• Title, Summary, Keyword: Citri Unshii Pericarpium

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Varied Flavonoid Contents of Citri Unshii Pericarpium Extracted from Several Traditional Herbal Prescriptions (진피의 복합처방에 따른 유효성분 추출율의 변화)

  • Kim Jin-Ju;Cho Sung-One;Lee Ho Young;Ha Hye-kyung;Oh Ju-hee;Yang In-cheol;Choi Hwan-Soo;Lee Je-Hyun
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.195-200
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    • 2005
  • Objecitves: Peel of Citrus unshiu (Rutaceae) has been used in traditional herbal prescriptions. Hesperidin and naringin contents of Citri Unshii Pericarpium were determined and compared to herbal prescriptions. Then, the different extractions from prescriptions are explained with traditional herbal theories. Methods: The herb and herbal prescriptions were extracted in boiled water. A quantitative analysis was made of hesperidin and naringin using HPLC with-reversed-phase CIS column and a UV detector at 204nm. Elution was carried out at 1.0ml/min with $38\%$ methanol. Results and Conclusions: The extract of Citri Unshii Pericarpium for 180 min was the better method for extracting naringin and hesperidin. The flavonoid contents in remedies are different among several traditional herbal prescriptions. The reason for the difference can be explained with traditional drug interaction theories.

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Changes in the Anti allergic Effect of Citrus unshii Pericarpium According to Storage Period (진피(陳皮)의 저장기간에 따른 항알러지효과 비교)

  • Shin, Yong-Wook
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
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    • v.27 no.5
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    • pp.37-44
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    • 2012
  • Objectives : The present study was undertaken to determine whether the ethanol extact of Citri Pericarpium (CP, Pericarp of Citrus unshiu Markovich, Rutaceae) is effective against atopic dermatitis according to it's storage period. Methods : To evaluate antiallergic effect of CP and OCP (Old Citri Pericarpium) evaluated in vivo their inhibitory effects against passive cutaenous anaphylaxis (PCA) reaction induced by IgE-antigen complex and scratching behaviors by compound 48/80. The Anti-atopic effects were measured by contact dermatitis, prurient animal model and PCA reaction. Contact dermatitis in mice as a model of the Type IV reaction caused by Oxazolone. Results : The results showed that anti-pruritus effects, analgesic effects of CP was depends on its hesperetin contents. And It also showed that keep longer in storage appeared to be higher in hesperetin contents. Both CP and OCP(Old CP) have a dose-dependent analgesic action in acetic acid induced writhing syndrome. OCP Potently inhibited PCA reaction in mice, although OCP weakly inhibited in long term contact dermatitis model in mice. Conclusions : These results suggest that the Proportional to the storage period, Citri Pericarpium possesses analgesic effects and anti-allergic effects.

Roasting Conditions for Optimization of Citri Unshii Pericarpium Antioxidant Activity Using Response Surface Methodology (반응표면분석을 이용한 진피의 항산화 활성 최적화를 위한 로스팅 조건 확립)

  • Hwang, Hyun Jung;Park, Jeong Ah;Choi, Jeong In;Kim, Hee Soo;Cho, Mi Sook
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.45 no.2
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    • pp.261-268
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    • 2016
  • This study was conducted to establish roasting conditions for optimization of Citri Unshii Pericarpium antioxidant activity using response surface methodology (RSM). A central composite design was applied to investigate the effects of two independent variables, namely roasting temperature ($40{\sim}100^{\circ}C$; $X_1$) and roasting time ($5{\sim}15min$; $X_2$), on responses such as electron donating ability ($Y_1$), total phenolic content ($Y_2$), total flavonoid content ($Y_3$), and hydroxyl radical scavenging activity ($Y_4$). The maximum electron donating ability was 72.38% at a roasting temperature of $71.12^{\circ}C$ and roasting time of 9.39 min. The maximum total phenolic content was 10.76 mg tannic acid equivalents/g at a roasting temperature of $69.71^{\circ}C$ and roasting time of 8.39 min. The maximum total flavonoid content was 105.99 mg quercetin equivalents/100 g at $72.54^{\circ}C$ and 8.64 min. The maximum hydroxyl radical scavenging activity was 60.33% at $68.97^{\circ}C$ and 9.84 min. Based on the superimposition of three dimensional RSM with respect to electron donating ability, total phenolic content, total flavonoid content, and hydroxyl radical scavenging activity under various conditions, optimum conditions were established as follows: roasting temperature of $70.90^{\circ}C$ and roasting time of 9.03 min.

As, Cd, Pb, Co, Cr Concentration and Property Evaluation in Frequently Using 16 Oriental Herbal Medicines -Mainly Average, Lowest, Highest Concentration and Percent Exceeding Value of Legal Allowance in Korean and Chinese Origines- (16종 다용한약재의 산지별 As, Cd, Pb, Co, Cr 농도 및 특성고찰 -한국과 중국산의 평균농도, 최소-최대농도와 법적 허용농도초과비율을 중심으로-)

  • Kim, Kee-Dong;Park, Hae-Mo;Seo, Yong-Chan;Lee, Sun-Dong
    • Journal of Society of Preventive Korean Medicine
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.167-183
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    • 2012
  • Objective : Average, lowest, highest concentration and exceeding value of legal allowance of As, Cd, Pb, Co, Cr in frequently using 16 oriental herbal medicines in korea(Astragali Radix, Ginseng, Citri Unshii Pericarpium, Aurantii Fructus Immaturus, Angelicae Gigantis Radix, Cnidii Rhizoma, Paeoniae Radix, Rehmanniae Radix Preparata, Zingiberis Rhizoma Crudus, Zizyphi Fructus, Atractylodis Rhizoma Alba, Hoelen, Dioscoreae Rhizoma, Corni Fructus, Schisandrae Fructus, Lycii Fructus) was evaluated according to their origines (korea, china) and property was also discussed according to the medicinally active part and individuals regardless origines. Method : Korean and Chinese herbal medicines were evenly sampled from corresponding country nationwide. Pre-treatment was executed according to the KFDA(Korea Food and Drug Administration) regulation and analysis was performed according to the Korean Environmental Analysis QA/QC. Result : Not much difference was observed according to their origines. However, lowest, highest and percent exceeding value of legal allowance was showed some consistent differences according to the medicinally active part and individuals. Co and Cr was can not be evaluated since their legal regulation was not established yet. Conclusion : The average concentration of As, Cd, Pb, Co, Cr in frequently using 16 oriental herbal medicines in korea showed no noticeable difference according to their origines. Regardless the origin, some consistent differences were observed according to the individuals and medicinally active parts.

Pesticide Residues Monitoring of Medicinal Herbs in Seoul (서울지역 유통 한약재 중 잔류농약 실태조사)

  • Choi, Young-Hee;Park, Sung-Kyu;Kim, Ouk-Hee;Seoung, Hyun-Jung;Han, Sung-Hee;Lee, Young-Ju;Jeong, Hee-Jeong;Kim, Yun-Hee;Jo, Han-Bin;Yu, In-Sil;Han, Ki-Young;Chae, Young-Zoo
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.335-349
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    • 2011
  • 100 residual pesticides in 1,565 medicinal herbs being on sale in Seoul was analyzed by a simultaneous multiresidue method. The recovery ratio was 71.0~119.7%. The detection rate of pesticide residues was 5.3% and the rate of excess to Maximum Residue Limits (MRLs) was 0.9% of the total samples. The medicinal herbs which had the high detection rate of residual pesticides were Alismatis Rhizoma, Citri Unshii Pericarpium, Lycii Fructus and Zyzyphi Fructus. The medicinal herbs detected pesticide over Maximum Residue Limits (MRLs) were Alismatis Rhizoma (4), Cnidii Rhizomain (4), Chrysanthemi Zawadski Herba (1), Citri Unshii Pericarpium (1), Lycii Radix Cortex (1), Menthae Herba (1), Schisandrae Fructus (1) and Taraxaci Herba (1). The residual pesticides which had the high detection frequency were cypermethrin, chlorpyrifos, phenthoate, endosulfan, isoprothiolane, chlorothalonil and chlorfenapyr. Estimated Daily Intake (EDI) of detected pesticides was compared to Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) in order to assess risk. Ethoprophos detected in Cnidii Rhizomain showed the highest %ADI, 26.85. And pyraclofos and endosulfan in Cnidii Rhizomain, endosulfan and isoprothiolane in Alismatis Rhizoma and cyprodinil in Taraxaci Herba showed more than 1 %ADI, but others showed below 1 %ADI.