• Title, Summary, Keyword: Co and Co-Ni alloys

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Physico-mechanical properties and prosthodontic applications of Co-Cr dental alloys: a review of the literature

  • Al Jabbari, Youssef S.
    • The Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.138-145
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    • 2014
  • Cobalt-Chromium (Co-Cr) alloys are classified as predominantly base-metal alloys and are widely known for their biomedical applications in the orthopedic and dental fields. In dentistry, Co-Cr alloys are commonly used for the fabrication of metallic frameworks of removable partial dentures and recently have been used as metallic substructures for the fabrication of porcelain-fused-to-metal restorations and implant frameworks. The increased worldwide interest in utilizing Co-Cr alloys for dental applications is related to their low cost and adequate physico-mechanical properties. Additionally, among base-metal alloys, Co-Cr alloys are used more frequently in many countries to replace Nickel-Chromium (Ni-Cr) alloys. This is mainly due to the increased concern regarding the toxic effects of Ni on the human body when alloys containing Ni are exposed to the oral cavity. This review article describes dental applications, metallurgical characterization, and physico-mechanical properties of Co-Cr alloys and also addresses their clinical and laboratory behavior in relation to those properties.

Quantitative Surface Analysis of Co-Ni and Au-Cu alloys by XPS and SIMS (XPS와 SIMS에 의한 Co-Ni과 Au-Cu 합금표면 정량분석 연구)

  • 김경중;문대원;이광우
    • Journal of the Korean Vacuum Society
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.106-114
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    • 1992
  • Abstract-Quantitative surface analysis of Co-Ni and Au-Cu alloys by XPS and SIMS was studied. For Co-Ni alloy, quantitative XPS analysis could be done within 1-2% relative error with pure element standards without any correction. For Au-Cu, quantitative XPS analysis was not possible without any correction. But it could be done with standard alloys of various composition within 1-2% relative error. Without standard alloys, Au-Cu alloys could be analyzed by XPS within 10% relative error with pure element standards. For SIMS analysis of Co-Ni alloys, the relative secondary ion yields of Co+/Nit has linear relation with ratio of each composition so that quantitative SIMS analysis was possible for Co-Ni alloys. Preliminary results of XPS round robin test of VAMAS-SCA Japan Project are given.

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Surface Analysis of Ni-Cr and Co-Cr Alloys with Addition of Ti and Mo for Dental CAD/CAM Use (Ti 및 Mo 첨가에 따른 치과 CAD/CAM용 Ni-Cr 및 Co-Cr합금의 표면분석)

  • Moon, Dae-Sun;Choe, Han-Cheol
    • Journal of the Korean institute of surface engineering
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    • v.51 no.3
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    • pp.139-148
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    • 2018
  • In this study, surface analysis of Ni-Cr and Co-Cr alloys with addition of Ti and Mo for dental CAD/CAM use has been researched experimentally. The surface characteristics of the alloys were examined by Vickers hardness test, bonding strength test, surface roughness test, field-emission scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction spectroscopy. The shrinkage of the sintered Ni-Cr alloy alloy was slightly larger than that of Ni-Cr-Ti alloy, and larger than Co-Cr alloy. Also, the addition of Mo showed a tendency to decrease shrinkage somewhat. From the result of XRD analysis, NiCr, $Ni_3Cr$ and $Ni_3Ti$ were observed in the sintered Ni-13Cr-xTi and Ni-13Cr-xMo alloys. In addition, ${\sigma}-CrCo$, $Co_2Mo_3$ and $TiCo_2$ were formed in the sintered Co-Cr-xTi and Co-Cr-xMo alloys. Surface hardness of Ti and Mo added alloy was higher than those of Ni-Cr and Co-Cr alloy. The bond strength between sintered alloy and porcelain was $16.1kgf/mm^2$ for Ni-13Cr alloy, $17.8kgf/mm^2$ for Ni-13Cr-5Ti alloy, and $8.2kgf/mm^2$ for Ni-13Cr-10Ti alloy, respectively.

Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Ni-Cr-Mo Based Dental Cast Iron for Porcelain-Fused-to-Metal Firing (도재소부용 Ni-Cr-Mo계 치과용 합금의 미세조직 및 기계적성질)

  • Choi, D.C.
    • Journal of Korea Foundry Society
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.120-125
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    • 2007
  • The microstructure, mechanical properties and melting range of Ni-Cr-Mo based alloys were investigated to develop Be-free Ni-Cr-Mo base dental alloys for Porcelain-Fused-to-Metal Firing(PFM). All as-cast alloys showed dendritic structure. Rockwell hardness of 20Cr7Mo was increased with addition of Si and Ti. On the contrary, it was decreased with addition of Co. The duplex alloying elemental addition such as 3Co + xTi, 2Si + xCo and 2Si + xTi to 20Cr7Mo resulted in much increase of hardness. Rockwell hardness and compressive strength for 20Cr3CoSiTi or 17Cr6CoSiTi alloy that add Si-Ti had similar values compared to the commercial alloys. Melting range for 20Cr3CoSiTi and 17Cr6CoSiTi alloy that add Si-Ti showed similar or lower than commercial alloys. In conclusion, 20Cr3CoSiTi and 17Cr6CoSiTi alloys can be applied for commercial use.

Microstructural Features of Multicomponent FeCoCrNiSix Alloys

  • Kong, Kyeong Ho;Kim, Kang Cheol;Kim, Won Tae;Kim, Do Hyang
    • Applied Microscopy
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    • v.45 no.1
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    • pp.32-36
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    • 2015
  • The microstructural features of FeCoCrNi, FeCoCrNiAl and FeCoCrNiSix (x=0, 5, 10, 15, 20) alloys have been investigated in the present study. The microstructure of FeCoCrNi alloy changes dramatically with equiatomic addition of Al. The fcc irregular shaped grain structure in the as-cast FeCoCrNi alloy changes into the bcc interconnected structure with phase separation of Al-Ni rich and Cr-Fe rich phases in the as-cast FeCoCrNiAl alloy. The microstructure of FeCoCrNi alloy changes with the addition of Si. With increasing the amount of Si, the fcc structure of the grains is maintained, but new phase containing higher amount of Si forms at the grain boundary. As the amount of Si increases, the fraction the Si-rich grain boundary phase increases.

Electrochemical Behavior and Biocompatibility of Co-Cr Dental Alloys

  • Kang, Jung-In;Yoon, Jun-Bin;Choe, Han-Cheol
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Surface Engineering Conference
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    • pp.107-107
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    • 2015
  • In order to investigate electrochemical behavior and biocompatibility of Co-Cr dental alloy by electrochemical corrosion test and MTT assay, the xCo-25Cr-yW-zNi alloys were used in this study. Samples of Co-Cr-W-Ni alloys were manufactured using arc melting furnace. The microstructure of the alloys was examined by optical microscopy (OM), Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), X-ray diffraction (XRD), MTT assay, and corrosion test. Corrosion resistance increased slightly as cobalt (Co) content increased. And bioactivity was concerned with nickel (Ni) and tungsten (W). Biocompatibility of Co-Cr alloy depended on Ni and W contents.

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Characterization of Co-Ni Based Ferromagnetic Shape Memory Alloy (자성 Co-Ni 계 형상기억합금의 특성)

  • Han, Ji-Won;Park, Sung Bum
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.8-13
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    • 2015
  • The magnetic shape memory alloys have recently received a lot of attention due to the considerable progress achieved in understanding the particular importance and the development of the factors. Among these alloys, the ferromagnetic Co-Ni- alloys have been concerned specially because of the thermoelastic character of the fcc (g) - bct (a) martensitic transformation which exhibits under the action of the temperature (shape memory effect), the stress (superelasticity) and the magnetic field (magnetoelasticity). The morphological, the crystallographical, and the thermal characteristics of thermally induced martensite in Co-35.3Ni-11.3Al(wt.%) and Co-28.1Ni-47.4Fe-3.3Ti (wt.%) alloy have been investigated by the scanning electron microscope (SEM), the X-ray Diffraction (XRD), and the differential scanning calorimeter (DSC).

Electrodeposition Characteristics and Magnetic Properties of CoFeNi Thin Film Alloys

  • Song, Jae-Song;Yoon, Do-Young;Han, Choon;Kim, Dae-Heum;Park, Dyuk-Young;Myung, No-Sang
    • Journal of the Korean Electrochemical Society
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.17-20
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    • 2002
  • Various compositions of CoFeNi alloys have been electrodeposited in chloride bath and in sulfate bath, and evaluated for electrodeposition characteristics and magnetic properties. For electrodeposited CoFeNi thin film alloys, the increase of Fe content in the deposits from sulfate bath was considerably faster than those from chloride bath. The current efficiencies in sulfate bath showed observable decrease from $75\%\;to\;50\%$ while those in chloride bath showed no significant decrease. From the low coercivity of 3 Oe in the minimum and the higher squarenesses of the alloys from sulfate bath than those from chloride bath, the alloy at Co, Fe, and Ni contents of $80wt.\%,\;10wt.\%,\;and\;10wt.\%$ can be considered to be the best CoFeNi alloy in this research for the soft magnetic material.

New Co10Fe10Mn35Ni35Zn10 high-entropy alloy Fabricated by Powder Metallurgy (분말야금법으로 제조한 새로운 Co10Fe10Mn35Ni35Zn10 고엔트로피 합금)

  • Yim, Dami;Park, Hyung Keun;Tapia, Antonio Joao Seco Ferreira;Lee, Byeong-Joo;Kim, Hyoung Seop
    • Journal of Korean Powder Metallurgy Institute
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.208-212
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    • 2018
  • In this paper, a new $Co_{10}Fe_{10}Mn_{35}Ni_{35}Zn_{10}$ high entropy alloy (HEA) is identified as a strong candidate for the single face-centered cubic (FCC) structure screened using the upgraded TCFE2000 thermodynamic CALPHAD database. The $Co_{10}Fe_{10}Mn_{35}Ni_{35}Zn_{10}$ HEA is fabricated using the mechanical (MA) procedure and pressure-less sintering method. The $Co_{10}Fe_{10}Mn_{35}Ni_{35}Zn_{10}$ HEA, which consists of elements with a large difference in melting point and atomic size, is successfully fabricated using powder metallurgy techniques. The MA behavior, microstructure, and mechanical properties of the $Co_{10}Fe_{10}Mn_{35}Ni_{35}Zn_{10}$ HEA are systematically studied to understand the MA behavior and develop advanced techniques for fabricating HEA products. After MA, a single FCC phase is found. After sintering at $900^{\circ}C$, the microstructure has an FCC single phase with an average grain size of $18{\mu}m$. Finally, the $Co_{10}Fe_{10}Mn_{35}Ni_{35}Zn_{10}$ HEA has a compressive yield strength of 302 MPa.

The Effect of Magnetic Property According to Size and Orientation of Crystal for Electroplated Co-Fe-Ni Alloys (전기 도금된 CoFeNi계 박막의 결정크기와 방향성이 자기특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Jeung, Won-Young;Kim, Hyun-Kyung;Park, Chang-Bean
    • Journal of the Korean Magnetics Society
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.249-254
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    • 2006
  • CoFeNi alloys are some of the most studied soft magnetic materials because of their superial properties over FeNi alloys as write head core materials in HDD and MEMS. We studied the effect of magnetic property according to size and orientation of crystal for electroplated Co-Fe-Ni alleys. In case of heat treated ternary alloy, it affect the change of crystal size and structure. In this study, it intends to improve the magnetic properties of CoFeNi thin film by heat treatment. Minimized coercivity and increased magnetization are due to heat treatment from $300^{\circ}C\;to\;400^{\circ}C$. As a bcc phase formation, it grow to amount of magnetization.