• Title/Summary/Keyword: Carbohydrate antigen 19-9

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Elevated Carbohydrate Antigen 19-9 Level in a Patient with Horseshoe Type Pulmonary Sequestration

  • Na, Bub-Se;Park, Sungjoon;Cho, Sukki
    • Journal of Chest Surgery
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    • v.49 no.6
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    • pp.475-477
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    • 2016
  • Elevated carbohydrate antigen (CA) 19-9 can indicate malignancies of the gastrointestinal, pancreatic, and biliary tracts, and be found in a pulmonary sequestration. A 30-year-old man visited Seoul National University Bundang Hospital due to elevated CA 19-9 levels, representing pulmonary sequestration of the bilateral lower lobes, which were connected with each other. We performed left lower lobectomy and division of the systemic arteries. After operation, CA 19-9 levels decreased to normal range, even though a small amount of sequestrated lung remained in the right lower lobe. It is not uncommon that presence of pulmonary sequestration might elevate serum CA 19-9 levels; however, horseshoe type bilateral pulmonary sequestration is very rare.

The Value of Postoperative Serum Carcinoembryonic Antigen and Carbohydrate Antigen 19-9 Levels for the Early Detection of Gastric Cancer Recurrence after Curative Resection

  • Lee, Eung-Chang;Yang, Jun-Young;Lee, Kyung-Goo;Oh, Seung-Young;Suh, Yun-Suhk;Kong, Seong-Ho;Yang, Han-Kwang;Lee, Hyuk-Joon
    • Journal of Gastric Cancer
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.221-228
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate the value of serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) levels to detect gastric cancer recurrence. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 154 patients who developed recurrence within 2 years after curative gastric cancer surgery and analyzed the relationship between postoperative CEA and CA19-9 levels and recurrence. We readjusted the cut-off values to improve the detection of recurrence. Subgroup analysis according to clinicopathologic variables was performed to further investigate the relationship between recurrence and CEA and CA19-9 levels. Results: The sensitivity and specificity for elevated CEA levels to detect recurrence were 40.6% and 89.5%, respectively, and those for CA19-9 were 34.2% and 93.6%, respectively. The sensitivity and specificity for elevation of either tumor marker were 54.3% and 84.0%, respectively; those for elevation of both tumor markers were 19.2% and 98.4%, respectively. By readjusting the cut-off values from 5.0 ng/ml to 5.2 ng/ml for CEA and from 37.00 U/ml to 30.0 U/ml for CA19-9, the sensitivity was increased from 34.2% to 40.2% for CA19-9, while there was no increase in sensitivity for CEA. In subgroup analysis, the sensitivity of CEA was higher in patients with elevated preoperative CEA levels than in patients with normal preoperative CEA levels (86.7% versus 33.7%; P<0.001). Furthermore, the sensitivity of CA19-9 was higher in patients with elevated preoperative CA19-9 levels than in patients with normal preoperative CA19-9 levels (82.61% versus 26.83%; P<0.001). Conclusions: CEA and/or CA19-9 measurement with the readjusted cut-off values allows for more effective detection of gastric cancer recurrence.

Intralobar Pulmonary Sequestration Showing Increased Serum CA19-9

  • Ahn, Yong-Hwan;Song, Mi-Jin;Park, Sang-Hyun
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.72 no.6
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    • pp.507-510
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    • 2012
  • Carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) is a specific tumor marker of the biliary, pancreatic and gastrointestinal tracts. CA19-9 is occasionally elevated in serum in patiens with benign pulmonary diseases such as bronchiectasis, idiopathic interstitial pneumonia or collagen disease-associated pulmonary fibrosis. Intralobar pulmonary sequestration is an uncommon congenital lung anomaly. It is dissociated from the normal tracheobronchial tree and is supplied by an anomalous systemic artery. There have been some reports of elevation of CA19-9 in this lesion. We report a case of intralobar pulmonary sequestration with elevated serum CA19-9 in a 29-year-old man who was diagnosed with bronchiectasia of left lower lung field on general check up. He had no evidence of any malignant disease in pancreatobiliary or gastrointestinal tracts. Elevated serum CA19-9 level might be encountered with benign pulmonary disease such as pulmonary sequestration.

Delayed radiation-induced inflammation accompanying a marked carbohydrate antigen 19-9 elevation in a patient with resected pancreatic cancer

  • Mattes, Malcolm D.;Cardinal, Jon S.;Jacobson, Geraldine M.
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.156-159
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    • 2016
  • Although carbohydrate antigen (CA) 19-9 is a useful tumor marker for pancreatic cancer, it can also become elevated from a variety of benign and malignant conditions. Herein we describe an unusual presentation of elevated CA 19-9 in an asymptomatic patient who had previously undergone adjuvant chemotherapy and radiation therapy for resected early stage pancreatic cancer. The rise in CA 19-9 might be due to delayed radiation-induced inflammation related to previous intra-abdominal radiation therapy with or without radiation recall induced by gemcitabine. After treatment with corticosteroids the CA 19-9 level decreased to normal, and the patient has not developed any evidence of recurrent cancer to date.

At Which Stage of Gastric Cancer Progression Do Levels of Carcinoembryonic Antigen and Carbohydrate Antigen 19-9 Increase? Application in Advanced Gastric Cancer Treatment

  • Han, Eui Soo;Lee, Han Hong;Lee, Jun Suh;Song, Kyo Young;Park, Cho Hyun;Jeon, Hae Myung
    • Journal of Gastric Cancer
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.123-128
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: Since there are no proven tumor markers that reflect the course of gastric cancer, carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) are commonly used alternatives. However, the degree of progression that corresponds to an increase in these markers, and the values of these markers at different cancer stages, remains unclear. Materials and Methods: This study enrolled 1,733 gastric cancer patients who underwent surgery and whose pre-operative CEA and CA19-9 levels were known. Survival curves and mean values of the two markers were compared according to the degree of cancer progression: serosa-unexposed (SU), serosa-exposed (SE), direct invasion (DI), localized seeding (P1), and extensive seeding (P2). Results: The 5-year overall survival rates at each stage differed significantly, except between DI and P1 patients (17.1% vs. 10.5%, P=0.344). The mean CEA values in SU, SE, DI, P1, and P2 patients were 5.80, 5.48, 13.36, 8.06, and 22.82, respectively. The CA19-9 values for these patients were 49.40, 38.97, 101.67, 73.77, and 98.57, respectively. The increase in CEA in P2 patients was statistically significant (P=0.002), and the increases in CA19-9 in DI and P2 patients were significant (P=0.025, 0.007, respectively). There was a fair correlation between the two markers in P2 patients (r=0.494, P<0.001). Conclusions: CA19-9 can be used to assess DI of gastric cancer into adjacent organs. Both markers are useful for predicting the presence of extensive peritoneal seeding.

A Case of Mediastinal Teratoma Associated with Elevated Tumor Marker in Chronic Empyema (악성 종양 표지자가 상승된 만성 흉수를 동반한 종격동 기형종 1예)

  • Um, Soo-Jung;Yang, Doo Kyung;Lee, Soo-Keol;Son, Choonhee;Roh, Mee Sook;Kim, Ki Nam;Lee, Ki Nam;Choi, Pil Jo;Bang, Jung Heui
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.66 no.2
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    • pp.127-131
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    • 2009
  • Most mediastinal teratomas are histologically well-differentiated tumors and benign. The majority of patients with a mediastinal teratoma are asymptomatic and their tumors are usually discovered incidentally on chest radiography. On rare occasions this tumor will rupture spontaneously into the adjacent organs. A 72-year-old female patient was admitted for dyspnea and she had a multiloculated pleural effusion in the left lung field. Although repeated pleural biopsy and pleural fluid cytology did not prove the presence of malignancy, we assumed that this was a malignant effusion because it revealed consistently high levels of carcinoembryonic antigen and carbohydrate antigen 19-9, and the chest CT scan did not show typical fat or bone density in the mass. Secondary infection and an uncontrolled septic condition due to pleural empyema finally compelled the patient to undergo a surgical operation. Mature teratoma was the final diagnosis and she has done well without recurrence for 2 months.

Carbohydrate Antigen 19-9 Levels Associated with Pathological Responses to Preoperative Chemoradiotherapy in Rectal Cancer

  • Yeo, Seung-Gu;Kim, Dae Yong;Kim, Tae Hyun;Kim, Sun Young;Baek, Ji Yeon;Chang, Hee Jin;Park, Ji Won;Oh, Jae Hwan
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.13
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    • pp.5383-5387
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: To investigate whether pretreatment serum carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA 19-9) levels are associated with pathological responses to preoperative chemoradiotherapy (CRT) in patients with rectal cancer. Materials and Methods: In total, 260 patients with locally advanced rectal cancer (cT3-4NanyM0) who underwent preoperative CRT and radical surgery were analyzed retrospectively. CRT consisted of 50.4 Gy pelvic radiotherapy and concurrent chemotherapy. Radical surgery was performed at a median of 7 weeks after CRT completion. Pathological CRT response criteria included downstaging (ypStage 0-I) and ypT0-1. A discrimination threshold of CA 19-9 level was determined using a receiver operating characteristics analysis. Results: The median CA 19-9 level was 8.0 (1.0-648.0) U/mL. Downstaging occurred in 94 (36.2%) patients and ypT0-1 in 50 (19.2%). The calculated optimal threshold CA 19-9 level was 10.2 U/mL for downstaging and 9.0 U/mL for ypT0-1. On multivariate analysis, CA 19-9 (${\leq}9.0U/mL$) was significantly associated with downstaging (odds ratio, 2.089; 95% confidence interval, 1.189-3.669; P=0.010) or ypT0-1 (OR, 2.207; 95%CI, 1.079-4.512; P=0.030), independent of clinical stage or carcinoembryonic antigen. Conclusions: This study firstly showed a significant association of pretreatment serum CA 19-9 levels with pathological CRT responses of rectal cancer. The CA 19-9 level is suggested to be valuable in predicting CRT responses of rectal cancer cases before treatment.

Tumor Markers in Serum and Ascites in the Diagnosis of Benign and Malignant Ascites

  • Zhu, Fang-Lai;Ling, An-Sheng;Wei, Qi;Ma, Jie;Lu, Gang
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.719-722
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    • 2015
  • Objective: To evaluate the values of 4 tumor markers in serum and ascites and their ascites/serum ratios in the identification and diagnosis of benign and malignant ascites. Materials and Methods: A total of 76 patients were selected as subjects and divided into malignant ascites group (45 cases) and benign ascites group (31 cases). Samples of ascites and serum of all hospitalized patients were collected before treatment. The levels of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), alpha fetoprotein (AFP), cancer antigen 125 (CA125) and carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) were detected by chemiluminescence (CLIA). Results: CEA, AFP and CA19-9 in both serum and ascites as well as CA125 in ascites were evidently higher in the malignant ascites group than in the benign ascites group (P<0.01). Malignant ascites was associated with elevated ascites/serum ratios for AFP and CA125 (P<0.01). The areas under receiver operating characteristic (AUROCs) of CEA and CA125 in ascites and the ratios of ascites/serum of AFP, CEA, CA125 and CA19-9 were all >0.7, suggesting certain values, while those of ascites CA19-9 and serum CEA were 0.697 and 0.629 respectively, indicating low accuracy in the identification and diagnosis of benign and malignant ascites. However, the AUROCs of the remaining indexes were <0.5, with no value for identification and diagnosis. Compared with single index, the sensitivity of combined detection increased significantly (P<0.05), in which the combined detection of CEA, CA19-9 and CA125 in ascites as well as the ratio of ascites/serum of CEA, CA19-9, CA125 and AFP had the highest sensitivity (98.4%) but with relevantly low specificity. Both sensitivity and specificity of combined detection should be comprehensively considered so as to choose the most appropriate index. Conclusions: Compared with single index, combined detection of tumor markers in serum and ascites can significantly improve the diagnostic sensitivity and specificity.

Clinical Application of Serum Tumor Associated Material (TAM) from Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Patients

  • Li, Cheng-Guang;Huang, Xin-En;Xu, Lin;Li, Ying;Lu, Yan-Yan
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.301-304
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    • 2012
  • Objective: To explore the associations of serum tumor associated material (TAM) with other common tumor markers like carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), carbohydrate antigen 125 (CA125), carbohydrate antigen19-9 (CA19-9) and its clinical application in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. Methods: A total of 87 patients were enrolled into this study, all with histologically or cytologically confirmed NSCLC. With the method of chemical colorimetry, the level of TAM was determined and compared, while chemiluminescence was used to measure the levels of common tumor markers. Results: The level of TAM decreased after chemotherapy compared with before chemotherapy when CT or MRI scans showed disease control. Furthermore, it increased when disease progessed and there was no statistically significant difference in monitoring of TAM and common tumor markers (P>0.05). Conclusions: Detecting TAM in NSCLC patients has a higher sensitivity and specificity, so it can be used as an indicator for clinical monitoring of lung cancer chemotherapy.

The Comparisons between RIA and CIA in CA19-9 Monitoring for Diagnosis of Pancreaticobiliary Tumors

  • Jung, Ha-Seung;Kim, Dae-Sik
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.135-139
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    • 2009
  • The CA(carbohydrate antigen)19-9 is complex protein that can be used as an important marker which aids the clinical diagnosis and prognosis of various pancreaticobiliary tumors. However, it was also reported that there were some CA19-9 positive patients with benign disease as using RIA method. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the clinical usefulness of serum level of CA19-9 with RIA(radioimmuno assay), CIA(chemiluminescence immuno assay), and conventional liver function tests. The correlation between CIA and RIA in CA19-9 of pancreatobiliary disease was 0.9833(P<0.01). Also, the correlations between CIA and RIA in CA19-9 of benign and malignant pancreaticobiliary tumor patients was 0.8714(P<0.01) and 0.9727(P<0.01) respectively. The correlation between CA19-9 and ALP was 0.5140(P<0.01) and CEA was 0.3385(P<0.05) as using CIA. The measurement of serum CA19-9 levels by CIA method may be useful in differentiating patients with malignant disease from those with benign disease in pancreaticobiliary tumors.

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