• Title, Summary, Keyword: Capability Reinforcement

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The Structural Relationship of Employment Capability Reinforcement Programs for Health-related College Students to Academic Achievement and the Adjustment to College Life (보건계열 대학생의 취업역량강화 프로그램이 대학생활 적응과 학업성취도에 미치는 구조적 관계)

  • Seoung, Youl-Hun;Kim, Sung-Soo
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.355-363
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    • 2013
  • The study conducted an employment capability reinforcement program targeting health-related college students, and then carried out positive analysis to find out how satisfaction affects adjustment to college life and academic achievement. An employment capability reinforcement program was conducted which targeted health related majors at a university located in Cheongbuk, and information on satisfaction, adjustment to college life, and academic achievement was collected through a self-administered questionnaire. The analysis results revealed that the higher the satisfaction for the employment capability reinforcement program, the better the adjustment to college life, while increased adjustment to college life affected academic achievement. Although the employment capability reinforcement program had no direct relationship of influence to academic achievement, the study shows that it does lead to increased academic achievement by way of adjustment to college life, which ends up as a positive affect for future employment. Therefore, active efforts are necessary to revitalize employment related programs that suit the characteristics of each department in order to establish an environment for revitalizing employment and increasing adjustment to college life.

Reinforcement learning for multi mobile robot control in the dynamic environments (동적 환경에서 강화학습을 이용한 다중이동로봇의 제어)

  • 김도윤;정명진
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.944-947
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    • 1996
  • Realization of autonomous agents that organize their own internal structure in order to behave adequately with respect to their goals and the world is the ultimate goal of AI and Robotics. Reinforcement learning gas recently been receiving increased attention as a method for robot learning with little or no a priori knowledge and higher capability of reactive and adaptive behaviors. In this paper, we present a method of reinforcement learning by which a multi robots learn to move to goal. The results of computer simulations are given.

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A Cost/Worth Approach to Evaluate UPFC Impact on ATC

  • Rajabi-Ghahnavieh, Abbas;Fotuhi-Firuzabad, Mahmud;Shahidehpour, Mohammad;Feuillet, Rene
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.389-399
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    • 2010
  • Available transfer capability (ATC) is a measure of the transfer capability remaining in a transmission system. Application of unified power flow controllers (UPFCs) could have positive impacts on the ATC of some paths while it might have a negative impact on the ATC of other paths. This paper presents an approach to evaluate the impacts of UPFCs on the ATC from a cost/worth point of view. The UPFC application worth is considered as the maximum cost saving in enhancing the ATC of the paths due to the UPFC implementation. The cost saving is considered as the cost of optimal application of other system reinforcement alternatives (except for UPFC) to reach the same ATC level obtained by UPFC application. UPFC application costs include the maximum cost of alleviating the probable negative impact on the ATC of some paths caused by implementing UPFCs. Optimal system reinforcement is used for systems with UPFCs to determine the aforementioned cost. The proposed method is applied to the IEEERTS and the results are evaluated through a sensitivity analysis. The cost/worth of UPFC application is also used to develop an index for optimal UPFC location and the results are compared with those of other indices. A comparison is finally made with the results obtained using an existing ATC allocation profit-based approach to determine UPFC application worth.

A In-Situ Pullout Experiment of Chain Reinforced Earth Wall (체인 보강토 옹벽의 현장 인발실험)

  • Yu, Chan;Kim, Sang-Su
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers Conference
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    • pp.357-360
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    • 2002
  • A in-situ experiment was performed to evaluate the pullout resistance capacity of chains which is used as a reinforcement of reinforced earth wall. It was also considered that chain was combined with a bar or L-type steel angle by the transverse reinforcement member in the experiment. As a result of experiment, it is expected that chain can be safely used as reinforcements of reinforced earth wall, although it is concerned that a theoretical estimation of the pullout resistance capability of chain is too conservative.

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A study on performance capability of local government on the forest tending project (지방자치단체 숲가꾸기 사업 수행역량에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Myoung-Kwan;Oh, Do-Kyo;Kim, Se-Bin
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.40 no.1
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    • pp.1-11
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    • 2013
  • The study proposes to draw out the correlation on what kinds of influences local government personnel's performance capability affect the overall quality of the project, and to suggest institutional supplement policies. For the study, two analytical methods are conducted. First, a hypothesis per each factor was set by classifying the factors which affect the personnel's performance capability into organizational and individual factors. Second, a survey was conducted targeting the project management personnels and presented the result on the verification of the hypothesis through statistic techniques. As the result, it is considered that the quality of forest tending project is more affected by the individual factors than the organizational factor, thereby this study suggests the methods of reinforcement in project management personnel's performance capability.

A Large Slipping Finite Element Model for Geosynthetics Interface Modeling

  • Yi, Chang-Tok
    • Geotechnical Engineering
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.35-48
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    • 1996
  • Reinforced soil structures may experience large local movements between soil and reinforcement. The failure modes of a reinforced structure depend on several factors which are governed by deformation and slipping of the reinforcement. In some cases, pulling out of the reinforcement may occur instead of rupturing, The growing use of geosynthetic liner system for storage of solid and liquid wastes has led to a number of slope instability problems where the synthetic liner may undergo a large amount of stretching and slipping as a result of the loading. The conventional finite element model for the soil-reinforcement interface uses a zero thickness joint element with normal and shear stiffnesses and can only accommodate a small amount of deformation. When a large slippage occurs, the model provides an i ncorrect mechanism for deformation. This paper presents a new interface finite element model which is able to simulate a large amount of slippage between soil and reinforcement. The formulation of the model is presented and the capability of the model is demonstrated using illustrative examples.

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Soil-Reinforcement Interaction Determined by Extension Test (인장시험(引張試驗)에 의한 보강토(補强土)의 거동결정(擧動決定))

  • Kim, Oon Young
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.33-40
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    • 1988
  • The new technique has been used to determine the soil-reinforcement interaction. The testing apparatus is essentially a triaxial cell fitted with the capability to house a hollow cylinderical sample. A hollow cylinderical sand specimen with a concentrical layer of reinfarcing material sandwitched in the middle is used in this investigation. The reinforcement is fastened at the base. The hollow specimen can be viewed as a "unit sheet" of a soil-reinforcement composite system of infinite horizontal extent. Axial load as well as inner and outer chamber pressures can be applied to perform a test. The specimen is first subjected to an isotropic stress state corresponding to the overburden pressure. Next, an extension test by reducing the axial load is carried out. The specimen is "loaded" to failure by either the breakage of reinforcing material (tensile failure) or slippage which takes place at the soil-reinforcement interface (i.e. the overcoming of the bonding capacity). Since the reinforcement is fastened at its lower end to the base, any tendency of relative movement between the reinforcement and the sand during an extension test can induce tensile force in the reinforcement thus forming a "reversed pull-out" test condition. Preliminary test results have demonstrated positively of the new approach to test the soil-reinforcement interaction. Reinforcing elements of different extensibility were used to study the deformbility of reinforced soil. Furthermore, both the breakage and the pull-out modes of failure were observed.

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Dynamic behavior of axially functionally graded simply supported beams

  • Selmi, Abdellatif
    • Smart Structures and Systems
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    • v.25 no.6
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    • pp.669-678
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    • 2020
  • This paper focuses on the free vibration analysis of axially functionally graded (FG) Euler-Bernoulli beams. The material properties of the beams are assumed to obey the linear law distribution. The complexities in solving differential equation of transverse vibration of composite beams which limit the analytical solution to some special cases are overcome using the Differential Transformation Method (DTM). Natural frequencies and corresponding normalized mode shapes are calculated. Validation targets are experimental data or finite element results. Different parameters such as reinforcement distribution, ratio of the reinforcement Young's modulus to the matrix Young's modulus and ratio of the reinforcement density to the matrix density are taken into investigation. The delivered results prove the capability and the robustness of the applied method. The studied parameters are demonstrated to be very crucial for the normalized natural frequencies and mode shapes.

A Study on the Reliability of Detecting Reinforcement Embedded in Concrete in Various Factors Using Electromagnetic Induction Method and Electromagnetic Wave Method (전자기유도법과 전자파레이더법을 이용한 각종인자에 따른 철근탐사의 신뢰성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Jong-Ho;Oh, Kwang-Chin;Park, Seung-Bum
    • Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.179-186
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    • 2008
  • Probing inside of concrete structures is one of the important steps in assessing condition of the structure. For the assessment, electromagnetic induction method and electromagnetic wave method are currently applied to the measurement of cover depth, and the detection of reinforcement embedded in concrete. To determine detection capability of locating reinforcement embedded in concrete, commercially available nondestructive testing (NDT) equipments have been tested. The equipments include electromagnetic wave system and electromagnetic induction system. In the tests, nine concrete specimens which have the dimensions of 1,000mm(length))${\times}$300mm(width) with thickness varying from 125mm to 150mm are used. The reinforcement are located at 45, 60, 100mm depth from the concrete surface. Horizontal reinforcement spacing has been set over 100mm. From the outcome, it is shown that error is increased as the diameter of reinforcement enlarge in case of using electromagnetic induction method. In case of using electromagnetic wave method, the detection of reinforcement embedded in deep is good in the view of reliability because of using the relative permittivity on the real cover depth.