• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Chronic low back pain

검색결과 360건 처리시간 0.038초

Laminotomy with Continuous Irrigation in Patients with Pyogenic Spondylitis in Thoracic and Lumbar Spine

  • Kim, Sung-Hyun;Lee, Jung-Kil;Jang, Jae-Won;Seo, Bo-Ra;Kim, Tae-Sun;Kim, Soo-Han
    • Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
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    • v.50 no.4
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    • pp.332-340
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    • 2011
  • Objective : Pyogenic spondylitis often results in acute neurological deterioration requiring adequate surgical intervention and appropriate antibiotic treatment. The purpose of this study was to conduct an analysis of the clinical effect of continuous irrigation via laminotomy in a series of patients with pyogenic spondylitis in thoracic and lumbar spine. Methods : The authors conducted a retrospective investigation of 31 consecutive patients with pyogenic thoracic and lumbar spondylitis who underwent continuous irrigation through laminotomy from 2004 to 2008. The study included 22 men and 9 women, ranging in age from 38 to 78 years (mean 58.1 years). The average follow-up duration was 13.4 months (range, 8-34 months). We performed debridement and abscess removal after simple laminotomy, and then washed out epidural and disc space using a continuous irrigation system. Broad spectrum antibiotics were administered empirically and changed according to the subsequent culture result. Clinical outcomes were based on the low back outcome scale (LBOS), visual analogue scale (VAS) score, and Frankel grade at the last follow-up. Radiological assessment involved plain radiographs, including functional views. Results : Common predisposing factors included local injection for pain therapy, diabetes mellitus, chronic renal failure, and liver cirrhosis. Causative microorganisms were identified in 22 cases (70.9%) : Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus spp. were the main organisms. After surgery, LBOS, VAS score, and Frankel grade showed significant improvement in most patients. Spinal stability was maintained during the follow-up period, making secondary reconstructive surgery unnecessary for all patients, except one. Conclusion : Simple laminotomy with continuous irrigation by insertion of a catheter into intervertebral disc space or epidural space was minimally invasive and effective in the treatment of pyogenic spondylitis. This procedure could be a beneficial treatment option in patients with thoracolumbar spondylitis combined with minimal or moderate destructive change of vertebrae.

허리 디스크탈출증 환자의 재위치 감각과 근 피로도에 미치는 안정화운동 프로그램의 영향 (The Effects of Lumbar Repositioning Sense and Muscle Fatigue after Stabilization Exercise Program in Disc Disease Patients)

  • 김명준
    • 대한물리치료과학회지
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.11-17
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    • 2009
  • Background: The purpose of this study was designed to find out the effectiveness of reposition sense, muscle fatigue response on lumbar spine after apply lumbosacral stabilization exercise program to 4 patients with chronic low back pain and for 12 weeks. Method: In this study the reposition sense was measured in 3 angle(60, 30, 12) of the lumbar spine motion with blind by MedX test machine and the difference of instability to lumbar vertebra segments in flexion, extension test of standing position and spinal load test Mattress Test by Spinal Mouse. The stabilization exercise program was applied 2 times a week for 12 weeks in hospital and 2 times a day for 20 minutes at home. Result: The results of the present study were that the repositioning sense was appeared the most error in 12 angles of lumbar flexion and Men was appeared to decrease an error more than female in average value of 4 angles after 12 weeks. And average error of male was decrease more than female. Thus the effects of lumbosacral stabilization exercise was improved repositioning sense of prorioceptor. Fatigue response test(FRT) results, in male, was raised muscle fatigue rate during increase weight, on the other hand female appeared lower than male. Conclusion: As a results, lumbosacral stabilization exercise was aided to improvement of lumbar spine repositioning sense and vertebra segments stabilization. It was showed the rate of decrease in typically 12 degree angle point of each 3 angle(60, 36, 12). Especially, that spine instability patients will have a risk when in lifting a load or working with slight flexion posture around 12 degree during the daily of living life and it is probably to increase recurrence rate. Thus, not only lumbar extension muscle strength but also stability of vertebra segments in lumbar spine may be very important.

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메덱스 척추강화운동 프로그램이 만성 요통 노인 환자들의 요부 신전 근력에 미치는 영향 (The effect of MedX exercise program on lumbar extensor strength in the elderly with chronic LBP)

  • 조현우;박성광;최은영;김명준
    • 대한정형도수물리치료학회지
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.33-43
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study was to compare the lumbar extensor strength between before exercise and after 8 weeks exercise in the elderly. To evaluate lumbar extensor strength of total 18 patients (above 59 age) with low back pain or have experienced surgical operation. Lumbar extensor strength was measured in 8 male patients and 10 female patients (9 op group and 9 non-op group) by Medx lumbar extension machine. The data were analyzed with paired t-test compared to muscle strength, with repeated measured ANOVA compared to amount increase of muscle strength, using SPSS ver. 10.0 program. The results of this study were as follows: 1. There were significantly increased total lumbar extension strength was appear $6918.7{\pm}2802.77$ft-lbs in before exercise, $10432.83{\pm}2802.773397.1$ft-lbs in after 8 weeks exercise (p<. 05). 2. There were significantly increased total lumbar extension strength was increased to compared before exercise with after 8 weeks exercise in sex (p<. 05), op/non-op group (p<. 05).

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Review of Pragmatic Clinical Trials on Acupuncture

  • Lee, Sang-Hoon;Seo, Byung-Kwan;Seo, Jung-Chul;Lee, Seung-Deok;Choi, Sun-Mi;Kim, Yong-Suk
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.163-170
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    • 2005
  • Background : Over the last thirty years, majority of researches on clinical effectiveness of acupuncture have been explanatory (or experimental) randomized controlled trial. The benefits of acupuncture in clinical trials are still controversial and most studies concluded that further control studies were required. Standardized combinations of acupuncture points for all the experimental subjects in various past studies have been criticized because such treatments do not reflect current routine clinical treatment. Objective : This paper aims to review pragmatic clinical trials on the effect of acupuncture treatment and to develop the ideal clinical research methodology of acupuncture study. Method : Clinical studies of acupuncture relevant with pragmatic or individualized trials were searched mainly in Pubmed and Science direct databases. All articles were fully reviewed by researchers, and data were evaluated by usage of a standardized form. Results & Suggestion : Pragmatic acupuncture researches were tried for various symptoms (eg. low back pain, hypertension, depression during pregnancy, sleep quality in HIV disease, chronic poststroke leg spasticity, headache, etc). Individualized acupuncture treatments based on oriental disease pattern diagnosis reflexes practical treatments which is more effective than unified and fixed acupuncture treatments without any theoretical basis of oriental medical philosophy. Conclusion : To overcome the controversies and limitations of past explanatory acupuncture trials, more individualized and tailored acupuncture trials with the theoretical basis of oriental medical diagnosis is highly recommended. Also clear definition and categorization of pattern identification should be established for further active clinical researches and applications of acupuncture.

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3 차원 동적 자세균형 훈련기기의 능동/수동 체간 기울임에 따른 근 활성도 비교 (The Assessment on Electromyography of Trunk Muscle according to Passive and Active Trunk Tilt Exercise of 3-D Dynamic Postural Balance Training System)

  • 신선혜;유미;정구영;유창호;김경;정호춘;권대규
    • 한국정밀공학회지
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.331-339
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    • 2013
  • The Interest in disease prevention and rehabilitation is increasing depending on increase of patients with spinal. This is being developed using the spine stabilization device is being studied. So far studies have only evaluated the effect on trunk stabilization exercises but analysis of human movement patterns for active movement and passive movement did not. We assessed the muscle activity of trunk and leg muscle during passive and active tilt mode on eight tilt directions at tilt angle of $30^{\circ}$ using 3-D dynamic postural balance training system. We performed experimental study on the muscular activities of trunk muscle about rectus abdominis, external obliques, latissimus dorsi, erector spinae, and leg muscle about rectus femoris, Biceps femoris, Tibialis Anterior, gastrocnemius. As a result, muscle activation was different depending on the direction of movement and pattern. The results indicate that various patterns of spinal stabilization exercise system could be applied to an effective training of chronic low back pain patients.

One-Stage Anterolateral Debridement, Bone Grafting, and Internal Fixation for Treating Lumbosacral Tuberculosis

  • Zhang, Tao;Ma, Lihua;Lan, Xu;Zhen, Ping;Wang, Shiyong;Li, Zhilin
    • Asian Spine Journal
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.305-313
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    • 2017
  • Study Design: Retrospective case series. Purpose: To investigate the clinical efficacy and feasibility of one-stage anterolateral debridement, bone grafting, and internal fixation for treating lumbosacral tuberculosis. Overview of Literature: There has been no consensus regarding the optimal means of treating lumbosacral tuberculosis. The one-stage anterolateral extraperitoneal approach for radical debridement, bone grafting, and internal fixation for treating lumbosacral tuberculosis is rare in literature. Methods: Twenty-one patients with lumbosacral tuberculosis were retrospectively analyzed. All patients underwent the surgery of anterolateral debridement after regularly antituberculous drugs therapy. We evaluated the erythrocyte sedimentation rate, C-reactive protein, radiography, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, visual analogue score, and Oswestry disability index before and after surgery. Results: All patients completed a follow-up survey 9-48 months after surgery. All patients' wounds healed well without chronic infection or sinus formation, and all patients with low-back pain reported relief after surgery. All cases had no tuberculosis recurrence. Solid bony fusion was achieved within 6-12 months. At final follow-up, evaluated the erythrocyte sedimentation rate decreased from $38.1{\pm}12.5$ to $11.3{\pm}7.1mm/hr$, C-reactive protein decreased from $6.2{\pm}4.2$ to $1.6{\pm}1.3mg/dL$, the visual analog scale score decreased from $4.6{\pm}1.1$ to $1.4{\pm}1.0$, the Oswestry disability index score decreased from $50.2%{\pm}11.9%$ to $13.0%{\pm}6.6%$, and the lumbosacral angle increased from $20.0^{\circ}{\pm}4.8^{\circ}$ to $29.0^{\circ}{\pm}3.9^{\circ}$ (p<0.05). Conclusions: One-stage anterolateral debridement, bone grafting, and internal instrument fixation for treating lumbosacral tuberculosis is safe and effective.

농촌지역 성인의 요통 유병률과 치료방법 조사 (Survey on Period Prevalence Rate and Therapeutic Practice For Low Back Pain in Adult Population of Rural Area)

  • 이승주;박정한
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.109-121
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    • 1991
  • 농촌지역 성인의 요통 유병율과 요통 치료형태를 조사하기 위하여 1991년 4월 1일부터 20일 까지 경상북도 안동군 서후면에 거주하고 있는 만 20세에서 59세 사이 남${\cdot}$여 주민 총 2,024명을 대상으로 가정방문하여 면담이 완료된 1,106명을 대상으로 분석하였다. 면담된 1,l06명 중 530명이 요통을 경험하여 기간 유병율이 $47.9\%$였는데 연령교정한 남자의 유병율은 $43.7\%$, 여자는 $52.3\%$로 남여간에 통계적으로 유의한 차이를 보였다(p<0.005). 요통환자들의 요통 경과양상은 재발성이 남여 각각 $57.0\%,\;55.2\%$로 가장 높았고, 만성이 $28.9\%,\;35.8\%$, 급성미 $14.1\%,\;9.0\%$였다. 요통원인은 '원인은 잘 모르겠으나 나이가 들면서' $48.1\%$, '일을많이 해서' $15.1\%$, '외부의 물리적 충격'이 $11.3\%$ 등이었다. 요통환자 가운데 요통으로 일상생활을 제대로 못하거나 누워서 생활하는 사람이 $2.5\%$, 1시간 이상서 있거나 걸을 수 없는 사람이 $12.5\%$나 되었다. 요통환자의 $56.6\%$는 요통진단을 받기 위해 의료기관을 이용한 적이 없었고 $31.3\%$ 는 병${\cdot}$의원을 이용하였다. 아무 진단을 받지 않은 이유는 '별로 심하지 않고 견딜만 해서'가 $75.7\%$였다. 요통 치료양상은 첫번째 치료로 약물치료와 물리치료를 받은 경우가 남여 각각 $34.1\%,\;36.3\%$였고, 두 번째 치료로는 한약을 제일 많이 이용했고, 세번째 치료로는 침술을 제일 많이 이용했다. 요통환자들의 $15.5\%$가 민속요법을 사용한 경험이 있는데 그 내용을 '익모초를 삶아서 즙을 마셨다'. '닭 삶은, 국물에 소주를 섞어 마셨다'는 등 35가지로 다양하였다. 본 연구결과로 요통이 농촌주민들에게 중요한 보건문제임을 알 수 있었고, 요통이 발생하여도 병${\cdot}$의원을 이용한 사람은 3분의 1밖에 되지 않았고, 비과학적인 치료법을 많이 사용하고 있음을 알 수 있었다. 따라서 합리적인 요통치료법에 관한 보건교육 실시와 비과학적인 민속요법의 모용과 남용으로 인한 부작용과 의료비의 낭비를 막기 위한 홍보활동이 요구된다.

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흉복부 대동맥류의 외과적 치료 (Surgical Treatment of Thoracoabdominal Aortic Aneurysm)

  • 안혁;김준석
    • The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.177-184
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    • 1996
  • 1987년부터 1994년까지 서울대학교병원 흉부외과에서 흉복부 대동맥류의 진단하에 외과적 치료를 받은 환자는21명이었다. 이 환자들의 나이는20세부터 67세까지 다양하게 분포하였으며, 평균연령은 41.5세 였다. 남녀는 각각 11명, 10명이었다. 증상으로는 대부분의 환자들이 신체의 한 부분의 동통을 호소했는데, 배부동통이 가장 많았고, 흉통과 흉부의 불쾌감, 옆구리 동통 등도 호소했으며, 증상이 없었던 경우도 3례 있었다. 21례 중 15례(71.4%)가 만성 해리성 대동맥류였으며, 6례 (28.5%)가 진성 대동맥류였다. 만성 해리성 대동맥류 환자중 고혈압과 연관된 동맥경화증이 6례(28.5%)에서 관찰되었으며, Martian증후군이 5례 (2).8%)의 환자에서 확인되 었고, 2례 (9.5%)는 임신이 원 인으로 판단되 었다. 대동맥류의 크기는 6~12cm까지 다양했고, Crawford 분류에 따라 분류하면, Type I 이 7례 (33.3%), Type II가 8례 (38.1%)였고, Type R과 Type W가 각각 3례 (14.3%)씩 있었다. 한 예를 제외한 모든 환자에서 질환이 있는 부위의 대동맥을 인조혈관으로 치환하는 수술을 시행하였고, 한 예 에서만 가성동맥류로 인한 질환으로 진단되어 동맥벽의 열상\ulcorner위를 일차봉합하였다. 대동맥 교차차단시 근위부의 고혈압 및 그로인한 뇌척수액압 증가를 막고, 원위부의 허혈상태의 교정 및 척수허혈을 방지하고, 혈역학적 조절을 용이하게 하기위하여 우회술을 시행하였는데 21명의 환자 중, 12례(57.1%)에서는 대퇴동맥과 대퇴정맥, 또는 대퇴동맥과 폐동맥에 캐늘라를 상관하여 부분적 체 외순환을 시행하였고, 4례 (19.0%)에서는 Biopump를 좌심실심이와 대퇴동맥에 상관하여 우회술을 시행하였으며, 체와순환술과 일시적 완전순환정지를 이용한 예가 2례 (9.5%), Gott씨 도관을 이용한 단락술을 실시한 예가 1례 (4.7%) 있었으며, 우회술물 시행하지 않고 단순 대동맥 교차차단만으로 수술을 시행한 경우도 2례 (9.5%) 있었다. 수술후 발생한 합병증으로는 5례 (23.8%)에서 일측 성대신경 손상으로 인한 애성이 발생하였고, 창상감염이 4례(19.0%), 하반신 마비가 2례 (9.5%), 유미흉이 1례 (4.7%)에서 발생하였다. 병원사망율은 9.5%로 2례 있었고, 만기 사망례는 없었다. 결론적으로, 중요합병 증 발생율과 사망율이 비교적 낮았고, 외래 추적조사 결과 퇴원환자 모두 양호한 건강상태를 유지 하고 있었기에, 흉복부 대동맥류의 丙珦岵\ulcorner치료는 이제 더이상 고위첨도의 수술이 아니라고 여겨지며, 수술의 적응증이 되는 환자에게는 조기에 수술을 권유하는 것이 좋으리라 판단된다.

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산업장 여성 근로자의 건강과 약물사용 (A Study on Health condition and Drug use of Female Workers in Incheon area)

  • 조원순
    • 한국보건간호학회지
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.17-32
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    • 1995
  • The purpose of this study is to promote health for young female workers. It is based on questionnaires collected from 215 female workers in Incheon area. This study includes health condition (fatigue scores), occupational disease, knowledge of abused drugs and the actual condition of drug use. The results are summerized as follows: - $47.4\%$ visited their health center and were treated with diseases like cold and headache $(34.9\%)$, gastroenteric disease $(6.5\%)$, trauma $(7.9\%)$ and chronic disease such as diabetes and hypertension $(3.3\%)$ - $44.7\%$ received regular health education and $4.7\%$ among them received education on abused drugs. - $20.5\%$ were suffering from work related diseases such as gastroenteric disease, headache, trauma, repiratory disease, skin problem, arthritis, low back pain, shortsightness and tuberculosis. - Total mean fatigue score as an indication of health status was $9.0\pm5.4$ points out of 30 points. Physical mean score (group I) was $3.92\pm2.2$ points and psychological mean score was $2.5\pm2.3$ points and neurosensory mean score was $2.6\pm2.1$ points out of each 10 points. - They recognized analgesics $(55.0\%)$ and the next are laxatives $(49.8\%)$, inhalants $(40.0\%)$, narcotics $(24.2\%)$, stimulants $(24.0\%)$, antihistamines$(5.9\%)$, diuretics $(3.0\%)$, tranquilizer $(2.4\%)$ and sedatives $(1.4\%)$ - They used analgesics $(37.2\%)$ the most and then laxatives $(6.0\%)$, stimulants$(5.6\%)$, diuretics $(1.9\%)$, antihistamines$(0.5\%)$, And nobody used tranquilizer, sedatives, narcotics and inhalant. - The relationship between career, drug abuse education, health center utilization and and the actual condition of drug using was examined. The longer the career and the more educated with drug abuse, the less drug used. And those who utilized health center rarely used more drugs. - The relationship between career, health center utilization, the score of fatigue and use of analgesics was also examined. Those group who have a longer career above 3 years and the group who have never used health center used more analgesics. And the group of fatigue score above 11.0 points used a little more analgesics than the other group. These results indicate that analgesics are the most frequent used drugs among female workers. Those analgesics such as geborin, penzal, saridon, aspirin, tyrenol should be used properly. These basic data is submitted for the education and consultation which are carried out by industrial nurses for promoting health of industrial workers.

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만성허리통증자의 호흡 패턴과 배부 운동성 변화에 대한 주관적 허리부위 불안정성 요소의 유용성에 관한 연구 (A Study on the Usefulness of Subjective Lumbar Instability Factor for Respiratory Pattern Change and Abdominal Mobility in Peoples with CLBP)

  • 기철;이관우
    • 한국산학기술학회논문지
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.206-214
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    • 2020
  • 본 연구는 만성허리통증자를 대상으로 주관적 허리부위 불안정성 요소(SLIF)와 호흡패턴변화(RPC), 배부운동성(AM) 간의 상관성을 조사하고자 하였으며, 만성허리통증(CLBP)을 가진 36명의 성인이 본 연구에 참여하였다. 대상자들은 28개 항목의 SLIF 양성반응 조사 후, 양성반응 수(PRN)에 따라 3개 그룹으로 나뉘었다. 노력성호흡운동과 운동조절훈련 동안에 총 12개의 비생리학적 호흡패턴변화를 관찰과 촉지를 통해 조사하였고, 3가지의 호흡패턴변화[갈비가로막 호흡패턴변화(CDRPC), 호흡정지변화(BHC), 전체 호흡패턴변화(TRPC)] 점수를 산출하였다. 배부 운동성 변화는 줄자를 이용하여 몸통의 칼돌기(AM1)와 10th 갈비뼈(AM2) 수준에서 최대 흡기와 호기 사이의 둘레 길이 차이로 조사하였다. SLIF의 양성 반응수에 따라 RPC 점수와 AM을 비교하고, 이들의 상관성을 분석하였다. 그 결과, SLIF 양성반응수는 CDRPC 점수, BHC 점수, 전체 RPC 점수와 양의 상관성을, AM1과 AM2와는 음의 상관성을 나타내었다. 본 연구결과에 기초하여, SLIF 검사의 양성결과 조합은 CLBP자의 비생리적 호흡패턴변화에 대한 예측 변수가 될 수 있고, 이러한 임상적 예측은 평가시간의 절약과 함께 효율적 치료접근에 도움이 될 수 있다.