• Title, Summary, Keyword: Clinical Competence

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Factors Affecting Clinical Competence in Dental Hygiene Students

  • Lee, Hyun-Ok;Kim, Sun-Mi
    • Journal of dental hygiene science
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.271-278
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    • 2019
  • Background: This study aimed to examine the factors that influence clinical performance of dental hygiene students to provide useful data for developing strategies to improve clinical competence. Methods: The effects of variables on clinical competence by quantile level were analyzed using quantile regression analysis in 247 dental hygiene students. Quantile regression and multiple regression analyses were conducted using the Stata 11.0 program to analyze predictors of clinical competence. Results: The clinical competence score of dental hygiene students was 42.69±5.90, the satisfaction of clinical practice was 49.90±7.44, the clinical practice stress was 50.62±7.37, and the professional self-concept was 31.68±4.41. Empathy was the highest at 50.87±4.93. Multiple regression analysis showed that school year, stress from clinical training, satisfaction with clinical training, professional self-concept, and empathy had significant impact on clinical competence. Quantile regression analysis showed that the effects varied depending on the clinical competence level. School year and professional self-concept had a significant positive effect, regardless of the clinical competence level, while empathy had a significant positive effect at the top 10% (Q90) of the clinical competence level. Satisfaction with clinical practice affected clinical competence at Q25, Q50, and Q90. Stress from clinical practice had significant effects at Q25, Q50, and Q90 (p<0.05). Conclusion: According to the study results, different factors affected clinical competence according to the quantile of clinical competence. This study provides valuable implications for designing clinical competence enhancement programs and strategies. In addition, objective indicators for considering factors that may affect the clinical competence, such as academic competence and satisfaction of practice hospitals, are expected to require detailed analysis and measures.

Factors Affecting Clinical Competence among Nursing Students (간호대학생의 임상수행능력에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Seo, Bo-Myn;Park, Hyun-Joo
    • The Korean Journal of Health Service Management
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.149-161
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the association of factors related to clinical practice training for clinical competence among nursing students, and to analyze those factors influencing clinical competence, providing recommendations for improving their clinical competence and clinical learning environment. This descriptive correlative study completed organized questionnaires from 557 nursing students. The data was analyzed by SPSS 19.0. The most important factor affecting the clinical competence among nursing students was teaching effectiveness (${\beta}=.22$). followed by critical thinking (${\beta}=.19$). and the professional self-concept (${\beta}=.19$). The explained variable for clinical competence was 45.2% in nursing students. Thus, the development of an effective clinical internship program is important for strengthening nursing students' clinical competence. We suggest that the capability of nursing students should be strengthened and effective clinical internship programs should be developed to improve the clinical competence of nursing students.

Critical Thinking Disposition and Clinical Competence in General Hospital Nurses (종합병원 간호사의 비판적 사고성향과 임상수행능력)

  • Park, Jin-Ah;Kim, Bog-Ja
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.39 no.6
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    • pp.840-850
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: This study was done to investigate the relationship between critical thinking disposition and clinical competence among nurses in general hospitals. Methods: This study was a descriptive-correlational study with a convenience sample of 560 nurses from 5 general hospitals. The data were collected by self-administered questionnaires. Critical thinking disposition was measured using the Critical Thinking Disposition Scale for Nursing Students. Clinical competence was measured using the Standardized Nurse Performance Appraisal Tool. Results: The mean score for critical thinking disposition and clinical competence was 3.37 and 4.10 respectively on a 5 point scale. A statistically significant correlation was found between critical thinking disposition and clinical competence. A regression model explained 72.8% of clinical competence. Prudence is the most significant predictor of clinical competence ($R^2=.728$). Conclusion: Study findings suggest that nurses with a higher level of critical thinking disposition would have a higher level of clinical competence. Furthermore, prudence might be the most important predictor of clinical competence. In order to strengthen clinical competence in nurses, the development and enhancement of critical thinking should be emphasized at the college level and nurses should be encouraged to make a clinical decision with greater prudence.

Convergence Relationship among Interpersonal Competence, Clinical Stress and Clinical Competence in Nursing Students (간호대학생의 대인관계능력, 임상실습스트레스와 임상수행능력의 융복합적 관계)

  • Lim, Eun Jung;Lee, Mi Hyang
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.279-286
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to provide basic material that can strengthen the clinical competence of nursing students by understanding the impact interpersonal competence and clinical stress have on clinical competence. Research was conducted on 242 students in the junior and senior years of college through structured surveys. Results showed that interpersonal competence accounted for 3.36 points, clinical stress accounted for 2.80 points, and clinical competence accounted for 3.48 points. Interpersonal competence and clinical competence showed a positive correlation whereas clinical stress and clinical competence did not show any correlation. As factors that affect the nursing students' clinical competence, interpersonal competence and satisfaction in relation to one's major were identified, and these factors had an overall explanatory power of 26.4%. Therefore, on the result of this study, when we develop the clinical education program to increase the major-related satisfaction and interpersonal competence for nursing students.

Ego-Resilience and the Clinical Competence of Nursing Students (간호대학생의 자아탄력성과 임상수행능력과의 관계)

  • Lee, Eun Kyung;Park, Jin Ah
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.293-303
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: This study was performed to understand the relationship between ego-resilience and the clinical competence of nursing students. Methods: The subjects were 291 juniors and seniors who received clinical training from nursing universities in Gyeongsang, Jeolla, and Chungcheong. General characteristics, main study variables were analyzed using descriptive statistics such as frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation; ego-resilience and clinical competence by general characteristics were analyzed using t-test, ANOVA; correlations between ego-resilience and clinical competence were analyzed using Pearson correlation coefficients. Results: The mean score for ego-resilience was 3.44; and the mean score for clinical competence was 3.71. The data showed a positive correlation between ego-resilience and clinical competence. Conclusion: According to the results, there is a correlation between clinical competence and the ego-resilience of nursing students. Therefore, to enhance clinical competence, a follow-up study on the development of a program for advanced ego-resilience is needed.

Critical thinking disposition, stress of clinical practice and clinical competence of nursing students (간호학생의 비판적 사고성향과 임상실습 스트레스 및 임상실습수행능력)

  • Kim, In-Sook;Jang, Youn-Kyoung;Park, Su-Ho;Song, So-Hyeon
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.337-345
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: This study was done to identify the relationship among Critical Thinking Disposition (CTD), stress of clinical practice and clinical competence in Korean nursing students. Methods: Participants were 407 baccalaureate nursing students (3rd and 4th grades) in Korea. Variables included CTD, stress of clinical practice, clinical competence, and demographic variables. Data was analyzed by frequencies, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation and multiple regression. Results: Clinical competence positively correlated with CTD, but negatively correlated with stress of clinical practice. The regression model explained 25.6% of clinical competence. The significant predictors of clinical competence were intellectual eagerness, intellectual fairness in CTD, conflict with patients, and clinical environment in stress of clinical practice. Conclusions: CTD and stress of clinical practice contribute to nursing student's clinical competence. Therefore, efforts to encourage nursing student's CTD, increase stress management skills, especially in conflict with patients, and build a supportive clinical environment should be made to strengthen clinical competence.

The Influencing Factors on Clinical Competence of Nursing Students (간호학생의 임상수행능력에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Yang, Jin-Ju
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.159-165
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify clinical competence and to analyze influencing factors on clinical competence for second year college nursing students. Methods: The data were collected from 183 students by means of self reported questionnaires with clinical competence, satisfaction of clinical practice experience, critical thinking disposition, and self-directed learning, on June 18th 2007 and June 25th 2008. Results: The influencing factors on clinical competence of nursing students were satisfaction of clinical practice experience and critical thinking disposition. The more adaptable a student's major was, the higher the clinical competence and satisfaction of clinical practice experience. The score of self-directed learning was the highest in the well adapted group of a major. For clinical competence categories, the level of basic nursing was the highest followed by psychosocial nursing, patient education, nursing process, monitoring and patient physical assessment. The level of direct nursing care was the lowest among nursing students. Conclusion: In conclusion, results of this study suggest that constructing a cooperative system between colleges and educational hospitals, intensifying preceptors' and professors' clinical instruction, and developing a multimedia learning module and practice using simulators or standardized patient care is necessary to promote clinical competence of nursing students.

A Study on Clinical Competence and Education Needs of Hospital Nurses (일 대학병원 간호사의 실무능력과 실무교육 요구도)

  • Han, Su-Jeong
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.302-310
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: This study was designed to identify clinical competence and education needs of hospital nurses. Method: A questionnaire was used for data collection which was done form July 1 to July 30, 2005. The respondents were 165 staff nurses in a university hospital. The study instrument were clinical education need scale and Lee(2002)'s clinical competence scale. The data were analyzed using percentages, means, t-test, ANOVA with SPSS-WIN 10.0 program. Result: The results of this study are summarized as follows: The total mean score for clinical competence was 2.57 and education need was 3.30 on a 4 point scale. There was a significant difference in clinical competence according to individual factors of age, marital status, preceptorship experience, present ward, job satisfaction, and total clinical experience. also there was a significant difference in education needs according to preceptorship experience and present ward. Conclusions: Conducting a education needs and clinical competence assessment can provide valuable information that will plan education program and improve staff competence.

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Effects of Self-leadership and Job Involvement on Clinical Competence in General Hospital Nurses (종합병원 간호사의 셀프리더십과 직무몰입이 임상수행능력에 미치는 영향)

  • Han, Yonghee;Park, Youngrye
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.462-469
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: This study was performed to identify the effects of self-leadership and job involvement on clinical competence in general hospital nurses. Methods: The participants in this study were 443 staff nurses working in general hospitals and having more than 6 months of nursing experience. Data were collected using self-administered questionnaires. Results: There were significant positive correlations between nurses' self-leadership and job involvement, and between nurses' self-leadership and clinical competence. In the multiple regression analysis, clinical career, type of department and self-leadership were significant predictors in explaining nurses' clinical competence and accounted for 28% of the variance in nurses' clinical competence. Conclusion: Study findings suggest that nurses' self-leadership is defined as having an important influence on nurses' clinical competence. In order to strengthen nurses' clinical competence, there is a need to develop education programs to increase nurses' self-leadership.

Critical Thinking Disposition, Problem Solving Ability, and Clinical Competence in Nursing Students (간호대학생의 비판적 사고성향, 문제해결능력 및 임상수행능력 조사연구)

  • Chaung, Seung-Kyo
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.71-78
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the critical thinking disposition, problem solving ability, and clinical competence of nursing students in a 4-year baccalaureate university program. Methods: In this study, a descriptive survey design was used with convenience sample of 228 nursing students at a University in Chungbuk Province. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, independent t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient, and multiple stepwise regression. Results: The mean scores for critical thinking disposition, problem solving ability, and clinical competence were at the intermediate level. Significant positive correlations among critical thinking disposition, problem solving ability, and clinical competence were found. The regression model explained 46.8% of clinical competence. Problem solving confidence was the most significant predictor of clinical competence, other variables were intellectual fairness, intellectual eagerness/curiosity, and prudence. Conclusion: The study findings suggest that nursing students with higher levels of critical thinking disposition and problem solving ability will have a higher level of clinical competence. Furthermore, problem solving confidence might be the most important predictor in clinical competence. Therefore, it is necessary to introduce the new teaching strategies in nursing education, strategies that will improve critical thinking disposition, problem solving ability, and clinical competence.