract, (2) the effect of the oral contrast media on the identification of the pancreas from surrounding organs, and (3) image quality and the presence of artifacts in canine pancreas computed tomography (CT) images. Oral iodine contrast medium, gastrografin, produced significant artifacts that deteriorated the CT images of the pancreas. The use of water did not provide the fullness of the gastrointestinal lumens. Barium suspension was effective for the identification of the pancreas from the surrounding gastrointestinal tract, without significantly increasing image noise. Barium suspension can be used as an optimal contrast medium that will not cause an adverse effect on the pancreatic density and image quality.