• Title, Summary, Keyword: Carbothermal reduction

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Synthesis of Silicon Carbide Whiskers (I) : Reaction Mechanism and Rate-Controlling Reaction (탄화규소 휘스커의 합성(I) : 반응기구의 율속반응)

  • 최헌진;이준근
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.35 no.12
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    • pp.1329-1336
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    • 1998
  • A twt -step carbothermal reduction scheme has been employed for the synthesis of SiC whiskers in an Ar or a H2 atmosphere via vapor-solid two-stage and vapor-liquid-solid growth mechanism respectively. It has been shown that the whisker growth proceed through the following reaction mechanism in an Ar at-mosphere : SiO2(S)+C(s)-SiO(v)+CO(v) SiO(v)3CO(v)=SiC(s)whisker+2CO2(v) 2C(s)+2CO2(v)=4CO(v) the third reaction appears to be the rate-controlling reaction since the overall reaction rates are dominated by the carbon which is participated in this reaction. The whisker growth proceeded through the following reaction mechaism in a H2 atmosphere : SiO2(s)+C(s)=SiO(v)+CO(v) 2C(s)+4H2(v)=2CH4(v) SiO(v)+2CH4(v)=SiC(s)whisker+CO(v)+4H2(v) The first reaction appears to be the rate-controlling reaction since the overall reaction rates are enhanced byincreasing the SiO vapor generation rate.

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Synthesis and Luminescence of Sr2Si5N8:Eu2+ Red Phosphor for High Color-Rendering White LED (고연색 LED용 적색 Sr2Si5N8:Eu2+ 형광체의 합성 및 발광특성 연구)

  • Lee, Sung Hoon;Kim, Jong Su;Kang, Tae Wook;Ryu, Jong Ho;Lee, Sang Nam
    • Journal of the Semiconductor & Display Technology
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.11-15
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    • 2017
  • Red phosphors, $Sr_2Si_5N_8:Eu^{2+}$, were synthesized as a single-phase crystal structure by optimizing carbon and $Eu^{2+}$ contents in a carbothermal reduction nitridation method. With increasing $Eu^{2+}$ contents, the photoluminescence spectra were red-shifted from 600 nm peak for 1 mol% for to 700 nm for 7 mol%. It was suggested that this red shift is attributed to the energy transfer from one low-energy sited $Eu^{2+}$ (1) to other high-energy sited $Eu^{2+}$ (2). Finally, the best red sample (620 nm emission peak and 80 nm half width for 3 mole% of $Eu^{2+}$) was packaged on a Blue LED together with two additional green and yellow phosphors, the fabricated White LED showed a high color-rendering index of 90 and white color coordinates of x= 0.321 and y = 0.305.

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Effect of the C/Si Molar Ratio on the Characteristics of β-SiC Powders Synthesized from TEOS and Phenol Resin (C/Si 몰 비가 TEOS와 페놀수지를 출발원료 사용하여 합성된 β-SiC 분말의 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Youm, Mi-Rae;Park, Sang-Whan;Kim, Young-Wook
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.50 no.1
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    • pp.31-36
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    • 2013
  • ${\beta}$-SiC powders were synthesized by a carbothermal reduction process using $SiO_2$-C precursors fabricated by a sol-gel process using phenol resin and TEOS as starting materials for carbon and Si sources, respectively. The C/Si molar ratio was selected as an important parameter for synthesizing SiC powders using a sol-gel process, and the effects of the C/Si molar ratio (1.4-3.0) on the particle size, particle size distribution, and yield of the synthesized ${\beta}$-SiC powders were investigated. It was found that (1) the particle size of the synthesized ${\beta}$-SiC powders decreased with an increase in the C/Si molar ratio in the $SiO_2$-C hybrid precursors, (2) the particle size distribution widened with an increase in the C/Si molar ratio, and (3) the yield of the ${\beta}$-SiC powder production increased with an increase in the C/Si molar ratio.

Synthesis of Sialon by Carbothermal Reduction of Porous Glass (다공질유리의 탄소 열적환원반응에 의한 Sialon의 합성에 관한 연구)

  • 김병호;이덕열;김왕섭;전형우;이근헌
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.26 no.6
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    • pp.771-782
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    • 1989
  • Synthesis of $\beta$-Sialon powder was attempted with carbothermal reduction of porous glass. The porous glass was prepared by heat and hydrothermal treatments of 9.32 Li2O.46.5B2O3.37.2SiO2.6.98Al2O3 glass. Carbon pyrolyzed from propane gas was deposited on the porous glass, thereafter activated carbon was added as reducing agents. The synthesized $\beta$-Sialon powder was pressureless sintered at 175$0^{\circ}C$ for 1hr in N2 atmosphere. The characterization of the $\beta$-Sialon powder was performed with XRD, BET, SEM and particle size analysis. The sinterability and mechanical properties of the sintered bodies were investigated in terms of bulk density, M.O.R., fracture toughness, morphology of microstructure and etc. The reduction effect of deposited carbon was better than that of activated carbon mechanically added. The formation of SiC was precominant over that of Si2ON2 and $\beta$-Sialon owing to low partial pressure of N2 inside the pore, wehreas on the surface of porous glass the formation of Si2ON2 and $\beta$-Sialon were predominant. Thereafter, SiC reduced unreacted glass to be $\beta$-Sialon. Single phase of $\beta$-Sialon(Z=1.92) was obtained from PGA porous glass having the largest pore radius by the simultaneous reduction and nitridation method at 145$0^{\circ}C$ for 5hrs. The bulk density, M.O.R., and KIC of the sitered body are 3.17g/cc, 434.4MPa and 4.1MPa.m1/2, respectively.

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Effects of Metallic Silicon on the Synthsis of β-SiC Powders by a Carbothermal Reduction Using SiO2-C Hybrid Precursor Fabricated by a Sol-gel Process (솔-젤 공정으로 제조된 SiO2-C 복합 전구체를 사용하여 열탄소환원법에 의한 β-SiC 분말 합성에 금속 Si 첨가가 미치는 영향)

  • Jo, Yung-Chul;Youm, Mi-Rae;Yun, Sung-Il;Cho, Gyoung-Sun;Park, Sang-Whan
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.50 no.6
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    • pp.402-409
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    • 2013
  • The objective of this study was to develop a synthesis process for ${\beta}$-SiC powders to reduce the synthesis temperature and to control the particle size and to prevent particle agglomeration of the synthesized ${\beta}$-SiC powders. A phenol resin and TEOS were used as the starting materials for the carbon and Si sources, respectively. $SiO_2$-C hybrid precursors with various C/Si mole ratios were fabricated using a conventional sol-gel process. ${\beta}$-SiC powders were synthesized by a carbothermal reduction process using $SiO_2$-C hybrid precursors with various C/Si mole ratios (1.6 ~ 2.5) fabricated using a sol-gel process. In this study, the effects of excess carbon and the addition of Si powders to the $SiO_2$-C hybrid precursor on the synthesis temperature and particle size of ${\beta}$-SiC were examined. It was found that the addition of metallic Si powders to the $SiO_2$/C hybrid precursor with excess carbon reduced the synthesis temperature of the ${\beta}$-SiC powders to as low as $1300^{\circ}C$. The synthesis temperature for ${\beta}$-SiC appeared to be reduced with an increase of the C/Si mole ratio in the $SiO_2$-C hybrid precursor by a direct carburization reaction between Si and excess carbon.

Synthesis of Aluminum Nitride Powers and Whiskers from a (NH4)[Al(edta)]·2H2O Complex under a Flow of Nitrogen (질소 분위기에서 (NH4)[Al(edta)]·2H2O 착물으로부터 질화알루미늄 분말 및 휘스커의 합성)

  • Jung, Woo-Sik
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.39 no.3
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    • pp.272-277
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    • 2002
  • Aluminum nitride (AlN) powders and whiskers were synthesized by a modified carbothermal reduction and nitridation where a ($NH_4)[Al(ethylenediaminetetraacetate)]{\cdot}2H_2O$ complex is used as precursor. The AlN powders were obtained by calcining the complex without mixing any carbon source under a flow of nitrogen in the temperature range 1200∼1500$^{\circ}$C and then burning out the residual carbon. The nitridation process was investigated by $^{27}Al$ magic-angle spinning (MAS) unclear magnetic resonance, infrared spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction. The complex is pyrolyzed, converted to ${\rho}$- and ${\gamma}$- alumina and then nitridated to AlN without ${\gamma}-{\alpha}$ alumina transition. The morphology of ${\gamma}$-alumina, when it was converted to AlN, was retained, strongly indicating that ${\gamma}$-alumina is converted to AlN through solid-state $AlO_xN_y$, not through gaseous intermediates such as aluminum and aluminaum suboxides. AlN whiskers were obtained, when a (0001) sapphire was used as a catalyst.

A Refining of Natural Diatomite and Synthesis of SiC Powder (규조토 정제 및 탄화규소 분말합성)

  • Pai, Chul-Hoon
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.312-319
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    • 2017
  • For high value-added applications of natural blue diatomite, the physical refining process and synthesis of SiC from refined diatomite were investigated. Approximately 30 percent Fe ($Fe_2O_3$) in raw blue diatomite was removed by a particle sieve separation process; the Fe composition for 325 mesh down powder was approximately 2 percent. Although a wet and/or dry magnetic separation process had some influence on the separation and/or refining of Fe composition, the Fe composition in the non-magnetic by-product was approximately 2 percent. Water leaching separation was effective in removing the Fe composition; approximately 40 percent of the Fe in raw blue diatomite was removed. The synthesis of ${\beta}$-SiC by a carbothermal reduction of the $SiO_2$ in the refined diatomite using carbon (graphite, carbon black), the effects of an acid-treatment on removing the Fe, and the specific surface area for the synthesized powder were also investigated. The impurities were mostly eliminated and the specific surface area was increased to $52.5m^2/g$.

New Application of Clay Filler for Carbon/Carbon Composites and Improvement of Filler Effect by Clay Size Reduction

  • Jeong, Eui-Gyung;Kim, Jin-Hoon;Lee, Young-Seak
    • Carbon letters
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.293-297
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    • 2010
  • To investigate new potential application of a clay material for C/C composites, illite added C/C composites were prepared with various illite contents. The improvement of filler effect by illite size reduction was also investigated using wet ballmilling by evaluating illite/phenolic resin infiltration using bulk density and porosity measurements, chemical structural changes of the composites using XRD, and thermal oxidation stability in air of the composites using TGA. The size reduction of illite resulted in narrower particle size distribution and improved illite infiltration into carbon preform. And the resultant C/C composites prepared with illite had even more improved thermal oxidation stability in air, showing more increased IDTs up to $100^{\circ}C$, compared to those of the C/C composites with pristine illite, due to the SiC formation through carbothermal reduction between illite and carbon materials. The illite induced delay in oxidation of the illite-C/C composites was also observed and the delayed oxidation behavior was attributed to the layered structure of illite, which improved illite/phenol resin infiltration. Therefore, the potential use of illite as filler to improve oxidation stability of C/C composite can be promising. And the size reduction of illite can improve its effect on the desired properties of illite-C/C composites even more.