• Title, Summary, Keyword: Causal Relationship

Search Result 1,231, Processing Time 0.052 seconds

A Study on Causal Relationships among Sensibility Satisfaction Factors for Mobile Phone (이동통신 단말기의 감성만족 요소간 인과관계에 관한 연구)

  • Jeon, Yeong-Ho;Baek, In-Gi;Kim, Jeong-Il;Son, Gi-Hyeok
    • Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea
    • /
    • v.22 no.2
    • /
    • pp.1-13
    • /
    • 2003
  • In general, causal relationship for theoretical concepts is hypothesized based on precedent studies and tested by a structural equation model. However, when theoretical backgrounds are scarce or absent, the causal relationship is hypothesized operatively by the purpose and scope of research and tested by overall goodness-of-fit indices such as GFI and RMR. Such a causal relationship can't be most appropriate statistically because it is selected as specific relationship from researcher's view among possible causal relationships. Therefore, this study is to propose a procedure for identifying the causal relationship that produces the best GFI among possible causal relationships for theoretical concepts.

Development of the Performance Measurement Model of Electronic Medical Record System - Focused on Balanced Score Card - (균형성과표를 활용한 전자의무기록시스템의 성과측정 모형개발)

  • Lee, Kyung Hee;Kim, Young Hoon;Boo, Yoo Kyung
    • Korea Journal of Hospital Management
    • /
    • v.21 no.4
    • /
    • pp.1-12
    • /
    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study are suggest to performance measurement model of Electronic Medical Record(EMR) and Key Performance Index(KPI). For data collection, 665 questionnaires were distributed to medical record administrators and insurance reviewers at 31 hospitals, and 580 questionnaires were collected(collection rate: 87.2%). Regarding methodology, Critical Success Factor(CSF) and index of the information system were derived based on previous studies, and these were set as performance measurement factors of EMR system. The performance measurement factors were constructed by perspective using BSC, and analysis on causal relationship between factors was conducted. A model of causal relationship was established, and performance measurement model of EMR system was proposed through model validation. Analysis on causal relationship between performance management factors revealed that utility cognition of the learning & growth perspective factor had causal relationship with job efficiency(${\beta}=0.20$) and decision support(${\beta}=0.66$) of the internal process perspective factors, and security had causal relationship with system satisfaction(${\beta}=0.31$) of the customer perspective factor. System quality had causal relationship with job efficiency(${\beta}=0.66$) and decision support(${\beta}=0.76$) of the internal process perspective factors, all of which were statistically significant(P<0.01). Job efficiency of the internal process perspective had causal relationship with system satisfaction(${\beta}=0.43$), and decision support had causal relationship with decision support satisfaction(${\beta}=0.91$) and job satisfaction (${\beta}=0.74$), all of which were statistically significant(P<0.01). System satisfaction of the customer perspective had causal relationship with job satisfaction(${\beta}=0.12$), job satisfaction had causal relationship with cost reduction(${\beta}=0.53$) of the financial perspective, and decision support satisfaction had causal relationship with productivity improvement(${\beta}=0.40$)of the financial perspective(P<0.01). Also, cost reduction of the financial perspective had causal relationship with productivity improvement(${\beta}=0.37$), all which were statistically significant(P<0.05). Suitability index verification of the performance measurement model whose causal relationship was found to be statistically significant revealed that $X^2/df=2.875$, RMR=0.036, GFI=0.831, AGFI=0.810, CFI=0.887, NFI=0.838, IFI=0.888, RMSEA=0.057, PNFI=0.781, and PCFI=0.827, all of which were in suitable levels. In conclusion, the performance measurement indices of EMR system include utility cognition, security, and system quality of the learning & growth perspective, decision support and job efficiency of the internal process perspective, system satisfaction, decision support satisfaction, and job satisfaction of the customer perspective, and productivity improvement and cost reduction of the financial perspective. In this study, it is expected that the performance measurement indices and model of EMR system which are suggested by the author, will be a measurement tool available for system performance measurement of EMR system in medical institutions.

An Extended Version of the CPT-based Estimation for Missing Values in Nominal Attributes

  • Ko, Song;Kim, Dae-Won
    • International Journal of Fuzzy Logic and Intelligent Systems
    • /
    • v.10 no.4
    • /
    • pp.253-258
    • /
    • 2010
  • The causal network represents the knowledge related to the dependency relationship between all attributes. If the causal network is available, the dependency relationship can be employed to estimate the missing values for improving the estimation performance. However, the previous method had a limitation in that it did not consider the bidirectional characteristic of the causal network. The proposed method considers the bidirectional characteristic by applying prior and posterior conditions, so that it outperforms the previous method.

Fuzzy Causal Knowledge-Based Expert System

  • Lee, Kun-Chang;Kim, Hyun-Soo;Song, Yong-Uk
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Intelligent Systems Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.461-467
    • /
    • 1998
  • Although many methods of knowledge acquisition has been developed in the expert systems field, such a need for causal knowledge acquisition has not been stressed relatively. In this respect, this paper is aimed at suggesting a causal knowledge acquisition process, and then investigate the causal knowledge-based inference process. A vehicle for causal knowledge acquisition is FCM (Fuzzy Cognitive Map), a fuzzy signed digraph with causal relationships between concept variables found in a specific application domain. Although FCM has a plenty of generic properties for causal knowledge acquisition, it needs some theoretical improvement for acquiring a more refined causal knowledge. In this sense, we refine fuzzy implications of FCM by proposing fuzzy implications of FCM by proposing fuzzy causal relationship and fuzzy partially causal relationship. To test the validity of our proposed approcach, we prototyped a causal knowledge-driven inference engine named CAKES and then experime ted with some illustrative examples.

  • PDF

A Causal Knowledge-Driven Inference Engine for Expert System

  • Lee, Kun-Chang;Kim, Hyun-Soo
    • Journal of Korean Institute of Intelligent Systems
    • /
    • v.8 no.6
    • /
    • pp.70-77
    • /
    • 1998
  • Although many methods of knowledge acquisition has been developed in the exper systems field, such a need form causal knowledge acquisition hs not been stressed relatively. In this respect, this paper is aimed at suggesting a causal knowledge acquisition process, and then investigate the causal knowledge-based inference process. A vehicle for causal knowledge acquisition is FCM (Fuzzy Cognitive Map), a fuzzy signed digraph with causal relationships between concept variables found in a specific application domain. Although FCM has a plenty of generic properties for causal knowledge acquisition, it needs some theoretical improvement for acquiring a more refined causal knowledge. In this sense, we refine fuzzy implications of FCM by proposing fuzzy causal relationship and fuzzy partially causal relationship. To test the validity of our proposed approach, we prototyped a causal knowledge-driven inference engine named CAKES and then experimented with some illustrative examples.

  • PDF

A Longitudinal Study of Causal Relationships between Delinquency and Self-Esteem among Adolescents (청소년의 비행과 자아존중감간의 인과적 관계에 대한 종단 연구)

  • 김희화;김경연
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
    • /
    • v.38 no.5
    • /
    • pp.15-24
    • /
    • 2000
  • The purpose of the study was to explore the causal relationships between delinquency and self-esteem among adolescents. The subjects of this study were 497 adolescents attending middle schools in Pusan. The data was collected by longitudinal research design of 9 month interval In first, second wave, the participants completed the delinquency scale and the multidimensional self-esteem inventory that includes home self, peer-related self, teacher-related self, academic-general serif, physical appearance self, physical competence self, and personality self, respectively The major findings of this study were as follows: these causal relationships differed among subdimensions of self-esteem, 1)the causal relationship between delinquency and home self was bidirectional, 2)the causal relationship between delinquency and peer-related self, teacher-related self, academic-general self, and personality self was unidirectional, 3)the causal relationship between delinquency and physical appearance self, physical competence self was not statistically significant.

  • PDF

The Study of Effect of Educational Value and Barrier's Factors on Developmental activity of the marine sports in a middle school teachers in Pusan (부산지역 중학교 교사의 교육적 가치와 장애요인이 해양스포츠 계발활동에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Ji, Sam-Up;Mun, Sun-Ho;Lee, Jae-Bin;Kim, Nam-Young
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
    • /
    • v.20 no.2
    • /
    • pp.147-155
    • /
    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the causal relationship developmental activity of the marine sports among the educational value and barrier's factors in a middle school teachers in Busan. Responses were collected from 352 questionnaires which participated in the survey chosen by convenient sampling from the middle school teachers who working the area of Busan. A total of 338 responses were used in data analysis; 14 questionnaires were excluded form data analysis because of incomplete or missing data. To conduct this study the multiple regression analysis was used by SPSS 10.0. The result of this study disclosed; first, The factors of educational value such as self-concept development, collaboration, human relationship, and emotional development were statistically causal relationship with the developmental activity of the marine sports. The other factors of creativity, leisure activity, and health were not statistically causal relationship with the development activity of the marine sports. Second, the barrier's factors of facility and weather were statistically causal relationship with the developmental activity of the marine sports. The other barrier's factors of safety accident, program, and participation expense were not statistically causal relationship with the developmental activity of the marine sports.

Analysis for the Causal Relationship of Education Quality Factors in Korea

  • Lee, Jin-Choon;Lee, Hong-Woo
    • The Asian Journal on Quality
    • /
    • v.6 no.2
    • /
    • pp.147-166
    • /
    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the causal relationship, in the perspective of Total Quality Management, among the education quality factors, which were suggested in the previous researches. Lee et al. [16] had tried to analyze the relationship among education factors, but they did not estimate the education factor using latent variable concept, which is very reasonable and efficient to represent the constructed concepts. So this study attempts to analyze the causal relationship among education quality factors, represented as latent variables used in structural equation modeling (SEM), and compared with each other. In this study, education quality factors were measured by several measures, constructed as several latent variables, and then processed with AMOS, the most efficient statistical package in the SEM area. In order to analyze the causal relationship among the education quality factors constructed as latent variables, this study designed the structural equation model with suggested factors and established several research hypotheses. This study discovered a prominent causality among the education quality factors, such as education leadership, student scholastic performance and satisfaction of education quality, which is similar to that of previous research. This outcome is really a unique Korean syndrome manifest within our educational career orientation.

The analysis of causal relationship of SCM performance based on BSC framework (BSC에 기반한 SCM 성과간의 인과관계 분석)

  • Kim, Mi-Ae;Suh, Chang-Kyo
    • The Journal of Information Systems
    • /
    • v.23 no.4
    • /
    • pp.75-91
    • /
    • 2014
  • The effective supply chain management(SCM) is a matter of survival in many firms because successful supply chains will effectively coordinate their processes, focus on delivering customer value, eliminate unnecessary costs in key functional areas, and create performance measurement systems. The balanced scorecard(BSC) is widely used to measure the performance of the SCM. The BSC framework suggests that balance is obtained by adopting performance measures from four different areas. In this study, we analyzed the causal relationship of SCM performance based on BSC framework. First, we reviewed the nested causal relationships among four different perspective of the BSC, namely, business process perspective, customer perspective, financial perspective, and innovation and learning perspective. Then, we used the chi-square difference test to identify the best model to fit the causal relationship of SCM performance. Of the 800 questionnaires posted, a total of 265 questionnaires were returned after one follow-up. A total of 66 questionnaires were eliminated due to largely missing values. The major finding says alternative model 3 is dominant to other models to fit causal relationships among four different perspective of the BSC. Innovation and learning perspective positively influence on customer perspective, business process perspective, and financial perspective. Business process perspective also positively influence on customer perspective and financial perspective whereas customer perspective does not influence on financial perspective significantly.

An Inquiry to the Causal Perceptions & Health Seeking Behaviors of Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients

  • Kim, Boon-Han;Kim, Hung-Kyu;Yun Jung;Kang, Hwa-Jeong
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
    • /
    • v.29 no.5
    • /
    • pp.1001-1010
    • /
    • 1999
  • This study was undertaken to investigate the causal perceptions and health seeking behaviors of Rheumatoid arthritis patients, define and understand the typology, and find the relationship between causal perceptions and health seeking behavioral types. There were six types(Physical Fatigue, Dispensation of Nature, Causality to Environment, Conscience of Guilty, Rationally perceiving, Psychological Stress) of subjective opinion about Causal Perceptions of Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients. And there were four types(Oriental medical Treatment, Information Seeking, Dietary Control. Western Medical Treatment) of subjective opinion about Health Seeking Behaviors. In the relationship between types of the causal perceptions and health seeking behaviors, oriental medical treatment and information seeking type were common health seeking behaviors of all six causal perception types. Only difference for internal causal perception types was related to hospital instructions and external causal perception types were related to dietary control. The result of this study can help health care providers, especially nurses to understand the types of causal perceptions and health seeking behaviors of Rheumatoid arthritis patients to gain treatment compliance from patients according to their causal perceptions of the illness, and use it to develop educational nursing intervention to aid health care.

  • PDF