• Title, Summary, Keyword: Case Reports

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Evaluation of the Quality of the Case Reports from the Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology of Korean Medicine Based on the CARE Guidelines (CARE(CAse REport) 지침에 따른 대한한방부인과학회지의 증례보고에 대한 질 평가)

  • Nam, Eun-Young;Park, Ju-Yeon
    • The Journal of Korean Obstetrics and Gynecology
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.71-86
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    • 2019
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study is to assess the quality of case reports from the Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology of Korean Medicine. Methods: Case reports were selected from the Obstetrics and Gynecology of Korean Medicine from January 2015 to March 2019, by utilizing Oriental Medicine Advanced Searching Integrated System (OASIS). The quality of the reports were reviewed based on the Consensus-based Clinical Case Reporting Guideline Development (CARE) guideline. Results: Total of 41 case reports were finally selected for the assessment. 69.23% of the case reports included necessary information based on the CARE guideline but the rest of the reports did not. More than 50% of the reports were missing data regarding 'Diagnostic challenges', 'Intervention adherence and tolerability', 'Adverse and unanticipated events', or 'Patient perspective or experience', and 'Informed consent'. Also, the reports did not include 'Key word', 'timeline'. Conclusions: Case reports from the Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology of Korean Medicine have important role in women. Efforts are needed to improve the quality of the case reports as well as to develop reporting guidelines for the Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology of Korean Medicine.

Evaluation of the Quality of the Case Reports from the Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine Based on the CARE Guidelines (CARE 지침에 따른 대한한방소아과학회지의 증례보고에 대한 질평가)

  • Lee, Hye Lim;Kim, Ji Hwan;Lee, Myeong Soo;Lee, Ju Ah
    • The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.131-140
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    • 2018
  • Objectives The purpose of this study is to assess the quality of case reports from the Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine. Methods Case reports were selected from the Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine from January 2015 to April 2018, by utilizing Oriental Medicine Advanced Searching Integrated System (OASIS). The quality of the reports were reviewed based on the Consensus-based Clinical Case Reporting Guideline Development (CARE) guideline. Results Total of 13 case reports were finally selected for the assessment. 73.08% of the case reports included necessary information based on the CARE guideline but the rest of the reports did not. More than 50% of the reports were missing data regarding 'Timeline', 'Diagnostic challenges', 'Intervention adherence and tolerability', 'Adverse and unanticipated events', or 'Patient perspective or experience'. Also, the reports did not include 'Key word', 'Introduction in abstract', 'Case presentation in abstract', or 'The rationale for conclusions' information. Conclusions Case reports from the Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine have important role in pediatrics. Efforts are needed to improve the quality of the case reports as well as to develop reporting guidelines for the Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine.

Assessment of the Quality of Case Reports in the Journal of Acupuncture Research Using the CARE and STRICTA Guidelines

  • Nam, Eun-Young;Hwang, Ji Hye
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.224-232
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study was to assess the quality of the case reports in the Journal of Acupuncture Research (JAR). All case reports were retrieved from November 2017 to June 2020. There were 19 case reports included in this assessment based on the case report (CARE) guidelines and case report and standards for reporting interventions in clinical trials of acupuncture (STRICTA) guidelines. The overall quality of reporting was relatively high (83.08% on Case Report guidelines and 77.78% on Standards for Reporting Interventions in Clinical Trials of Acupuncture guidelines), but several crucial items remained substantially underreported, such as identifying as a case report (keywords), patient information and perspective, clinical findings, diagnostic assessment, and intervention information. In 18 out of 19 included case reports of acupuncture-related interventions, several items remained considerably underreported such as acupuncture regimen variation, depth of needle insertion, response sought, and experience of acupuncturists. In the classification by disease, condition, or syndrome, 13 out of 19 included case reports were for musculoskeletal disorders (68.4%), which is the main clinical medical field of Korean medicine services. The results of this study may help develop more appropriate reporting guidelines for case reports published in JAR.

Evaluation of the Quality of Case Reports from the Journal of Korean Medicine Based on the CARE Guidelines (CARE 지침에 따른 대한한의학회지의 증례보고에 대한 질 평가)

  • Choi, Sung Youl
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.41 no.2
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    • pp.122-136
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    • 2020
  • Objectives: A case report is a detailed report of the symptoms, signs, diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up of an individual patient. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the quality of case reports from the Journal of Korean Medicine by the CARE (CAse REport) Guideline. Methods: Case reports published in the Journal of Korean Medicine from January 2016 to March 2020 were searched from Oriental Medicine Advanced Searching Integrated System (OASIS). We assessed the quality of reporting based on CARE (CAse REport) guideline as 'Sufficient', 'Not-Sufficient' and 'Not-Report'. Results: A total of 22 case reports were finally included for the assessment. The reporting items were reported as of reporting quality. After checking the result, there was a deviation in the sub-item reporting rate by a maximum 89.29%, a minimum 66.67% and a median 82.14% in case reports. Also after checking the quality in case reports by 28 detailed items in CARE guidelines, there were not reported 77% or more in the 5 sub-items 'Intervention adherence and tolerability', 'Informed consent', 'Adverse and unanticipated events', 'Diagnostic challenges', 'Patient perspective'. Conclusion: There is a need to improve the quality of case reports in the journal of Korean Medicine based on various studies using CARE guideline.

Evaluation of the Quality of the Case Reports in Journal of Korean Medicine from Year 2015 to 2020 : Using CARE Guidelines (CARE 지침에 따른 대한한의학회지의 증례 보고에 대한 질 평가 연구: 2015년~2020년 증례 보고를 중심으로)

  • Hwang, Ji Hye;Ku, Jaseung;Nam, Eun-Young
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.41 no.2
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    • pp.80-95
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    • 2020
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study is to assess the quality of the Journal of Korean medicine case reports. Methods: Case reports published in the Journal of Korean Medicine from January 2015 to March 2020 were selected by using Oriental Medicine Advanced Searching Integrated System (OASIS) and the journal search system of the Korean Medical Association (https://www.jkom.org). The quality of the case reports was assessed using the Consensus-based Clinical Case Reporting Guideline Development (CARE) guidelines. Results: 33 case reports were selected for the assessment. Based on the CARE guidelines, 61.54% of the case reports included necessary information, but the quality level was uneven. More than 60% of the reports were missing data regarding 'Discussion of the strengths and limitations in your approach to this case', 'Intervention adherence and tolerability', 'Timeline', 'Medical, family, and psychosocial history including relevant genetic information', 'Patient perspective or experience', 'Adverse and unanticipated events', 'Administration of intervention', and 'De-identified demographic information and other patient specific information'. In most reports of over 90%, data regarding 'Diagnostic challenges', 'Intervention adherence and tolerability', and 'Key word' were not included. Conclusions: Efforts are needed to improve the quality of case reports in the Journal of Korean Medicine, and it is necessary to develop appropriate guidelines for case reporting for the Journal of Korean Medicine. In addition, all articles submitted to the Journal of Korean Medicine are to be complied with submission instructions and CARE guidelines.

Korean Medicine for Treating Facial Palsy - A Literature Review of Case Reports -

  • Jeong, Hye In;Kim, Kyeong Han;Oh, Yong Taek;Choi, Yoo Min;Song, Beom Yong;Kim, Jong Uk;Yook, Tae-Han
    • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.214-225
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    • 2018
  • Objectives: The aim of this study was to analyze case reports on and to study Korean medicine treatments of facial palsy. Methods: Studies published after 2000 were selected by searching for the terms "facial palsy" and "Guanwasa" in four databases and case reports using Korean medicine moderating variables were extracted by two individual researchers. Results: The House Brackmann (H-B) Scale (23 times, 65.7%), and Yanagihara Grading Scale (Y-system) (22 times, 62.8%) were used to assess facial palsy. All case reports used acupuncture, while 19 case reports (51.3%) used electro-acupuncture, and 8 case reports (21.6%) used pharmacopuncture. Main meridian points used were ST6, ST4, GB14, TE23, LI20, BL2. Thirty-two case reports used herbal medicine (86.4%) and both Ligigeopoong-san, Bojunglkgi-tang were used frequently. Conclusion: To treat facial palsy, acupuncture was mainly used in conjunction with electro-acupuncture and pharmacopuncture. Most case reports also used herbal medicine.

Evaluation of the Quality of Case Reports in Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry Using CARES Guideline (CARES 지침에 따른 동의신경정신과학회지의 증례보고에 대한 질 평가 연구)

  • Lee, Hwan Seong;Lee, Junyeop;Han, Ji Han;Chae, Han
    • Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.59-69
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    • 2019
  • Objectives: Case report is a description of medical experience that contains a patient's information and treatments. It has been used to determine the effectiveness and side effect of the treatments. Case report can be used for medical, scientific, or educational purposes. The objective of this study was to evaluate the quality of case reports published in Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry from 2013 to 2017 using CARE and CARES guideline. Methods: Case reports were selected from Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry and their quality assessed using CARE guideline and CARES guideline. The items of CARE and CARES guideline were assessed as 'Sufficient', 'Not sufficient', 'Not reported', 'Not applicable'. The outcome was analyzed using case reports and items. Results: 26 case reports were selected. For CARE guideline, 'Sufficient' percentage was min at 22.2%, max at 46.4% with a median of 39.3%. Sum of 'Sufficient', 'Not sufficient' percentage was min at 59.3%, max at 85.7% with a median of 75.0%. Items 'Timeline', 'Diagnostic assessment', 'Follow up and outcomes', 'Informed consent' were not reported in more than 50% of all case reports. Items 'Keywords', 'Abstract', 'Introduction', 'patient information', 'Diagnostic assessment', 'Therapeutic interventions', 'Follow up and outcomes' were not sufficiently reported in more than 50% of all case reports. For CARES guideline, 'Sufficient' percentage was min at 0%, max at 50% with a median of 0%. Sum of 'Sufficient', 'Not sufficient' percentage was min at 33.3%, max at 100% with a median of 92.9%. Items of herbal prescription 'herb', 'decoction', 'use', items of acupuncture treatment 'materials', 'techniques', items of moxibustion treatment 'materials', 'techniques' were not sufficiently reported in more than 50% of all case reports. Conclusions: The reporting rate of items was good. But the quality of reporting was low. Also, particular items were not reported frequently. Therefore, there is a need to improve the quality of case reports in Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry.

What Cases Are Worth Publishing in the Korean Medical Case Report? (한의학증례보고에서 가치 있는 증례는 무엇일까?)

  • Han, Gajin;Kim, Song-Yi
    • Korean Journal of Acupuncture
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.159-171
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    • 2020
  • Objectives : This study aimed to understand the characteristics of the cases covered in the case studies on traditional Korean medicine (TKM) and furthermore, to provide basic information that can lead the discussion on 'what cases are worth reporting' in future case reports. Methods : Case reports on TKM were searched using the OASIS. The searched researches were analyzed according to the type of case, including information on disease/symptoms and intervention. Results : A total of 940 researches were searched. The most frequently reported type of case study was the report on the effectiveness of intervention. Case reports, which were only two cases in the 1970s, increased rapidly in the 2000s, and in particular, 314 cases within the last five years accounted for about 33% of the total literature. As for the number of studies by disease, the cases dealing with musculoskeletal diseases such as spine, shoulder and knee joint disorders were the most prevalent. Besides, there were many case reports related to cardiovascular, gynecological, cancer, psychiatric, and dermatological diseases. In a total of 51.9% of the included case reports, a combination of two or more Korean medical treatments such as acupuncture and herbal medicine was used at once, and western treatment was used with Korean medical treatment in 28.2% of the studies. The types of Korean medical treatments were varied, such as acupuncture, moxibustion, pharmacopuncture, electroacupuncture, Chuna, acupotomy, herbal medicine, external preparation, and psychotherapy. The main purpose of the publication of the included case reports was analyzed as a report of TKM treatment for rare diseases, or the application of TKM treatment to diseases or symptoms that are "uncommon in TKM treatment" even if it is not a rare disease. Conclusions : Case reports have the strength of generating new scientific hypotheses by detecting the basic needs and novelty of medicine. The current case studies of TKM do not seem to be sufficient to highlight these strengths. It is necessary to discuss which cases are reported as cases of patients worth publishing, and based on this, it is necessary to activate case studies of TKM by utilizing diagnostic tools and science technology.

Assesment of The Quality of Reporting in Case Reports in Journal of Sasang Constitutional Medicine from Year 2015 to 2018 : Using CARE Guidelines (2015년부터 2018년까지 사상체질의학회지에 보고된 증례에 대한 보고의 질 평가 : CARE지침을 바탕으로)

  • Kim, Ji Hwan;Lee, Hye Lim;Lee, Ju Ah;Lee, Myeong Soo
    • Journal of Sasang Constitutional Medicine
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.28-41
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    • 2018
  • Objectives The purpose of this study is to evaluate the quality of case reports about Sasang Constitutional Medicine(SCM). Methods Case reports published from March, 2015 to March, 2018 in Journal of SCM were identified by searching from Oriental Medicine Advanced Searching Integrated System(OASIS). We assessed the quality of reporting of them based on CAse REport (CARE) guideline. Results A total of 39 case reports were finally included for the assessment. Overall quality of reporting was acceptable because case report even less reporting items mentioned 70.4% of them. However, the quality level was uneven because the maximum report rate was 77.8 %, the minimum 44.4 %, and the median 66.7 % when rigorously assessed. More than 50% of 39 case reports did not report 6 items about intervention adherence and tolerability, Diagnostic challenges, patient's perspective on interventions, informed consent, timeline, and adverse events, and did not sufficiently report 4 items about inclusion of terms such as case reports or SCM in keyword, symptoms of patient in abstract, information such as occupation relevant with psychosocial history, and the rationale for conclusions. Conclusions Efforts to improve the quality of reporting in SCM, and to develop case reporting guidelines appropriate for SCM are required.

The study about Sasang Constitution diagnosis and research trends in the case reports (증례논문에 나타난 사상체질진단의 특징 및 연구동향에 대한 연구)

  • Ban, Duk-Jin;Lee, Seung-Yun;Park, Seong-Sik
    • Journal of Sasang Constitutional Medicine
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.107-114
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    • 2009
  • 1. Objectives : We analyzed the case reports published by the journal of Sasang Constitutional Medicine, to study Sasang Constitution diagnosis and characteristic of clinical practice. 2. Methods : It has been examined 138 case reports of Sasang Constitution society published from 1994 to 2008. We analyzed. patient's number, publication year, distribution of Sasang Constitution, title's characteristics and bases of constitution diagnosis. 3. Results and conclusions : 1) In the analysis of patient's number, 1 case report was almost part of the case reports, and the case reports ware many published after 2001. 2) In the analysis distribution of Sasang Constitution, Soyangin was the most Sasang Constitution, and Tae-umin was the next one and Soeumin, Taeyangin followed them. 3) In the analysis of the journal's title, Sasang Constitution, disease and symptom of Sasang Constitution were more important than prescription recently. 4) In the analysis of the journal's purpose, unique disease and response of treatment were almost part of the case reports. 5) In the analysis of diagnosis bases, subjective bases were more important than objective bases and Sasang Constitutional drug response. therefore we should do researches in objective bases and drug response in the future.

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