• Title, Summary, Keyword: Chronic low back pain

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Effect of Acupuncture Treatment on Ryodoraku Score of the Patients with Chronic Low Back Pain Due to the Kidney Deficiency (만성(慢性) 신허요통(腎虛腰痛) 환자의 침치료가 양도락 점수에 미치는 영향)

  • Oh, Myung-Jin;Song, Ho-Sueb
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.115-120
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    • 2012
  • Objectives : This study was done for reporting the effect of acupuncture treatment on Ryodoraku score of the patients with chronic low back pain due to the kidney deficiency Methods : We investigated 37 cases of patients with chronic low back pain due to the kidney deficiency, and devided patients into two groups : We specially treated one group by acupuncture treatment, which was not applied to the other group we analyzed of each group the Ryodoraku score(F3) of each group before and after acupuncture treatment and compared it. Results : 1. In acupuncture treatment group compared with baseline, at final, Ryodoraku score(F3) was significantly increased. 2. At final, acupuncture treatment group showed significant increase on Ryodoraku score(F3) score compared with non acupuncture treatment group. Conclusions : It is suggested that Ryodoraku score(F3) should be available for diagnosing kidney deficiency-induced chronic low back pain as a promising diagnostic index and a outcome measurement.

Relationship of trunk muscle atrophy and provocation position in patients with chronic low back pain

  • Shin, Doo Chul;Song, Chang Ho
    • Physical Therapy Rehabilitation Science
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.28-32
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    • 2012
  • Objective: The purpose of this study is to compare chronic low back pain patients' pain provocation position so as to identify the relevance with lumbar stabilizing muscles atrophy and pain provocation position. Design: Cross-sectional study. Methods: Fifty five chronic low back pain patients were participated in this study. Subjects were eligible for study participation if they were 35-55 years old and had experienced low back pain for more than 3 months. Subjects were questioned about pain and pain provocation test were done. And then they were inspected their cross sectional area (CSA) of lumbar muscles (erector spinae, iliopsoas, and multifidus) by using computed tomography. Analyze the relevance through the result data with painful area, aspect of pain and pain provocation position. Results: CSA of erector spinae showed significant decrease on ipsilateral extension position (p<0.05). Iliopsoas muscle showed significant decrease on contralateral position (p<0.05). Multifidus showed significant decrease on the position of contralateral extension and contralateral flexion (p<0.05). Conclusions: Based on the results of our study, it may be possible to evaluate muscle atrophy by assessing causing position.

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Comparison of Ranges of Motion in The Thoracolumbar Region for Clinical Diagnoses of Patients with Chronic Low Back Pain (만성요통 환자의 질환명에 따른 흉요추부의 관절가동범위 비교)

  • Lee, Sang-Wook;Kim, Suhn-Yeop
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.363-373
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    • 2010
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study was to compare differences in thoracolumbar ranges of motions by comparing ratios among 4 type diagnosis for patient with chronic low back pain. Methods : The subjects were 58 chronic low back pain patients. A motion analysis program (Global Postural System) was used after photography for posture measurement. To analyze differences in mobility percentages and ratios of thoracolumbar ranges of motion, one-way ANOVA was used. Results : Regional difference spinal posture and movement were found to diagnosis patients with chronic low back pain. Comparison of thoracolumbar ranges of motion revealed significant differences in the thoracic region during forward-bending of the trunk (p<.05). In the upper thoracic region, the herniated intervertebral lumbar disc (HILD) group was significantly larger than the spinal stenosis/herniated intervertebral lumbar disc (SS/HILD) group (p<.05). In the lower thoracic region, chronic sprains (CS) were significantly greater than in the spinal stenosis (SS) group and in the (SS/HJLD) group (p<.05). Comparative analysis of thoracic/lumbar mobility ratio showed the CS group's ratio during forward bending was largest: 1.66, while the HILD group's ratio was smallest: 84 a significant difference between the two groups (p<.01). Diagnosis was not associated with difference in thoracolumbar backward-bending range of motion (p>.05). Conclusion : Theses results indicate the clinical efficacy of diagnosing for chronic low back pain by evaluating spinal mobility.

Change of Lumbar Multifidus Muslce Recorded Simultaneously by Ultrasound Imaging during Upper Extremity Lifting Movement in Chronic Low Back Pain Patients (만성 요통 환자의 상지 기능적 동작시 초음파에 나타나는 다열근의 변화)

  • Jang, Won-Seok
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.9-14
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    • 2009
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study is change of lumbar multifidus muslce recorded simultaneously by ultrasound imaging during upper extremity functional movement in chronic low back pain patients. The subject were consisted of 10 women patients with chronic low back pain and healthy asymptomatic subject 10 women. Methods : 10 women patients with chronic low back pain and healthy asymptomatic subject 10 women is voluntary participated for the research. Subjects were positioned in standing. Multifidus size were measured from L4 vertebral segement. The ultrasound imaging apparatus(Sonoace 6000, Medison, Korea) was epuipped with a 5-MHz convex array transducer. The upper extremity lifting movement used to activate the multifidus was then measured. Results : Results of the analysis showed that at the L4 vertebral leves, healthy asymptomatic subjects had significantly larger multifidus muscle compared with chronic LBP subjects. Conclusion : This study will be used as treatment method of patient with chronic LBP. The multifidus muscle in chronic LBP patients clinical significance. Most of chronic LBP patients have multifidus contraction pattern. Especially multifidus contraction in L4 vertebral segement. So chronic LBP patients necessary multifidus muscle release treatment.

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Effect of Frequency and Intensity of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation on Patients with Chronic Low Back Pain (경피신경전기자극의 빈도-강도가 만성 요통 환자의 요통장애지수와 유연성에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Jung-Ho;Song, Brian Byung
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.12 no.6
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    • pp.361-370
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    • 2012
  • The Purpose of this study was to find out the effects of frequency and intensity of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation(TENS) on the patients with chronic low back pain. The subjects were 32 patients with chronic low back pain average age 39.19 (${\pm}12.96$)years. The duration of chronic low back pain was 8.57 (${\pm}3.07$)months. The treatments were given 15 minutes once a day five a week for two weeks. to low back. Lumbar range of motion(ROM) and Oswestry Disabilitv Index(ODI)) was evaluated before and after TENS application. Each group was compared using Wilcoxon Mann-Whitney test. The results were as followings: Each group showed significant effect. High intensity group showed more effect in low frequency group. High intensity group showed more effect in high frequency group. Therefore, the high intensity can be used more effectively with high frequency for treating chronic low back pain.

The Short Term Effects of the Decompression (KNX $7000^{(R)}$) and Traction Device on Pain in Patients with Chronic Low Back Pain with or without Radicular Pain (만성 요통 및 하지방사통 환자에서 감압치료(KNX $7000^{(R)}$)와 견인치료의 단기 치료 효과)

  • Park, So-Hyun;Kim, Chul-Seoung;Lee, Dong-Gyu;Ahn, Sang-Ho
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.23 no.5
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    • pp.29-34
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the short term effects of the traction and decompression device, which is a newly developed domestic medical device, on pain and functional activity in patients with chronic low back pain with or without radicular pain. Methods: Forty patients with chronic low back pain were included and allocated to decompression (n=20) and traction groups (n=20). They received decompression or traction therapy for 20 minutes a day, 3 days per week for two weeks. For evaluating pain and functional activity, a visual analogue scale (VAS) for low back pain and the Oswestry back pain disability index (ODI) were obtained on pre-treatment, and at 6, 12 and 15 days after treatment. Patients'satisfaction levels were measured 15 days after treatment. Results: VAS was significantly decreased at 12 days and 15 days post-treatment compared to pre-treatment in both groups (p<0.05). ODI was significantly decreased at 12 days and 15 days post-treatment compared to pre-treatment in the decompression group (p<0.05). However, there was no significant difference between the two groups in the VAS and ODI scales (p>0.05). Patients' satisfaction levels were significantly higher in the decompression group than in the traction group (p<0.05). Conclusion: These findings suggest that decompression therapy might be effective for increasing functional activity in patients with low back pain and could provide patients with higher satisfaction than traction therapy. This study provided validity data for the therapeutic effects of the decompression device in patients with low back pain and it will be useful for medical cost development and patient education of this device.

A Preliminary Study of the Objective Measurement of Compliance Rates for Semirigid Lumbar-Support Use in Patients with Chronic Nonspecific Low Back Pain: How Important Is the Compliance Rate?

  • Hekmatfard, Maryam;Sanjari, Mohammad Ali;Maroufi, Nader;Saeedi, Hassan;Ebrahimi, Esmail;Behtash, Hamid
    • Asian Spine Journal
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    • v.11 no.5
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    • pp.748-755
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    • 2017
  • Study Design: Clinical pilot study. Purpose: To objectively evaluate the compliance rate of lumbar-support use in patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain, as well as to assess low back pain intensity, disability, and fear-avoidance beliefs. Overview of Literature: Wearing time is an important factor in the assessment of the efficacy of lumbar-support use in patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain. Previous studies have measured lumbar-support wearing time based on subjective assessment, and these evaluations are not easily verifiable and are usually overestimated by subjects. Methods: Twelve subjects with chronic nonspecific low back pain who had been wearing semirigid lumbar supports for 6 weeks were evaluated. Compliance was objectively monitored using temperature sensors integrated into the semirigid lumbar supports. Subjects wore their lumbar supports for 8 hour/day on workdays and 3 hour/day on holidays during the first 3 weeks. During the next 3 weeks, subjects were gradually weaned off the lumbar supports. Pain intensity was measured using a numerical rating scale. The Oswestry disability index was used to assess the subjects' disability. Fear-avoidance behavior was evaluated using a fear-avoidance beliefs questionnaire. Results: The mean compliance rate of the subjects was $78.16%{\pm}13.9%$. Pain intensity was significantly lower in patients with a higher compliance rate (p=0.001). Disability index and fear-avoidance beliefs (functional outcomes) significantly improved during the second 3-weeks period of the treatment (p<0.001, p=0.02, respectively). Conclusions: The compliance rate of patients wearing lumbar supports is a determining factor in chronic low back pain management. Wearing semirigid lumbar supports, as advised, was associated with decreased pain intensity, improved disability index scores, and improved fear-avoidance beliefs in patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain.

Effect of tDCS and Lumbar Motor Control Exercise on Static Balance and Disability in Chronic Low Back Pain (tDCS와 요추 움직임 조절 운동이 만성요통환자의 정적균형과 요통장애지수에 미치는 영향)

  • Jeong, Yong-sik;Shin, Eui-ju
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Orthopedic Manual Physical Therapy
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 2017
  • Background: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects on static balance and disability in chronic low back pain with lumbar rotation extension subgroup of trascranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) and lumbar motor control exercise (MCE). Methods: In 40 male low back pain with lumbar rotation extension subgroup subjects were recruited for the study. Subjects were randomly allocated into two groups. Experimental groups received tDCS and MCE, Control groups received sham-tDCS and MEC. Before and after intervention, measured in surface area, whole path length and Roland-Morris low back pain questionnaire (RMQ). Results: Showed a significant static balance and disability from the experimental groups compared to the control group. Showed a no significant RMQ score from experimental groups compared to the control group. Conclusions: tDCS and lumbar MCE showed the increased static balance in chronic low back pain with lumbar rotation extension subgroup.

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Effects of a Strengthening Program for Lower Back in Older Women with Chronic Low Back Pain (만성요통 여성노인에 대한 요부강화 프로그램의 효과)

  • Hyoung, Hee-Kyoung
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.38 no.6
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    • pp.902-913
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify effects of a strengthening program for the lower back in older women with chronic low back pain. Methods: The research design was a nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest experiment. The experimental group consisted of 16 older women and the control group, 14, all of whom had experienced low back pain for at least 3 months. The strengthening program for the lower back included lumbar stabilization exercises and education on pain management in daily living. For an 8 week period, exercises were done 3 days a week and on one day education was also given. Results: Pain and disability scores decreased significantly in the experimental group compared to the control group. Flexibility, life satisfaction and lumbar muscle strength scores increased significantly in the experimental group compared to the control group. Conclusion: Low back pain and disability can be relieved, and flexibility, muscle strength, and life satisfaction increased through a program to strengthen the lower back. It is suggested that a program to strengthen the lower back would be an effective nursing intervention for older women with low back pain.

Meta-analysis on the Effects of Exercise Therapy and Physiotherapy on Pain in Korean Patients with Chronic Low Back Pain (만성요통환자를 대상으로 운동치료 및 물리치료가 통증에 미치는 효과에 대한 메타분석)

  • Kim, Sung-Kyu;Lim, Bee-Oh
    • Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.63-72
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    • 2020
  • Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate meta-analysis on the effects of exercise therapy and physiotherapy on pain in korean patients with chronic low back pain. Method: Meta-analysis was performed on the type and method of treatment. A total of 23 experimental studies were coding into 31 individual studies, into types, methods, visual analogue scale (VAS), each pre/post value of the effect size was calculated by meta-analysis. Results: Sling exercise, stretching, thermal therapy, kinesio-taping, lumbar stabilization exercise, electrotherapy is large effect size (ES ≥ .08). In addition, big effects occurred in order of treatment period is more than 9 weeks, three times a week. Conclusion: Our results indicated that persistent treatment of chronic back pain is the most effective method of self-sufficiency rather than temporary relief.