• Title, Summary, Keyword: Campylobacter jejuni

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Isolation and Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Campylobacter jejuni from Diarrhea Patients (설사환자에서 Campylobacter jejuni의 분리 및 항생제 감수성 특성)

  • Park, Eun-Hee;Kim, Joung-A;Choi, Seung-Hwa;Bin, Jae-Hun;Cheigh, Hong-Sik;Suk, Dong-Hee;Lee, Su-Chul;Kim, Young-Hui
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.811-815
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    • 2007
  • ln this study we isolated 27 isolates of Campylobacter jejuni from stool samples of 882 diarrheal patients. The seasonal distribution of patients was highest at July (11.7%). All the isolates of C. jejuni hydrolyzing sodium hippurate were serotyped on basis of heat-stable antigens, and identified with the use of passive hemagglutination assay. A total of 59.3% among 27 C. jejuni isolates were identified into 6 different serotypes, which serotype HS2, HSl/44, and HS2l were dominant. Antibiotics resistant rates of C. jejuni isolates were shown to be 100%, 63.0%, 51.9%, 37.0%, 33.3%, 25.9% and 7.4% to cephalothin, trimethoprim- sulfamethoxazole, tetracycline, ciprofloxacin, ampicillin, gentamycin and clindamycin, respectively. All isolates were sensitive to the erythromycin and imipenem.

Use of In Vivo-Induced Antigen Technology to Identify In Vivo-Expressed Genes of Campylobacter jejuni During Human Infection

  • Hu, Yuanqing;Huang, Jinlin;Li, Qiuchun;Shang, Yuwei;Ren, Fangzhe;Jiao, Yang;Liu, Zhicheng;Pan, Zhiming;Jiao, Xin-An
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.363-370
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    • 2014
  • Campylobacter jejuni is a prevalent foodborne pathogen worldwide. Human infection by C. jejuni primarily arises from contaminated poultry meats. Genes expressed in vivo may play an important role in the pathogenicity of C. jejuni. We applied an immunoscreening method, in vivo-induced antigen technology (IVIAT), to identify in vivo-induced genes during human infection by C. jejuni. An inducible expression library of genomic proteins was constructed from sequenced C. jejuni NCTC 11168 and was then screened using adsorbed, pooled human sera obtained from clinical patients. We successfully identified 24 unique genes expressed in vivo. These genes were implicated in metabolism, molecular biosynthesis, genetic information processing, transport, and other processes. We selected six genes with different functions to compare their expression levels in vivo and in vitro using real-time RT-PCR. The results showed that the selected six genes were significantly upregulated in vivo but not in vitro. In short, these identified in vivo-induced genes may contribute to human infection of C. jejuni, some of which may be meaningful vaccine candidate antigens or diagnosis serologic markers for campylobacteriosis. IVIAT may present a significant and efficient method for understanding the pathogenicity mechanism of Campylobacter and for finding targets for its prevention and control.

Survival of Campylobacter jejuni under Aerobic Condition (인체장염유발 Campylobacter jejuni의 호기적 조건 하에서의 잔존 양상)

  • Shin, Soon-Young;Kim, Kwang-Yup;Park, Jong-Hyun
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.916-923
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    • 1998
  • To provide more information on the enteric pathogen Campylobacter jejuni in the view of food sanitation, survival characteristics of two strains of C. jejuni in the different conditions were investigated. When $10^7{\;}or{\;}10^3{\;}per{\;}ml$ of C. jejuni cells were inoculated in the supplemented Brucella broth and kept at $42^{\circ}C,{\;}25^{\circ}C{\;}and{\;}5^{\circ}C$ under the static aerobic condition for 7 days, organisms exponentially proliferated to $a{\;}>10^8$, even in the $10^3{\;}per{\;}ml$ inoculated-sample at $42^{\circ}C{\;}for{\;}1{\sim}2{\;}days$ and the considerable level of viability maintained during 7 days. At $5^{\circ}C$, most of the initial level of organisms survived at the early period and only $a{\;}<{\;}0.5-log_{10}$ cells decrease were observed during the 7 days. At $25^{\circ}C$, a remarkable number of C. jejuni declined within $1{\sim}2{\;}days$ and showed undetectable level of cells after 4 days. When sterile milk and minced chicken meat were artifically inoculated with $10^7{\;}per{\;}ml$ of C. jejuni, mostly, a $1-to{\;}2-log_{10}$ count decrease occurred at $42^{\circ}C{\;}and{\;}5^{\circ}C$ while $a{\;}>3{\;}log_{10}$ decrease at $25^{\circ}C$ during 7 days. Unexpectedly, no colonies appeared on the plate inoculated from the minced chicken meat sample kept at $42^{\circ}C$ after 4 days. The results suggest that C. jejuni contaminated to food can survive at the refrigeration temperature whereas they are sensitive to at the room temperature. Also, it is shown that the growth of C. jejuni at the optimal temperature may vary to the food sources.

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Isolation Rate of Campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni from Enteritis Patients (장염환자에서의 Campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni 분리율)

  • Chong, Yun-Sop;Yi, Kui-Nyung;Lee, Sam-Uel Y.
    • The Journal of the Korean Society for Microbiology
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.43-47
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    • 1982
  • C. fetus suhsp. jejuni has been reported to be an important enteric pathogen in many parts of the world. Although the infection has been reported in Korea, the incidence is not known. In this study the results of stool culture during the period of August 1981 to July 1982 at Yonsei Medical Center was analyzed and the following results were obtained. 1. C. fetus subsp. jejuni was isolated from 0.8% of stool specimens. The isolation rate was lower than that of salmonella(3.3%) and shigella(7.1%). The isolation was most frequent in June and from $\leq$15-year-old patients. 2. All of the isolates from the patients were susceptible to chloramphenicol and erythromycin. It was noteworthy that 4 isolates were resistant to all of the aminoglycosides, i.e., amikacin, gen tamicin, kanamycin and tobramycin. 3. We also isolated C. fetus subsp. jejuni from chicken. When the susceptibility of the isolates was compared to that of the isolates from human the former were less susceptible to erythromycin(34.1%) and tetracycline(38.6%).

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Prevalence of virulence-associated genes and antimicrobial resistance of Campylobacter jejuni from ducks in Gyeongnam Province, Korea

  • Yang, Jung-Wong;Kim, Sang-Hyun;Lee, Woo-Won;Kim, Yong-Hwan
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.85-96
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    • 2014
  • Total 99 strains of Campylobacter spp. were isolated from 117 cases of duck's fecal samples. Among 99 strains of Campylobacter spp. isolates, 93 strains (93.9%) were C. jejuni and 6 strains (6.1%) were C. coli. Prevalence of virulence and GBS associated genes of 72 C. jejuni isolates was determined by m-PCR. Among the 10 kinds of virulence associated genes, cadF, dnaJ, flaA and ceuE genes were detected in all of C. jejuni isolates from ducks, racR, pldA, iamA, ciaB, virB11 and docC genes were 87.5%, 84.7%, 77.8%, 48.6%, 13.9% and 11.1%, respectively. Antimicrobial susceptibility test was performed on 72 C. jejuni isolates. The rate of resistance were 62.5% for oxytetracycline, 55.6% for kanamycin, 54.2% for enrofloxacin, 50% for ciprofloxacin, 37.5% for tetracycline and nalidixic acid, 18.1% for ampicillin, 15.3% for streptomycin, and 6.9% for ofloxacin. All isolates were susceptible to erythromycin. The adherence (intracellular and extracellular bacteria) abilities of the 20 isolates to INT-407 cells were between $4.21{\pm}1.27{\times}10^4$ CFU/well and $1.053{\pm}0.451{\times}10^6$ CFU/well from the isolates of cj-55 and cj-52, respectively, and that can be expressed as 0.1033% to 5.2655% to the infecting inoculum. The invasion (intracellular bacteria) abilities of the 20 isolates to INT-407 were between $1.00{\pm}1.73{\times}10^3$ CFU/well and $8.47{\pm}5.16{\times}10^4$ CFU/well from the isolates of cj-13 and cj-47, respectively, and that can be expressed as 0.0050% to 0.4235% to the infecting inoculums. The average CFU/well of 20 campylobacters isolated from ducks for adherence to and invasion were $2.646{\pm}2.886{\times}10^5$ and $3.03{\pm}2.7{\times}10^4$ respectively, and that was $1.3230{\pm}1.2139%$ and $0.1516{\pm}0.1343%$ of the starting viable inoculum. There was considerable correlation ($R^2$=0.627) between the adherence and invasion ability of C. jejuni isolates for INT-407 cell.

Genetic Properties and Antimicrobial Resistance of Campylobacter jejuni Isolates from Diarrhea Patients in Gyeonggi-do (경기도내에서 분리한 캠필로박터 제주니균의 유전적특성 및 항생제내성 연구)

  • Hur, Eun-Seon;Park, Po-Hyun;Kim, Jong-Hwa;Son, Jong-Sung;Yun, Hee-Jeong;Lee, Yea-Eun;Choi, Yun-Sook;Yoon, Mi-Hye;Lee, Jong-Bok
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.49 no.3
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    • pp.228-236
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    • 2013
  • Campylobacter jejuni is one of important food-borne pathogens causing human gastroenteritis. We isolated 42 strains of C. jejuni from diarrhea patients and 4 food-poisoning outbreaks in 2010, Gyeonggi-do. In this study, 42 strains were tested for genetic characteristics, the serotype distribution and antimicrobial resistant rate. The presence of hipO (100%), cdtB (100%), and mutated gyrA (95.2%) genes was detected in C. jejuni by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Detection of mutated gyrA gene correlated with ciprofloxacin resistance. Forty isolates had mutated gyrA gene and were actually resistant to ciprofloxacin. Furthermore, comparing the gyrA DNA sequence data, ciprofloxacin-resistant isolates had a mutation of the DNA sequence from ACA (threonine) to ATA (isoleucine). But 41 strains (97.6%) of patient isolates were susceptible to erythromycin and azithromycin. A total of 35.7% among 42 C. jejuni isolates were identified into 4 different serotypes. The serotype distribution of C. jejuni strains were shown to be HS2(B), HS3(C), HS4(D), HS19(O). To investigate the genotypes of C. jejuni isolated in Gyeonggi province, repetitive sequence polymerase chain reaction (rep-PCR) analysis and SmaI-digested pulsed-filed gel electrophoresis (PFGE) profile analysis were performed. From the PFGE analysis of 42 C. jejuni strains, 12 clusters of PFGE profile were obtained. On the other hand, 11 clusters of rep-PCR profile were obtained from 42 strains of C. jejuni.

The Effect of Fermented Extracts of Portulaca oleracea against Campylobacter jejuni (쇠비름 추출물 발효액이 Campylobacterjejuni의 증식에 미치는 영향)

  • Bae, Ji-Hyun
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.291-298
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    • 2012
  • One of the main microorganisms causing diarrheal diseases is Campylobacter jejuni. Purslane or Portulaca oleracea is an edible plant containing polyphenols that has been widely used as a folk remedy for treatment of diarrhea for a long time. This study was performed to investigate the antimicrobial activity of fermented P. oleracea extracts made with probiotics and plant-origin lactic acid bacteria(PLAB) isolated from P. oleracea against C. jejuni. Lactobacillus rhamnosus, L. acidophilus, L. bulgaricus, L. delbrueckii, L. plantarum, Leuconostoc mesenteroides and Bifidobacterium longum were applied to P. oleracea to make a fermentation broth of purslane. Leuconostoc mesenteroides and the lactic acid bacteria isolated from P. oleracea grew best in the fermentation broth of P. oleracea extracts when the broth was combined with 2% yeast extract, 1% peptone, and 0.05 to 1% potassium phosphate. The number of viable cells in the fermentation broth containing purslane extracts after 48 hours increased to $1{\times}10^{12}\;CFU/m{\ell}$ and remained at $1.3{\times}10^{10}\;CFU/m{\ell}$ after refrigeration for 2 weeks. The pH and acidity of purslane-fermented broth after 48 hours of fermentation was 3.7 and 3.14, respectively, which show that the fermentation broth was within the range of the general standards of fermented dairy products. The antimicrobial activity of the fermented P. oleracea extracts was determined using the liquid culture method. The 10 $mg/m{\ell}$ concentration of the fermented P. oleracea extract made with Leuconostoc mesenteroides and the lactic acid bacteria isolated from purslane showed the strongest antimicrobial activity against C. jejuni. The fermentation broth of purslane with the probiotics retarded the growth of C. jejuni for 48 hours at $42^{\circ}C$.

Occurrence of Thermophilic Campylobacter spp. Contamination on Vegetable Farms in Malaysia

  • Chai, L.C.;Ghazali, F.M.;Bakar, F.A.;Lee, H.Y.;Suhaimi, L.R.A.;Talib, S.A.;Nakaguchi, Y.;Nishibuchi, M.;Radu, S.
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.19 no.11
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    • pp.1415-1420
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    • 2009
  • The aim of the present study was to examine the prevalence of thermophilic Campylobacter spp. (Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli) in soil, poultry manure, irrigation water, and freshly harvested vegetables from vegetable farms in Malaysia. C. jejuni was detected in 30.4% and 2.7% of the soil samples, 57.1 % and 0% of the manure samples, and 18.8% and 3% of the vegetable samples from farm A and farm B, respectively, when using the MPN-PCR method. Campylobacter spp. was not found in any of the irrigation water samples tested. Therefore, the present results indicate that the aged manure used by farm A was more contaminated than the composted manure used by farm B. Mostly, the leafy and root vegetables were contaminated. C. coli was not detected in any of the samples tested in the current study. Both farms tested in this study were found to be contaminated by campylobacters, thereby posing a potential risk for raw vegetable consumption in Malaysia. The present results also provide baseline data on Campylobacter contamination at the farm level.

Survey of pathogenic microorganisms contamination of chicken carcasses (도계육에서 병원성 미생물 오염도 조사)

  • Lee, Eun-Me;Shin, Dong-Su;Kwon, Mee-Soon;Lee, Sung-Jae
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.38 no.3
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    • pp.167-171
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    • 2015
  • Pathogenic microorganisms were monitored on the chicken carcasses in slaughterhouse of Jeonbuk area. It was conducted to evaluate the microbiological quality on 204 chicken carcasses. Staphylococcus (S.) aureus was isolated in largest number and its ration was 41.2%, Salmonella spp. 6.4%, Campylobacter (C.)jejuni 7.4%, C. coli 7.4%. Serotype of Salmonella (S.) spp. was identified as S. Infantis 46.1%, S. Enteritidis 23.1%, S. Typhimurium 7.7%, S. Montevideo 7.7%. In breed chickens, Salmonella spp. was detected broiler 4.1%, white semi-broiler 8.0% Korean native chicken 12.0%. C. jejuni was isolated broiler 7.4%, white semi-broiler 12.0%, Korean native chicken 0%, C. coli, broiler 7.4%, white semi-broiler 0%, Korean native chicken 18.1% and S. aureus, broiler 38.8%, white semi-broiler 40.0%, Korean native chicken 51.5%.

Microbial change of pork carcass during processing in small size slaughterhouse (소규모 돼지도축공정에서 도체오염 미생물의 변화)

  • 홍종해;이경환;이성모
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.31-37
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    • 2002
  • Major hazards existed in slaughterhouse are pathogenic microorganisms originated from intestinal microflora of slaughtered animals. This study was intended for the identification of microbial contamination sources during pork slaughtering in small plants. Total aerobic bacteria, Coliform group, Salmonella spp, Listeria monocytogenes, and Campylobacter jejuni/coli were isolated from the surface sample of pork carcasses. Contamination level among different sampling points of ham, belly and neck did not showed statistical differences. Therefore, the mixed sampling from belly and neck of carcass could be effective for microbiological monitoring. Isolation rates of pathogenic microorganisms showed Salmonella spp 20.9%, Listeria monocytogenes 10.5%, and Campylobacter jejuni/coli 8.1% from 296 sampling points. High prevalence rate of Salmonella spp indicated that the contamination of intestinal microflora occurred due to unsanitary processing control, which required HACCP system in small plants. It was recommended that the prerequisite program should be a key factor for a successful HACCP system implementation especially in small size slaughterhouse.