• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Chronic low back pain

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요부안정화운동이 요부불안정성을 가진 산업체 만성요통환자의 통증관련 기능에 미치는 효과 (The Effects of Lumbar Stabilization Exercise on Pain-related Functions of Industrial Workers with Chronic Low Back Pain and Lumbar Instability)

  • 정대인;고대식
    • 디지털융복합연구
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.479-486
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    • 2017
  • 본 연구의 목적은 요부안정화운동이 요부 불안정성을 가진 산업체 만성요통환자의 통증관련 기능에 미치는 효과를 알아보고자 하였다. 산업체 만성요통환자 20명을 대상으로 대조군과 실험군으로 10명씩 할당하여 신체기능은 배근력, 유연성, 균형능력을 측정하였고, 통증은 visual analog scale(VAS)를 이용하였다. 연구결과 두군 모두 운동 후 배근력과 균형능력은 유의하게 향상되었고, 통증은 유의하게 감소되었다. 군간 비교에서는 실험군이 대조군에 비해 균형능력이 유의하게 향상되었고, 통증은 유의하게 감소되었다. 결론적으로 요부안정화운동은 요부 불안정성을 가진 산업체 만성요통환자의 균형능력을 향상시키고 통증 감소에 긍정적인 영향을 미친다.

슬링 운동과 보존적 치료가 요부근육의 횡단면적 변화에 미치는 영향 (The Effect of Sling Exercise and Conservative Treatment on Cross-section Area Change of Lumbar Muscles)

  • 이우형;정성관;박래준
    • 대한물리의학회지
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.233-243
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    • 2010
  • Purpose : This study aimed to examine the effects of sling exercise therapy on the relief of low back pain and the cross-sectional area change of lumbar muscles by CT analysis for chronic low back pain patients. Methods : Forty-one patients with diagnosis of chronic low back pain was divided sling exercise therapy group(SEG) 19 subjects and conservative physical therapy group(CPG) 22 subjects. we randomized and treated them(subjects) for 12 weeks. As using visual analogue scale(VAS), we evaluated recovery accuracy of pain, and for investigating cross-section area change of lumbar muscles for before and after treatment we used computed tomography(CT). Results : This study were summarized as follows : 1) As treatment period, in each compared testing on VAS of SEG and CPG, the both group was significantly different(p<.05). 2) Compared testing on VAS of between-subject groups(SEG and CPG) were not significantly different(p>.05). 3) At SEG of before and after treatment, in compared testing on cross-section area size of lumbar muscles, All muscles of psoas major, quadratus lumborum, erector spinae and multifidus were significantly different(p<.05). At CPG, psoas major was significantly different(p<.05). But other muscles were not significantly different(p>.05). Conclusion : From this result, both sling exercise therapy and the conservative physical therapy are effect on decrease of pain for chronic low back pain patients. but Increasing of the cross-section area being proportioned with muscular strengthening of low back muscle is noticeable difference in SEG. Therefore, sling exercise therapy have affect both decreasing of pain for chronic low back pain patients and lumbar muscles strengthening.

Effects of Horse Riding Simulator on Pain, Oswestry Disability Index and Balance in Adults with Nonspecific Chronic Low Back Pain

  • Chen, Shu-Yi;Kim, Seung-Kyu;Kim, Ki-Hyun;Lee, In-Sil;HwangBo, Gak
    • 대한물리의학회지
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.79-84
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    • 2016
  • PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate effects of Horse riding simulator exercise on pain, dysfunction and dynamic balance in adults with nonspecific chronic low back pain. METHODS: In this study, total 19 college students usually complain of low back pain who were randomly divided into the horse riding simulator exercise group (n=10), lumbar strengthening exercise group (n=9) were recruited. Each group carried out for 30 minutes exercise three times a week for 4 weeks. Horse riding simulator exercise group carried out 15 minutes horse riding simulator exercise and 15 minutes lumbar strengthening exercise. Lumbar strengthening exercise group carried out 30 minutes lumbar strengthening exercise. Visual analogue scale (VAS) were measured for evaluation back pain. Korean oswestry disability index (KODI) were measured for dysfunction. Limits of stability (LOS) were measured for dynamic balance. RESULTS: VAS, KODI, LOS results showed a significant change within both horse riding simulator exercise group, lumbar strengthening exercise group. CONCLUSION: Present study suggested that the horse riding simulator exercise can improve back pain, dysfunction, dynamic balance. Horse riding simulator exercise provides more convenience, interest and motivation than conversional therapy and it could be a possible approach to adults with nonspecific chronic low back pain.

척추수술후증후군에서 척수자극술을 이용한 치료경험 -증례 보고- (Treatment of Failed Back Surgery Syndrome with a Spinal Cord Stimulator -A report of 2 cases-)

  • 박찬홍;조철범
    • The Korean Journal of Pain
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.123-126
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    • 2006
  • Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) has been used since 1967 for refractory chronic pain. SCS has recently undergone a variety of technical modifications and advances, and it has been applied in a variety of pain conditions. SCS has been most commonly applied for those patients with chronic back and leg pain and failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS). The clinical hallmark of FBSS is chronic postoperative pain. The pain pattern varies and the pain may show an axial or radicular distribution. Chronic intractable pain after FBSS is difficult to treat. This report describes our experience with treating chronic pain in two patients who suffered from FBSS with a spinal cord stimulator. A permanent spinal cord stimulator was implanted after a successful trial of stimulation with temporarily implanted electrodes. After 5 months of follow-up, the two patients had satisfactory improvement of their pain.

호주식 안정화 운동이 만성 요통환자의 기능부전과 통증감소에 미치는 효과 (The Effects of Australian Stabilization Exercises for Decreasing Dysfunction and Pain in Chronic Back Pain Patients)

  • 구희서
    • 대한물리치료과학회지
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.39-47
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    • 2009
  • Background: To evaluate the effects of Australian stabilization exercise for chronic low back pain. Methods: Interventions consisted of exercises aimed at recovery of Multifidus in cocontraction with Transverse abdominis through neural control retraining. Results: After exercise, there were significant improvement(p<.05) in pain and disability score. Conclusions: Neural control stabilization exercise can be effective intervention for chronic Low Back Pain patients.

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만성요통환자의 한발서기 시 체간 안정화 근육의 활성화 변화 (Trunk Stabilization Muscle Activity in Chronic Low Back Pain Patients during One Leg Stance)

  • 민동기
    • 대한물리치료과학회지
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.13-20
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    • 2014
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study was to analyze and compare the surface electromyography(EMG) activity of trunk region muscle between normal subjects and chronic low back pain(CLBP) patients during one leg stance. Methods : The subjects were 27 people, were consisted of 12 subjects who don't have low back pain and 15 subjects who have low back pain from 19 to 28 year of age(mean age 22.22). We used surface EMG to evaluate the activity of the Rectus abdominis, External abdominal oblique, Quadratus lumborum, Gluteus medius muscle. We used independent two samples t-test for statistical data. Results : The result of this study showed that the maximal voluntary isometric contraction(%MVIC) ratio of the trunk muscles was higher in patients with CLBP than in normal subject. But there were no statistically significant differences. There were statistically significant differences of the activity of the Quadratus lumborum, Gluteus medius muscle(p<0.05).

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Foot analyzer를 이용한 만성 요통 환자들의 족저 압력 분석 (Foot Pressure Analysis of Chronic Low Back Pain Patients by Foot Analyzer)

  • 김은주;조유정;송미연
    • 한방재활의학과학회지
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.115-126
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    • 2009
  • Objectives : The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the foot pressure distribution correlates with the lumbo-sacral curvature, and the Oswestry Disability Index in chronic low back pain patients. Methods : We measured the fore foot pressure and the rare foot pressure using the foot analyzer in 28 women subjects with chronic low back pain. The lumbo-sacral curvature and the Oswestry Disability Index(ODI) were also measured. Results : 1. Subjects with higher ODI(%) had significantly lower Fore foot pressure/Rare foot pressure ratio(F/R ratio) (p<0.01). 2. Lumbar lordotic angle and Ferguson angle were inversely related to ODI(%) (p<0.05, p<0.01). 3. Lumbar lordotic angle and Ferguson angle were positively related to F/R ratio (all p<0.05). Conclusions : Using the Foot Analyzer(FA-48S, Tech storm Inc.) we have shown that F/R ratio has significant correlation with the lumbo-sacral curvature and the Oswestry Disability Index. These result suggest that the Foot analyzer may be used in assessing back pain in chronic low back pain patients.

만성요통환자의 능동 하지직거상 동작 시 골반조절 방법에 따른 복부 근활성도와 요골반부 회전각도에 미치는 영향 (Effects of the Pelvic Control Method on Abdominal Muscle Activity and Lumbopelvic Rotation Angle during Active Straight Leg Raising in Patients with Chronic Low Back Pain)

  • 김대현;박진
    • PNF and Movement
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.223-231
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    • 2020
  • Purpose: The purpose of the study was to compare the effects of different methods of pelvic control on abdominal muscle activity and lumbopelvic rotation angle during active straight leg raising (ASLR) in patients with chronic back pain. Methods: The study participants were patients with low back pain (n = 30). They were instructed to perform ASLR with pelvic control, ASLR with pelvic belt, and ASLR only. Surface electromyography data were collected from the ipsilateral rectus femoris (IRF), ipsilateral internal oblique (IIO), contralateral external oblique (CEO), and ipsilateral rectus abdominal (IRA) muscles, and lumbopelvic rotation angle was measured using a motion analysis device. Results: Activation of all abdominal muscles was greater in the ASLR with pelvic control group than in the ASLR with pelvic belt and ASLR groups. The lumbopelvic rotation angle was lower in the ASLR with pelvic control group than in the other two groups (p < 0.05). Conclusion: These results suggest that ALSR with pelvic control is an effective means of increasing abdominal muscle activity and reducing unwanted lumbopelvic rotation in patients with chronic low back pain. Controlling the pelvis using the opposite leg is an effective form of ASLR exercise for patients with chronic low back pain.

Nicotine dependence and the International Association for the Study of Pain neuropathic pain grade in patients with chronic low back pain and radicular pain: is there an association?

  • Schembri, Emanuel;Massalha, Victoria;Spiteri, Karl;Camilleri, Liberato;Lungaro-Mifsud, Stephen
    • The Korean Journal of Pain
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.359-377
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    • 2020
  • Background: This study investigated whether current smoking and a higher nicotine dependency were associated with chronic low back pain (LBP), lumbar related leg pain (sciatica) and/or radicular neuropathic pain. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 150 patients (mean age, 60.1 ± 13.1 yr). Demographic data, the International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP) neuropathic pain grade, STarT Back tool, and the Fagerström test were completed. A control group (n = 50) was recruited. Results: There was a significant difference between current smokers and nonsmokers in the chronic LBP group in the mean pain score (P = 0.025), total STarT Back score (P = 0.015), worst pain location (P = 0.020), most distal pain radiation (P = 0.042), and in the IASP neuropathic pain grade (P = 0.026). There was a significant difference in the mean Fagerström score between the four IASP neuropathic pain grades (P = 0.005). Current smoking yielded an odds ratio (OR) of 3.071 (P = 0.011) for developing chronic LBP and sciatica, and an OR of 4.028 (P = 0.002) for obtaining an IASP "definite/probable" neuropathic pain grade, for both cohorts. The likelihood for chronic LBP and sciatica increased by 40.9% (P = 0.007), while the likelihood for an IASP neuropathic grade of "definite/probable" increased by 50.8% (P = 0.002), for both cohorts, for every one unit increase in the Fagerström score. Conclusions: A current smoking status and higher nicotine dependence increase the odds for chronic LBP, sciatica and radicular neuropathic pain.

분절별 등뼈 관절가동술이 만성허리통증환자의 통증과 관절가동범위에 미치는 즉시적 효과 (The Immediately Effects of Thoracic Mobilization by Segment on Pain and Range of Motion in Chronic Low Back Pain Patients)

  • 심재헌;정의철;최희양;김철용
    • 대한물리의학회지
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.33-42
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    • 2017
  • PURPOSE: This study aims to identify the immediate effects of thoracic mobilization according to segment on disabling low-back pain and the range of motion in patients with chronic low-back pain. METHODS: The participants were divided randomly into two groups: a group (N=12) with pain and disability between the 5th and 9th thoracic vertebrae (T5-T9) and a group (N=12) with pain and disability between the 10th and 12th thoracic vertebrae (T10-T12). The same experiment was conducted in both groups: 10 minutes of thoracic mobilization and 10 minutes of functional massage. The visual analogue scale (VAS) and range of motion measurements were applied to the participants in both groups. All participants were measured again immediately after the program was completed. RESULTS: In both groups, the VAS and range of motion measurements showed statistically significant improvement after the experiment (p<.05). No statistically significant difference was revealed between the two groups (p>.05). CONCLUSION: The results of this study confirmed positive and immediate effects of thoracic mobilization of patients with chronic low-back pain. But, no significant difference in the thoracic mobilization by segment between the two groups. Based on these results, thoracic mobilization could help to improve pain control and functional activity in patients with chronic low-back pain.