• Title, Summary, Keyword: Camerawork

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Effect of TV news camerawork and viewers' involvement on memory of news (TV뉴스의 카메라워크와 수용자의 관여도가 뉴스 기억에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Dug-Chun
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.11 no.7
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    • pp.297-304
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    • 2013
  • This research explores the effect of TV news camerawork and viewers' involvement on memory of news through experiment. For this experimental research, 2 groups of subjects composed of university students were exposed to different types of TV news and responded to survey questions which were analysed by SPSS program. This research found that camerawork of TV news doesn't have an effect on short-term memory but on long-term memory. Though the fact viewers' involvement has a positive effect on shot-term and long-term memory was found, interactive effect of viewers' involvement and camerawork as an peripheral clue was not found.

Corelation of Television Drama's Rating and Image Production Techniques - Mainly on the Home Dramas - (TV 드라마의 시청률과 영상제작기법의 상관성 - 홈드라마를 중심으로 -)

  • Park, Dug-Chun
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.8 no.9
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    • pp.66-73
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    • 2008
  • Under the changing circumstances of broadcasting, this study aims at the corelation of television drama's rating and television image production techniques, analyzing TV image production techniques and TV rating of drama, the highest rating genre. For this research, 6 dramas were selected as samples except the dramas about history and violence on the basis of the TNS media korea's top 100 of the year 2007. This study analyzed camerawork, shot size, shot duration and scene duration with the contents of replay and manuscript viewing of broadcasting companys' homepages. As the result of the analysis of corelation, TV rating is inverse proportionate to multiple camerawork and shot average duration with a very close relationship, showing no relationship with other variables. The result of this study shows that multiple cameraworks and long durated shots should be avoided for higher TV rating.

A Study on the Image Expression Technique Analysis of Television News Programs - Mainly on the Image Expression of Camera Reporter and VJ - (텔레비전 뉴스 프로그램의 영상표현기법 분석 - 카메라기자와 VJ의 영상표현을 중심으로 -)

  • Park Dug-Chun
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.6 no.8
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    • pp.184-191
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this case study is to understand the characteristics and implication of videojournalist's image expression techniques in the television news programs, comparing with television camera reporter's image expression techniques. Texts chosen in this thesis are 120 programs of KBS2TV 'News Time' which had been on air from July to December in 2005. Shot size, camerawork, shot duration and camera angle of the images were analysed, which had been extracted through the processes of thematic classification. The results of the analysis of thematic classification shows us that videojournalist covered mainly social, economic and cultural news items, almost completely alienated in the fields of hard news as political and health-scientific news items which were very sensitive and influential on the life of the entire people of the nation. The results of the analysis on the characteristics of image expression reveals that videojournalist used one-shot more often than the camera reporter, showing us videojournalist's preference of close news gathering, and videojournalist used following and zooming much more often than camera reporter, showing us videojoumalist's preference of mobile and dynamic cameraworks, and videojournalist used low angles more often than camera reporter, also showing us videojoumalist's preference of candid camera style news gathering.

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Correlation between Genre and Image Expression Technique of TV Drama (TV 드라마의 내용상의 장르와 영상표현기법의 상관성)

  • Park, Dug-Chun
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.9 no.10
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    • pp.159-167
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    • 2009
  • With the increase of weight and influence of TV drama, many researchers began to publish papers on TV drama. However, those papers were mainly focused on social meaning and viewing motives and attitudes of TV audience. However, only a few papers researched about television image production techniques, such as 'Relationship between TV ratings and image production techniques', 'Transition process of TV drama's image production techniques', and 'Comparison of TV and film image production techniques'. According to the recent research on the relationship between TV ratings and image production techniques, TV rating is inverse proportionate to multiple camerawork and shot average duration with a very close relationship. The purpose of this thesis is to analyse the relationship between TV genre and image production technique with the data of top 100 of TNS Media Korea from the year 2004 to 2008. This paper found out that history drama uses more closeup, longshot, tracking and less waist shot than other genres, with shorter shot duration and longer scene duration.

Transition Process of Television Drama's Image Production Techniques - Mainly on MBC Dramas - (TV 드라마의 시대별 영상제작기법 변천과정 - MBC 홈드라마를 중심으로 -)

  • Park, Dug-Chun
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.181-188
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    • 2009
  • With the question, "What would be the difference between TV drama image production techniques under the changing circumstances of domestic broadcasting faced with multi-media, multi-channel age after 1980' s press unification and establishment of two times commercial TV stations?" This study analysed image production techniques of three periods of TV drama development, 'TV drama maturity period(1981-1990)', 'TV drama transition period(1991-2000)', 'TV drama take-off period(2001-)'. For the image analysis within the genre of home drama, 3 dramas for each period were selected and analysed cameraworks, shot size, shot duration with the broadcasting station's DVD, homepage and manuscript. The result of this analysis revealed that the change of shot size was slight but the change of cameraworks was great, the usage of zoom and tilt diminished but the usage of dolly and track increased. and the average shot duration drastically diminished during the take-off period. These results show us that broadcasting production equipments developed during the periods, and broadcasting stations poured all-out efforts for the higher viewing rates and international competitiveness.

Analysis of Knowledge Community for Knowledge Creation and Use (지식 생성 및 활용을 위한 지식 커뮤니티 효과 분석)

  • Huh, Jun-Hyuk;Lee, Jung-Seung
    • Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.85-97
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    • 2010
  • Internet communities are a typical space for knowledge creation and use on the Internet as people discuss their common interests within the internet communities. When we define 'Knowledge Communities' as internet communities that are related to knowledge creation and use, they are categorized into 4 different types such as 'Search Engine,' 'Open Communities,' 'Specialty Communities,' and 'Activity Communities.' Each type of knowledge community does not remain the same, for example. Rather, it changes with time and is also affected by the external business environment. Therefore, it is critical to develop processes for practical use of such changeable knowledge communities. Yet there is little research regarding a strategic framework for knowledge communities as a source of knowledge creation and use. The purposes of this study are (1) to find factors that can affect knowledge creation and use for each type of knowledge community and (2) to develop a strategic framework for practical use of the knowledge communities. Based on previous research, we found 7 factors that have considerable impacts on knowledge creation and use. They were 'Fitness,' 'Reliability,' 'Systemicity,' 'Richness,' 'Similarity,' 'Feedback,' and 'Understanding.' We created 30 different questions from each type of knowledge community. The questions included common sense, IT, business and hobbies, and were uniformly selected from various knowledge communities. Instead of using survey, we used these questions to ask users of the 4 representative web sites such as Google from Search Engine, NAVER Knowledge iN from Open Communities, SLRClub from Specialty Communities, and Wikipedia from Activity Communities. These 4 representative web sites were selected based on popularity (i.e., the 4 most popular sites in Korea). They were also among the 4 most frequently mentioned sitesin previous research. The answers of the 30 knowledge questions were collected and evaluated by the 11 IT experts who have been working for IT companies more than 3 years. When evaluating, the 11 experts used the above 7 knowledge factors as criteria. Using a stepwise linear regression for the evaluation of the 7 knowledge factors, we found that each factors affects differently knowledge creation and use for each type of knowledge community. The results of the stepwise linear regression analysis showed the relationship between 'Understanding' and other knowledge factors. The relationship was different regarding the type of knowledge community. The results indicated that 'Understanding' was significantly related to 'Reliability' at 'Search Engine type', to 'Fitness' at 'Open Community type', to 'Reliability' and 'Similarity' at 'Specialty Community type', and to 'Richness' and 'Similarity' at 'Activity Community type'. A strategic framework was created from the results of this study and such framework can be useful for knowledge communities that are not stable with time. For the success of knowledge community, the results of this study suggest that it is essential to ensure there are factors that can influence knowledge communities. It is also vital to reinforce each factor has its unique influence on related knowledge community. Thus, these changeable knowledge communities should be transformed into an adequate type with proper business strategies and objectives. They also should be progressed into a type that covers varioustypes of knowledge communities. For example, DCInside started from a small specialty community focusing on digital camera hardware and camerawork and then was transformed to an open community focusing on social issues through well-known photo galleries. NAVER started from a typical search engine and now covers an open community and a special community through additional web services such as NAVER knowledge iN, NAVER Cafe, and NAVER Blog. NAVER is currently competing withan activity community such as Wikipedia through the NAVER encyclopedia that provides similar services with NAVER encyclopedia's users as Wikipedia does. Finally, the results of this study provide meaningfully practical guidance for practitioners in that which type of knowledge community is most appropriate to the fluctuated business environment as knowledge community itself evolves with time.