• Title, Summary, Keyword: Clock generator

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PN Chip Clock Generator for CDMA Code Synchronization

  • Oh, Hyun-Seo
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.193-197
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    • 1997
  • In this paper, we propose a new PN chip clock generator which employs two synchronous counters to achieve precise phase control of chip clock. In a CDMA code acquisition and tracking system, the PN chip clock is required to operate highly reliable without any glitch even under harsh environment condition such as temperature and voltage fluctu-aliens. The digital implementation of the proposed PN chip clock generator imparts it with much desired reliability. Since the proposed chip clock generator can be easily controlled into one of the states: free running, phase advance, and delay state, it can be applied to data processing as well as code synchronization. We have done FPGA implementation of the proposed logic and have verified its satisfactory operation up to 50 MHz.

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A Wideband Clock Generator Design using Improved Automatic Frequency Calibration Circuit (개선된 자동 주파수 보정회로를 이용한 광대역 클록 발생기 설계)

  • Jeong, Sang-Hun;Yoo, Nam-Hee;Cho, Seong-Ik
    • The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
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    • v.60 no.2
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    • pp.451-454
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    • 2011
  • In this paper, a wideband clock generator using novel Automatic frequency calibration(AFC) scheme is proposed. Wideband clock generator using AFC has the advantage of small VCO gain and wide frequency band. The conventional AFC compares whether the feedback frequency is faster or slower then the reference frequency. However, the proposed AFC can detect frequency difference between reference frequency with feedback frequency. So it can be reduced an operation time than conventional methods AFC. Conventional AFC goes to the initial code if the frequency step changed. This AFC, on the other hand, can a prior state code so it can approach a fast operation. In simulation results, the proposed clock generator is designed for DisplayPort using the CMOS ring-VCO. The VCO tuning range is 350MHz, and a VCO frequency is 270MHz. The lock time of clock generator is less then 3us at input reference frequency, 67.5MHz. The phase noise is -109dBC/Hz at 1MHz offset from the center frequency. and power consumption is 10.1mW at 1.8V supply and layout area is $0.384mm^2$.

A Low-Jitter DLL-Based Clock Generator with Two Negative Feedback Loops

  • Choi, Young-Shig;Park, Jong-Yoon
    • JSTS:Journal of Semiconductor Technology and Science
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.457-462
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    • 2014
  • This letter proposes a low-jitter DLL-based clock generator with two negative feedback loops. The main negative feedback loops suppress the jitter of DLL. The additional negative feedback loops suppress the delay-time variance of each delay stages. Both two negative feedback loops in a DLL results in suppressing the jitter of clock signal further. Measurement results of the DLL-based clock generator with two negative feedback loops fabricated in a one-poly six-metal $0.18{\mu}m$ CMOS process show 5.127-ps rms jitter and 47.6-ps peak-to-peak jitter at 1 GHz.

Design of a 2.5 Gbps CMOS optical transmitter with 10:1 serializer using clock generation method (Reference clock 생성기를 이용한 10:1 데이터 변환 2.5 Gbps 광 송신기 설계)

  • Kang, Hyung-Won;Kim, Kyung-Min;Choi, Young-Wan
    • 한국정보통신설비학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.159-165
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    • 2005
  • The proposed optical transmitter is composed of FF(flip flop) , PLL (phase locked loop), reference clock generator, serializer and LD driver 10x250 Mb/s data arrays are translated to the 2.5 Gb/s data signal by serializer. In this case, 1 data bus is allocated usually as a reference clock for synchronization. In this proposed optical transmitter, 125 MHz reference clock is generated from 10x250 Mb/s data arrays by reference clock generator. From this method. absent of reference clock bus is available and more data transmission become possible. To achieve high speed operation, the serializer circuit is designed as two stacks. For 10:1 serialization, 10 clocks that have 1/10 lambda differences is essential, so the VCO (voltage controlled oscillator) composed of 10 delay buffers is designed. PLL is for runing at 250 MHz, and dual PFD(phase frequency detector) is adopted for fast locking time. The optical transmitter is designed by using 0.35 um CMOS technology.

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FPGA circuit implementation of despreading delay lack loop for GPS receiver and preformance analysis (GPS 수신기용 역확산 지연 동기 루프의 FPGA 회로 구현과 성능 분석)

  • 강성길;류흥균
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.506-514
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    • 1997
  • In this paper, we implement digital circuit of despreading delay lock loop for GPS receiver. The designed system consists of Epoch signal generator, two 13bit correlators which correlates the received C/A code and the locally generated C/A code in the receiver, the C/A code generator which generates C/A code of selected satellite, and the direct digital clock synthesizer which generates the clock of the C/A code generator to control the phase and clock rate, the clock controller, and the clock divider. The designed circuit has the function of the acquisition and tracking by the autocorrelation characteristics of Gold code. The controller generates each other control signals according to the correlation value. The designed circuit is simulated to verify the logic functional performance. By using the simulator STR-2770 that generates the virtual GPS signal, the deigned FPGA chip is verified the circuit performance.

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A proposal of binary sequence generator, Threshold Clock-Controlled LM-128 (클럭 조절 방식의 임계 클럭 조절형 LM-128 이진 수열 발생기 제안)

  • Jo, Jung-bok
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.1104-1109
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    • 2015
  • Due to the rapid growth in digital contents, it is important for us to design a high speed and secure encryption algorithm which is able to comply with the existing and future needs. This paper proposes an alternative approach for self-decimated LM-128 summation sequence generator, which will generate a higher throughput if compared to the conventional generator. We design and implement a threshold clock-controlled LM-128 and prove that it has a lower clock cycle and hence giving a higher key stream generation speed. The proposed threshold clock-control LM-128 generator consists of 256 bits inner state with 128 bits secret key and initialization vector. The cipher achieves a security level of 128 bits to be adapted to the digital contents security with high definition and high quality.

Design of Low-power Clock Generator Synchronized with the AC Power Source Using the ADCL Buffer for Adiabatic Logics (ADCL 버퍼를 이용한 단열 논리회로용 AC 전원과 동기화된 저전력 클럭 발생기 설계)

  • Cho, Seung-Il;Kim, Seong-Kweon;Harada, Tomochika;Yokoyama, Michio
    • The Journal of the Korea institute of electronic communication sciences
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    • v.7 no.6
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    • pp.1301-1308
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    • 2012
  • In this paper, the low-power clock generator synchronized with the AC power signal using the adiabatic dynamic CMOS logic (ADCL) buffer is proposed for adiabatic logics. To reduce the power dissipation in conventional CMOS logic and to maintain adiabatic charging and discharging with low power for the ADCL, the clock signal of logic circuits should be synchronized with the AC power source. The clock signal for an adiabatic charging and discharging with the AC power signal was generated with the designed Schmitt trigger circuit and ADCL frequency divider using the ADCL buffer. From the simulation result, the power consumption of the proposed clock generator was estimated with approximately 1.181uW and 37.42uW at output 3kHz and 10MHz respectively.

A 0.12GHz-1.4GHz DLL-based Clock Generator with a Multiplied 4-phase Clock Using a 0.18um CMOS Process

  • Chi, Hyung-Joon;Lee, Jae-Seung;Sim, Jae-Yoon;Park, Hong-June
    • JSTS:Journal of Semiconductor Technology and Science
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.264-269
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    • 2006
  • A $0.12GHz{\sim}1.4GHz$ DLL-based clock generator with the capability of multiplied four phase clock generation was designed using a 0.18um CMOS process. An adaptive bandwidth DLL with a regulated supply delay line was used for a multiphase clock generation and a low jitter. An extra phase detector (PD) in a reference DLL solves the problem of the initial VCDL delay and achieves a fast lock time. Twice multiplied four phase clocks were generated at the outputs of four edge combiners, where the timing alignment was achieved using a coarse lock signal and the 10 multiphase clocks with T/8 time difference. Those four clocks were combined one more time using a static XOR circuit. Therefore the four times multiplication was achieved. With a 1.8V supply, the rms jitter of 2.1ps and the peak-to-peak jitter of 14.4ps were measured at 1.25GHz output. The operating range is $0.12GHz{\sim}1.4GHz$. It consumes 57mW and occupies 450*325um2 of die area.

A 16-bit adiabatic macro blocks with supply clock generator for micro-power RISC datapath

  • Lee, Hanseung;Inho Na;Lee, Chanho;Yong Moon
    • Proceedings of the IEEK Conference
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    • pp.1563-1566
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    • 2002
  • A 16-bit adiabatic datapath for micro-power RISC processor is designed. The datapath is composed of a 3-read and 1-write multi-port adiabatic register file and an arithmetic and logic unit. A four-phase clock generator is also designed to provide supply clocks fer adiabatic circuits and the driving capability control scheme is proposed. All the clock line charge on the capacitive interconnections is recovered to recycle energy. Adiabatic circuits are designed based on efficient charge recovery logic(ECRL) and are implemented using a 0.35 fm CMOS technology. Functional and energy simulation is carried out to show the feasibility of adiabatic datapath. Simulation results show that the power consumption of the adiabatic datapath including supply clock generator is reduced by a factor of 1.4∼1.5 compared to that of the conventional CMOS.

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A CDR using 1/4-rate Clock based on Dual-Interpolator (1/4-rate 클록을 이용한 이중 보간 방식 기반의 CDR)

  • Ahn, Hee-Sun;Park, Won-Ki;Lee, Sung-Chul;Jeong, Hang-Geun
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics Engineers of Korea SC
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    • v.46 no.1
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    • pp.68-75
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    • 2009
  • In this paper, an efficient proposed CDR(Clock and Data Recovery Circuits) using 1/4-rate clock based on dual-interpolator is proposed. The CDR is aimed to overcome problems that using multi-phase clock to decrease the clock generator frequency causes side effects such as the increased power dissipation and hardware complexity, especially when the number of channels is high. To solve these problems, each recovery part generates needed additional clocks using only inverters, but not flip-flops while maintaining the number of clocks supplied from a clock generator the same as 1/2-rate clock method. Thus, the reduction of a clock generator frequency using 1/4-rate clocking helps relax the speed limitation and power dissipation when higher data rate transfer is demanded.