• Title, Summary, Keyword: Cohesive Zone Model

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Blast Furnace Modeling for Predicting Cohesive Zone Shape (융착대 예측을 위한 고로공정 모델링)

  • Yang, Kwang-Heok;Choi, Sang-Min;Jung, Jin-Kyung
    • 한국연소학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.39-45
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    • 2006
  • Analysis of the internal state of the blast furnace is needed to predict and control the operating condition. Especially, it is important to develop modeling of blast furnace for predicting cohesive zone because shape of cohesive zone influences overall operating condition of blast furnace such as gas flow, chemical reactions and temperature. because many previous blast furnace models assumed cohesive zone to be fixed, they can't evaluate change of cohesive zone shape by operation condition such as PCR, blast condition, and production rate. In this study, an axi-symmetric 2-dimensional steady state model is proposed to simulate blast furnace process. In this model, cohesive zone is changed by solid temperature range, FVM is used for numerical simulation. To find location of cohesive zone whole calculation procedure is iterated Until cohesive zone is converged. Through this approach, shape of cohesive zone, velocity, composition and temperature within the furnace are predicted by model.

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Numerical Modelling of Temperature Distribution and Pressure Drop through the Layered Burden Loading in a Blast Furnace

  • Yang, Kwang-Heok;Choi, Sang-Min;Chung, Jin-Kyung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Combustion
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 2009
  • Analysis of the internal state of the blast furnace is necessary to predict and to control the operating conditions. Especially, it is important to develop models of the blast furnace to predict the cohesive zone because shape of the cohesive zone influences overall operating conditions of blast furnace such as gas flow, chemical reactions and temperature. Because many previous blast furnace models have assumed cohesive zone to be fixed, it was not possible to evaluate the shape change of cohesive zone in relation with operating conditions such as PCR, blast condition, and production rate. In this study, an axi-symmetric 2-dimensional steady state model is proposed to simulate blast furnace processes. In this model, cohesive zone is determined by the solid temperature. Finite volume method is employed for numerical simulation. To find location of the cohesive zone, entire calculation procedure is iterated until converged. Through this approach, shape of the cohesive zone, velocity and temperature within the furnace are predicted from the model.

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Analysis for Fracture Characteristics of Porous Materials by using Cohesive Zone Models (응집영역모델을 이용한 다공질 재료의 파괴 거동 연구)

  • Choi, Seung-Hyun;Ha, Sang-Yul;Kim, Ki-Tae
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.33 no.6
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    • pp.552-559
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    • 2009
  • The effect of porosity on the crack propagation is studied by using the cohesive zone model. Standard mode I fracture test were done by using compact tension specimens with various porosities. Load-load line displacement curves and ${\delta}_5$-crack resistance curves for various porosities were obtained from experiments. The cohesive zone model proposed by Xu and Needleman was employed to describe the crack propagation in porous media, and the Gurson model is used for constitutive relation of porous materials. These models were implemented into user subroutines of a finite element program ABAQUS. The fracture mode changes from ductile fracture to brittle fracture as the porosity increases. Numerical calculations agree well with experimental results.

Joint Design of Steel-Aluminum Power Steering Cylinder by using FE Analysis with Cohesive Zone Model (Cohesive Zone Model을 이용한 동력조향 유압실린더의 스틸-알루미늄 접착부 설계)

  • Lee, C.J.;Lee, S.K.;Ko, D.C.;Schafer, H.;Lee, J.M.;Kim, B.M.
    • Transactions of Materials Processing
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.385-391
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    • 2009
  • An adhesively bonded power steering cylinder with a steel tube and an aluminum bracket was developed to reduce the weight of steering systems. To achieve the joint strength between the steel tube and of the aluminum bracket, the shape aluminum bracket re-designed by using the FE-analysis. Fracture behavior of the adhesive layer was considered by a cohesive zone model(CZM), which is based on the two-parameter fracture phenomenon with critical stress and fracture toughness. From the result of FE-analysis with CZM, re-designed power steering cylinder satisfied the desired joint strength for axial and torsion modes. And its joint strength was verified by the fracture test in each mode.

Deformation of the Rubber Mold by Using the Cohesive Zone Model Under Cold Isostatic Pressing (응집영역모델을 이용한 정수압 성형 해석시 고무몰드의 변형거동)

  • Lee, Sung-Chul;Kim, Ki-Tae
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.32 no.5
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    • pp.387-395
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    • 2008
  • Stress distribution and interfacial debonding process at the interface between a rubber mold and a powder compact were analyzed during unloading under cold isostatic pressing. The Cap model proposed by Lee and Kim was used for densification behavior of powder based on the parameters involved in the yield function of general Cap model and volumetric strain evolution. Cohesive elements incorporating a bilinear cohesive zone model were also used to simulate interfacial debonding process. The Cap model and the cohesive zone model were implemented into a finite element program (ABAQUS). Densification behavior of powder was investigated under various interface conditions between a rubber mold and a powder compact during loading. The residual tensile stress at the interface was investigated for rubber molds with various elastic moduli under perfect bonding condition. The variations of the elastic energy density of a rubber mold and the maximum principal stress of a powder compact were calculated for several interfacial strengths at the interface during unloading.

Numerical simulation of thermo-fluid flow in the blast furnace (고로내 열유동 현상의 수치해석 사례(I))

  • Jin, Hong-jong;Choi, Sang-Min
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.2038-2043
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    • 2007
  • Analysis of the internal state of the blast furnace is needed to predict and control the operating condition. Especially, it is important to develop modeling of blast furnace for predicting cohesive zone because shape of cohesive zone influences on overall operating condition of blast furnace such as gas flow, temperature distribution and chemical reactions. Because many previous blast furnace models assumed cohesive zone to be fixed, they can't evaluate change of cohesive zone shape by operation condition such as PCR, blast condition and production rate. In this study, an axi-symmetric 2-dimensional steady state model is proposed to simulate blast furnace process using the general purpose-simulation code. And Porous media is assumed for the gas flow and the potential flow for the solid flow. Velocity, pressure and temperature distribution for gas and solid are displayed as the simulation results. The cohesive zones are figured in 3 different operating conditions.

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Analysis and Application of Mechanical Clinched Joint Using Cohesive Zone Model (접착영역모델을 이용한 클린칭 접합부의 해석 모델 설계 및 적용)

  • Hwang, B.N.;Lee, C.J.;Lee, S.B.;Kim, B.M.
    • Transactions of Materials Processing
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.217-223
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    • 2010
  • The objective of this study is to propose the FE model for mechanical clinched joint using cohesive zone model to analyze its failure behavior under impact loading. Cohesive zone model (CZM) is two-parameter failure criteria approach, which could describe the failure behavior of joint using critical stress and fracture toughness. In this study, the relationship between failure behavior of mechanical clinched joint and fracture parameters is investigated by FE analysis with CZM. Using this relationship, the critical stress and fracture toughness for tensile and shear mode are determined by H-type tensile test and lap shear test, which were made of 5052 aluminum alloy. The fracture parameters were applied to the tophat impact test to evaluate the crashworthiness. Compared penetration depth and energy absorption at the point where 50% of total displacement in result of FE analysis and experiment test for impact test, those has shown similar crashworthiness.

Fracture analysis of weld specimen using 3-dimensional finite element method (3차원 유한요소법을 이용한 용접시편의 파괴 해석)

  • Yang Seung-Yong;Goo Byeong-choon
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.385-390
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    • 2005
  • A specimen with residual stress due to welding was analyzed by three-dimensional cohesive zone model. The residual stress distribution was calculated by simulating welding process, and cohesive elements were located along crack propagation planes. Crack growth is possible since two planes of the cohesive element are separated beyond a maximum load carrying capacity. Stress fields around a crack tip are compared for specimens with and without residual stresses. Load-displacement curves and crack growth behaviors are also examined.

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Evaluation of Adhesive Properties Using Cohesive Zone Model : Mode I (Cohesive Zone Model을 이용한 접착제 물성평가 : 모드 I)

  • Lee, Chan-Joo;Lee, Sang-Kon;Ko, Dae-Cheol;Kim, Byung-Min
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.33 no.5
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    • pp.474-481
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    • 2009
  • Fracture models and criteria of adhesive with two parameters, namely $G_C$ and ${\sigma}_{max}$, have been developed to describe the fracture process of adhesive joints. Cohesive zone model(CZM) is a representative two parameter failure criteria approach. In CZM, ${\sigma}_{max}$ is a critical, limiting maximum value of the stress in the damage zone ahead of the crack and is assumed to have some physical significance in adhesive failure. Based on CZM and finite element analysis method, the relationship between fracture load and adhesive properties, as $G_{IC)$ and $({\sigma}_{max})_I$, was investigated in adhesively bonded joint tensile test and T-peel test. The two parameters in tensile mode loading were evaluated by using the relationship. The value of $G_{\IC}$ evaluated by proposed method showed close agreement with analytical solution for tapered double cantilever beam(TDCB) test which proposed in an ASTM standard.