• Title, Summary, Keyword: Cerebral cells

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Effects of Snake Venom Pharmacopuncture on a Mouse model of Cerebral Infarction

  • Choi, Chul-Hoon;Song, Ho-Sueb
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.140-146
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    • 2019
  • Background: This study investigated the effects of Vipera lebetina turanica snake venom (SV) on cerebral infarction induced by middle cerebral artery occlusion in mice. Methods: Following cerebral infarction, SV was injected intravenously or added to BV2 cell culture. Tissue injury was detected using triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining, neurological deficit score, NO, ROS, and GSH/GSSG assays, qPCR, Western blot, and cell viability. Results: Cerebral infarction caused by middle cerebral artery occlusion as observed by TTC staining, showed SV inhibited cell death, reducing the number of brain cells injured due to infarction. SV treatment for cerebral infarction showed a significant decrease in abnormal behavior, as determined by the neurological deficit score. The oxidation and inflammation of the cells that had cerebral infarction caused by middle cerebral artery occlusion (NO assay, ROS, GSH/GSSG assay, and qPCR), showed significant protection by SV. Western blot of brain infarction cells showed the expression of iNOS, COX-2, p-IkB-${\alpha}$, P38, p-JNK, p-ERK to be lower in the SV group. In addition, the expression of IkB increased. BV2 cells were viable when treated with SV at $20{\mu}g/mL$ or less. Western blot of BV2 cells, treated with 0.625, 1.5, $2.5{\mu}g/mL$ of SV, showed a significant decrease in the expression of p-IkB-${\alpha}$, p-JNK, iNOS, and COX-2 on BV2 cells induced by LPS. Conclusion: SV showed anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant effects against cerebral infarction and inflammation.

Effects of Lumbricus Extract on Cerebral Ischemia and Cells in Rats (구인(蚯蚓) 추출물이 흰쥐의 뇌허혈과 세포에 미치는 효과)

  • Yu, Deok-Seon;Yeom, Seung-Ryong;Kwon, Young-Dal;Song, Yung-Sun
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.1-11
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    • 2010
  • Objectives : This study was designed to investigate the effects of Lumbricus extract(LE) on the regional cerebral blood flow(rCBF) in ischemic rats, further to determine the mechanism of action of LE, and the effects that LE inhibits lactate dehydrogenase(LDH) activity in brain cells. Methods and materials : This study, ischemic rats were divided into total four group: control group(n=6), experimental group I (LE treated group)(n=6), experimental group II(LE treated group after pretreatment with indomethacin)(n=6), experimental group III(LE treated group after pretreatment with methylene blue)(n=6). And the measurement that LE inhibits LDH activity in the damage to brain cells to N-methyl-D-aspartic acid(NMDA). The changes of rCBF were determinated by laser-doppler flowmetry(LDF), and LDH activity was determinated by microplate reader in vitro. Results : 1. The rCBF was significantly improved by LE(10 mg/kg, i.p.) during the period of cerebral reperfusion, compared with the control group. 2. The rCBF was significantly increased by LE after pretreatment with indomethacin(1 mg/kg, i.p.), an inhibitor of cyclooxygenase, during the period of cerebral reperfusion, compared with the LE group, and rCBF was accelerated by LE after pretreatment with methylene blue($10{\mu}g/kg$, i.p.) an inhibitor of guanylate cyclase during the period of cerebral reperfusion, compared with the control group. 3. LE significantly inhibited LDH activity in vitro in a dose-dependent manner. Conclusions : From the above results, these were suggested that Lumbricus had anti-ischemia action in connection with cyclooxygenase and might prevent the brain cells death through inhibited LDH activity.

Bambusae Calulis in Liquamen (Jukryuk) and Zingiberis Rhizoma Juice's (Saengkang- juice's) Effect on Ischemic Damage Secondary to MCA Occlusion in Mice (죽력과 생강즙이 중대뇌동맥 폐쇄에 의한 뇌허혈 손상에 미치는 영향)

  • 류주열;김영균;권정남
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.134-144
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    • 2002
  • Objective : The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of Jukryuk and Saengkang-juices on cerebral vascular ischemia (CVI) of the middle cerebral artery (MCA). Method : By admiuistration Jukryuk and Saengkang-juices, we compared treated groups with untreated groups, in view of five points as follows: 1) cerebral damage; 2) damaged area of ischemia; 3) cerebral edema; 4) the number of neuronal cells adjacent to the areas damaged by ischemia; and 5) the number of neuronal cells adjacent to the areas damaged by ischemia Results : In this experiment, the effect of Jukryuk and Saengkang-juices was determined by inducing cerebral vascular ischemia after occluding the middle cerebral artery (MCA) in mice, and making observations and comparisons such as alterations in damaged areas and neuronal cellular changes in the brain. Conclusions : According to the above results, Jukryuk and Saengkang-juices can protect the cerebral vascular ischemia.

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Effect of Daeseungki-tang on Apoptotic Neuronal Cell Death of MCAO Rats (대승기탕(大承氣湯)이 중대뇌동맥 폐쇄 흰쥐의 신경세포 자연사에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Eun-Bin;Kim, Youn-Sub
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.403-409
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    • 2008
  • In Oriental medicine daeseungki-tang is one of the prescription that is used clinically for constipation of paralytics. The objective of the study was to observe the effect of daeseungki-tang on apoptotic neuronal cell death. In the present study, middle cerebral artery occlusion(MCAO) rats were treated with daeseungi-tang for 5 days and the edema percentage of cerebral hemisphere of MCAO rats were investigated primary. Secondary, appearances of Bax, Bcl-2,-factors that is related to apoptotic neuronal cell death - and HSP72 in the brain of MCAO rats were investigated via immunohistochemistry. Daeseungki-tang significantly decreased edema percentage of the cerebral hemisphere of MCAO rats. Daeseungki-tang significantly decreased Bax positive cells, but did not change the apperances of Bcl-2 positive cells in the penumbra of the cerebral cortex and the caudoputamen of MCAO rats. Daeseungki-tang significantly decreased HSP72 positive cells in the penumbra of the cerebral cortex, but not in the caudoputamen of MCAO rats. Based on the present results, it can be suggested that treatment with daeseungki-tang may decrease edema of the cerebral hemisphere and restrain apoptotic neuronal cell death in the penumbra of the cerebral cortex.

The Neuroprotective Effects of Angelicae gigantis Radix on Focal Cerebral Ischemia in the Rat (백서의 국부 뇌경색에 대한 당귀의 신경보호 효과)

  • 정정욱;장우석;오용성;이소연;박치상;박창국
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.204-212
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    • 2003
  • Current therapy for acute ischemic stroke is highly focused on neuroprotective agents, and many herbal medicines have been challenged for experimental models. The aim of this study is to investigate whether Angelicae gigantis Radix can protect nerve cells against ischemic neural damage of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) in rats' brains. Rats were treated with Angelicae gigantis Radix immediately after 2 hours of MCAO for 7 days. On the 7th day, the brains of the rats were sliced through the hippocampus and dyedby c-Fos immunohistochemistry stain and cresyl violet stain for microscopic examination. The number of viable neurons and c-Fos immunoreactive cells in CA1 regions was counted. MCAO caused significant decrease in density of neurons and c-Fos immunoreactive cells compared to those of sham-operated rats. Administration of Angelicae gigantis Radix significantly elevated MCAO-induced decrease in density of neurons and c-Fos immunoreactive cells. These results suggest that the neuroprotective effect of Angelicae gigantis Radix against focal cerebral ischemia is related to c-Fos gene expression. Thus, these findings indicate that Angelicae gigantis Radix can be used for treatment and prevention of cerebral ischemia.

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Experimental Effects of SPATHOLOBI CAULIS on the Cerebral Blood Flow and Lactate Dehydrogenase Activity (계혈등(鷄血藤)이 뇌혈류량 및 Lactate Dehydrogenase 활성에 미치는 실험적 효과)

  • Lee Sang-Lock;Jeong Hyun-Woo
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.25-30
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    • 2006
  • This Study was designed to investigate the effects of Patholobi Caulis on the change of regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) and blood Pressure (MABP) in normal and Cerebral ischemic rats. And, this Study was designed to investigate the inhibition of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity in neuronal cells. The results were as follows : In normal rats, Patholobi Caulis significantly increased rCBF in a dose-dependent manner, and MABP was somewhat increased. In ischemia rats, rCBF was significantly and stably increased by Patholobi Caulis (10 mg/kg, i.p.) during the period of cerebral reperfusion, which contrasted with the findings of rapid and marked increase in control group. Patholobi Caulis significantly inhibited LDH activity in neuronal cells. It was suggested that Patholobi Caulis had an anti-ischemic effect through the improvement of cerebral hemodynamics and inhibitive effect on the brain damage.

Motor Function Recovery after Adipose Tissue Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cell Therapy in Rats with Cerebral Infarction

  • Kim, Chang-Hwan;Kim, Yang-Woon;Jang, Sung-Ho;Chang, Chul-Hoon;Jung, Jae-Ho;Kim, Seong-Ho
    • Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
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    • v.40 no.4
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    • pp.267-272
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    • 2006
  • Objective : There have been recent reports that mesenchymal stromal cells that are harvested from adipose tissue are able to differentiate into neurons. In the present study, we administered adipose tissue derived stem cells in rats with cerebral infarction in order to determine whether those stem cells could enhance the recovery of motor function. Methods : Cerebral infarction was induced by intraluminal occlusion of middle cerebral artery in rats. The adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells were harvested from inguinal fat pad and proliferated for 2 weeks in DMEM media. Approximately $1{\times}10^6$ cells were injected intravenously or into subdural space of the peri-lesional area. The rotor rod test was performed at preoperative state[before MCA occlusion], and 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8 and 10 weeks after the cell therapy. Results : The motor functions that were assessed by rotor rod test at 1 week of the cell therapy were nearly zero among the experimental groups. However, there was apparent motor function recovery after 2 weeks and 4 weeks of cell injection in intravenously treated rats and peri-lesionaly treated rats, respectively, while there was no significant improvement till 8 weeks in vehicle treated rats. Conclusion : These results demonstrate that the adipose derived stem cell treatment improves motor function recovery in rats with cerebral infarction.

Effects of Nelumbinis Rhizomatis Nodus Extract on Cerebral Hemodynamics in Rats (연근 추출물이 뇌혈류역학에 미치는 효과)

  • Lee Keum-Soo;Jeong Hyun-Woo
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.19 no.6
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    • pp.1546-1551
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    • 2005
  • This Study was designed to investigate the effects of Nelumbinis Rhizomatis Nodus (NRN) on the change of cerebral hemodynamics [regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF), pial arterial diameter (PAD) and mean arterial blood pressure (MABP)] in normal and cerebral ischemic rats. And, this study was designed to investigate the inhibition of lactate dehydrogenase activity in neuronal cells The results were as follows NRN significantly increased rCBF and PAD in a dose-dependent manner, and NRN increased MABP in a dose-dependent manner. This results suggested that NRN significantly increased rCBF by dilating PAD. Both rCBF and PAD were significantly and stably increased by NRN (10 mg/kg, i.p.) during the period of cerebral reperfusion, which contrasted with the findings of rapid and marked increase in control group. NRN significantly inhibited lactate dehydrogenase activity in neuronal cells. This results suggested that NRN prevented the neuronal death. It is suggested that NRN had an anti-ischemic effect through the improvement of cerebral hemodynamics and inhibitive effect on the brain damage.

Effects of Danchunwhangagam on LPS or DFX-induced Cytokine Production in Peripheral Mononuclear Cells of Cerebral Infarction Patients (단천환가감이 중풍 환자의 말초 단핵구에서 LPS 및 DFX 유도성 사이토카인 생성에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Seoung-Geun;Lee, Key-Sang
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.929-935
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    • 2006
  • This study was to investigate the effect of Danchunwhangagam(DCWGG) extract on the production of proinflammatory cytokines in peripheral mononuclear cells (PBMCS) from Cerebral infarction(CI) patients. Methods: We examined that the inhibition rate of tumor necrosis factor $(TNF)-{\alpha},\;interleukin(IL)-1{\alpha},\;IL-1{\beta}$, IL-6, and IL-8 productions in DCWGG pretreatment PBMCs culture supernatant in the lipopolysaccaride(LPS)- or Oesferrioxamine(DFX)-treated cells compared to unstimulated cells. DCWGG inhibited the productions of $TNF-{\alpha},\;IL-1{\alpha},\;IL-1{\beta}$, IL-6, and IL-8 induced by LPS in a dose-dependent manner DCWGG might have regulatory effects on LPS or DFX-induced cytokine production, which might explain its beneficial effect in the treatment of CI.

The Effects of Danchunwhangagam on LPS or DFX-induced Cytokine Production in Peripheral Mononuclear Cells of Cerebral Infarction Patients

  • Son, Ji-Young;Lee, Key-Sang
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.1-11
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    • 2005
  • This study was to investigate the effect of Danchunwhangagam(DCWGG) extract on the production of proinflammatory cytokines in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from Cerebral infarction(CI) patients. Methods: We examined how the inhibition rate of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-$\alpha$, interleukin(IL)-1$\alpha$, IL-1$\beta$, IL-6, and IL-8 productions in DCWGG pretreatment PBMCs culture supernatant in the lipopolysaccaride(LPS)- or desferrioxamine(DFX)treated cells compared to unstimulated cells. Results: DCWGG inhibited the productions of TNF-$\alpha$, IL-1$\alpha$, IL-1$\beta$, IL-6, and IL-8 induced by LPS in a dose-dependent manner. Conclusions: DCWGG might have regulatory effects on LPS or DFX-induced cytokine production, which might explain its beneficial effect in the treatment of CI.

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