• Title, Summary, Keyword: Cibotii Rhizoma

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Effects of Cibotii Rhizoma(狗脊) on the Muscle Atrophy Induced by Hindlimb Suspension in Rats (구척(狗脊)이 흰쥐의 후지체공(後肢滯空)에 의한 근강축(筋萎縮)에 미치는 영향(影響))

  • Kim, Yeong-Gyun;Kim, Jong-Hun
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.51-65
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    • 1996
  • This experimental study was designed to investigate the effects of Cibotii Rhizoma on the muscle atrophy induced by hindlimb suspension in rats. The measurement has been performed on the activity of CK, aldolase, LDH, AST, ALT and quantity of creatine in serum of hindlimb suspension rats. The results were as ; 1. Cibotii Rhizoma significantly inhibited the increase of the activity of CK in serum. 2. Cibotii Rhizoma significantly inhibited the increase of the quantity of creatine in serum. 3. Cibotii Rhizoma significantly inhibited the increase of the activity of aldolase in serum. 4. Cibotii Rhizoma significantly inhibited the increase of the activity of LDH in serum. 5. Cibotii Rhizoma significantly inhibited the increase of the activity of AST in serum. 6. Cibotii Rhizoma significantly inhibited the increase of the activity of ALT in serum.

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HPLC Analysis and Screening of Standard Compound on Cibotii Rhizoma for Standardization of GCSB-5 Preparation (생약복합제 GCSB-5의 품질 표준화를 위한 구척의 지표성분 탐색 및 HPLC 분석)

  • Cha, Bae-Cheon;Lee, Eun-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.41 no.1
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    • pp.48-53
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    • 2010
  • GCSB-5 preparation is a purified extract from a mixture of 6 medicinal plants(Acanthopanacis Cortex, Achyranthis Radix, Saposhnikoviae Radix, Cibotii Rhizoma, Glycine Semen Nigra, Eucommiae Cortex) that have been widely used for the treatment of various bone disorders. The aim of this study was to investigate HPLC analysis method and screening of standard compound on Cibotii Rhizoma for quality standardization of a medicinal crude drug GCSB-5. Onitin-4-O-$\beta$-D-glucopyranoside was isolated from Cibotii Rhizoma as the standard compound and identified on the basis of spectroscopic data such as NMR. HPLC analysis method for the determination of onitin-4-O-$\beta$-D-glucopyranoside was established for the quality control of the medicinal plants of Cibotii Rhizoma species, GCSB-5 raw material and GCSB-5 preparation. And validation of HPLC analysis methods were conformed for verification of HPLC methods by check to specificity, linearity, intra-day precision, inter-day precision and accuracy following ICH guideline.

Anti-oxidant Activities and Identification of Standard Compounds from Cibotii Rhizoma (구척의 항산화 활성 및 지표성분 동정)

  • Kim, So-Hwa;Kim, Eun-Young;Whang, Wan-Kyunn
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.58 no.5
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    • pp.314-321
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    • 2014
  • Cibotii Rhizoma, the dried rhizome of Cibotium barometz J. Smith (C. barometz), has long been used to treat bone or nervous system disorders. In this regard, we isolated three main phenolic compounds, onitin-4-O-${\beta}$-D-glucopyranoside (1), irisdichototins E & F epimeric mixture (2), and protocatechuic acid (3) from C. barometz methanol extract. In addition, we screened their antioxidative activities by DPPH, ABTS radical, and superoxide scavenging assays. Among these three compounds, irisdichototins E & F and protocatechuic acid showed strong antioxidant activities. Also, the antioxidant activities of the C. barometz extracts were proportional to the contents of irisdichototins E & F and protocatechuic acid, thus these two phenolic compounds could be main active compounds of C. barometz. In addition, onitin-4-O-${\beta}$-D-glucopyranoside is considered as a marker compound of C. barometz because this compound is specifically contained in C. barometz which belongs to Pteridophyta order. A rapid analysis method for the simultaneous determination of phenolic compounds was also developed by UPLC (Ultra Performance Liquid Chromatography). Using the developed method, the two active compounds (irisdichototins E & F and protocatechuic acid) and a marker compound (onitin-4-O-${\beta}$-D-glucopyranoside) were successfully quantified in 14 commercial samples that were collected from different regions.

Effects of Traditional Drugs on $CCl_4-induced$ Cytotoxicity in Primary Cultured Rat Hepatocytes (수종의 전통약제가 일차 배양 간세포에서 $CCl_4$ 유발 세포독성에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Young-Sook;Park, Ki-Hyun
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.388-394
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    • 1994
  • 80% Methanol extracts of 44 traditional drugs used for the treatment of liver diseases or tonic effects were screened for anti-hepatotoxic activity by in vitro assay using $CCl_4-induced$ cytotoxicity in primary cultured rat hepatocytes. $CCl_4-induced$ cytotoxicity was evaluated by determination of LDH, GOT or GPT activity in the medium. Rehmaniae Radix Preparata and Gelantina nigra inhibited the release of LDH, GOT or GPT from $CCl_4-treated$ hepatocytes. Gibotii Rhizoma and Eucommiae Cortex showed inhibitory effect on release of LDH from normal hepatocytes as well as $CCl_4-treated$ hepatocytes. Eucommiae Cortex and Lili Bulbus decreased release of GOT and LDH from normal hepatocytes, respectively. Astragali Radix inhibited release of GPT in $CCl_4-treated$ hepatocytes. Phlomidis Radix, Imperatae Rhizoma, Cistanchis Herba, Broussonetiae Fructus, Asparagi Tuber, Trigonellae Semen and Polgonati Rhizoma inhibited release of LDH from $CCl_4-treated$ hepatocytes. Among 44 traditional drugs, most of them released LDH, GOT or GPT at the dose of 1 mg/ml in normal hepatocytes, and Drynariae Rhizoma, Acanthopanacis Cortex, Longanae Arillus, Atratylodis Rhizoma and Ecliptae Herba increased $CCl_4-induced$ cytotoxicity.

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Effects of Root of Cibotii Rhizoma on Neuronal Damage of Spinal Cord Contusion Injury in Rats (구척(狗脊)이 흰쥐의 척수압박에 의한 신경세포 손상에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Won-Sang;Kim, Eun-Seok;Shin, Jung-Won;Kim, Bum-Hoi;Kim, Seong-Joon;Kang, Hee;Sohn, Nak-Won
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.1-15
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    • 2010
  • Objectives : This study was performed to evaluate the effects of root of Cibotii rhizoma(CR) ethanol extract on the tissue and neuronal damage of the spinal cord injury(SCI). Methods : SCI was induced by mechanical contusion following laminectomy of 10th thoracic vertebra in Sprague-Dawley rats. CR was orally given once a day for 7 days after SCI. Tissue damage and nerve fiber degeneration were examined with cresyl violet and luxol fast blue(LFS) histochemistry. HSP72(as neuronal damage marker), MAP2(as nerve fiber degeneration marker), c-Fos(immediate early gene), and Bax(pro-apoptotic molecule) expressions were examined using immuno-histochemistry. Individual immuno-positive cells expressing HSP72, MAP2, c-Fos and Bax were observed on the damaged level and the upper thoracic and lower lumbar spinal segments. Results : 1. CR reduced degeneration of nerve fibers and motor neuron shrinkage in the ventral horn of the lower lumbar spinal segment, but generally it did not seem to ameliorate the tissue injury following SCI. 2. CR reduced demyelination in the ventral and lateral funiculus of the lower lumbar spinal segment. 3. CR reduced HSP72 expression on the neurons in the peri-central canal gray matter adjacent to the damaged region. 4. CR strengthened MAP2 expression on the motor neurons in the ventral horn and on nerve fibers in the lateral funiculus of the lower lumbar spinal segment. 5. CR reduced c-Fos positive cells in the peri-lesion and the dorsal horn of the damaged level and in the ventral horn of the lower lumbar spinal segment. 6. CR reduced Bax positive cells in the peri-lesion and the dorsal horn of the damaged level and in the ventral horn of the lower lumbar spinal segment. Conclusions : These results suggest that CR plays an inhibitory role against secondary neuronal damage and nerve fiber degeneration. following SCI.

A Study on Standardization of Shinbaro Pharmacopuncture Using Herbal Medicines Identification Test and HPLC-DAD (신바로 약침의 한약재 확인시험 및 HPLC-DAD를 통한 표준화 연구)

  • Lee, Jin Ho;Kim, Min Jeong;Lee, Jae Woong;Kim, Me Riong;Lee, In Hee;Kim, Eun Jee
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 2015
  • Objectives : The present study was an evaluation and standardization of herbal components in order to establish the efficacy and safety of Shinbaro pharmacopuncture. Methods : Among the raw materials of Shinbaro pharmacopuncture, the components Cibotii Rhizoma, Eucommiae Cortex, and Ledebouriellae Radix were assessed through ingredient verification experiments using thin-layer chromatography(TLC) and ultraviolet rays(UV) lamps. In addition, we standardized Acanthopanacis Cortex and Achyranthis Radix through validation using high performance liquid chromatograph-diode array detector(HPLC-DAD). Results : As result appeared a blue-white fluorescence under ultraviolet rays; changed to dark green after adding 1 % ferric chloride solution(due to Cibotii Rhizoma), and presented a yellow-green fluorescence when mixed with an ethyl ether under UV lamps by way of the ethyl ether layer, confirming Eucommiae Cortex. Ledebouriellae Radix was confirmed as dark brown spots at Rf values of 0.56 and 0.71 using TLC. Additionally, Acanthopanacis Cortex and Achyranthis Radix HPLC test results showed that linearity was $R^2{\geq}0.99$, and detection limit and quantitation limit were 0.23 to $1.29{\mu}g/mL$, and 0.71 to $3.90{\mu}g/mL$, respectively. Furthermore, precision and accuracy were confirmed to have relative standard deviation(RSD) values of 0.10 to 1.89 % and 96.19 to 103.72 %, respectively. Shinbaro pharmacopuncture did not have any overlapping or interference from other peaks in detection under the abovementioned analysis conditions. Conclusions : In conclusion, we confirmed that maintenance of Shinbaro pharmacopuncture validity was possible by means of quality control of Cibotii Rhizoma, Eucommiae Cortex, and Ledebouriellae Radix through ingredient identification and Acanthopanacis Cortex and Achyranthis Radix through high performance liquid chromatograph(HPLC) analysis. Further, we hope to contribute to the development strategy of herbal industry acupuncture.

A Literature Study of The Osteomalacia (골연화증(骨軟化症)에 대(對)한 동서의학적(東西醫學的) 문헌고찰(文獻考察))

  • Park, Jong-Hyuck;Hwang, Young-Geun;Jeong, Ji-Gheon
    • The Journal of Dong Guk Oriental Medicine
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.159-169
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    • 1999
  • Osteomalacia is syndrome of diverse etiology. characterized pathophysiologically by a failure of normal mineralization of bone and epiphyseal cartilage. This study was performed to investigate causes of disease, pathogenic mechanisms, symptoms, therapies and precriptions through the successive medical literatures. recent chinese medical literatures and chinese medical journals. It is similar to atrophic debility of bones, bone leaning, bone exhaustion, rheumatism involving the bone, osteodynia and cold and heat of bone etc. of oriental medicine. The most principal cause of this is deficiency of kidney. similar to hypophosphatemia caused by increased renal clearance and deficiency of vitamin D, and the rest are senility, deficiency of spleen, deficiency of qi and deficiency of blood. There are nourishing the kidney and spleen, nourishing the qi and blood, warming and passing the muscle and mac, passing an articulation an invigorating the muscle and bone, in principal therapy. And in medical herbs are rehmanniae radix preparat, corni fructus, discoreae rhizoma, cuscutae semen, tigridis os, juglandis semen, hominis placenta, drynariae rhizoma, eucommiae cortex, cynomorii herba, cervi cornus colla, cervi pantotrichum cornu, moutan cortex, polygoni multiflori radix, angelicae gigantis radix, achyranthis bidentatae radix, cibotii rhizoma, hirudo, eupolyphaga, spatholobi caulis, salviae miltiorrhizae radix, draconis resina, curcumae longae rhizoma. In care there are a sun-bath, exercise, high protein diet and taking vitamin D. And they reduce smoking, coffee, drinking etc.

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Screening for Inhibitory Effect of Solvent Fractions Prepared from Herbal Drugs on $CCl_4$-induced Cytotoxicity in Primary Cultured Rat Hepatocytes and Evaluation of Antihepatotoxicity in Vivo (일차 배양 흰쥐 간세포에서 사염화탄소 유발 세포독성에 대한 수종 생약 용매 분획의 억제효과 검색과 in vivo 간보호 작용 평가)

  • Kim, Young-Sook;Kyung, Jong-Su;Park, Ki-Hyun
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.40 no.1
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    • pp.52-58
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    • 1996
  • Solvent fractions were prepared from traditional herbal drugs which of methanol extracts inhibited $CCl_4$-induced cytotoxicity in primary cultured rat hepatocytes and c ontinuously assayed their effects. Ethylacetate and n-buthanol fractions from Cibotii Rhizoma and chloroform fraction from Gelatina Nigra inhibited the release of LDH and GPT from $CCl_4$-treated hepatocytes, respectively. Water fraction (WAR) among solvent fractions from Astragali Radix showed the most potent inhibitory effect on the release of GOT or GPT by treatment with $CCl_4$. All of solvent fractions prepared from Eucommiae Cortex had no effect on $CCl_4$-induced cytotoxicity. Chloroform and ethylacetate fractions from Rehmanniae Radix Preparata increased the release of GPT from $CCl_4$-treated hepatocytes. n-Hexan, chloroform or ethylacetate fraction from 5 herbal drugs increased the release of LDH, GOT or GPT from normal hepatocytes at the dose of 1.Omg/ml. Administration of WAR suppressed the elevation of GOT, ALP activities and MDA contents in the serum as well as in the liver tissue of $CCl_4$-intoxicated rats. Based on these results, isolation of antihepatotoxic substances from WAR is under the process.

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General Pharmacological Study of GCSB-5, a Herbal Formulation

  • Park, Sang-Won;Lee, Chan-Ho;Kim, Sung-Hwa;Cho, Young-Jae;Heo, Jeong-Haing;Park, Jin-Gu;Cheon, Ho-Jun;Lee, Sung-Youl;Kim, Jie-Wan;Lee, Sun-Mee
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.194-201
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    • 2006
  • The general pharmacological properties of GCSB-5, a herbal formulation consisting of 6 Oriental herbs(Ledebouriellae Radix, Achyranthis Radix, Acanthopanacis Cortex, Cibotii Rhizoma, Glycine Semen and Eucommiae Cortex), were investigated in mice, rats, guinea pigs and rabbits. The administration of GCSB-5 had no effect on general behavior, and did not influence the central nervous system. Mean blood pressure, heat1 and respiratory rate and contractile response of the isolated guinea pig atrium were unaffected by the treatment of GCSB-5. Addition of GCSB-5 did not cause spontaneous relaxation and contraction of the isolated guinea pig ileum and rat uterus. And also, GCSB-5 had no effect on the gastrointestinal system and the blood system of the animals examined in this study. GCSB-5, at higher doses(1,000 and 3,000 mg/kg), increased the urinary excretion of electrolytes, however, the urine volume and pH in rats were unaffected. Taken together, these results indicate that GCSB-5 does not induce any adverse effects in experimental animals and is expected to have no significant general pharmacological activities.

HPLC Analysis and Screening of Standard Compound on Saposhnikoviae Radix for Standardization of GCSB-5 Preparation (생약복합제 GCSB-5의 품질 표준화를 위한 방풍의 지표성분 탐색 및 HPLC 분석)

  • Cha, Bae-Cheon;Lee, Eun-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.40 no.2
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    • pp.103-108
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    • 2009
  • GCSB-5 preparation is a purified extract from a mixture of 6 medicinal plants(Acanthopanacis Cortex, Achyranthis Radix, Saposhnikoviae Radix, Cibotii Rhizoma, Glycine Semen Nigra, Eucommiae Cortex) that have been widely used for the treatment of various bone disorders. The aim of this study was to investigate HPLC analysis method and screening of standard compound on Saposhnikoviae Radix for quality standardization of a medicinal crude drug GCSB-5. Standard compound of Saposhnikoviae Radix was decided with cimifugin by isolation and instrumental analysis such as NMR. HPLC analysis method for the simultaneous determination of cimifugin was established for the quality control of the medicinal plants of Saposhnikoviae Radix species, GCSB-5 raw material and preparation. And validation of HPLC analysis methods were conformed for verification of HPLC methods by check to specificity, linearity, intra-day precision, inter-day precision and accuracy following ICH guideline.