• Title, Summary, Keyword: Chemical hair dye

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Management of Greying of Hairs (Sheeb) and Use of Hair Dyes (Khizaab) in Unani Medicine

  • Rani, Seema
    • CELLMED
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.7.1-7.12
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    • 2018
  • Greying of hairs or Canities (Sheeb) is a hair disorder characterized by premature graying of scalp hair, beard, moustache etc. In Unani system of medicine (USM), the causes of premature greying of hairs, concept behind graying of hairs, principles of treatment, preparations that prevent premature greying of hairs, regimen, systemic and local treatment to stimulate pigmentation and the most interesting point is the use of different type of hair dyes (khizabat) is all illustrated. Classical texts described black, red, blond and white hair dye preparations with formulae and method of use. Initially for the hair graying management, utilizing simple and complex substances from plants, minerals, metals and mixture of these was the main method, which satisfied the desire to change the colour of the hair. With the advancement in chemical science, dyes formulaes, method of formation and application are changed. But due to the awareness about demerits of chemical dyes, people are looking back towards the natural ways to combat hair greying and herbal hair dye is an alternative. This paper is an overview of Unani drugs of local and internal use for hair greying with special attention towards herbal dyes. Most commonly used herbs in khizaab with their actions and constituents has been summarized. This is an effort to globalize the benefits of Unani herbs in hair greying problem. In short, International demand for hair dyes has been steadily growing and there is a wide scope for exploring different aspects of hair greying treatment and dyes in USM.

Effect of Solvent in Human Hair Dyeing with Natural Dye (I) (천연염료에 의한 모발염색에서 용매의 효과 (I))

  • Yang, Hye-Youn;Jang, Mi-Hwa;Kim, Sung-Min;Choi, Chang-Nam
    • Textile Coloration and Finishing
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.22-28
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    • 2009
  • Human hair is a kind of fibrous keratin which has much cystine residues like wool fiber. It protects human head from the dangerous shock and is an organ to release heavy metals in human body. Recently, in many dyeing field there is a trend to utilize the natural dyes. Cochineal is a reddish natural mordant dye. When the cochineal is applied in human hair dyeing, it is expected that dyeing rate will be slow and wash fastness will be poor on account of large molecular weight relative to oxidative dyes. In this work, we investigated the effects of tributyl phosphate in hair dyeing with natural dye cochineal. Dyeability of hair increased significantly by adding tributyl phosphate in cochineal dyeing. Nevertheless the hair was slightly damaged during dyeing, the dyed hair showed a good wash fastness.

Hair-dyeing by using Pomegranate Hull Extract (석류 과피 추출물을 이용한 모발염색)

  • Cho, A-Rang;Shin, Youn-Sook;Yoo, Dong-Il
    • Textile Coloration and Finishing
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.42-50
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    • 2008
  • The objective of this study is to investigate the efficacy of pomegranate hull colorant as a natural hair coloring dye. The extract of pomegranate hull was concentrated and freeze-dried to get colorant powder. Effect of dyeing condition and mordanting on the dye uptake of hair by using Al, Fe, Cu, Cr, Sn compounds, color change and colorfastness were explored. In addition, tensile strength was measured and the surface of the hair was observed. Dye uptake of hair measured by K/S value (400 nm) indicated that ionic bonding seems to be involved in the sorption of pomegranate colorant to hair. Maximum sorption was obtained at pH 3.5 and the concentration of 50% (on the weight of hair, o.w.h.). Acidic dyeing condition (pH $3.5{\sim}5.0$) showed yellow color however alkaline dyeing condition (pH $7{\sim}11$) gave reddish yellow color. Pomegranate hull colorant produced greyish brown color on hair and the hair mordanted with Fe showed dark brown color. Mordants except Fe did not increase dye uptake significantly. Mordants except Cu increased light fastness and mordants except Cr increased washing fastness level slightly. According to SEM observation and the tensile strength retention measurement, the mordant dyed hair gave more damage to hair by ultraviolet light and washing than the hair dyed without mordanting. Experimental results of K/S value and colorfastness(light and washing) supported that pomegranate hull colorant without mordanting can be used as a semi-permanent natural hair coloring dye.

The study on Effects of Curly Hair by the Permnent wave and Dye (펌제와 염모제가 곱슬모에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Ha-Na;Kang, Sang-Mo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fashion and Beauty
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.73-79
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    • 2008
  • To study of the rate of damage and morphological change when apply perm and dye according to kinds of curly hair, measured the thickness of hair and divided the samples into groups. Measured the chromaticity and thickness according to kinds of curly hair and chemical treatment with Spectrum colormeter and Micrometer. Measured the tensile strength of hair then calculated the damage rate. After tensile test, took photographs of the section and surface with the electron microscope.

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Hair-dyeing by Using Safflower Yellow Colorant (홍화 황색소를 사용한 모발염색)

  • Shin, Youn-Sook;Cho, A-Rang;Yoo, Dong-Il
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.391-400
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the efficacy of safflower yellow colorant as a natural dye for hair coloring. The dyeing properties of safflower yellow colorant on hair were explored to obtain optimum conditions. Also, the effect of mordant was studied in terms of dye uptake, colorfastness, and hair damage to better understand the characteristics of the colorant. Tensile strength measurement and SEM analysis were carried out for investigating hair damage to light exposure and washing. On the basis of obtained results considering possible hair damage, optimum dyeing conditions were set 100%(o.w.h.) colorant concentration, pH 5, $40^{\circ}C$, and 20min. Dye uptake was improved more effectively by repeated dyeing rather than by increasing concentration. Pre-mordanting method improved dye uptake slightly, irrespective of mordant type. The safflower yellow colorant produced Y colors on hair. Cu and Fe mordants improved washing and light fastness slightly. Better strength retention was obtained with the mordanted-dyed hair than the unmordanted-dyed hair after light irradiation for 40 hours and 10 repeated washing. The hair was more damaged by light exposure than by washing. It was concluded that the safflower yellow colorant can be used as a natural semi-permanent hair dye producing Y color without mordanting.

For white Hair Cover for Chemical Hair Dye Treated Hair Cosmetic Analysis (백모(白毛) 커버(cover)용 화학염모제 처리 모발의 미용학적 분석)

  • Oh, Jung-Sun;Park, Jang-Soon
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.10 no.6
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    • pp.281-286
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    • 2019
  • Appearance is a means of competitiveness for modern people, and one of the factors that harms the desires of modern people is white hair. For the modern man who needs to express beautiful appearance to others by covering white moth, we performed hair analysis after white moth hair dye treatment. The maximum modulus and tangential modulus according to the maximum load, maximum tensile strength, maximum elongation, breaking load, fracture strength, elongation at break, and evaluation interval between 1N-3N experimental group and control group of 1N-Respectively. Maximum load, maximum tensile strength, breaking load and breaking strength tended to be larger than those of the control group, while the maximum elongation and breaking elongation were the highest in the control group and the elongation decreased with the experimental group treatment. The maximum modulus and tangential modulus of the 1N-3N test group were higher than those of the control group at 0~0.15 and 0.15~2.5, respectively. Based on the study on the cosmetic changes of the hair before and after the treatment, it can be used as a basic data to select the correct oxidative hair dye product, the proper amount of application and the time to leave.

Study on the Thermal Analysis of Dyed Hair Depending on the Brightness Level (명도 차이에 따른 염색모발의 열분석에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Moon-Sun;Lee, Gui-Young;Choi, Eun-Young;Kim, Dong-Heui;Chang, Byung-Soo
    • Applied Microscopy
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    • v.38 no.3
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    • pp.159-165
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    • 2008
  • Morphological and physicochemical changes of a woman's virgin hair treated with various dye depths were investigated by using scanning electron microscopy and thermal analyzer. With the hair treated with the dye of the high brightness level, the speed of weight decrease was slower than compared with thermal analysis weight of a normal hair sample. We confirmed that the moisture content and protein composition of hair were changed depending on level depth of coloring agent. Moreover oxidative residues and dye molecules penetrated into the hair cause chemical changes of hair structure. As a result, the heat reaction speed of hair treated with high level coloring agent was made slower than normal hair.

A Study on the Physico-Chemical Property Evaluation of Oxidative Permanent Hair Color Products Containing p-Phenylene Diamine (파라-페닐렌디아민이 함유(含有)된 산화형(酸化形) 영구염모제(永久染毛制)의 물리화학적(物理化學的) 특성평가(特性評價)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究))

  • Ha, Byung-Jo;Jeon, Dong-Won;Kim, Kyung-Sun
    • Journal of Fashion Business
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    • v.9 no.5
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    • pp.136-144
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    • 2005
  • Oxidative hair color is currently widely used because of its beautiful light color and good dyeability. In this study, hair color, oxidative agents, and dye intermediate were reacted. Modifier, which changes color with various hue, and alkaline agent, which opens the cuticle of hair fiber and enhances the dyeing reaction, were added. For gel formation, isocetyl alcohol was used as solvent in preparing three kinds of permanent oxidative hair color. Physiochemical study of prepared permanent oxidative hair color was done for basic information acquisition. Acid perspiration test, pH measurement both at room temperature and at high temperature, drop movement test, dyeability efficiency upon the amount of hydrogen peroxide added, and humidity fastness were studied. Shampoo fastness and light fastness of prepared permanent oxidative hair color dyed hair sample were also investigated. All three kinds of hair color prepared showed good properties overall, however, dyed hair sample became reddish upon shampoo fastness and lightfastness tests.

Development of Brown Hair-Dye using The Extracts of Boehmeria tricuspis Grown Wild in Korea (한국 자생 거북꼬리 추출물을 이용한 갈색 염모제 개발)

  • Kim Hyun-Ju;Heo Buk-Gu;Park Yun-Jum
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.243-247
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    • 2006
  • To develop the natural brown hair-dye, we investigated the dyeability of hairs dyed with the extracts of Boehmeria tricuspis and chemical hair-dye and the changes in its colors as affected by the number of washing frequencies. When dyed with the extracts of Boehmeria tricuspis, ${\Delta}E$ values was increased over 11 compared with control and dyed an order of descent YR. ${\Delta}E$ values treated the ashing juice of Japanese cleyera with a mordant was mostly increased about 15.52. Hairs was dyed with the extracts of Boehmeria tricuspis and we investigated L, a, b and ${\Delta}E$ values as affected by the number of washing frequencies. When treated the ashing juice of Japanese cleyera with a mordant, L values was mostly decreased, however, a, b and ${\Delta}E$ values was increased significantly. L values of hairs dyed with the extracts of Boehmeria tricuspis and washed over thirty times became low compared with that dyed with chemical hair-dye and changes in a, b and ${\Delta}E$values of that was small.

Structural Development of Scalp Hair in Children and Effects of Cosmetologic Physico-Chemical Treatments on Adult Scalp Hair (어린아이 머리털의 구조 변화 및 물리화학적 미용기법이 어른 머리털에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Chang-Hyun;Choi, Ki-Ju;Moon, Sung-Jin;Uhm, Chang-Sub
    • Applied Microscopy
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.339-344
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    • 2002
  • Recently, there has been an increase in the cosmetologic treatments on hair in Korea. To investigate the time when morphological characteristics of human scalp hair take mature form, hairs of 0, 3, 6, 12, 24 months, and of adult scalp hair were compared. Also, the physico-chemical effects of commonly used cosmetological treatments; hair-dryed, dye coated, stained and permanent waved scalp hairs were observed by scanning electron microscopy. Two year-old hair was similar to the adult hair, and all hairs received cosmetologic treatments except for coated hair showed various degree of deformation and damage. These results suggest that routinely used cosmetologic treatments may give harmful effects on hairs. More detailed studies in large scale may be necessary.