• Title, Summary, Keyword: Cereal

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Development and Quality Properties of Cereal Bars (씨리얼바 제조 및 품질특성)

  • Han Sang-Ha;Kum Jun-Seok;Lee Hyun-Yu;Park Jong-Dae
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.235-240
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study was to develop new functional cereal bars for breakfast with 9 types of cereal(corn, whole wheat, rice, brown rice, black rice, indian millet, sprouting brown rice, black soybean, job's tear) and their chemical and sensory properties were evaluated. Process of cereal bars are cereal mixing ${\to}$ formation ${\to}$ baking ${\to}$ cooling ${\to}$ topping. Moisture content of sunsik-type cereal bars were $9.4\%$, and puffed-type cereal bars were $10.1\%$. L-values of sunsik cereal bars were lower than that of puffed type cereal bars, and a-value was the highest in sunsik-type cereal bars with fructooligosaccaride. Texture measurement showed that hardness of sunsik-type cereal bars was higher than that of puffed-type cereal bars. Sensory evaluation resulted that sunsik-type cereal bars showed the high quality Score.

A Study on the Staple Food in Korea -the change of physics and chemistry of rice boiling with cereal- (한국 주식에 관한 연구 -잡곡밥 조리과정중 이화학적 변화-)

  • 김경자
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.40-44
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    • 1985
  • The change of PH, texture, swelling$.$power and protein, fat, calorie composition at cooking rice boiling with various cereal were summarized as follows : 1. The change in pH resulting from the addition of various cereal were much more pronounced in boiling rice with cereal than boiling rice. 2. The volume of boiling rice with cereal was higher that the addition of various cereal. 3. The evaluation of the texture of boiling rice with cereal was the most that rice 70%, barly, bean, red-bean each 10% composition.

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A Study on Trace Metal Contents and Correlation Analysis between Cereal and Soils in the Vicinity of Industrial Area Korea (일부 공업지역 주변의 토양과 곡류중에 미량금속 함량 및 상관관계에 관한 조사연구)

  • 김동술;김종욱;이용욱
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.135-142
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    • 1996
  • In order to grasp, status of trace metals contained and corelation analysis between cereal and soils, the samples which have been collected from four myeons in Ulju-ku Ulsan-city were 48 for cereal and 48 for soils. The average Hg containing level of samples is 0.006 ppm for cereal and 0.062 ppm for soil, Pb is 0.302 ppm for cereal and 0.885 ppm for soil, and Zn is 7.853 ppm for cereal and 2.366 ppm for soil. Corelation analysis between cereal and soils showed statistical significance for Hg, Pb and Cu, but it didn't show any significance for Cd and Zn.

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Nitrogen Fertilization on the Growth of Rape (Brassica napus L.) in Newly Reclaimed Land in Korea

  • Yang, Chang-Hyu;Kim, Taek-Kyum;Kim, Sun;Baek, Nam-Hyun;Choi, Weon-Young;Lee, Jang-Hee;Jung, Jae-Hyeok;Lee, Yong-Hwa;Kim, Si-Ju;Lee, Kyeong-Bo
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.44 no.4
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    • pp.597-599
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    • 2011
  • This study was conducted to find out the optimum nitrogen application rate for the stable production of rape in the newly reclaimed land located at Gangwhal region of Saemangum reclaimed land in which the soil is sandy loam (Munpo series). There were five treatments of nitrogen fertilization from zero to 60% increment based on the standard fertilization of $150kg\;ha^{-1}$. The growth of rape (Sunmang) was not affected by salt content while soil salinity was increased at blossoming season of rape. Compared to yield of standard fertilization the yield and the content of oleic acid of rape were increased by 4~26% with the increasing additional nitrogen fertilizer. The results obtained from the growth and yield of rape in this study indicated that it was possible to cultivate rape in a newly reclaimed land if soil salinity was kept below $3dS\;m^{-1}$.

Development of Near-Isogenic Lines (NILs) Conferring Xa4, xa5 and Xa21 Genes Resistant to Bacterial Blight (Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae) in japonica rice Genetic Background

  • Kim, Ki-Young;Shin, Mun-Sik;Kim, Woo-Jae;Park, Hyun-Su;Ko, Jong-Cheol;Nam, Jeong-Kwon;Shin, Woon-Chul;Mo, Young-Jun;Jeung, Ji-Ung;Kim, Bo-Kyeong;Ko, Jae-Kwon
    • Korean Journal of Breeding Science
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    • v.43 no.5
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    • pp.383-390
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    • 2011
  • Near-isogenic lines (NILs) carrying bacterial blight resistance genes (Xa4, xa5 and Xa21) were developed in japonica rice using Suweon345 as genetic background. NILs were selected by gene specific DNA markers and inoculation of K1 or K3a race. NILs conferring Xa4 were resistant to K1, K2, K3, and moderately resistant to K3a. NILs conferring xa5 were resistant to K1, K2, K3, and K3a. NILs having Xa21 were susceptible to K1, while resistant to K2, K3 and K3a. Target genes of NILs with the genetic background of Suweon345 were also confirmed by using eleven Philippines races and International Rice Bacterial Blight (IRBB) NILs carrying Xa4, xa5 and Xa21. All NILs had no significant difference from their recurrent parents in the major agronomic traits except for panicle length and brown rice 1,000 grain weight. Heading date of NILs ranged from Aug. 10 to Aug. 11, which was similar to that of recurrent parent, Suweon345. Culm length, number of grains per panicle and ratio of ripened grain of NILs were similar to those of Suweon345. Milled rice of NILs was ranged from 4.82 to 4.93MT/ha. These NILs will be useful for improving resistance to K3a race of bacterial blight pathogens in Korean japonica cultivars.

POSSIBILITY AND POSSIBLE METHODS OF IMPROVING THE NUTRITIVE VALUE OF CEREAL STRAW WITHOUT PRETREATMENT (A REVIEW)

  • Xing, Tingxian
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.115-134
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    • 1988
  • In view of the wide range that occurs in the nutritive value of cereal straw, the factors that may contribute are discussed under the heading of : (a) genetic factors; (b) environment factors affecting the pattern of plant growth; and (c) management factors associated with grain harvest and threshing and straw storage. The possible ways of improving the nutritive value of cereal straw without pretreatment may be achieved by selecting and breeding better cereal straw, by controlling environmental factors, by controlling management practices and by appropriate supplementation strategies to alleviate deficiencies of essential nutrients. Thus improvement in the nutritive value of cereal straw would be attained without pretreatment.

The Effect of Iron-enriched Cereal Breakfast and Nutrition Education on the Nutritional Status and Life Style of Elementary School Students (서울지역 아동의 철분강화 시리얼 보충과 영양교육이 영양상태 및 생활습관에 미치는 영향)

  • You, So-Hyoung;You, Hyun-Joo;Park, Yong-Soon
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.40 no.8
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    • pp.728-735
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    • 2007
  • The present study was conducted to investigate the effect of iron-enriched cereal supplement and nutrition education program on nutritional status and life style of children. Elementary school students(n=170) aged of 11 years old at Seoul were participated. Subjects were supplemented with iron-enriched cereal for breakfast and provided with 2 sessions of nutrition education during 3 months. Intake of carbohydrate, iron, sodium, zinc, vitamin A, vitamin $B_1$, vitamin $B_2$, vitamin C, niacin, and folic acid was significantly increased after cereal supplement. Caloric intake was similar to KDRIs during both before and after cereal supplement. There was no improvement on exercise and dietary habits after nutrition education. Male students tended to sleep later, wake up early, and ate snack less than female. Cereal supplement was effective on improving nutritional status, but short-term nutrition education had no effect on modification of life style. Thus, further studies are required to develop long-term education program effective on improving lift style and eating habits in children.

A New Mid-late Maturing, Lodging Tolerance and Good-Quality Rice Variety "Saenuri" (벼 중만생 고품질 내도복 신품종 "새누리")

  • Kim, Ki Young;Shin, Mun Sik;Ko, Jae Kwon;Ha, Ki Yong;Kim, Bo Kyeong;Nam, Jeong Kwon;Ko, Jong Cheol;Baek, Man Gee;Kim, Young Doo;Kang, Hyun Jung;Noh, Gwang Il;Kim, Woo Jae;Park, Hyun Su;Choung, Jin Il;Baek, So Hyeon;Shin, Woon Chul;Mo, Young Jun;Kim, Kyeong Hoon;Kim, Chung Kon
    • Korean Journal of Breeding Science
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    • v.40 no.4
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    • pp.503-506
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    • 2008
  • 'Saenuri' is a new japonica rice variety developed and registered by the rice breeding team of Department of Rice and Winter Cereal Crop, NICS, RDA in 2007. This variety was derived from a cross between Gyehwa17 with lodging tolerance and high yield potential, and HR14026-B-68-6-1-5 with resistance to diseases and good eating quality. This variety has about 124 days growth duration from transplanting to harvesting in west-southern coast, Honam and Youngnam plain of Korea. It is about 78 cm in culm length and tolerance to lodging. In reaction to biotic and abiotic stresses, it shows moderately resistance to blast, and resistance to bacterial blight pathogen races from K1 to $K_3$ and stripe virus, but susceptible to other major diseases and insect pests. The milled rice of "Saenuri" exhibits translucent, relatively clear non-glutinous endosperm and midium short grain. It has similar amylose content of 19.0% and lower protein content of 6.1%, and good palatability of cooked rice compared with Nampyeongbyeo. The milled rice yield performance of this variety is about 5.71MT/ha in local adaptability test for three years. "Saenuri" would be adaptable to west-southern coast, Honam and Youngnam plain of Korea.

A Mid-late Maturing Rice Cultivar with High-Quality and Bacterial Blight Resistance "Jinbaek" (벼 중만생 고품질 흰잎마름병 신균계(K3a) 저항성 품종 "진백")

  • Kim, Ki-Young;Shin, Mun-Sik;Kim, Bo-Kyeong;Ko, Jae-Kwon;Noh, Tae-Hwan;Ha, Ki-Yong;Ko, Jong-Cheol;Kim, Woo-Jae;Nam, Jeong-Kwon;Baek, Man-Gee;Noh, Gwang-Il;Park, Hyun-Su;Baek, So-Hyeon;Shin, Woon-Chul;Mo, Young-Jun;Choung, Jin-Il;Kim, Young-Doo;Kang, Hyun-Jung;Kim, Chung-Kon;Hwang, Hung-Goo;Kim, Je-Kyu
    • Korean Journal of Breeding Science
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    • v.41 no.3
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    • pp.314-318
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    • 2009
  • A new rice cultivar "Jinbaek" carrying Xa3 and xa5 was derived from the cross between 'HR15204-38-3' with xa5 gene resistant to bacterial blight K1, K2, K3 and K3a, and F1 plant derived from the cross between Junam and Sindongjin with Xa3 gene. "Jinbaek" has approximately 125 days of growth duration from transplanting to harvesting in the west-southern coastal and Honam plain of Korea. Culm length of "Jinbaek" is 71 cm. In reaction to biotic stresses, it shows moderate resistance to blast, and wide spectrum resistance to bacterial blight pathogen, K1, K2, K3, and K3a but susceptible to rice stripe virus and blast. The milled rice of "Jinbaek" exhibits translucent, relatively clear non-glutinous endosperm and midium short grain. It has lower amylose content (18.8%) and protein content (6.2%) compared with Nampyeong. The milled rice yield of this cultivar was 5.30 MT/ha in local adaptability test of three years from 2006 to 2008. This cultivar would be adaptable to the bacterial blight-prone area in the south-western coast and Honam plain of Korea.

A Mid-late Maturing, Lodging-Tolerant and Waxi rice Variety "Baegseolchal" (벼 중만생 내병 다수성 신품종 "백설찰")

  • Ha, Ki-Yong;Nam, Jeong-Kwon;Ko, Jong-Cheol;Kim, Ki-Yeong;Ko, Jae-Kwon;Kim, Bo-Kyeong;Kim, Woo-Jae;Park, Hyun-Su;Sin, Woon-Chul;Kim, Chung-Kon
    • Korean Journal of Breeding Science
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    • v.40 no.4
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    • pp.452-455
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    • 2008
  • "Baegseolchal" is a new Japonica type waxi rice variety developed and registered by the rice breeding team of Department of Rice and Winter Cereal Crop, NICS, RDA in 2007. This variety was derived from a across between Iksan435 which is highly tolerant to lodging and high yield potential, and Iksan425 which is resistance to multiple diseases. This variety has about 120 days of growth duration from transplanting to harvesting in middle, Honam and Youngnam plain of Korea. It is about 80 cm in culm length and tolerant to lodging. It is moderately resistant to blast, and resistance to bacterial blight pathogen races from $K_1$ to $K_3$, but susceptible to other major diseases and insect pests. "Baegseolchal" is midium-short grain and the milled rice exhibits high whiteness. The milled rice yield was about 5.37 MT/ha in local adaptability test for three years. "Baegseolchal" would be adaptable to plain areas south of the Chungnam Province of Korea.