• Title/Summary/Keyword: Cleaning action

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Self-cleaning measurements on tiles manufactured with micro-sized photoactive TiO2

  • Bianchi, C.L.;Gatto, S.;Nucci, S.;Cerrato, G.;Capucci, V.
    • Advances in materials Research
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.65-75
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    • 2013
  • Heterogeneous photocatalysis is a rapidly developing field in environmental engineering. It has a great potential to cope with the increasing pollution in the air. The addition of a photocatalyst to ordinary building materials such as tiles, concrete, paints, creates environmental friendly materials by which air pollution or pollution of the surface itself can be controlled and diminished. This work reports the results of the laboratory research, especially carried out towards air purifying action and self-cleaning measurements. In particular the research was focused on the study of the photocatalytic behavior of industrially prepared tiles produced starting from commercial micro-sized $TiO_2$. Air purification action has been investigated through NOx degradation tests. On the contrary, the degradation of pollution at the surface, also called as self-cleaning action, is verified by the degradation of two different organic dyes: Rhodamine B (red color) and Metanil yellow (yellow).

Evaluation of weldability of Al 6061 and 5052 alloy by using GMAW and Plasma-GMA welding (GMAW, Plasma-GMA Hybrid 용접을 이용한 Al 5052, 6061 합금의 용접성 평가)

  • Ahn, Young-Nam;Kim, Cheol-Hee;Choi, Jin-Kang
    • Proceedings of the KWS Conference
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    • 2010.05a
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    • pp.42-42
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    • 2010
  • 알루미늄 합금은 질량 대비 강도가 우수하고 내식성 및 저온 특성이 양호하여 구조재로서 널리 사용되고 있다. 또한 그 사용 추세가 점점 증가 하고 있으며 알루미늄 합금의 용접을 위해 현재까지 다양한 용접 공정이 적용되었다. 일반적으로 GMAW, GTAW 등의 아크 용접과 박판의 경우 저항 점용접, 그 외의 $CO_2$ laser, Nd:YAG laser와 같은 고밀도 에너지 용접 공정에 의한 연구 결과들이 많이 발표 되었다. 하지만 알루미늄 합금의 특성 상 용접부에 기공과 균열과 같은 결함들이 각 공정에서 많이 발생하며 이러한 결함을 감소시키기 위한 용접기술에 관해 많은 연구가 진행되고 있다. 본 연구에서는 GMAW, Plasma-GMAW 공정을 적용하여 알루미늄 합금의 용접특성을 비교하였다. 알루미늄 합금 Al 5052, Al 6061 4mm 두께 모재에 대해 BOP(Bead On Plate) 용접실험을 실시하였으며 생산성 측면에서 각 공정에 따라 완전 용입 시 최대 용접 속도를 측정하여 비교하였다. 용접 품질 측면에서는 비드 표면 및 단면을 검사하고 인장시험을 수행하였으며, 용접 기공과 균열을 X-ray 촬영을 통해 비교하였다. 또한 고속카메라 촬영을 통해 용접 중 플라즈마로 인한 산화막 제거 효과를 확인하고 각 공정별 용접 시작부의 아크 안정성을 평가하였다. 인장시험 결과 모든 모드에서 모재에서 파단됨을 확인 하였고, Plasma-GMAW 공정의 경우 플라즈마의 예열효과로 인하여 GMAW 보다 완전용입 기준 용접속도가 빨랐으며, 청정작용도 우수한 것으로 확인되었다.

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Frictional Characteristics of Woven and Nonwoven Wipes

  • Das A.;Kothari V. K.;Mane D.
    • Fibers and Polymers
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.318-321
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    • 2005
  • Demand for the fabric wipes is growing continuously. Wipes in industry are used for cleaning purpose. Cleaning involves rubbing action, so it is very important to know how much frictional force is encountered during the cleaning action. In this study the effects of normal load, sliding speed on frictional characteristics of nonwoven and woven wipes, both dry and wetted with different liquids, against glass and floor tile surfaces have been reported. With the increase in the normal load the coefficient of friction goes on decreasing for both nonwoven and woven wipes and this trend is observed in both dry and wet wipes. The coefficient of friction of both nonwoven and woven wipes against glass surface is in general higher than the floor tile surface. The wipes wetted with water shows an increase in coefficient of friction as compared to dry sample, but there is reduction in the coefficient of friction when the wipe samples are wetted with vegetable oil. In case of dry wipes, the coefficient of friction in case of nonwoven wipe is higher than the woven wipe. In case of woven wipes, the ranges of coefficient of friction either due to change in liquid type, normal load or sliding speed are in general smaller than that in case of nonwoven fabrics.

The Effects of Fluconazole on Chronic Oral Candidiasis Refractory to Nystatin: Case Report (Nystatin에 반응하지 않는 만성 구강 캔디다증 증례에서 Fluconazole의 효과에 관한 보고)

  • Lee, Eun-Jin;Park, Won-Kyu;Kho, Hong-Seop
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.27-33
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    • 2008
  • Candidiasis, an opportunistic infectious condition caused by the genus Candida, is the most common oral fungal infection in humans. The diagnosis of oral candidiasis can often be made based on recognition of its clinical pattern, but at times there is difficulty in making a clinical diagnosis because of its various manifestations. Several antifungal medications have been developed for managing fungal infections. Despite the availability of several effective antimycotics for the treatment of oral candidiasis, failure of therapy is not uncommon due to the unique environment of the oral cavity, where the flushing effect of saliva and the cleaning action of the oral musculature tend to reduce the drug concentration to sub-therapeutic levels. In this case report, we present two patients diagnosed with chronic hyperplastic candidiasis and median rhomboid glossitis, which are known as rare forms of candidiasis. In both cases, there was a significant reduction of clinical signs and symptoms when fluconazole was prescribed after the failure of initial nystatin therapy.