• Title, Summary, Keyword: Chemical vapor infiltration

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Influence of Winding Patterns and Infiltration Parameters on Chemical Vapor Infiltration Behaviors of SiCf/SiC Composites (SiCf/SiC 복합체의 화학기상침착 거동에 미치는 권선 구조와 침착 변수의 영향)

  • Kim, Daejong;Ko, Myoungjin;Lee, Hyeon-Geun;Park, Ji Yeon;Kim, Weon-Ju
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.51 no.5
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    • pp.453-458
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    • 2014
  • SiC and its composites have been considered for use as nuclear fuel cladding materials of pressurized light water reactors. In this study, a $SiC_f$/SiC composite as a constituent layer of SiC triplex fuel cladding was fabricated using a chemical vapor infiltration (CVI) process in which tubular SiC fiber preforms were prepared using a filament winding method. To enhance the matrix density of the composite layer, winding patterns, deposition temperature, and gas input ratio were controlled. Fiber arrangement and porosity were the main parameters influencing densification behaviors. Final density of the composites decreased as the SiC fiber volume fraction increased. The CVI process was optimized to densify the tubular preforms with high fiber volume fraction at a high $H_2$/MTS ratio of 20 at $1000^{\circ}C$; in this process, surface canning of the composites was effectively retarded.

Microstructural Control of Pyrolytic Carbon Layer Deposited from Methane by Isotropic Chemical Vapor Infiltration

  • Jeong, Young-Seok;Choi, Kyoon;Yoo, Ho Gyu
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.56 no.3
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    • pp.291-297
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    • 2019
  • Pyrolytic carbon (PyC) layers were deposited using methane. The PyC layer deposited with 5% methane showed highly textured graphite, while that deposited using 100% methane showed low textured graphite. The degrees of anisotropy of the carbon layers were measured using an X-ray diffractometer, a transmission electron microscope, and a Raman spectroscope, and the results were compared with those reported previously. The orientation angles obtained from the fast Fourier transformation of the high-resolution transmission electron microscopy images and the ID/IG intensity ratios obtained from the Raman spectra were used to evaluate the anisotropy of the PyC layers.

Fracture Behaviors of SiCf/SiC Composites Prepared by Hybrid Processes of CVI and PIP (화학침착법과 고분자함침 열분해법의 복합공정으로 제조한 SiCf/SiC 복합체의 제조 공정에 따른 파괴거동)

  • Park, Ji Yeon;Han, Jangwon;Kim, Daejong;Kim, Weon-Ju;Lee, Sea Hoon
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.51 no.5
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    • pp.430-434
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    • 2014
  • $SiC_f$/SiC composites were prepared using the hybrid process of chemical vapor infiltration (CVI) and polymer impregnation and pyrolysis (PIP). Before the application of PIP, partially matrix-filled preform composites with different densities were fabricated by control of chemical vapor infiltration time and temperature. The changes of the final density of the $SiC_f$/SiC composites had a tendency similar to that of preform composites partially filled by CVI. Composites with lower density after the CVI process had a larger increment of density during the PIP process. Three types of microstructures were observed on the fractured surface of the composite: 1) well pulled-out fibers and lower density, 2) slightly pulled-out fibers and higher density, and 3) only bulk SiC. The different fractions and distributions of the microstructures could have an effect on the mechanical properties of the composites. In this study, $SiC_f$/SiC composites prepared using a hybrid process of CVI and PIP had density values in the range of $1.05{\sim}1.44g/cm^3$, tensile strength values in the range of 76.4 ~ 130.7 MPa, and fracture toughness values in the range of $11.2{\sim}13.5MPa{\cdot}m^{1/2}$.

Pore Structure Modification and Characterization of Porous Alumina Filter with Chemical Vapor Infiltration (CVI) SiC Whisker (화학증착 탄화규소 휘스커에 의한 다공성 알루미나 필터의 기공구조 개질 및 특성 평가)

  • 박원순;최두진;김해두
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.41 no.7
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    • pp.518-527
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    • 2004
  • In this study, SiC whiskers were grown in porous alumina substrate in order to enhance the filtering efficiency, performance, and durability by controlling pore morphology. This experiment was performed by Chemical Vapor Infiltration (CVI) in order to obtain the whiskers on the inside of pores as well as on the surface of porous the A1$_2$O$_3$ substrate. The deposition behavior was changed remarkably with the deposition position, temperature, and input gas ratio. First, the mean diameter of whisker was decreased as the position of observation moved into the inside of substrate due to the reactant gas depletion effect'. Second, the deposition temperature caused the changes of the deposition type such as debris, whiskers and films and the change in morphology affect the various properties. When SiC films were deposited. the gas permeability and the specific surface area decreased. However, the whisker showed the opposite result. The whiskers increase not only the specific surface area and minimizing pressure drop but also mechanical strength. Therefore it is expected that the porous alumina body which deposited the SiC whisker is the promising material for the filter trapping the particles.

A Study on Ultrasonic Evaluation of Material Defects in Carbon/carbon Composites

  • Im, Kwang-Hee;David K. Hsu;Cha, Cheon-Seok;Sim, Jae-Ki;Yang, In-Young
    • Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology
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    • v.16 no.12
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    • pp.1652-1663
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    • 2002
  • It is desirable to perform nondestructive evaluation to assess material properties and part homogeneity because manufacturing of carbon/carbon (C/C) composites requires complicated and costly processes. In this work several ultrasonic techniques were applied to carbon/carbon composites for the evaluation of spatial variations in material properties that are attributable to the manufacturing process. In a large carbon/carbon composite manufactured by chemical vapor infiltration (CVI) method, the spatial variation of ultrasonic velocity was measured and found to be consistent with the densification behavior in CVI process in order to increase the density of C/C composites. Ultrasonic velocity and attenuation depend on a density variation of materials. Low frequency through-transmission scans based on both amplitude and time-of-flight of the ultrasonic pulse were used for mapping out the material property inhomogeneity These results were compared with that obtained by dry-coupling ultrasonics. Pulse-echo C-scans was used to image near-surface material property anomalies such as the placement of spacers between disks during CVI. Also, optical micrograph had been examined on the surface of C/C composites using a destructive way.

Fracture Behaviors and Mechanical Properties of SiCf/SiC Composites Prepared by the Whisker Growing Assisted CVI Process (Whisker Growing Assisted 화학침착 공정으로 제조된 SiCf/SiC 복합체의 파괴거동과 기계강도 평가)

  • Kang, Seok-Min;Kim, Weon-Ju;Yoon, Soon-Gil;Park, Ji-Yeon
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.46 no.5
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    • pp.484-487
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    • 2009
  • $SiC_f$/SiC composites with whiskers and pyrolytic carbon (PyC) coated whiskers in the matrix were fabricated for enhancement of the fracture behaviors by the whisker growing assisted chemical vapor infiltration (WA-CVI) process, respectively. $SiC_f$/SiC composites were also prepared by the conventional CVI process as reference material. The mechanical properties and fracture behaviors were analyzed by comparison of the two types of composites prepared by WA-CVI and conventional CVI. The densities of $SiC_f$/SiC composites were in the range of $2.6{\sim}2.65g/cm^3$. The flexural strengths of composite with whiskers and with those coated by PyC were 650 MPa and 600 MPa, respectively. The tensile strength of composites with whiskers was ${\sim}285$ MPa.

Pore Structure Modification and Characterization of Porous Cordierite with Chemical Vapor Infiltration (CVI) SiC Whisker (화학증착 탄화규소 휘스커에 의한 다공성 코디어라이트의 기공구조 개질 및 특성평가)

  • Kim, Ik-Whan;Kim, Jun-Gyu;Lee, Hwan-Sup;Choi, Doo-Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.45 no.2
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    • pp.132-137
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    • 2008
  • The main purpose of this study is enhancing the filtering efficiency, performance and durability of filter by growing SiC whiskers on cordierite honeycomb substrate. The experiment was performed by Chemical Vapor Infiltration (CVI) in order to control pore morphology of substrate. Increasing the mechanical strength of porous substrate is one of important issues. The formation of "networking structure" in the pore of porous substrate increased mechanical strength. The high pressure gas injection to the specimen showed that a little of whiskers were separated from substrate but additional film coating enhanced the stability of whisker at high pressure gas injection. Particle trap test was performed. More nano-particle was trapped by whisker growth at the pore of substrate. Therefore it is expected that the porous cordierite which deposited the SiC whisker will be the promising material for the application as filter trapping the nano-particles.

Densification of Cf/SiC Composite Using PIP with Adding of Cyclohexene (Cyclohexene을 첨가한 PIP 공정 사용 Cf/SiC 복합재의 고밀도화)

  • Bae, Jin-Cheol;Cho, Kwang-Youn;Kim, Jun-Il;Im, Dong-Won;Park, Jong-Kyu;Lee, Man-Young;Lee, Jae-Yeol
    • Composites Research
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.322-327
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    • 2013
  • Carbon fiber-reinforced SiC matrix composites have good oxidation resistance and thermal shock resistance. These properties have allowed the composites to be applied to high-temperature structures. In this study, $C_f/SiC$ composites were fabricated via precursor infiltration and pyrolysis (PIP) process, including liquid phase infiltration and chemical vapor curing using cyclohexene. The final $C_f/SiC$ composites, which have gone through the PIP process five times, showed a density of $1.79g/cm^3$, as compared to a density of $0.43g/cm^3$ for pre-densified bare carbon fiber preform. As for the oxidation resistance characteristics, the weight of $C_f/SiC$ composite was maintained at 81% at $1400^{\circ}C$ in air for 6 hours. Chemical vapor curing (CVC) using cyclohexene has shown to be an effective method to achieve high densification, leading to increased oxidation resistance.

Formation of a Carbon Interphase Layer on SiC Fibers Using Electrophoretic Deposition and Infiltration Methods

  • Fitriani, Pipit;Sharma, Amit Siddharth;Lee, Sungho;Yoon, Dang-Hyok
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.52 no.4
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    • pp.284-289
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    • 2015
  • This study examined carbon layer coating on silicon carbide (SiC) fibers by utilizing solid-state and wet chemistry routes to confer toughness to the fiber-reinforced ceramic matrix composites, as an alternative to the conventional pyrolytic carbon (PyC) interphase layer. Electrophoretic deposition (EPD) of carbon black nanoparticles using both AC and DC current sources, and the vacuum infiltration of phenolic resin followed by pyrolysis were tested. Because of the use of a liquid phase, the vacuum infiltration resulted in more uniform and denser carbon coating than the EPD routes with solid carbon black particles. Thereafter, vacuum infiltration with controlled variation in phenolic resin concentration, as well as the iterations of infiltration steps, was improvised to produce a homogeneous carbon coating having a thickness of several hundred nanometers on the SiC fiber. Conclusively, it was demonstrated that the carbon coating on the SiC fiber could be achieved using a simpler method than the conventional chemical vapor deposition technique.

Effect of Interlayer Thickness on Mechanical Properties of Nicalon-Fiber-Reinfored SiC Composites (Nicalon 섬유강화 SiC 복합재료에서 섬유 Coating층의 두께가 기계적 성질에 미치는 영향)

  • 김민수;김영욱;이준근;정덕수
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.30 no.7
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    • pp.549-556
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    • 1993
  • Interfacial shear strength plays an important role in determining the mechanical properties of a fiber-reinforced ceramic composites. In this study, the effect ofinterlayer thickness on mechanical properties of Nicalon-fiber-reinforced SiC composites fabricated via polymer solution infiltration/chemical vapor infiltration (PSI/CVI) was studied. It was found that the flexural strength and fracture toughness of the composites were increased with the interlayer thickness and showed maximum value at the interlayer thickness of 0.66${\mu}{\textrm}{m}$. Typical flexural strength and fracture toughness of Nicalon-fiber-reinforced SiC composites with interlayer thickness of 0.66${\mu}{\textrm}{m}$ were 391.7$\pm$34.6MPa and 15.1$\pm$1.8MPa.m1/2, respectively.

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