• Title, Summary, Keyword: Chronic low back pain

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A Survey of the Pain and Quality of Life of the Middle-Aged Women with the Subjective Symptom of Urinary Incontinence (요실금 자각 증상이 있는 중년여성들의 통증 및 삶의 질 정도에 대한 조사)

  • Kim, Eun-Young;Kim, Keun-Jo;Ha, Mi-Sook
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.11 no.11
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    • pp.4382-4394
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    • 2010
  • The objective of this survey was to understand the effect of the subjective degree and pain of urinary incontinence on the quality of life of the middle-aged women with the subjective symptom of urinary incontinence. A questionnaire was carried out to investigate the quality of life in relation to urinary incontinence for 114 patients of chronic musculoskeletal system from Feb. to May in 2010. Overall, the subjects responded that their quality of life was medium(($61.36{\pm}13.2$score) and the pain related to urinary incontinence was low back pain. The degree of pain was between the moderate and a little severe in the VAS (Visual Analogue Scale) range of 4 to 7. It was also shown that the action of the subjects was affected by urinary incontinence in forms of avoidance limitation and psycosocial effect. Since the survey showed that the urinary incontinence and pain substantially affect the quality of life of the middle-aged women, the result may provide basic information in developing a practical intervention program.

Characteristic of Cross-sectional Area of Lumbar Paraspinal Muscle in Patients of Acute and Chronic LBP (20대와 40대의 급성 및 만성요통환자의 척추주위 근육에 관한 횡단면의 비교)

  • Kim, Dae-Hun;Park, Jin-Kyu;Park, Yun-Jin;Jung, Dae-In;Kim, Seong-Su
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.11 no.6
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    • pp.270-278
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study was to compare acute and chronic LBP patient in twenties and forties, respectively by size measure paraspinal muscle (cross-sectional area; CSA). CSA of paraspinal muscle (psoas, multifidus, erector muscle) size was measured by free-handling technique of the picture archiving and communication system(PACS) using MRI at the level(lower end-plate of L4) in twenties(9 males, 10 females) and forties(9 males, 8 females) in acute and chronic LBP patient. The results of this study showed no significantly difference between acute and chronic LBP (p>0.05) in twenties patients. However, there was significant difference between acute and chronic LBP (p<0.05) in forties patients. Also, there was significant difference in paraspinal muscle CSA between chronic LBP patients in twenties and chronic LBP patients in forties (p<0.05). This study showed that paraspinal muscle atrophy was observed in forties with various cause, but Not chronic LBP patients in twenties. Accordingly it is required for chronic LBP patients in forties to minimize trunk muscle atrophy through immediate back muscle dynamic exercise and early functional activity.

A Clinical Study of the Effects of KamiWooseul-tang on Low Back Pain and Kidney Function (가미우슬탕의 요통치료효과 및 신기능에 미치는 영향에 대한 임상적 고찰)

  • 양재훈;한상철;오로사;오명진;김형균;이언정
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.216-226
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    • 2000
  • Objectives : The aim of this clinical experiment was to investigate the effect of KamiWooseul-tang on low back pain and kidney function. Methods: We investigated 64 low back pain patients. We treated the patients with acupuncture, bed rest, herbal medicine, physical therapy. The patients were divided into two groups as follows, 32 patients (with normal renal function) were treated with only KamiWooseul-tang. Another 32 patients were treated with a commonly used herbal medicine. Results : The obtained results are summarized as follows. The patients were 43.8% male and 56.2% female. Their age were 20s 15.6%, 30s 25%, 40s 17.2%, 50s 9.3%, 60s 18.8% 70s 12.5% and 80s1.6%. Duration is most common in the most acute stage (< 1 week), next was chronic stage ( >6 months ), acute stage (1 week ~ 1 month) and subacute stage(l months ~ 6 months) in turn. Cure rate increased step by step after herb-medicine administration. Duration of patients had no relation with cure rate(P>0.05). The KamiWooseul-tang was more effective than the commonly used herbal medicine after 3 weeks therapy (P<0.05). Serum BUN and Creatinine level in KamiWooseul-tang group changed from $14.69{\pm}4.0,{\;}0.76{\pm}0.19(mg/dl)$ before adminstration to $13.64{\pm}3.92{\;}0.77{\pm}0.19,{\;}13.48{\pm}3.00{\;}0.82{\pm}0.21,{\;}13.26{\pm}3.73{\;}0.87{\pm}0.21(mg/dl)$ at 7th, 14th, and 21st days of administration respectively. Urinalysis showed no specific change in the KamiWooseul-tang group. During medication serum-electrolyte was within normal range. Conclusion : Therefore KamiWooseul-tang was more effective than the commonly used herbal medicine and there was no clinically remarkable difference in the serum BUN, Creatinine level, urinalysis and serum electrolyte between pre-medication and post-medication in the KamiWooseul-tang group.

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Spinal Subdural Hematoma Associated with Intracranial Subdural Hematoma

  • Kim, Myoung Soo;Sim, Sook Young
    • Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
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    • v.58 no.4
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    • pp.397-400
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    • 2015
  • The simultaneous occurrence of an intracranial and a spinal subdural hematoma (SDH) is rare. We describe a case of cranial SDH with a simultaneous spinal SDH. An 82-year-old woman visited the emergency room because of drowsiness and not being able to walk 6 weeks after falling down. A neurological examination showed a drowsy mentality. Brain computed tomography showed bilateral chronic SDH with an acute component. The patient underwent an emergency burr-hole trephination and hematoma removal. She exhibited good recovery after the operation. On the fourth postoperative day, she complained of low-back pain radiating to both lower limbs, and subjective weakness of the lower limbs. Spine magnetic resonance imaging revealed a thoracolumbosacral SDH. A follow-up spinal magnetic resonance imaging study that was performed 16 days later showed a significant decrease in the size of the spinal SDH. We discuss the pathogenesis of this simultaneous occurrence of spinal and cranial SDH.

The Effect of Horse-Riding Exercise on Pain and Body Flexibility for the Patient with Chronic Low Back Pain (승마 운동이 직장여성의 비만도에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Chaewoo;Lee, Insil;Kim, Hyeonsu
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Integrative Medicine
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    • v.1 no.4
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    • pp.67-74
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    • 2013
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of horseback riding exercise for BMI(body mass index) and waist circumference in the obese women. Method : 20 subjects in Y-equestrian were randomly divided two group, horseback machine exercise(HME) group and horseback-riding exercise(HRE) group. Each group carried out 30 minutes exercise two times a week for 8 weeks. BMI were measured for body composition, and evaluation of waist circumference. Result : The results were as follows, the BMI(body mass index) between horseback machine exercise and horseback-riding exercise groups in post-test, were significantly different in measures(p<.05). And there were significant in two group after exercise(p<.05). The waist circumference between horseback machine exercise and horseback-riding exercise groups in post-test, were significantly different in measures(p<.05). And there were significant in two group after exercise(p<.05). Conclusion : These finding revealed that horseback-riding exercise was effective on BMI and waist circumrerence of obese women so that these exercise can be new altematives exercise for obesity management in the obese women.

Physical Recovery through Health Management Education for the Disabled or the Elderly

  • SON, Byung-Kook;CHOI, Eun-Mee;KWON, Lee-Seung
    • Journal of Wellbeing Management and Applied Psychology
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.27-34
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    • 2021
  • Purpose: The number of people with disabilities and the elderly over 65 years of age is gradually increasing due to physical disabilities and social aging. Their typical physical disorders or chronic diseases include low back pain, sciatic pain, arthritis, and musculoskeletal systems such as discs. The average prevalence of disease is 78%. These are various physical obstacles and hindrances in daily life. Research design, data and methodology: From August 6, 2019 to September 24, 2019, the Senior Welfare Center in Gyeyang-gu, Incheon, operated a healthy body exercise and health education program for living health management. Results: The vascular health index using U-Bio pulse wave was relatively good at the first average of +7.4, but the second average of -6.3. This can be seen as a result of the combination of diet and lifestyle education along with the effect of corrective exercise. As a result of body shape measurement analysis, the number of persons requiring management with 3 or more body imbalances was found to be from 75% before to 62.5% afterwards. Conclusions: Exercise effect appears when exercise lasts for at least 10 weeks. Some performances were good, but there were limitations due to the operation of a short training period.

A Study on Jin Jeung Ga Jeung Byun of the Byun Jeung Ok Ham(辨證玉函) (변증옥함(辨證玉函) 권사(卷四) 진증가증변(眞症假症辨)에 대(對)한 연구(硏究))

  • Seo, Jong-Chul;Park, Dong-Seok;Keum, Kyung-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Oriental Medical Informatics
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.9-49
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    • 2010
  • Byun Jeung Ok Ham, written by Jin Sa Tak is composed of four books. This book is estimated of being written after A.D 1688 and composed of internal medicine, obstetrics and gynecology, ophthalmology, dental surgery and so on, total 36 parts of clinical medicine. This is the last book of that four studying about definition on true and false of 15 diseases. 15 subjects follow, tumo, heat, faint, hematemesis and nosebleeding, insanity, great vomiting, great diarrhea, great thirst, scrotal hernea, uterus attacked by heat, dysentery, congestion, great swelling, malaria, attack by cold. This treatise is the last book of four which deals with jin ga translating into korean and studying about medical theories. In every parts, author's unique clinical theory appears affluently and in that periods his study developed a lot in those days' medical methods. The first book deals with eum yang. second book is weakness and strongness, third upper and low, fourth truth and untruth. First book, Jin Sa Tak says studying on eum yang is oriental medical basic theory and on incurable diseases or chronic symptoms, doctor must go back to that eumyang demonstration after can cure patients. Second parts are on weakness and strongness demonstration, that weakness is weakness of patients' energy and strongness is prosperous condition of diseases' attack. Third parts are on upper and low, that upper is upper parts of human body of painful parts and low is human low parts of pain, that is parts of under waist. And this treaties fourth parts are truth and untruth, true symptoms and untrue symptoms, that is the real reaction of human condition and the other way. Every prescriptions are author's creations. This book provides new viewpoints which surpasses original ancient medical theories. Author suggests new opinions about chronic and incurable diseases.

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Clinical Observation about the Extent of Improvement of Low Back Pain Patient through Medi-acupuncture Therapy (약침치료(藥鍼治療)를 통한 요통환자(腰痛患者)의 호전도(好轉度)에 관한 임상적(臨床的) 관찰(觀察))

  • Yook, Tae-Han
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.184-197
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    • 1995
  • After 45 patients examined as to the result of medical treatment among the ones who came to Dept. of Pain Clinic, Oriental Medical Hospital, Chunju Woosuk University complaining low back pain chiefly from Dec/19/1994 to Feb/7/1995 for 50 days or so were observed clinically, the results were obtained as follows: 1. In duration of the case history, acute stage(37.8%) was the most predominant, and subacute stage(35.6%) and chronic stage(26.7%) were revealed in turn. 2. In opinions of radiation, Spondylosis(26.7%) was the most predominant, Scoliosis(15.6%) and HIVD(11.1%) were revealed in order, and 3 cases were revealed to be negative. 3. In the radiating pain of the lower limb, the radiating pains of the left lower limb were the most predominant and those of the right lower limb and those of both lower limbs were revealed in turn. By the way, 31.1% of patients didn't suffer from the radiating pain of the lower limb. 4. In the grade of the seriousness of subsective symptom, Grade 2(66.7%) was the most predominant, and Grade 3, Grade 4, and Grade 1 followed it in order. 5. In the period of the treatments of medi-acupuncture, 2-5 day treatments(31.1%) were major and 6-10 day treatments(26.7%), 16-20 day treatments(11.1%), 26-30 day treatments(11.1%), over 31 day treatments(11.1%), 11-15 day treatments(4.4%), and 21-25 day treatments(4.4%) followed it by turns. Thus 2-10 day treatments are 57.8% and under 30 day treatments are 57.8% of all. 6. In the frequency of use of each medi-acupuncture, V was most frequency used in 41 cases(91.1%), and 11 cases of HN(24.4%), 8 cases of MOK(17.8%), 4 cases of OK(8.9%), 2 cases of B(4.4%), and a case of I(2.2%) were revealed in turn. 7. In the effect of treatments, 10 cases(22.2%) were excellent, 25 cases(55.6%) were good, 5 cases(11.1%) were fair, and 5 cases(11.1%) were poor. As the result, 88.9% of all changed for the better and all of these were improved within the third trial. 8. The effect of the treatments per durations was 100% in acute stage, 93.8% in subacute stage, and 66.7% in chronic stage. According to that, it was reavealed that the rate of treatments decreased as it came near to the chronic stage. 9. The effect of treatments per radiating pains was 87.5% in the radiating pains of the left lower limb, 81.8% in those of the right lower limb, 100% in those of both lower limbs, and 92.9% in case that patients have no radiating pains. So in the rate of treatments on radiating pains of the lower limbs, the case of both sides or no radiating pains was higher than that of one side. 10. In the effect of treatments per the condition of patients, Grade 4 showed 100% of improvement, Grade 3 showed 90.9% of improvement, Grade 2 showed 86.7% of improvement, and Grade 1 showed 100% of improvement. 11. In the effect of treatments per contents of treatments, the group treated with medi-acupuncture therapy, herb medication therapy, acupuncture therapy, and physiothrapy at the same time(Group 1) showed 100% of improvement, the group treated with medi-acupuncture therapy, acupuncture therapy, and physiotherapy simultaneously(Group 2) showed 73.7% of improvement, and the group treated with medi-acupuncture therapy and acupuncture therapy at the same time(Group 3) showed 100% of improvement. 12. 2-5 day treatments showed 78.6% of improvement, 6-10 day treatments showed 91.7% of improvement, and over 31 day treatments showed 100% of improvement. As the result, genarally the longer the period of treatment was, the better the effect of treatment was. 13. When only V was used, the rate of treatment was 96.2%. When only HN was used, the rate of treatment was 100%. When only MOK was used, the rate of treatment was 100%. When V and HN were used at the same time, the rate of treatment was 33.3%. When V and MOK were used at the same time, the rate of treatment was 100%. When V and OK were used at the same time, the rate of treatment was 100%. When V, HN, and MOK were used at the same time, the rate of treatment was 100%. When V, OK, and MOK were used at the same time, the rate of treatment was 100%. When V, MOK, and B were used at the same time, the rate of treatment was 100%. When V, HN, OK, and I were used at the same time, the rate of treatment was 100%. When V, HN, and B were used at the same time, the rate of treatment was 100%.

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A Study on the Intervertebral Disc Temperature Distribution During Electrothermal Therapy (추간판의 전기열치료시 온도분포에 관한 연구)

  • 진의덕;탁계래;구자중;김한성;이성재;이정한
    • Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.23-29
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    • 2003
  • The prevalence of discogenic pain among patients with chronic low back pain is estimated to be about 40%. Lumbar discectomy is being performed as a treatment according to the studies done so far. Recently IDET- Intradiscal electrothermal therapy which is minimally invasive technique is being introduced. This study will investigate important factors of this procedure such as the temperature of heat source, loading times, and the temperature distribution within the intervertebral disc. This study utilized finite element analysis and experiment. It was able to analyze the temperature range of inner intervertebral disc by two mechanisms which are known to alleviate pain clinically. As a result, verification of temperature distribution to 15.6mm($\geq$45$^{\circ}C$) (Mechanism 1-coagulation inner annulus by heat) and 9mm($\geq$6$0^{\circ}C$) (Mechanism 2- contraction inner nucleus by heat) from the heat source was done.

Statistical Study of the Ferguson's Angle, Lumbar Gravity Line and Lumbar Lordotic Angle in HIVD Patients. (요추간판탈출증 환자의 요천각, 요추중력중심선 및 요추전만각의 통계적 관찰)

  • Koh, Dong-Hyun;Hong, Soon-Sung;Lee, Jin-Ho;Jung, Sung-Yub;Shin, Joon-Shik
    • The Journal of Korea CHUNA Manual Medicine for Spine and Nerves
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.17-32
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    • 2007
  • Objectives : The lumbosacral joint is unstable area from an anatomical viewpoint, while it is also a very mobile area in ordinary life, so that clinically major causes of low back pain originate in this joint. The purpose of this study is to assess the difference of the Ferguson's angles, Lumbar gravity lines, Lumbar lordotic angles among Herniated of Intervertebral Disc(HIVD) patients. Methods : We analyzed the lateral view of lumbar spine checked at erect position on 88 patients who had been diagnosed as HIVD by Magnetic Resonance Imaging(MRI). We investigated the Ferguson's angle, Lumbar gravity line, Lumbar lordotic angle on X-ray film. Results and Conclusions : In the acute lumbago group the Ferguson's angle had a tendency to decrease, while in the chronic group it had a tendency to increase. In the acute lumbago group the Lumbar gravity line fell in front of the normal range(sacrum), while in the chronic group it fell behind the normal range(sacrum). In the acute lumbago group the Lumbar lordotic angle usually decreased, while in the chronic group it increased. The Ferguson's angle and the Lumbar gravity line, the Ferguson's angle and the Lumbar lordotic angle, the Lumbar gravity line and Lumbar lordotic angle each had a positive realtionship. The Ferguson's angle, the Lumbar gravity line and the Lumbar lordotic angle was less influenced by the level of HIVD and was more influenced by how long the patient had the pain. The correlationship between each factor was less in the chronic lumbago group than the acute group. In the chronic lumbago group the instability of the lumbosacral joint increased, while in the acute group the compression of the weight on the sacrum increased.

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