• Title, Summary, Keyword: Calendula officinalis L

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Non-enzymatic softening of Calendula officinalis L. petals and its anti-skin aging effect for food materialization (식품소재화를 위한 Calendula officinalis L. 꽃잎의 항피부노화 기능성 규명 및 비효소적 연화 기술 연구)

  • Lim, Seokwon;Choi, Sungbin;Lee, Pomjoo;Kim, Hyung-sup;Lee, Da-young;Byun, Sanguine
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.51 no.3
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    • pp.243-247
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    • 2019
  • Calendula (Calendula officinalis L.) petals are edible flowers which have been used as a decorative ingredient in dishes or as a medicinal food. In this study, the anti-skin aging potential of calendula petals was investigated. Additionally, the texture was softened by non-enzymatic methods to broaden their application as a food or cosmetic agent. Treatment of calendula prevented ultraviolet-induced matrix metalloproteinase-1 expression in skin cells. We investigated whether heating-based processing could soften calendula petals. The results from the punctual test demonstrated significant changes in the hardness of calendula petals depending on the pH, heating temperature, and time. Although there were minor differences among various processing conditions, the largest alteration in hardness was observed when the petals were softened by incubation at $80^{\circ}C$ and pH 2.3 for 120 min. Collectively, these results show that the application of proper processing conditions can soften calendula petals without using enzymes.

Effects of Calendula Officinalis L. Extract on the Activation of Murine Lymphocytes and Macrophages (금잔화 추출물이 생쥐의 임파구 및 대식세포의 활성에 미치는 영향)

  • Eun, Jae-Soon
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.825-830
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this research was to investigate the effects of Calendula officinalis extract (CE) on the activation of murine lymphocytes and macrophages. CE was administered p.o. once a day for 7 days at the concentration of 500 mg/kg. The administration of CE increased the viability of thymocytes, but decreased the viability of splenocytes. Also, CE increased the viability of thymocytes and splenocytes at the concentration of $5{\mu}g$/ml in vitro. The administration of CE did not affect the population of thymic $CD4^+$/$CD8^+$ cells and splenic $CD4^+$/$CD8^+$ cells. Furthermore, the administration of CE enhanced the phagocytic activity of peritoneal macrophages, but decreased the phagocytic activity in vitro. CE decreased the production of nitric oxide from peritoneal macrophages in vivo and in vitro system. These results suggest that CE enhance of cell viability by a direct influence on thymocytes and phagocytic activity by an indirect influence on peritoneal macrophages.

Cell Viability and Hair Growth Effect on 3T3-L1 Cells of Ethanol Extract from Calendula officinalis L. Flower, Phellinus linteus Fruit Body and Houttuynia cordata Thunb. Whole Plant (금잔화, 상황, 어성초 에탄올 추출물의 세포독성 평가 및 3T3-L1 세포에 대한 육모 효과)

  • Jin, Seong Woo;Koh, Young Woo;Yun, Kyeong Won;Kim, Kyung Je;Je, Hae Shin;Im, Seung Bin;Kim, Kwang Sang;Kim, Min Sook;Yu, Byung Jo;Seo, Kyoung Sun
    • Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
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    • v.25 no.6
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    • pp.404-410
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    • 2017
  • Background: Hair loss related syndromes are increasing due to environmental pollution and stress. Hair care products are mainly prepared by mixing chemicals and natural extracts, such as those obtained from medicinal plants. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of 70% ethanol extracts from the flowers of Calendula officinalis, fruit body of Phellinus linteus, and the whole plant of Houttuynia cordata on the growth of CCD-986 cells, hair follicle dermal papilla cells (HFDPC), and 3T3-L1 cells. Methods and Results: All sample extracts at all concentrations, except for that from P. linteus fruit body at $500{\mu}g/m{\ell}$, were cytotoxic to CCD-986 cells. However, none of the sample extracts were cytotoxic to HFDPC. The lipid differentiation of 3T3-L1 cells regulates hair regeneration via secretion of platelet derived growth factor. The 70% ethanol extract of H. cordata whole plant promoted hair growth. Adipogenesis rate significantly increased in a treatment concentration-dependent manner. Conclusions: These results suggest that 70% ethanol extracts of C. officinalis flower, P. linteus fruit body and H. cordata could be used for the development of hair care products.

The Effects of Marigold(Tagetes L.) Extract and Calendula(Calendula officinalis L.) Extract on Collagen Growth and MMP-1 Expression in Human Dermal Fibroblasts (메리골드(Tagetes L.)와 카렌듈라(Calendula officinalis L.) 추출물이 인간 섬유아세포에서 콜라겐 생성 및 MMP-1 발현에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Eun-sun;Kim, Su-mi;Moon, Ji-sun
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.769-777
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    • 2017
  • To research the effects of marigold extract, which is used mixed with calendula extract, on collagen growth and MMP-1 expression in human fibroblast, we measured cytotoxicity, collagen growth and MMP-1 expression by using HDF cells. The result of measurement showed over 80% cell survival rate in $5{\sim}100{\mu}g/mL$ concentration of marigold extract and calendula extract for HDF cells, which indicates there is no cytotoxicity. The result of measuring collagen synthetic abilities showed both types of extract had collagen synthetic ability increase dose dependently, by 25% in $100{\mu}g/mL$ concentration of marigold extract, and by 7% in $100{\mu}g/mL$ concentration of calendula extract. The result of experimenting the effect on MMP-1 expression showed that both types of extract suppress MMP-1 expression. The result of observing phosphorylation of p-JNK and p-ERK, which are known to be involved with MMP-1 expression, revealed that marigold extract effectively suppresses MMP-1 expression through signaling pathway of p-JNK and p-ERK. The above results confirm the wrinkle improvement effect of marigold extract, and furthermore, it can be used as a cosmetic ingredient for anti-aging.

Antioxidant and Cellular Protective Effects against Oxidative Stress of Calendula officinalis Flowers Extracts in Human Skin Cells (사람피부세포에서 카렌둘라 꽃 추출물의 항산화 및 산화적 스트레스에 대한 세포보호효과)

  • Xuan, Song Hua;Kim, Ga Yoon;Yu, Ji Yeon;Kim, Jee Won;Yang, Ye Rim;Jeon, Young Hee;Jeong, Yoon Ju;Kim, A Rang;Park, Soo Nam
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
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    • v.27 no.6
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    • pp.620-626
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    • 2016
  • In this study, we investigated the total phenolic and flavonoid contents, antioxidant activity and cellular protective effects against oxidative stress on human skin cells in 50% ethanol extract and its fractions of Calendula officinalis (C. officinalis) flowers. We measured the antioxidant effects of 50% ethanol extract and its fractions of C. officinalis flowers on the free radical scavenging activity ($FSC_{50}$), the reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenging activities ($OSC_{50}$) and the inhibition of intracellular ROS generation in human skin cells. These results showed that the antioxidant effect of the ethyl acetate and aglycone fraction was more than the 50% ethanol extract of C. officinalis flowers. We also investigated the cellular protective activity and the results showed that treatment of the ethyl acetate fraction ($0.05-3.13{\mu}g/mL$) protects human skin cells in a concentration-dependent manner when the skin cell damages were induced by treating them with $H_2O_2$. In addition, the aglycone fraction ($1.56-3.13{\mu}g/mL$) shows cellular protective effects on the UV-induced cell damages in a dose-dependent manner. These results suggest that the fractions of C. officinalis flowers can function as a natural antioxidant agent of cosmetics in human skin cells exposed to oxidative stress by ROS scavenging effects.

Seed Pelletizing of Salvia splendens and Calendula officinalis for the Greening and Re-vegetating (녹화와 식생조성을 위한 샐비어와 금잔화 종자의 펠렛처리)

  • Kim, Seung-Hyun;Lee, Byoung-Ryong;Choi, Byoung-Kon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.10 no.5
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    • pp.67-75
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to pelletize to calendula and salvia seeds with peat moss as basic material for the efficient greening and vegetating of slopes and damaged areas. Also the pelletizing was compressed by spherical types that mixed basic fertilizer of N.;300 mg/l, P.;200 mg/l, K.;400 mg/g and plant growth regulator of A and NAA each 300PPM. Soil and soil surface seeding methods were researched to find the growing state of germination percent, germination date, germination force, length of leaf, number of leaf, width of leaf, length of plant, and etc. Comparing with controlled pelletizing, peat moss and +GA pelletizing treatments resulted in higher from two to three times as following growing states : length of leaves, number of leaves, width of leaves, length of plants, length of roots, fresh weights, and ratio of germination. Especially the two treatments above showed four more times effects than the +NNA treatment. Also their germinating date germinating force were earlier and stronger. The surface seeding method was superior to soil seeding.

Effects of paper ash on the neutralization of nursery soil acidity (종이 소각재의 육묘상토(育苗床土)에 대한 산도교정(酸度矯正) 효과(效果) 연구(硏究))

  • Kim, Chang-Yong;Lee, Dong-Hoon;Park, No-Kwuon;Kim, Jong-Soo;Seo, Young-Jin
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.258-261
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    • 2001
  • The paper industry produces about 6,000 ton of paper ashes yearly with by-products in Yuhan-Kimberly Ltd. The paper ashes was analyzed and evaluated for their potential as the soil acidity amendment materials. This study was conducted to investigate a reasonable amount of paper ashes for soil acidity amendment effect to be applied onto raising seedling of Calendula officinalis L. The mixed proportion of applied ashes, which was compared with agricultural lime, was treated to 0, 5, 10 and 15% (v/v) in mixed soil (pH 6.0) and the peat moss (pH 3.8) respectively. Consequently paper ashe was found to be more effective than agricultural lime at germination percentage, growth condition and in sharp initial increase of soil pH. The appropriate proportion of applied paper ash was 10% (v/v) at the soil-mix, and 15% (v/v) at the peat-moss. Soil application of paper ashes may provide supplemental quantities of K, Ca, Mg and other plant nutrients. But heavy metal concentrations in paper ash was low and should not limit application rates.

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Pathogenicity of Erwinia carotovora subsp. carotovora, Pseudomonas marginalis pv. marginalis and Pseudomonas viridiflava to Flowering Plants in Korea (화훼류(花卉類)에 대한 Erwinia carotovora subsp. carotovora, Pseudomonas marginalis pv. marginalis, Pseudomonas viridiflava의 병원성(病原性))

  • Choi, Jae Eul;Ahn, Byung Kyu;Han, Kwang Seop;Kim, Han Yong
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.9-17
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    • 1990
  • Erwinia carotovora subsp. carotovora, Pseudomonas viridiflava and Pseudomonas marginalis pv. marginalis were tested for their pathogenicity to 35 kinds of domestic flowering plants. Among them, the following domestic flowering plants showed clear symptoms. 1. Erwinia carotovora subsp. carotovora : (Needle inoculation). Carnation(Dianthus catgophylius L.), madagascar periwinkle(Vinca rosea L.), flower gentle(Amaranthus tricolor L.), snapdragon(Antirrhinum majus L.), chrysanthemum(Chrysanthemum morifolium Ram.), mexiacan ageratum(Ageratum houstonianum Mill), china aster(Callistephus chinensis), youth and old age(Zinnia elegans Jacq.), common nasturtium(Tropaeorum majus L.), scarlet sage(Salvia splendens F.), dahlia(Dahia hybrida), pot marigold(Calendula officinalis L.), begonia treevine(Cissus dicolor Blume), cosmos(Cosmos bipinnatus Cav.), globe amaranth(Gomphrena globosa L.), black eyed susan(Thumbergia alata Bojer), common gypsophila(Gypsophila elegans Bieb.), ghent gladiolus(Gladiolus gandavensis Van.), indian shot(Canna orchiodes Bailey), iris(Iris nertschinskia Lodd), cyclamen primula(Dodecatheon meadia L.), scarlet kafir lily(Clivia miniata Regel.), flowering cabbage(Brassica oleracea L.). (Spray inoculation). Carnation, madagascar periwinkle, flower gentle, snapdragon, common nasturtium, ghent gladiolus, indian shot, cyclamen primula. 2. Pseudomonas viridiflava : (Needle inoculation). Carnation, madagascar periwinkle, snapdragon, chrysanthemum, cockscomb, mexican ageratum, china aster, common nasturtium, common petunia(Petunia hybrida Vilm), pot marigold, begonia treevine, cosmos, black eyed susan, common gypsophila, ghent gladiolus, indian shot, cyclamen primula, scarlet kafir-lily, flowering cabbage. (Spray inoculation). Common nasturtium, ghent gladiolus, indian shot, cyclamen primula. 3. Pseudomonas marginalis pv. marginalis : (Needle inoculation). Carnation, madagascar periwinkle, flower gentle, snapdragon, cockscomb, mexican ageratum, youth and old age, common nasturitium, common petunia, sweet william(Dianthus barbatus L.), pot marigold, begonia treevine, cosmos, common gypsophila, ghent gladiolus, indian shot, iris, cyclamen primula, scarlet kafir-Lily, flowering cabbage. (Spray inoculation). Common nasturtium, ghent gladiolus, indian shot, cyclamen primula.

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