• Title, Summary, Keyword: Chok-samni (ST36)

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Characteristics of Acupuncture at Chok-Samni(ST36) on Facial Thermographic Change of D.I.T.I. (D.I.T.I.를 이용한 족삼리(ST36)자침이 안면부 절대온도변화에 미치는 영향)

  • Cho Eun Hee;Park Min Cheol;Choi Deok Hwa
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.1493-1499
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    • 2003
  • This study was examined for effects of acupuncture of Chok-Samni(ST36) on the facial thermography in health subjects, The volunteers who participating in this study had taken rest for 15 mins in room temperature (19-21 ℃) before the examination and informed them what to prohibit smoking, drinking and administration of drug for the previous day, The thermography of face was taken using Digital Infrared Thermographic Imaging (D.I.T.I. : Dorex, DTI-16UT1, U.S.A.) by time interval of 35 minutes at 15 min before and 20 min after acupuncture stimulation. Thermal temperature of Yangbaek(GB14), Myon-koryo(ST3) and Chichang(ST4) was measured and compared, The results showed that acupuncture of Chok-Samni(ST36) decreased the Absolute difference of temperature between Myon-koryo(ST3) and Chichang(ST4) (p<0,05, Data were represented mean±S,E.M.(n=33)), But, acupuncture of Chok-Samni(ST36) particularly decreased the absolute difference of temperature between Yangbaek(GB14) and Chichang(ST4) and particularly decreased the absolute difference of temperature between Vangbaek(GB14) and Myon-koryo(ST3) (p<0,05, Data were represented mean±S,E.M.(n=33)). Also, it was observed that acupuncture of Chok-Samni(ST36) decreased variety of the color tone of thermographic contour line and decreased thermal distribution. The results showed that acupuncture of Chok-5amni(ST36) significantly decreased the absolute difference of temperature of partial facial surface. Hereafter, study about if acupuncture of Chok-Samni(ST36) significantly decrease the absolute difference of temperature of all the areas of facial surface is requested. Also, continued study of effects of acupuncture of other meridian on the facial thermography is requested.

The Effect of Bee Venom Acupuncture into Chok-samni (ST 36) Formalin-induced Pain Behavior (족삼리(足三里) 봉독약침자극(蜂毒藥鍼刺戟)이 Formalin-induced Pain Behavior 에 미치는 영향(影響))

  • Yim, Yun-Kyoung;Seo, Jung-Chul;Kim, Yong-Suk;Kim, Chang-Hwan;Lee, Yun-Ho;Choi, Do-Young
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.139-152
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    • 2000
  • This study was designed to evaluate the analgesic effect of bee venom (BV) Acupuncture into different treatment points, Chok-samni (ST36) and blank loci of the gluteal muscle and back. We investigated the changes in formalin-induced pain behavior according to the pretreatment with different concentrations of BV, thirty minutes before the formalin injection. The results were summarized as follows: 1. The formalin-induced pain behavior was suppressed by pretreatment with BV into Chok-samni (ST36) in a dose dependent manner. During the early phase, 0.08mg/kg of BV showed a statistically significant suppression in the formalin-induced pain behavior. Moreover, 0.008mg/kg, 0.016mg/kg, and 0.08mg/kg of BV, except 0.0016mh/kg of BV, had significant suppresive effects on the formalin-induced pain behavior during the late phase. Therefore, these data indicated that the suppressive effect of BV acupuncture on the formalin-induced pain behavior was stronger in the late phase rather than the early phase 2. In order to investigate the analgesic effect of BV acupuncture into different treatment points, the experimental animals were divided into three groups: Chok-samni (ST36) group, gluteal group and back group. In the Chok-samni (ST36) group, the formalin-induced pain behavior during all the phases was significantly reduced as compared with that of the back group. However, as compared with that of the gluteal group, the formalin-induced pain behavior in the Chok-samni (ST36) group was decreased only in the late phase, not in the early phase. The formalin-induced pain behavior in the gluteal group was significantly reduced as compared with that of the back group in the late phase, not in the early phase. We suggested that the analgesic effect of BV acupuncture into Chok-samni (ST36) was most effective among Chok-samni (ST36), gluteal, and the back groups in formalin-induced pain behavior.

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Effect of the bee venom aqua-acupuncture on the neuronal activities of catecholaminergic system in brainstem (봉독약침자극이 Catecholamine성 신경세포의 활성변화에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Hye-Nam;Nam, Sang-Soo;Lee, Yun-Hoo;Choi, Yong-Tae
    • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.65-87
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    • 2000
  • This study was designed to evaluate the effect of the bee venom(BV) aqua-acupuncture on the neuronal activities of catecholaminergic(tyrosine hydroxylase : TH, dopamine ${\beta}$ hydroxylase : D${\beta}$H) system in the brainstem. After the BV aqua-acupuncture was applied on Chok-Samni(ST36) and the gluteal part(Blank locus) in rats. Also, the number of colocalization between catecholamine containing neurons and Fos immunoreactive neurons were analyzed by using the double immunohistochemical technique. The results of the experiments were summarized as follows : 1. In DR and LC, Chok-Samni group and the Blank locus group showed more significant increase in the number of colocalization between TH containing neurons and Fos immunoreactive neurons than the control group. Furthermore, Chok-Samni group showed more significant increase than the Blank locus group. Also, in Arc, Chok-Samni group showed more significant increase than the Blank locus group and the control group. 2. In LC, Chok-Samni group showed more significant increase in the number of colocalization between D${\beta}$H containing neurons and Fos immunoreactive neurons than the Blank locus group and the control group. Also, in A5, Chok-Samni group and the Blank locus group showed more significant increase than the control group. Chok-Samni group showed more significant increase than the Blank locus group. However, there was no significant change in A7. Consequently, the BV aqua-acupuncture increased more potent the number of Fos immunoreactive neurons and the activity of catecholaminergic neurons. Furthermore, the BV aqua-acupuncture was more effective on Chok-Samni than Blank locus group. These results indicate that the BV aqua-acupuncture is very effective therapy to control pain. The therapeutic effect of BV aqua-acupunture may associated with the endogenous modulatory system such as catecholamine. Those data from the study can be applied to establish the effective treatment of the BV for pain control in the clinical field.

The Effect of Bee Venom Acupuncture into Chok-samni (ST36) on Neuronal Activity in the Spinal Cord (족삼리(足三里) 봉독약침자극(蜂毒藥鍼刺戟)이 척수내(脊髓內) Fos 양성반응(陽性反應) 신경세포(神經細胞)의 활성(活性)에 미치는 영향(影響))

  • Yim, Yun-Kyoung;Kang, Sung-Keel;Choi, Do-Young
    • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.141-155
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    • 2000
  • This study was designed to evaluate the analgesic effect of bee venom (BV) Acupuncture into different treatment points, Chok-samni (ST36) and blank loci of the gluteal muscle and back. We investigated neuronal activity in the spinal cord using the Fos immunohistochemical technique according to the pretreatment with different concentrations of BV, thirty minutes before the formalin injection. The results were summarized as follows: 1. The number of Fos-like immunoreactive (Fos-LI) neurons in L2 segment of the saline-formalin treated group was significantly increased in NECK and VENT of the spinal cord as compared with that of the room control group. However, there was no significant change in the number of the Fos-LI neurons in L2 segment of the BV-formalin treated group as compared with that of the room control group. 2. The number of Fos-LI neurons in L3-5 segment of the saline-formalin group was significantly increased in all the regions of 142 the spinal cord as compared with that of the room control group. However, the Fos-LI neurons in L3-5 segment of the BV-formalin treated group was dramatically decreased in all the regions of the spinal cord as compared with that of the saline-formalin group. Therefore, these results indicated that the BV acupuncture suppressed the nociceptive neuronal activities in L3-5 of the spinal cord induced by formalin injection. 3. There was a strong positive correlation between the formalin-induced pain behavior and the number of the Fos-LI neurons in L3-5 segment.

Effects of Acupuncture at the Wijung(BL40) and Chok-Samni(ST 36) on the Cerebral Blood Flow and Blood Pressure (위중(委中)과 족삼리(足三里)의 자침이 뇌혈류 역학에 미치는 영향)

  • Jeong, Hyun Woo;Kim, Jin Woo;Han, Yang Shin;Jeong, Jong Gil;Choi, Chan Hun
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.28 no.6
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    • pp.601-606
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study is to research the effects of acupuncturing BL40 and ST36 and to determine the mechanism of action of acupuncturing BL40 and ST36 by measuring the changes of regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) and mean arterial blood pressure (MABP) in normal rats. To determine the mechanism of action of acupuncturing BL40 and ST36, pretreatment with indomethacine and methylene blue was performed. Acupuncturing BL40 and ST36 significantly increased rCBF, and the increased rCBF by acupuncturing BL40 and ST36 was significantly inhibited by pretreatment with indomethacin (1 mg/kg, i.p.), an inhibitor of cyclooxygenase, and methylene blue($10{\mu}g/kg$, i.p.), an inhibitor of guanylate cyclase. Acupuncturing BL40 and ST36 decreased MABP, and decreased MABP by acupuncturing BL40 and ST36 was not changed by pretreatment with indomethacin and methylene blue. This result suggested that acupuncturing BL40 and ST36 might significantly increase rCBF by dilating arterial diameter and mechanism of acupuncturing BL40 and ST36 might be mediated by cyclooxygenase and guanylate cyclase.

Effect of the bee venom aqua-acupuncture on the neuronal activities of serotonergic system in brainstem (봉독약침자극(蜂毒藥鍼刺戟)이 뇌간(腦幹) 신경세포(神經細胞)와 Serotonin성(性) 신경세포(神經細胞)의 활성변화(活性變化)에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Hye-Nam;Koh, Hyung-Kyun;Park, Dong-Suk;Kang, Sung-Keel;Kim, Yong-Suk;Choi, Yong-Tae
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.119-138
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    • 2000
  • This study was designed to evaluate the effect of the bee venom(BV) aqua-acupuncture on the neuronal activities of serotonergic(5-HT) system in the brainstem. After the BV aqua-acupuncture was applied on Chok-Samni(ST36) and the gluteal part(Blank locus) in rats, the number of Fos immunoreactive neurons was counted by using computerized image analyzing system. Also, the number of colocalization between 5-HT containing neurons Fos immunoreactive neurons were analyzed by using the double immunohistochemical technique. The results of the experiments were summarized as follows : 1. In almost every neucli, the Chok-Samni group and Blank locus group showed more increase in the number of Fos immunoreactive neurons than the control group. Especially, in Arc, DR, LC, RMg, Gi, PAG Rost and PAG LV, the Chok-Samni group showed more significant increase than the control group. Also, in PAG LV Mid and Arc, Chok-Samni group showed more significant increase than the Blank locus group. 2. In DR and PAG LV Mid, Chok-Samni group and the Blank locus group showed more significant increase in the number of colocalization between 5-HT containing neurons and Fos immunoreactive neurons than the control group after the BV aqua- acupuncture. Also, the Chok-Samni group showed more significant increase than the Blank locus group. Consequently, the BV aqua-acupuncture increased more potent the number of Fos immunoreactive neurons and the activity of serotonergic neurons. Furthermore, the BV aqua-acupuncture was more effective on Chok-Samni than Blank locus group. These results indicate that the BV aqua-acupuncture is very effective therapy to control pain. The therapeutic effect of BV aqua-acupunture may associated with the endogenous modulatory system such as serotonin Those data from the study can be applied to establish the effective treatment of the BV for pain control in the clinical field.

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Effect of Strychni Semen Aqua - acupuncture in Rats with Arthritis induced by Freund's Complete Adjuvant (마전자약침(馬錢子藥鍼)이 Adjuvant 관절염(關節炎)에 미치는 영향(影響)에 관한 실험적(實驗的) 연구(硏究))

  • Bae, Chul-Woo;Kim, Kee-Hyun;Hwang, Hyeun-Seo;Kim, Youn-Sub
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.217-225
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    • 2001
  • Objectives and Mtthods : In order to study on the Effect of Strychni Semen aqua-acupuncture on the arthritis induced by injecting Freund's complete adjuvant to the right posterior planta of rat's foot, rats were divided 5 groups equally, one group was not treated(Normal) and the other groups were induced arthritis by injecting Freund's complete adjuvant(Control, ST, SS, SST). Control was not treated after injecting of Freund's complete adjuvant. ST was 0.2cc Saline-injected Group at Chok-Samni(ST36) either days during 2 weeks after injecting of Freund's complete adjuvant. SS was 0.2cc Strychni Semen-subcutaneous injected group either days during 2 weeks after injecting of Freund's complete adjuvant. SST was 0.2cc Strychni Semen-injected group at Chok-Samni(ST36) either days during 2 week after injecting of Freund's complete adjuvant. And then effect of Strychni Semen aqua-acupuncture on the edema, numbers of blood WBC, platelet, hematocrit, contented quantities of total protein, albumin in rats with F.C.A were measured. Results : The following results have been obtained. 1. In effect of Strychni Semen aqua-acupuncture on plantar edema, SS showed significant decrease compared with control. 2. In effect of Strychni Semen aqua-acupuncture on WBC, SS and SST showed significant decrease compated with control. 3. In effect of Strychni Semen aqua-acupuncture on platelet, SS and SST did not show significant decrease. 4. In effect of Strychni Semen aqua-acupuncture on hematocrit, SST showed significant increase compared with control. 5. In effect of Strychni Semen aqus-acupuncture on the contents quantity of total protein and albumin, SS showed significant increase compared with control: Conclusions : Accoring to this result, Strychni Semen aqua-acupunture inserted into Chok-Samn i(ST36) appeared to have effect on Adjuvant arthritis of rats. Therefore it is oxpected that Strychni Semen aqua-acupunture may be available clinically.

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Literature Review on the Eight Acupoints for Gak-Gi(脚氣) (『각기팔혈(脚氣八穴)』에 대(對)한 문헌적(文獻的) 고찰(考察))

  • Chae, Choong-Heon;Hong, Kwon-Eui;Yim, Yun-Kyoung
    • Journal of Haehwa Medicine
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.147-168
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    • 2004
  • Objectives & Methods: We investigated 36 books to study etiology, pathology and acupuncture & Moxibustion treatment of Gak-Gi Result and Conclusion 1. Gak-Gi is a disease of legs. In the past, it was called Wan-poong(緩風) or Gueol(厥). Currently it is divided into two kinds; the Seup-Gak-Gi(Damp Gak-Gi) in which the legs swell; The Gun-Gak-Gi(Dry Gak-Gi) in which the legs do not swell. 2. Gak-Gi may be caused by exogenous wind, coldness, dampness and Excess of phlegm or damp-heat. It also can be caused by weakness of vital energy(Myungmoon fire;命門火), kidney Yin deficiency and vital energy deficiency in the Stomach and Spleen. 3. Gak-Gi-Pal-Hyul(Eight acupoints for Gak-Gi; 脚氣八穴) are GB31(Poonsi; 風市), ST32(Bok-to; 伏兎), ST35(Dok-bi; 犢鼻), Nae-seul-an(Extra point; 內膝眼), ST36(Chok-samni; 足三里) ST37(Sang-goho; 上巨虛) ST39(Hagoho; 下巨虛) GB41 (Choc-imup; 足臨泣) 4. Treatment plans for Gak-Gi are removing the exogenous wind, coldness and dampness, regulating meridians, alleviating the pain and swelling, more importantly, tonifying vital energy and nourishing Spleen and Stomach. 5. Three out of Eight acupoints for Gak-Gi, ST36(Chok-samni; 足三里), ST37(Sang-goho; 上巨 虛), ST39(Hagoho; 下巨虛) are Lower sea points of Fu organs( Stomach, Large Intestine, Small Intestine). Five out of Eight acupoints for Gak-Gi, ST32(Bok-to; 伏兎), ST35(Dok-bi;犢鼻) are onthe Stomach meridian, and Nae-seu1-an(Extra point; 內膝眼) is on the Spleen meridian. This result indicates that regulation of Middle-cho(中焦) is important in the treatment for Gak-Gi.

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Effect of Fasciculus Vascularis Luffae Herbal-Acupuncture at St36 on OVA-induced Asthma in Mice (사과락(絲瓜絡) 약침(藥鍼)의 천식억제(喘息抑制) 및 면역조절효과(免疫調節效果)에 대(對)한 실험적(實驗的) 연구(硏究))

  • Nam, Se-Hyeon;Hong, Kwon-Eui;Lee, Hyun
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.73-85
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    • 2005
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study is to confirm the suppression effect of Asthma and Immune response improvement of Fasciculus Vascularis Luffae Herbal-acupuncture into Chok-samni(St36) on ovalbumin-induced asthma in mice. Methods : C57BL/6 mice were sensitized and challenged with OVA(ovalbumin) for 12 weeks Two experimental groups were treated with different concentrations(1%, 0.1%) of FVL-HA at Chok-samni(St36) for the later 8 weeks(3times/week). Results : 1. Lung weigh of the mice group treated with FVL-HA decreased significantly compared with that of control group. 2. Total cells of lung, total Leukocytes and Eosinophils in BALF of the mice group treated with FVL-HA decreased significantly compared with those of control group. 3. Eosinophils in BALF of the mice group treated with FVL-HA in Photomicrographs decreased significantly compared with those of control group. 4. The concentration of IL-l3, IgE, IL-4 In serum and IL-4 in BALF of the mice group treated with FVL-HA decreased significantly compared with that of control group. 5. The number of Gr-1+/CB11b+, CD3-/CCR3+, CD4+, CD8+, CD3e+/CD69+, IgE+/B220+ cells in the lungs of the mice group treated with FVL-HA decreased significantly compared with those of control group. 6. The cytokine's manifestation of mRNA of the mice group treated with FVL-HA with RT-PCR decreased significantly compared with that of control group. Conclusion : These result suggests that Fasciculus Vascularis Luffae Herbal-acupuncture Choksamni(St36) in C57BL/6mice may be an effective part to OVA-induced asthma in C57BL/6 mice.

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Effects of Harpagophyti Radix Aqua-acupuncture in Rats with Arthritis induced by Freund's Complete Adjuvant (천수근(天授根) 약침(藥鍼)이 Adjuvant 유발(誘發) 관절염(關節炎)에 미치는 영향(影響))

  • Kim, Yung-Tae;Kim, Kee-Hyun;Hwang, Hyeun-Seo;Kim, Youn-Sub
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.27-36
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    • 2001
  • Objectives : In order to study the effects of Harpagophyti Radix Aqua -acupuncture in rats with arthritis induced by Freund's complete adjuvant, performed several experimental items : that is edema rate, number of WBC, hemazocrit, platelet, total protein and albumin. Methods : In this study rats were divided into five groups : Normal group (non treated group), Control group (non-injected group in rats with arthritis induced by FCA), ST group (0.2cc normal Saline-injected group at right Chok-Samni(Zusanli,$ST_{36}$) once in every two days during the two weeks in rats with arthritis induced by FCA), HRS group (0.2cc Harpagophyti Radix-subcutaneous injected group once in every two days during the two weeks in rats with arthritis induced by FCA), HRST group (0.2cc Harpagophyti Radix-injected group at Chok-Samni($ST_{36}$) once in every two days during the two weeks in rats with arthritis induced by FCA). Results : 1. In the right plantar edema, HRS group showed a decrease with statistical significance on the 2 weeks and HRST group showed a decrease with statistical significance on the 1 weeks as compared with control group. 2. In the WBC, HRST group showed a meaningful decrease with statistical significance and also HRS group showed a decrease with statistical significanae as compared with control group. 3. In the platelet, HRST group showed a decrease with statistical significance as compared with control group. 4. In the hematocrit, HRS group showed a increase with statistical significance as compared with control group. 5. In the serum total protein and albumin, HRS group showed a increase with statistical significance as compared with control group. Conclusions : According to the above result, it is concluded that Harpagophyti Radix Aqua-acupuncture showed the therapeutic effect of antiinflammation in adjuvant arthritis and it is suggested that further studies and researchs for clinical use be needed.

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